The Ultimate Antibiotics Quiz

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The Ultimate Antibiotics Quiz - Quiz

Antibiotics fight bacteria and can cure life-threatening infectious diseases such as pneumonia, for which there was previously no effective treatment. The improper use of antibiotic drugs means that more and more bacteria are becoming resistant to that specific kind of medication. Test your understanding of antibiotics below. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    FILL IN THE BLANKS BACILLI ARE WHAT SHAPE

    Explanation
    Bacilli are a type of bacteria that are shaped like rods. This means that they have a cylindrical shape, similar to a small rod or cylinder. This shape allows them to move and divide easily, and it is a common shape among bacteria.

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  • 2. 

    FILL IN THE BLANKCOCCI ARE WHAT SHAPE

    Explanation
    Cocci are spherical in shape. This means that they are round and have a three-dimensional shape that resembles a sphere. Cocci are a type of bacteria that can be found in various environments, including the human body. Their spherical shape allows them to easily multiply and form clusters, which can be seen under a microscope.

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  • 3. 

    FILL IN THE BLANKSPIRILLA ARE WHAT SHAPE

    Explanation
    Spirilla are spiral-shaped. This means that they have a curved or coiled form, resembling a spiral. The term "spirilla" is used to describe a type of bacteria that have a spiral shape. This shape allows them to move efficiently through their environment, such as water or soil. The spiral shape also provides them with a larger surface area, which can be beneficial for nutrient absorption or attachment to surfaces. Overall, the term "spiral" accurately describes the shape of spirilla.

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  • 4. 

    TRUE OR FALSEANTIBIOTICS DOES NOT CREATE MUTATION

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Antibiotics do not create mutations because they work by targeting specific bacteria and inhibiting their growth or killing them. Mutations occur through natural processes such as DNA replication errors or exposure to certain chemicals or radiation. While antibiotics can potentially select for antibiotic-resistant bacteria, they do not directly cause mutations in the bacteria themselves. Therefore, the statement "antibiotics do not create mutation" is true.

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  • 5. 

    WHEN PATIENTS DEVELOPS INFECTIONS RESISTANCE TO COVENTIONAL DRUG THERAPY.THIS PHENOMENON IS CALLED:

    • A.

      ACQUIRED RESISTANCE

    • B.

      PLASMIDS

    • C.

      MUTATION

    Correct Answer
    A. ACQUIRED RESISTANCE
    Explanation
    Acquired resistance refers to the phenomenon when patients develop resistance to conventional drug therapy for infections. It occurs when microorganisms, such as bacteria, acquire genetic changes that allow them to survive and multiply in the presence of the drugs that were previously effective against them. This can happen through various mechanisms, including the acquisition of resistance genes from other bacteria or through mutations in their own genetic material. Acquired resistance poses a significant challenge in the treatment of infections as it limits the effectiveness of available drugs and requires the development of new treatment strategies.

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  • 6. 

    BACTERIA MAY PASS THE RESISTANCE GENE TO OTHER BACTERIA BY TRANSFERRING SMALL PIECES OF CIRCULAR DNA CALLED:

    • A.

      MUTATION

    • B.

      PLASMIDS

    • C.

      ACQUIRED RESISTANCE

    Correct Answer
    B. PLASMIDS
    Explanation
    Bacteria can transfer resistance genes to other bacteria through the transfer of plasmids, which are small circular pieces of DNA. Plasmids can be easily transferred between bacteria, allowing the resistance gene to be spread rapidly within a bacterial population. This transfer of genetic material via plasmids is one of the ways in which bacteria can acquire resistance to antibiotics.

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  • 7. 

    NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS ARE NOT RESISTANT TO COMMON ANTIBIOTICS

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS ARE RESISTANT TO COMMON ANTIBIOTICS. This means that the infections acquired in a hospital or healthcare setting are often difficult to treat with standard antibiotics. These infections are usually caused by bacteria that have developed resistance to commonly used antibiotics due to overuse or misuse. Therefore, it is important for healthcare providers to be aware of the potential for antibiotic resistance in nosocomial infections and to use appropriate antibiotics to effectively treat these infections.

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  • 8. 

    THIS IS THE PROCESS OF ROWING ISOLATED ORGANISMS AND IDENTIFYING THE MOST EFFECTIVE ANTIBIOTIC FOR TREATMENT.THIS PROCESS IS CALLED

    • A.

      CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY

    • B.

      NOCOMIAL INFECTION

    • C.

      SUPERINFECTION

    Correct Answer
    A. CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY
    Explanation
    The process described in the question involves isolating organisms and identifying the most effective antibiotic for treatment. This process is commonly known as "culture and sensitivity." In this process, a sample of the organism is cultured in a laboratory to grow a pure culture. Then, different antibiotics are tested against the cultured organism to determine which one is most effective in inhibiting its growth. This helps healthcare professionals choose the most appropriate antibiotic for treating the infection.

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  • 9. 

    THESE ARE SECONDARY INFECTIONS CAUSED BY ANTIINFECTIVE THERAPY. - OCCURS WHEN HOST FLORA ARE DESTROYED BY THE ANTIBIOTIC-HOST FLORA PREVENT GROWTH OF PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS

    • A.

      ANT-INFECTIVES

    • B.

      SUPERINFECTION

    • C.

      CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY

    Correct Answer
    B. SUPERINFECTION
    Explanation
    Superinfection refers to the occurrence of secondary infections caused by anti-infective therapy. When antibiotics are used to treat an infection, they not only target the pathogenic microorganisms but also destroy the normal flora present in the body. The normal flora plays a crucial role in preventing the growth of pathogenic microorganisms. When the normal flora is disrupted, it creates an opportunity for other microorganisms to overgrow and cause a secondary infection. Therefore, superinfections occur as a result of the imbalance caused by the destruction of host flora by antibiotics.

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  • 10. 

    THIS IS ONE OF THE OLDEST AND SAFEST GROUP OF ANTI-INFECTIVES

    • A.

      CEPHALOSPORIN

    • B.

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • C.

      PENICILLIN

    Correct Answer
    C. PENICILLIN
    Explanation
    Penicillin is considered one of the oldest and safest groups of anti-infectives due to its long history of use and proven effectiveness in treating various bacterial infections. It was the first antibiotic discovered and has been widely used since the 1940s. Penicillin works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria and is effective against a wide range of bacterial infections, including respiratory, skin, and urinary tract infections. It is generally well-tolerated and has a low risk of adverse reactions compared to other anti-infectives. Therefore, penicillin is a reliable and safe option for treating bacterial infections.

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  • 11. 

    TRUE OR FALSE:PENICCILINS ARE BACTERIOCIDALS

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Penicillins are a class of antibiotics that are bacteriocidal, meaning they kill bacteria. They work by inhibiting the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall, leading to the destruction of the bacteria. This makes them effective in treating various bacterial infections. Therefore, the statement that penicillins are bacteriocidals is true.

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  • 12. 

    THE CHEMICAL STRUCTURE OF PCN THAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY

    • A.

      AMINO GLYCOSIDE

    • B.

      PROTEIN

    • C.

      BETA-LACTAM RING

    Correct Answer
    C. BETA-LACTAM RING
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the beta-lactam ring. The beta-lactam ring is a key component of penicillin (PCN) and is responsible for its antibacterial activity. This ring structure is able to inhibit the synthesis of bacterial cell walls by binding to and inhibiting the enzyme transpeptidase, which is involved in the cross-linking of peptidoglycan chains. This disruption of cell wall synthesis leads to bacterial cell death and is the main mechanism of action for beta-lactam antibiotics like PCN.

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  • 13. 

    WHAT CLASS OF DRUGS ARE THESE?PFIZERPENAMOCILPRINCIPEN

    • A.

      TETRACYCLINES

    • B.

      PENICILLIN

    • C.

      ISONICID INH

    Correct Answer
    B. PENICILLIN
    Explanation
    The given drugs, Pfizerpenamocil and Principen, are both brand names of drugs that belong to the class of penicillins. Penicillins are a type of antibiotic medication that are commonly used to treat bacterial infections. They work by inhibiting the growth of bacteria and preventing them from forming cell walls. Penicillins are effective against a wide range of bacteria and are commonly prescribed for various infections such as respiratory tract infections, skin infections, and urinary tract infections. Therefore, the correct answer is penicillin.

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  • 14. 

    WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE ENZYME THAT ALLOWS BACTERIA TO BECOME RESISTANT TO MOST PENICILLIN?

    • A.

      TRIGLYCERIDES

    • B.

      BETA LACTHAM RING

    • C.

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    Correct Answer
    B. BETA LACTHAM RING
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "BETA LACTHAM RING." The beta-lactam ring is a structural component found in many antibiotics, including penicillin. Bacteria can become resistant to these antibiotics through the production of an enzyme called beta-lactamase, which breaks down the beta-lactam ring and renders the antibiotic ineffective. This enzyme allows the bacteria to survive and continue to grow, leading to antibiotic resistance.

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  • 15. 

    WHAT ARE SOME ADVERSE EFFECTS OF PENICILLIN?

    • A.

      RASH, FEVER, ANAPHYLAXIS

    • B.

      DIARRHEA, ORANGE URINE

    • C.

      NAUSEA, VOMITTING

    Correct Answer
    A. RASH, FEVER, ANAPHYLAXIS
    Explanation
    The adverse effects of penicillin include rash, fever, and anaphylaxis. These side effects can occur in individuals who are allergic to penicillin. A rash may manifest as redness, itching, or hives on the skin. Fever is characterized by an elevated body temperature, often accompanied by sweating and chills. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can cause difficulty breathing, swelling of the face and throat, and a drop in blood pressure. It is important to be aware of these adverse effects and seek medical attention if they occur after taking penicillin.

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  • 16. 

    ALONG WITH PENICILLIN THIS LINE OF DRUGS ALSO CONTAIN A BETA-LACTAM THAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY

    • A.

      MICROLIDES

    • B.

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    • C.

      TETRACYCLINES

    Correct Answer
    B. CEPHALOSPORINS
    Explanation
    Cephalosporins are a line of drugs that contain a beta-lactam, which is responsible for their antimicrobial activity. This beta-lactam structure is similar to penicillin and allows cephalosporins to inhibit the growth of bacteria. Therefore, along with penicillin, cephalosporins also contain a beta-lactam that contributes to their antimicrobial properties.

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  • 17. 

    WHAT IS THE THERAPEUTIC USE OF CEPHALOSPORINS?

    • A.

      USE TO TREAT UTI

    • B.

      USE TO TREAT GRAM-POSITIVE INFECTIONS

    • C.

      USE TO TREAT GRAM-NEGETIVE INFECTION

    Correct Answer
    C. USE TO TREAT GRAM-NEGETIVE INFECTION
    Explanation
    Cephalosporins are a class of antibiotics that are commonly used to treat various types of infections. They are particularly effective against gram-negative bacteria, which are a type of bacteria that have a cell wall structure that makes them resistant to many other types of antibiotics. Gram-negative infections can include urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, and skin and soft tissue infections, among others. Therefore, the therapeutic use of cephalosporins is to treat gram-negative infections.

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  • 18. 

    TRUE OR FALSE:CLIENTS THAT ARE ALLERGIC TO TO PENICILLIN ARE ALSO ALLERGIC TO CEPHALOSPORINS

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cephalosporins are a class of antibiotics that share a similar structure to penicillin. This structural similarity can lead to cross-reactivity in individuals who are allergic to penicillin, meaning that they may also be allergic to cephalosporins. Therefore, it is true that clients who are allergic to penicillin are also likely to be allergic to cephalosporins.

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  • 19. 

    CEFAZOLINS ARE WHICH GENERATION

    Correct Answer
    FIRST GENERATION, 1ST GENERATION
    Explanation
    Cefazolins belong to the first generation of cephalosporin antibiotics. They were one of the first cephalosporins to be developed and are considered the prototype of this generation. First-generation cephalosporins have a broad spectrum of activity against gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae. They are commonly used for the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections, as well as surgical prophylaxis. The term "1st generation" is an alternative way of referring to the first generation of cephalosporins.

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  • 20. 

    CEFACLOR (CECLOR) ARE WHICH GENERATION

    Correct Answer
    SECOND GENERATION, 2ND GENERATION
    Explanation
    Cefaclor (Ceclor) belongs to the second generation of cephalosporin antibiotics. Second-generation cephalosporins are effective against a broader range of bacteria compared to first-generation cephalosporins. They have an extended spectrum of activity and are commonly used to treat respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and skin and soft tissue infections. Cefaclor is a commonly prescribed antibiotic in the second generation cephalosporin class.

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  • 21. 

    CEFOTAXIME ARE WHAT GENERATION

    Correct Answer
    3RD GENERATION, THIRD GENERATION
    Explanation
    Cefotaxime belongs to the third generation of cephalosporin antibiotics. This generation of cephalosporins has an extended spectrum of activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria compared to earlier generations. Cefotaxime is effective against a wide range of bacteria, including those that are resistant to other antibiotics. It is commonly used to treat infections such as pneumonia, urinary tract infections, meningitis, and sepsis.

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  • 22. 

    What generation is ceftriaxone? 

    Correct Answer
    Third Generation, 3rd Generation
    Explanation
    Ceftriaxone is classified as a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It belongs to the third generation of cephalosporins, which are a group of antibiotics that were developed to have an expanded spectrum of activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Third-generation cephalosporins are known for their effectiveness against a wide range of infections, including respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and certain types of meningitis. Ceftriaxone, in particular, is commonly used to treat serious bacterial infections such as pneumonia, sepsis, and gonorrhea.

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  • 23. 

    2ND GENERATION ARE MORE POTENT AND ARE LESS RESISTANT

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the second generation is more potent and less resistant compared to the first generation. This implies that the second generation is stronger and more effective in its intended purpose, while also being less likely to develop resistance to treatment. Therefore, the answer "True" aligns with the given statement.

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  • 24. 

    WHAT GENERATION HAS A LONGER DURATION AND HAS A VERY BROAD SPECTRUM

    • A.

      1ST GENERATION

    • B.

      2ND GENERATION

    • C.

      3RD GENERTION

    • D.

      4TH GENERATION

    Correct Answer
    C. 3RD GENERTION
    Explanation
    The third generation has a longer duration and a very broad spectrum compared to the other generations. This means that the technologies and advancements introduced in the third generation have a longer lifespan and cover a wider range of applications.

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  • 25. 

    WHAT DRUG CLASS HAS A BROAD SPECTRUM, INHIBITS BACTERIAL SYNTHESIS AND IS THE DRUG OF CHOICE FOR RELATIVELY FEW DISEASES

    • A.

      MACROLIDES

    • B.

      TETRACYCLINES

    • C.

      PENICILLINS

    Correct Answer
    B. TETRACYCLINES
    Explanation
    Tetracyclines are a drug class that have a broad spectrum, meaning they are effective against a wide range of bacteria. They inhibit bacterial synthesis, preventing the bacteria from growing and reproducing. However, they are the drug of choice for relatively few diseases, meaning they are not commonly used as the first-line treatment for many infections.

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  • 26. 

    WHAT ARE SOME SIDE EFFECTS OF TETRACYLINES

    • A.

      N,V,D

    • B.

      ORANGE TEETH

    • C.

      RASHES

    Correct Answer
    A. N,V,D
    Explanation
    The side effects of tetracyclines include nausea (N), vomiting (V), and diarrhea (D). These antibiotics can cause gastrointestinal disturbances, leading to these symptoms.

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  • 27. 

    WHAT PRODUCT SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN WITH TETRACYCLINES?

    • A.

      TOMATO JUICE

    • B.

      MILK

    • C.

      ORANGE JUICE

    Correct Answer
    B. MILK
    Explanation
    Tetracyclines should not be taken with milk because calcium in milk can interfere with the absorption of tetracyclines in the body. This can reduce the effectiveness of the medication. It is recommended to take tetracyclines on an empty stomach, either 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals, to avoid interactions with dairy products.

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  • 28. 

    WHAT CLASS OF MEDS ARE:DOXYCYCLINE (VIBRAMYCIN)TETRACYCLINE (ACHROMYCIN)

    • A.

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • B.

      MACLIDES

    • C.

      TETRACYCLINES

    Correct Answer
    C. TETRACYCLINES
    Explanation
    The correct answer is TETRACYCLINES. Doxycycline (Vibramycin) and Tetracycline (Achromycin) both belong to the class of medications called Tetracyclines. Tetracyclines are a group of antibiotics that are effective against a wide range of bacterial infections. They work by inhibiting the growth and spread of bacteria in the body. These medications are commonly used to treat conditions such as acne, respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and sexually transmitted infections. Tetracyclines should be taken as directed by a healthcare professional and it is important to complete the full course of treatment to ensure effectiveness.

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  • 29. 

    THIS CLASS OF DRUG IS USUALLY A SAFE ALTERNATIVE TO PENICILLIN AND IS ALSO PRESCRIBED FOR INFECTIONS THAT ARE RESISTANT  TO PENICILLIN

    • A.

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    • B.

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • C.

      MACROLIDES

    Correct Answer
    C. MACROLIDES
    Explanation
    Macrolides are a class of drugs that are commonly prescribed as a safe alternative to penicillin. They are also used to treat infections that are resistant to penicillin. Therefore, macrolides are the correct answer to this question.

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  • 30. 

    TRUE OR FALSE:MACROLIDES ARE BOTH BACTERIOCIDAL AND BACTERIOSTATIC

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Macrolides are a class of antibiotics that can exhibit both bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects depending on the specific drug and concentration used. At lower concentrations, macrolides primarily inhibit bacterial growth by interfering with protein synthesis, making them bacteriostatic. However, at higher concentrations, they can directly kill bacteria by disrupting the integrity of their cell membranes, making them bactericidal. Therefore, the statement that macrolides are both bacteriostatic and bactericidal is true.

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  • 31. 

    WHAT ARE SOME SIDE EFFECTS OF MACROGLIDES

    • A.

      MILD GI UPSET AND SUPERINFECTION

    • B.

      BLEEDING

    • C.

      N,V,D

    Correct Answer
    A. MILD GI UPSET AND SUPERINFECTION
    Explanation
    The side effects of macroglides include mild gastrointestinal upset and superinfection. Gastrointestinal upset refers to symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea that may occur as a result of taking macroglides. Superinfection, on the other hand, refers to a secondary infection that can develop during or after treatment with macroglides, usually caused by the overgrowth of resistant bacteria or fungi. These side effects should be monitored and reported to a healthcare professional if they occur.

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  • 32. 

    WHAT CLASSES OF DRUGS ARE:ERYTHROMYCIN AND AZITHTHROMYCIN

    • A.

      FLUOROQUINOLONES

    • B.

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    • C.

      MACROLIDES

    Correct Answer
    C. MACROLIDES
    Explanation
    Erythromycin and azithromycin belong to the class of drugs known as macrolides. Macrolides are a type of antibiotic that work by inhibiting the growth of bacteria. They are commonly used to treat various bacterial infections such as respiratory tract infections, skin infections, and sexually transmitted infections. Macrolides are effective against a wide range of bacteria and are often used as an alternative to penicillin in individuals with penicillin allergies.

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  • 33. 

    TRUE OR FALSE:AMONIGLYCOSIDES ARE NARROW SPECTRUM DRUGS

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Aminoglycosides are narrow-spectrum drugs because they primarily target and are effective against a limited range of gram-negative bacteria. They work by inhibiting protein synthesis in these bacteria, leading to their death. However, aminoglycosides are not effective against gram-positive bacteria or anaerobic bacteria, which makes them narrow in their spectrum of activity.

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  • 34. 

    THIS DRUG IS AN OTOTOXICITY, MAY BE PERMANENT AND NEPHROTOXICITY

    • A.

      MACOLIDES

    • B.

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • C.

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    Correct Answer
    B. AMINOGLYCOSIDES
    Explanation
    Aminoglycosides are a class of drugs that are known to cause ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity. Ototoxicity refers to damage to the inner ear, which can lead to hearing loss or balance problems. Nephrotoxicity refers to damage to the kidneys, which can impair their function. Therefore, the given statement suggests that the drug mentioned in the question is an aminoglycoside, which carries the risk of causing both ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity.

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  • 35. 

    WHAT ARE SOME MEASURES TO BE TAKEN WHEN USING AMINOGLYCOSIDES?

    • A.

      CONDUCT A LIVER TEST

    • B.

      CONDUCT AN EYE TEST

    • C.

      CONDUCT A HEARING TEST

    Correct Answer
    C. CONDUCT A HEARING TEST
    Explanation
    When using aminoglycosides, conducting a hearing test is necessary because these medications can cause ototoxicity, which is damage to the inner ear and can result in hearing loss. By regularly monitoring a patient's hearing, any potential hearing loss can be detected early on, allowing for appropriate intervention and management. This measure helps ensure the safety and well-being of the patient while using aminoglycosides.

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  • 36. 

    WHAT CLASS OF DRUGS ARE THESE:GENTAMYCIN (GARAMYCIN)TOBRAMYCIN (TOBRAMYCIN)

    • A.

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • B.

      MICROLIDES

    • C.

      PENICILLIN

    Correct Answer
    A. AMINOGLYCOSIDES
    Explanation
    Gentamycin and Tobramycin are both examples of aminoglycoside drugs. Aminoglycosides are a class of antibiotics that are effective against a wide range of bacterial infections. They work by inhibiting protein synthesis in bacteria, ultimately leading to cell death. These drugs are commonly used to treat serious infections caused by gram-negative bacteria, such as E. coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Aminoglycosides are usually administered intravenously or topically and should be used with caution due to their potential for serious side effects, including kidney and hearing damage.

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  • 37. 

    THIS DRUG IS EFFECTIVE AGAINST GRAM-NEGATIVE AND GRAM-POSITIVE PATHOGENS-WELL ABSORBED ORALLY-ONCE RESERVED FOR UTIs BECAUSE OF THEIR TOXICITY

    • A.

      AMINOGLYCOSIDES

    • B.

      FLUOROQUINOLONES

    • C.

      MICROLIDES

    Correct Answer
    B. FLUOROQUINOLONES
    Explanation
    Fluoroquinolones are a class of antibiotics that are effective against both gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens. They are well absorbed orally, meaning they can be taken by mouth and still be effective. In the past, fluoroquinolones were primarily reserved for treating urinary tract infections (UTIs) due to their potential for toxicity. This suggests that they were initially considered to be a more potent and potentially harmful option compared to other antibiotics.

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  • 38. 

    WHAT ARE SOME SIDE EFFECTS OF FLUOROQUINOLONES

    • A.

      DYSRHYTHMIAS, LIVER FAILURE

    • B.

      RASH, FEVER

    • C.

      HEART FAILURE, HA

    Correct Answer
    A. DYSRHYTHMIAS, LIVER FAILURE
    Explanation
    Fluoroquinolones are a class of antibiotics that can have several side effects. Dysrhythmias, or abnormal heart rhythms, can occur as a result of taking fluoroquinolones. Liver failure is another potential side effect, as these antibiotics can cause damage to the liver. The other options listed, such as rash, fever, and heart failure, are not commonly associated with fluoroquinolones. Therefore, the correct answer is dysrhythmias and liver failure.

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  • 39. 

    WHAT DRUG CLASS ARE THESE:CIPROFLACIN (CIPRO)(DRUG OF CHOICE FOR ANTHRAX)LEVOFLOXACIN (LEVAQUIN)

    • A.

      SULFONAMIDES

    • B.

      MICROBACTERIUM

    • C.

      FLUOROQUIOLONES

    Correct Answer
    C. FLUOROQUIOLONES
    Explanation
    Ciprofloxacin and Levofloxacin belong to the drug class of Fluoroquinolones. Fluoroquinolones are a type of antibiotic that work by inhibiting the enzymes necessary for DNA replication and transcription, thus preventing bacterial growth and reproduction. They are commonly used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, including respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and skin infections. Additionally, Ciprofloxacin is specifically known as the drug of choice for the treatment of anthrax, a serious bacterial infection caused by Bacillus anthracis.

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  • 40. 

    WHAT CLASS OF DRUGS ARE USED FOR UTIs

    • A.

      CEPHOLOSPORINS

    • B.

      SULFONAMIDES

    • C.

      PENICILLINS

    Correct Answer
    B. SULFONAMIDES
    Explanation
    Sulfonamides are a class of drugs commonly used for the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs). These drugs work by inhibiting the growth and reproduction of bacteria that cause UTIs. Sulfonamides are bacteriostatic, meaning they prevent the bacteria from multiplying, allowing the body's immune system to clear the infection. They are effective against a wide range of bacteria, making them a popular choice for UTI treatment. Other classes of drugs like cephalosporins and penicillins may also be used for UTIs, but sulfonamides are specifically known for their efficacy in treating UTIs.

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  • 41. 

    WHAT ARE SOME ADVERSE EFFECTS OF SULFONAMIDES

    • A.

      RASHES

    • B.

      BLOOD ABNORMALITIES

    • C.

      UTICARIA

    Correct Answer
    B. BLOOD ABNORMALITIES
    Explanation
    Sulfonamides can cause blood abnormalities as an adverse effect. This can include conditions such as anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia. These abnormalities can disrupt the normal functioning of the blood cells and lead to symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, and increased susceptibility to infections. It is important to monitor blood counts regularly when using sulfonamides to detect and manage any potential abnormalities.

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  • 42. 

    THIS MED IS A COMBINATION OF SULFA DRUG WITH ANOTHER ANTI INFECTIVEMOST COMMONLY USED WITH UTIs

    • A.

      MICROLIDES

    • B.

      PENICILLIN

    • C.

      SULFONAMIDES

    Correct Answer
    C. SULFONAMIDES
    Explanation
    Sulfonamides are a type of antibiotic that are commonly used in the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs). This medication is a combination of a sulfa drug with another anti-infective, which enhances its effectiveness against bacteria causing UTIs. Sulfonamides work by inhibiting the growth and multiplication of bacteria, thereby helping to eliminate the infection. Due to their efficacy and broad-spectrum activity, sulfonamides are frequently prescribed for UTIs.

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  • 43. 

    WHAT CLASS OF DRUGS ARE THESE: CLINDAMYCIN VACOMYCIN METRONIDAZOLE

    • A.

      Antibiotics

    • B.

      Antihistamines

    • C.

      Anticoagulants 

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Antibiotics
    Explanation
    The drugs Clindamycin, Vancomycin, and Metronidazole belong to the class of antibiotics. These antibiotics are used to treat a variety of bacterial infections in different ways. These antibiotics work by targeting and inhibiting specific aspects of bacterial growth and replication, helping the body's immune system to fight off the infection. It's essential to use antibiotics as prescribed by a healthcare professional to ensure their effectiveness and prevent antibiotic resistance.

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  • 44. 

    HOW LONG ARE TUBERCOLOSIS INFECTIOUS THERAPY ARE FOR?

    • A.

      3-4 YEARS

    • B.

      6-12 MONTHS

    • C.

      1-6 MONTHS

    Correct Answer
    B. 6-12 MONTHS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 6-12 months. Tuberculosis infectious therapy typically lasts for a period of 6-12 months. During this time, patients are prescribed a combination of antibiotics to effectively treat the infection. It is important to complete the full course of treatment to ensure that the infection is completely eradicated and to prevent the development of drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis. Shorter or longer treatment durations may be recommended depending on the specific circumstances of the patient and the severity of the infection.

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  • 45. 

    -THESE ARE ANTITUBERCOLOSIS DRUGS USED TO PREVENT THE DISEASE-CLOSE CONTACTS AND/OR FAMILY MEMBERS OF RECENTLY INFECTED TB CLIENT-FOR CLIENTS WITH AIDS, HIV PSOITIVE, OR RECIEVING IMMUNOSUPPRESSANTS

    • A.

      GENTAMICIN

    • B.

      ISONIAZID (INH)

    • C.

      CHEMOPROPHYLAXIS

    Correct Answer
    C. CHEMOPROPHYLAXIS
    Explanation
    Chemoprophylaxis refers to the use of drugs to prevent the development of a disease in individuals who have been exposed to it. In the context of the given information, chemoprophylaxis is the correct answer because it aligns with the purpose of the drugs mentioned (Gentamicin and Isoniazid) in preventing the development of tuberculosis in close contacts and/or family members of recently infected TB clients, as well as in clients with AIDS, HIV positive, or receiving immunosuppressants. Chemoprophylaxis aims to reduce the risk of disease transmission and progression in susceptible individuals.

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  • 46. 

    THIS DRUG IS:-ANTITUBULAR DRUGS-DRUG OF CHOICE FOR TB TREATMENT-BACTERIOCIDAL FOR ACTIVELY GROWING BACTERIA, BUT BACTERIOSTATIC FOR DORMANT MYCOBACTERIA

    • A.

      CEPHALOSPORINS

    • B.

      AMOXICILLIN

    • C.

      ISONIAZID INH

    Correct Answer
    C. ISONIAZID INH
    Explanation
    ISONIAZID (INH) is the correct answer. Isoniazid is an antitubercular drug and is considered the drug of choice for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB). It is bactericidal for actively growing bacteria, but bacteriostatic for dormant mycobacteria. Cephalosporins and amoxicillin are not antitubercular drugs and are not used for the treatment of TB.

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  • 47. 

    WHAT TEST IS IMPORTANT TO PERFORM WHILE ON ISONIAZID (INH)

    • A.

      EYE TEST

    • B.

      LIVER ENZYMES

    • C.

      GLUCOSE TEST

    Correct Answer
    B. LIVER ENZYMES
    Explanation
    While on Isoniazid (INH), it is important to perform liver enzymes test. Isoniazid is a medication used to treat tuberculosis, and it can cause liver damage as a side effect. Monitoring liver enzymes helps to detect any potential liver toxicity and allows for timely intervention if necessary. This test helps healthcare professionals to ensure the safety and well-being of the patient while on Isoniazid treatment.

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