AP Psych ChAPters 1-3 (Mental Health) Review Quiz

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AP Psych ChAPters 1-3 (Mental Health) Review Quiz - Quiz

What do you know about how our brains really work? We’ll be diving into the topic of psychology in this quiz as we ask you questions regarding the inaugural three chapters of your textbooks on the study. Know everything you need to get started? Find out in this AP Psych Chapters 1-3 (Mental Health) Review Quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What man launched America's first psychology journal in 1887, and helped establish the American Psychological Association?

    • A.

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • B.

      Carl Rogers

    • C.

      B. F. Skinner

    • D.

      G. Stanley Hall

    • E.

      Sigmund Freud

    Correct Answer
    D. G. Stanley Hall
    Explanation
    G. Stanley Hall launched America's first psychology journal in 1887 and played a significant role in establishing the American Psychological Association. He was a prominent psychologist and educator who contributed to the development of psychology as a scientific discipline in the United States. Hall's efforts in founding the journal and the APA helped to promote the growth and recognition of psychology as a legitimate field of study in America.

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  • 2. 

    The branch of psychology concerned with everyday, practical problems:

    • A.

      Applied Psychology

    • B.

      Critical Thinking

    • C.

      Humanism

    • D.

      Behaviorism

    • E.

      Evolutionary Psychology

    Correct Answer
    A. Applied Psychology
    Explanation
    Applied psychology is the correct answer because it is the branch of psychology that focuses on using psychological principles and theories to solve practical problems in everyday life. Unlike other branches of psychology that may focus on research or theoretical concepts, applied psychology aims to directly apply psychological knowledge to real-world situations, such as improving mental health, enhancing workplace productivity, or optimizing educational systems. It involves the use of various techniques and interventions to address specific issues and improve the well-being and functioning of individuals and groups.

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  • 3. 

    A theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth:

    • A.

      Behaviorism

    • B.

      Clinical Psychology

    • C.

      Humanism

    • D.

      Cognition

    • E.

      Empiricism

    Correct Answer
    C. Humanism
    Explanation
    Humanism is a theoretical orientation that focuses on the unique qualities of humans, particularly their freedom and potential for personal growth. It emphasizes the importance of individual experiences, self-actualization, and the pursuit of personal fulfillment. Humanistic psychologists believe that individuals have the capacity to make conscious choices and actively shape their own lives, and they emphasize the subjective experience and personal meaning in understanding human behavior. This perspective stands in contrast to behaviorism, which focuses on observable behavior, and cognition, which emphasizes mental processes. Clinical psychology is a field within psychology that focuses on diagnosing and treating mental health disorders. Empiricism is a philosophical approach that emphasizes the importance of empirical evidence and observation in gaining knowledge.

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  • 4. 

    The independent variable is:

    • A.

      The variable that is being altered in order to change the outcome of the experiment

    • B.

      The variable that is affected in an experiment

    • C.

      A teenager suffering from psychological issues that lives alone

    • D.

      The extra variable that may affect the experiment

    • E.

      An idea that a researcher thinks will be the outcome of an experiment

    Correct Answer
    A. The variable that is being altered in order to change the outcome of the experiment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The variable that is being altered in order to change the outcome of the experiment." This is because the independent variable is the variable that the researcher intentionally changes or manipulates in an experiment to observe its effect on the dependent variable, which is the outcome or response being measured. By altering the independent variable, the researcher can determine if and how it influences the dependent variable.

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  • 5. 

    The dependent variable:

    • A.

      An idea that a researcher thinks will be the outcome of an experiment

    • B.

      The variable that is affected in an experiment

    • C.

      The variable that is being altered in order to change the outcome of an experiment

    • D.

      An idea that a researcher thinks will be the outcome of an experiment.

    • E.

      The extra variable that may affect the experiment.

    Correct Answer
    B. The variable that is affected in an experiment
    Explanation
    The dependent variable is the variable that is affected in an experiment. It is the outcome or result that the researcher is interested in studying or measuring. In other words, it is the variable that is expected to change or be influenced by the independent variable, which is the variable being manipulated or altered in order to observe its effect on the dependent variable.

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  • 6. 

    The extraneous variable is:

    • A.

      An idea that a researcher thinks will be the outcome of an experiment.

    • B.

      The variable that is being altered in order to change the outcome of an experiment

    • C.

      An idea that a researcher thinks will be the outcome of an experiment

    • D.

      The variable that is affected in an experiment

    • E.

      An extra variable that may affect the outcome of an experiment.

    Correct Answer
    E. An extra variable that may affect the outcome of an experiment.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "An extra variable that may affect the outcome of an experiment." This explanation accurately describes an extraneous variable as an additional factor that has the potential to influence the results of an experiment. It highlights the importance of identifying and controlling for these variables to ensure the validity and reliability of the study's findings.

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  • 7. 

    The fatty, protective covering of the axon is:

    • A.

      The mylin sheath

    • B.

      Neuron

    • C.

      Occipital lobe

    • D.

      Temperal lobe

    • E.

      Frontal lobe

    Correct Answer
    A. The mylin sheath
    Explanation
    The myelin sheath is the correct answer because it is a fatty, protective covering that surrounds the axon of a neuron. This sheath helps to insulate the axon and allows for faster transmission of electrical signals along the neuron. Without the myelin sheath, the electrical signals would be slower and less efficient.

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  • 8. 

    Part of the brain that assists in the process of vision:

    • A.

      Frontal lobe

    • B.

      Occipiatal lobe

    • C.

      Neuron

    • D.

      Mylin sheath

    • E.

      Temperal lobe

    Correct Answer
    B. Occipiatal lobe
    Explanation
    The occipital lobe is the correct answer because it is the part of the brain that is responsible for processing visual information. It is located at the back of the brain and contains the primary visual cortex, which receives and interprets visual stimuli from the eyes. The occipital lobe plays a crucial role in the process of vision by helping us perceive and make sense of the visual world around us.

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  • 9. 

    This lobe is located right above the ears and near the temples:

    • A.

      Neuron

    • B.

      Occipital lobe

    • C.

      Temperal lobe

    • D.

      Myelin sheath

    • E.

      Frontal lobe

    Correct Answer
    C. Temperal lobe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the temporal lobe. The temporal lobe is located on the sides of the brain, above the ears, and near the temples. It plays a crucial role in processing auditory information, language comprehension, and memory formation. It is also involved in visual perception and object recognition.

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  • 10. 

    Has most control of the conscious mind:

    • A.

      Cerebrum

    • B.

      Cerebellum

    • C.

      Medula

    • D.

      Frontal lobe

    • E.

      Occipital lobe

    Correct Answer
    A. Cerebrum
    Explanation
    The cerebrum is responsible for higher cognitive functions such as conscious thought, decision making, and voluntary movements. It is the largest part of the brain and is divided into two hemispheres. The cerebrum plays a crucial role in controlling the conscious mind by processing sensory information, initiating motor responses, and enabling complex mental processes like memory, language, and problem-solving. The other options mentioned, such as the cerebellum, medulla, frontal lobe, and occipital lobe, have important functions but do not have as much control over the conscious mind as the cerebrum.

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