Antibiotics Drug Quiz Questions

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Amandalm14
A
Amandalm14
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 8,621
Questions: 35 | Attempts: 8,686

SettingsSettingsSettings
Antibiotics Drug Quiz Questions - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Antibiotics that inhibit cell wall synthesis include:

    • A.

      Tetracyclines

    • B.

      Cephalosporins

    • C.

      Sulfonamides

    • D.

      Aminoglycosides

    Correct Answer
    B. Cephalosporins
    Explanation
    In addition to cephalosporins, penicillins and vancomycin also inhibit cell wall synthesis.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Antibiotics that inhibit nucleic acid synthesis include:

    • A.

      Tetracyclines

    • B.

      Aminoglycosides

    • C.

      Quinolones

    • D.

      Penicillins

    Correct Answer
    C. Quinolones
    Explanation
    In addition to quinolines (DNA gyrase), sulfonamides/trimethoprim (folate synthesis) and rifampin (RNA polymerase).

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis include:

    • A.

      Tetracyclines

    • B.

      Cephalosporins

    • C.

      Quinolones

    • D.

      Penicillins

    Correct Answer
    A. Tetracyclines
    Explanation
    In addition to tetracyclines, macrolides, and clindamycin also inhibit protein synthesis.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is the best choice of antibiotic for a patient with NKDA presenting with streptococcal pharyngitis?

    • A.

      Doxycycline

    • B.

      Azithromycin

    • C.

      Ciprofloxacin

    • D.

      Amoxicillin

    Correct Answer
    D. Amoxicillin
    Explanation
    Amoxicillin is also effective against AOM, streptococcus pneumoniae, syphilis (treponema pallidum), and Lyme disease (b. burgdorferi).

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Name a common side effect of amoxicillin.

    Correct Answer
    hypersensitivity reaction, rash, N/V/D, candidiasis
    Explanation
    Amoxicillin is an antibiotic commonly prescribed to treat bacterial infections. One common side effect of amoxicillin is a hypersensitivity reaction, which can manifest as an allergic reaction. This may include symptoms such as rash, itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing. Additionally, amoxicillin can cause gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Another potential side effect is the development of candidiasis, a fungal infection that can occur in the mouth, throat, or genital area.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which of the following is a serious side effect of amoxicillin?

    • A.

      Elevated LFTs

    • B.

      Seizures

    • C.

      Thrombophlebitis

    • D.

      Tendon rupture

    Correct Answer
    B. Seizures
    Explanation
    Thrombocytopenia and pseudomembranous colitis are also serious side effects of amoxicillin.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Amoxicillin does not undergo renal excretion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Amoxicillin is renally excreted and also may decrease the efficacy of OCP.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which of the following antibiotics should be prescribed for an infection resulting from a dog bite?

    • A.

      Amoxicillin/clavulanate

    • B.

      Doxycycline

    • C.

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • D.

      Clindamycin

    Correct Answer
    A. Amoxicillin/clavulanate
    Explanation
    The most likely pathogen is pasteurella.
    Amoxicillin/clavulanate is also best for treating AOM, resistant sinus infections, diabetic ulcers, aspiration pneumonia, and animal and human bites.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following microorganisms is the most likely cause of an infected diabetic ulcer?

    • A.

      Streptococcus

    • B.

      Eikenella

    • C.

      MRSA

    • D.

      Pseudomonas

    Correct Answer
    D. Pseudomonas
    Explanation
    treat with amoxicillin/clavulanate

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which of the following is a common side effect of amoxicillin/clavulanate?

    • A.

      Elevated LFTs

    • B.

      Neutropenia

    • C.

      GI upset

    • D.

      Headache

    Correct Answer
    C. GI upset
    Explanation
    Other common side effects include hypersensitivity reaction and candidiasis.
    Instruct patients to take with food or milk to decrease GI effects.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    A patient presents with an infection in their cuticle area due to biting their nails. What do you prescribe?

    • A.

      Amoxicillin

    • B.

      Cephalexin

    • C.

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • D.

      Ceftriaxone

    Correct Answer
    B. Cephalexin
    Explanation
    Cephalexin is also used for surgical prophylaxis, staphylococcal endocarditis, and skin infections (ex: impetigo).

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Name a common side effect of cephalexin use?

    Correct Answer
    hypersensitivity reaction
    rash
    N/V/D
    transient LFT elevation
    candidiasis
    Explanation
    more serious side effects include neutropenia and pseudomembranous colitis.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Which antibiotic is best to prescribe for a patient presenting with gonorrhea?

    • A.

      Vancomycin

    • B.

      Nitrofurantoin

    • C.

      Ceftriaxone

    • D.

      Ciprofloxacin

    Correct Answer
    C. Ceftriaxone
    Explanation
    Ceftriaxone is also effective against lower respiratory tract infections, pyelonephritis, Lyme disease, PID, and skin infections.
    It covers gram + and has strong gram - coverage.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Which of the following antibiotics has a serious side effect of pseudomembranous colitis and has the strongest association with C. diff diarrhea?

    • A.

      Vancomycin

    • B.

      Azithromycin

    • C.

      Metronidazole

    • D.

      Ceftriaxone

    Correct Answer
    D. Ceftriaxone
    Explanation
    Ceftriaxone is the correct answer because it has a serious side effect of pseudomembranous colitis, which is an inflammation of the colon caused by the bacteria Clostridium difficile (C. diff). This antibiotic is strongly associated with C. diff diarrhea, making it the most likely choice in this scenario. Vancomycin is also used to treat C. diff infections, but it does not have the same strong association as ceftriaxone. Azithromycin and metronidazole are not typically associated with pseudomembranous colitis or C. diff diarrhea.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which of the following is consistent with the use of ceftriaxone?

    • A.

      Caution with use in neonates

    • B.

      Caution with use in the elderly

    • C.

      Caution with use in those who take MVIs

    • D.

      Not to be used in patients with severe renal dysfunction

    Correct Answer
    A. Caution with use in neonates
    Explanation
    Ceftriaxone is a medication commonly used to treat bacterial infections. Neonates, or newborn babies, have immature liver and kidney function, which can affect the metabolism and excretion of drugs. Therefore, caution is advised when using ceftriaxone in neonates to avoid potential adverse effects or complications.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    A patient admitted to the hospital is experiencing well demarcated erythema over their cheeks and nose. What do you prescribe for this condition?

    • A.

      Penicillin

    • B.

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • C.

      Vancomycin

    • D.

      Doxycycline

    Correct Answer
    C. Vancomycin
    Explanation
    This condition is known as erysipelas, a type of cellulitis.
    Vancomycin is also effective for hospitalized patients being treated for MRSA pneumonia and bacteremia and C. diff associated diarrhea.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Which of the following antibiotics is known to cause "red man syndrome" after rapid IV infusion?

    • A.

      Azithromycin

    • B.

      Vancomycin

    • C.

      Doxycycline

    • D.

      Cephalexin

    Correct Answer
    B. Vancomycin
    Explanation
    Other side effects of vancomycin include hypotension, fever, nephrotoxicity and thrombophlebitis.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    A pediatric patient presents with what your preceptor describes as a "strawberry tongue" and a "sandpaper rash" on their forehead. What should you suggest be prescribed for this condition?

    • A.

      Azithromycin

    • B.

      Amoxicillin

    • C.

      Ceftriaxone

    • D.

      Vancomycin

    Correct Answer
    A. Azithromycin
    Explanation
    The likely condition is scarlet fever.
    Azithromycin is also used to treat walking pneumonia (M. pnumoniae), other CAPs (Chlamydia pnumoniae and Legionella pneumophilia), COPD exacerbations, bacterial bronchitis, pharyngitis (strep), sinusitis, AOM, pertussis (b. pertussis), PID, PUD
    Azithromycin is also effective against M. catarrhalis, M. avium, Chlamydia, H. pylori and H. flu

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Name a side effect of azithromycin?

    Correct Answer
    N/V/D, Prolonged QT interval, inhibition of CYP P450
    Explanation
    Azithromycin is an antibiotic commonly used to treat various bacterial infections. One of the side effects of azithromycin is gastrointestinal disturbances, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea (N/V/D). Another potential side effect is the prolongation of the QT interval, which can lead to abnormal heart rhythms. Additionally, azithromycin can inhibit the enzyme CYP P450, which plays a role in the metabolism of many drugs, potentially leading to drug interactions.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    A patient presents with a dental abscess. What is the best choice of antibiotic for this patient?

    • A.

      Ciprofloxacin

    • B.

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • C.

      Azithromycin

    • D.

      Clindamycin

    Correct Answer
    D. Clindamycin
    Explanation
    Clindamycin is also indicated for AOM, erysipelas, mastoiditis, skin and soft tissue infections, topical use for acne, and malaria (plasmodium)
    *strep and staph infections

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Name a serious side effect of clindamycin?

    • A.

      Prolonged QT interval

    • B.

      C. diff diarrhea

    • C.

      Nephrotoxicity

    • D.

      Hepatotoxicity

    Correct Answer
    B. C. diff diarrhea
    Explanation
    Clindamycin may also cause thrombocytopenia.
    More commonly Clindamycin causes N/V/D and rash.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    A patient has just returned from a vacation to Cancun, Mexico. They are complaining of diarrhea that began after they drank a soda with ice cubes a restaurant the night before they boarded their flight home. What is the best antibiotic to prescribe for this patient?

    • A.

      Ceftriaxone

    • B.

      Vancomycin

    • C.

      Metronidazole

    • D.

      Ciprofloxacin

    Correct Answer
    D. Ciprofloxacin
    Explanation
    In addition to most enteric GNRs (E.coli, proteus, klebsiella), ciprofloxacin is also effective against H. flu, pseudomonas, mycoplasma, chlamydia, and legionella and can be used to treat UTI, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, anthrax, CAP, chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, and epididymitis.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Which of the following antibiotics may cause a mental status change in the elderly?

    • A.

      Vancomycin

    • B.

      Ciprofloxacin

    • C.

      Metronidazole

    • D.

      Ceftriaxone

    Correct Answer
    B. Ciprofloxacin
    Explanation
    Ciprofloxacin may also cause insomnia in younger patients, photosensitivity, tendon rupture, and prolonged QT interval

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    You have a patient who is leaving for a missions trip in Africa to treat patients with malaria and they would like antibiotic prophylaxis for their trip. What is the best antibiotic to prescribe for them?

    • A.

      Clindamycin

    • B.

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • C.

      Doxycycline

    • D.

      Amoxicillin/clavulanate

    Correct Answer
    C. Doxycycline
    Explanation
    Doxycycline is also used for acne vulgaris (P. acnes), syphilis (T. pallidum), urethritis, PID, epididymitis, atypical CAP, bacterial bronchitis, Lyme disease (B. burgdorferi), Rocky mountain spotted fever (rickettsia)
    *other organisms include H. pylori, Chlamydia

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    What pregnancy category is doxycycline?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    Doxycycline is classified as pregnancy category D. This means that there is evidence of risk to the fetus based on human data, but the potential benefits of using the medication during pregnancy may outweigh the risks in certain situations. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before taking doxycycline during pregnancy to weigh the potential risks and benefits.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Name a side effect of doxycycline.

    Correct Answer
    headache, nausea, phototoxicity, C. diff diarrhea, hepatotoxicity
    Explanation
    Doxycycline is a commonly used antibiotic that can have several side effects. Headache and nausea are common side effects that may occur during treatment. Phototoxicity is another potential side effect, where the skin becomes more sensitive to sunlight and can lead to sunburn or rash. C. diff diarrhea is a severe side effect that can occur when the normal balance of bacteria in the gut is disrupted, leading to an overgrowth of Clostridium difficile bacteria. Hepatotoxicity refers to liver damage that can occur with the use of doxycycline.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    You should always take your doxy with calcium, iron, antacids and multivitamins.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It is not recommended to take doxy with calcium, iron, antacids, and multivitamins because they can decrease the effectiveness of the medication. These substances can bind to doxy in the stomach and prevent its absorption into the bloodstream. It is best to take doxy on an empty stomach, at least 1-2 hours before or after consuming these products.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Which of the following antibiotics should be prescribed for treatment of an outpatient MRSA skin infection?

    • A.

      Doxycycline

    • B.

      Amoxicillin/clavulanate

    • C.

      Metronidazole

    • D.

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    Correct Answer
    D. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
    Explanation
    Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is also effective against UTI, traveler's diarrhea (E. coli, klebsiella, legionella), pneumocystis pneumonia (P. jirovecii)
    *other organisms: H. flu, S. pneumoniae

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Which of the following is a serious side effect of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole?

    • A.

      Hepatotoxicity

    • B.

      Bone marrow supression

    • C.

      Leukopenia

    • D.

      Insomnia

    Correct Answer
    B. Bone marrow supression
    Explanation
    especially when treating pneumocystis infections

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    What is something important to consider when treating with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole?

    • A.

      Renal excretion

    • B.

      Caution with coumadin

    • C.

      Caution with alcohol use

    • D.

      Don't take with multivitamins

    Correct Answer
    B. Caution with coumadin
    Explanation
    When treating with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, it is important to exercise caution if the patient is also taking coumadin. This is because trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole can increase the effects of coumadin, which is a blood thinner. Therefore, close monitoring of the patient's blood clotting time is necessary to prevent excessive bleeding.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    What is the best choice of antibiotic for bacterial vaginosis (gardenerella)?

    • A.

      Metronidazole

    • B.

      Nitrofurantoin

    • C.

      Amoxicillin/clavulanate

    • D.

      Ciprofloxacin

    Correct Answer
    A. Metronidazole
    Explanation
    Metronidazole is also effective for PID, amebiasis (giardiasis), trichomoniasis, C. diff, H. pylori, diverticulitis/appendicitis (mixed gram + and - anaerobes in the gut)

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    Which of the following antibiotics has a metallic taste and should not be taken with alcohol?

    • A.

      Nitrofurantoin

    • B.

      Ciprofloxacin

    • C.

      Vancomycin

    • D.

      Metronidazole

    Correct Answer
    D. Metronidazole
    Explanation
    Metronidazole is the correct answer because it is known to cause a metallic taste in the mouth, which can be unpleasant. Additionally, metronidazole should not be taken with alcohol as it can cause a severe reaction known as the "disulfiram reaction," which includes symptoms such as flushing, nausea, vomiting, and increased heart rate. Therefore, it is important to avoid alcohol consumption while taking metronidazole to prevent these adverse effects.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    The first line treatment for a pregnant patient with a UTI is:

    • A.

      Metronidazole

    • B.

      Nitrofurantoin

    • C.

      Clindamycin

    • D.

      Amoxicillin

    Correct Answer
    B. Nitrofurantoin
    Explanation
    Uncomplicated UTIs are best treated and prevented with nitrofurantoin. It treats E. coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    Name a serious side effect of metronidazole

    Correct Answer
    dose related, reversible peripheral neuropathy
    Explanation
    Metronidazole is an antibiotic commonly used to treat various infections. One serious side effect associated with its use is dose-related, reversible peripheral neuropathy. This means that the risk of developing nerve damage increases with higher doses of the medication. However, the good news is that this side effect is reversible, meaning that it can be resolved once the medication is discontinued or the dose is adjusted. It is important for healthcare providers to monitor patients closely when prescribing metronidazole to minimize the risk of this potential side effect.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    Which of the following are side effects of nitrofurantoin?

    • A.

      Fever

    • B.

      C. diff diarrhea

    • C.

      N/V/D

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Nitrofurantoin may also cause rash and pneumonitis. Additionally, It should not be used in patients with significant renal dysfunction.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 05, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Amandalm14

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.