Antibiotics In Paediatrics

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 99

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Antibiotics Quizzes & Trivia

Some basic questions about antibiotics and their use in common paediatric conditions


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis is likely if a child with a sore throat has (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      Both anterior cervical lymphadenopathy and a rash

    • B. 

      Both anterior cervical lymphadenopathy, fever and absence of a cough

    • C. 

      Both anterior cervical lymphadenopathy and a tonsillar exudate

    • D. 

      Strep A on a throat swab

    • E. 

      A high ASO titre

  • 2. 
    I would give an antibiotic to a child with sore throat if:
    • A. 

      The parents really, really wanted them

    • B. 

      Symptoms didn't settle within 48 hours

    • C. 

      They were really unwell despite paracetamol, Difflam

    • D. 

      I was worried about them getting rheumatic heart disease

  • 3. 
    In acute otitis media (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      At least 50% of children will be better within 24 hours whatever you do

    • B. 

      Antibiotics are indicated in bilateral disease under 2 years

    • C. 

      Antibiotics are indicated if there is otorrhoea

    • D. 

      Mastoiditis is a recognized complication

  • 4. 
    My preferred antibiotic for acute otitis media (if I decided to treat) would be (tick 1 only):
    • A. 

      Penicillin V

    • B. 

      Amoxicillin

    • C. 

      Co-amoxiclav

    • D. 

      Erythromycin

    • E. 

      Other

  • 5. 
    In a child with lower respiratory tract infection (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      An X-ray is necessary to prove pneumonia

    • B. 

      Creps indicate bacterial infection

    • C. 

      Mycoplasma is an important pathogen in young children

    • D. 

      Chlamydia is an important pathogen in older children

    • E. 

      Oseltamivir should be given if child with chronic lung condition presents within 48 hours with Influenza A/B

  • 6. 
    Co-amoxiclav is (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      Three times as expensive as amoxicillin

    • B. 

      Is associated with cholestatic jaundice

    • C. 

      Is active against staph aureus

    • D. 

      Is good for bites

  • 7. 
    Macrolides (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      Include Clarithromycin and Clindamycin

    • B. 

      Are bacteriocidal

    • C. 

      Are active against mycoplasma

    • D. 

      Have mainly GI side effects

    • E. 

      Are useful for Staphylococcal infections incl MRSA

  • 8. 
    Gram staining is (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      Useful for getting an instant diagnosis

    • B. 

      Not useful for mycobacteria

    • C. 

      Where positives are purple and negatives are pink

    • D. 

      Negative for Haemophilus influenza meningitis

    • E. 

      Positive for Gonococcal conjunctivitis

  • 9. 
    Gram positive cocci include (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      Streptococcus

    • B. 

      Staphylococcus

    • C. 

      Meningococcus

    • D. 

      Pneumococcus

    • E. 

      Enterococcus

  • 10. 
    Beta - lactams (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      Include Meropenem

    • B. 

      Are inactivated by defective PBPs

    • C. 

      Penetrate the meninges well

    • D. 

      Can cause seizures

  • 11. 
    In suspected urinary tract infection (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      A 7 day course is superior to a 3 day course in lower tract infection

    • B. 

      IV antibiotics are superior to oral antibiotics in upper tract infection

    • C. 

      Risk factors should be considered

    • D. 

      Under the age of 3yrs, microscopy is preferred to dipstick testing

    • E. 

      Dipstick positive for white cells confirm the diagnosis

  • 12. 
    Resistance to penicillin is an important issue in (tick all that are true):
    • A. 

      Staphylococcus

    • B. 

      Pneumococcus

    • C. 

      Group A Streptococcus

    • D. 

      Haemophilus influenzae