Pharm Lecture 4- Antibiotics

63 Questions | Total Attempts: 1580

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Pharm Lecture 4- Antibiotics

Review quiz based on PPP for Antibiotics and the Key points from the 2 antibiotics articles


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    *this question isn't graded* - What are all 7  Gram positive bacteria?  all 13 Gram Negative?
  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements is innacurate
    • A. 

      Acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) refers to common cold, rhinosinusitis, pharyngitis, acute bronchitis, and acute otitis media.

    • B. 

      More than half of all antibiotics prescribed for ARIs are unnecessary

    • C. 

      These infections are most likely viral

    • D. 

      All cases should be treated with antibiotics

  • 3. 
    Which statement is the most accurate?
    • A. 

      Influenza is a systemic illness and should be grouped with other ARis

    • B. 

      Antibiotic treatment does not improve resolution of infleunza infections or prevent complications

    • C. 

      Antibiotics is the best treatment for influenza

    • D. 

      Antiviral therapy should only be used during the winter months

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a vital component of reducing inappropriate antibiotic use
    • A. 

      Patient education

    • B. 

      Antibiotic prophylaxis

    • C. 

      Writing less prescriptions

    • D. 

      Referring patients to someone else

    • E. 

      Let patients decide when they need antibiotics

  • 5. 
    Where are you least likely to find genes that confer antibiotic resistance
    • A. 

      Plasmids

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Cell wall

    • D. 

      Being exchanged between bacteria

  • 6. 
    Which is not a mechanism of antibiotic resistance?
    • A. 

      Antibiotic resistance

    • B. 

      Enzymatic inactivation

    • C. 

      Increased uptake

    • D. 

      Increased removal

    • E. 

      Alteration of target sites

  • 7. 
    An antibiogram tells what percentage of bacteria are susceptible to an antimicrobial agent
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    In order to prevent pathogen resistance, it is best to follow shorter courses of antibiotic use with duration of therapy based on the time the patient takes to achieve clinical stability
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Ability to bypass or overcome the immune system
    • A. 

      Pathogenicity

    • B. 

      Virulence

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    Measure of disease producing potential
    • A. 

      Pathogenicity

    • B. 

      Virulence

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    How do pathogen cause disease?
    • A. 

      Increase in number and over come the immune system

    • B. 

      Increase in number and disrupt cellular function

    • C. 

      Increase production of toxins and disrupt cellular function

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    Gram positive are red and gram negative are purple
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Rod shaped
    • A. 

      Bacilli

    • B. 

      Cocci

    • C. 

      Spirilla

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    Spherical shape
    • A. 

      Bacilli

    • B. 

      Cocci

    • C. 

      Spirilla

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    Spiral shape
    • A. 

      Bacilli

    • B. 

      Cocci

    • C. 

      Spirilla

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Anaerobic bacteria need oxygen but faculative do not
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    What test identifies the bug and selects the drug?
    • A. 

      I&D

    • B. 

      C&S

    • C. 

      TURP

    • D. 

      CABG

  • 18. 
    Culture and sensitivity cannot be done after antibiotic treatment has started
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    If  an organism is known to have resistant strains what test would help to choose the best drug?
    • A. 

      Culture

    • B. 

      Occult blood study

    • C. 

      Trial and error

    • D. 

      Sensitivity

  • 20. 
    Which of the following should be considered when choosing an antibiotic?
    • A. 

      Drug that is most effective against the pathogen involved

    • B. 

      Drug with lowest side effect profile that will still be effective

    • C. 

      Drug that is safe for individual patient

    • D. 

      Least expensive drug that will still be effective

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
    Which statement is the most true
    • A. 

      Bactericidals cause the death of susceptible bacteria directly

    • B. 

      Bacteriostatics inhibit the growth/reproduction of susceptible bacteria and cause death indirectly

    • C. 

      Bacteriocidals and bacteriostatics use the same mechanism of action

    • D. 

      A & B

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 22. 
    One way bacteria develop resistance is by producing chemicals that act as antagonist to the drug
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Which is not a benefit of combination antibiotic therapy?
    • A. 

      Requires higher doses of each drug – especially in serious infections

    • B. 

      Some antibiotics are synergistic when used together

    • C. 

      Useful for infections caused by more than one pathogen

    • D. 

      Some treatments require multiple antibiotic therapy such as TB

  • 24. 
    Which of the following situations would be the best time give a patient antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent infection?
    • A. 

      After GI/GU surgery

    • B. 

      Patient without known exposure to life threatening or chronic infection

    • C. 

      Patient undergoing non invasive surgery

    • D. 

      Before traveling to an area where infectious disease is endemic

    • E. 

      Patient who doesn't have cardiac valve disease or valve replacements

  • 25. 
    Which is not an adverse effect from antibiotics
    • A. 

      Renal toxicity

    • B. 

      GI tract toxicity

    • C. 

      Neuro toxicity

    • D. 

      Hyposensitivity

    • E. 

      Superinfections

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