Antibiotics Drug Quiz Questions

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 2115

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Antibiotics Drug Quiz Questions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Antibiotics that inhibit cell wall synthesis include:
    • A. 

      Tetracyclines

    • B. 

      Cephalosporins

    • C. 

      Sulfonamides

    • D. 

      Aminoglycosides

  • 2. 
    Antibiotics that inhibit nucleic acid synthesis include:
    • A. 

      Tetracyclines

    • B. 

      Aminoglycosides

    • C. 

      Quinolones

    • D. 

      Penicillins

  • 3. 
    Antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis include:
    • A. 

      Tetracyclines

    • B. 

      Cephalosporins

    • C. 

      Quinolones

    • D. 

      Penicillins

  • 4. 
    What is the best choice of antibiotic for a patient with NKDA presenting with streptococcal pharyngitis?
    • A. 

      Doxycycline

    • B. 

      Azithromycin

    • C. 

      Ciprofloxacin

    • D. 

      Amoxicillin

  • 5. 
    Name a common side effect of amoxicillin.
  • 6. 
    Which of the following is a serious side effect of amoxicillin?
    • A. 

      Elevated LFTs

    • B. 

      Seizures

    • C. 

      Thrombophlebitis

    • D. 

      Tendon rupture

  • 7. 
    Amoxicillin does not undergo renal excretion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Which of the following antibiotics should be prescribed for an infection resulting from a dog bite?
    • A. 

      Amoxicillin/clavulanate

    • B. 

      Doxycycline

    • C. 

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • D. 

      Clindamycin

  • 9. 
    Which of the following microorganisms is the most likely cause of an infected diabetic ulcer?
    • A. 

      Streptococcus

    • B. 

      Eikenella

    • C. 

      MRSA

    • D. 

      Pseudomonas

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is a common side effect of amoxicillin/clavulanate?
    • A. 

      Elevated LFTs

    • B. 

      Neutropenia

    • C. 

      GI upset

    • D. 

      Headache

  • 11. 
    A patient presents with an infection in their cuticle area due to biting their nails. What do you prescribe?
    • A. 

      Amoxicillin

    • B. 

      Cephalexin

    • C. 

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • D. 

      Ceftriaxone

  • 12. 
    Name a common side effect of cephalexin use?
  • 13. 
    Which antibiotic is best to prescribe for a patient presenting with gonorrhea?
    • A. 

      Vancomycin

    • B. 

      Nitrofurantoin

    • C. 

      Ceftriaxone

    • D. 

      Ciprofloxacin

  • 14. 
    Which of the following antibiotics has a serious side effect of pseudomembranous colitis and has the strongest association with C. diff diarrhea?
    • A. 

      Vancomycin

    • B. 

      Azithromycin

    • C. 

      Metronidazole

    • D. 

      Ceftriaxone

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is consistent with the use of ceftriaxone?
    • A. 

      Caution with use in neonates

    • B. 

      Caution with use in the elderly

    • C. 

      Caution with use in those who take MVIs

    • D. 

      Not to be used in patients with severe renal dysfunction

  • 16. 
    A patient admitted to the hospital is experiencing well demarcated erythema over their cheeks and nose. What do you prescribe for this condition?
    • A. 

      Penicillin

    • B. 

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • C. 

      Vancomycin

    • D. 

      Doxycycline

  • 17. 
    Which of the following antibiotics is known to cause "red man syndrome" after rapid IV infusion?
    • A. 

      Azithromycin

    • B. 

      Vancomycin

    • C. 

      Doxycycline

    • D. 

      Cephalexin

  • 18. 
    A pediatric patient presents with what your preceptor describes as a "strawberry tongue" and a "sandpaper rash" on their forehead. What should you suggest be prescribed for this condition?
    • A. 

      Azithromycin

    • B. 

      Amoxicillin

    • C. 

      Ceftriaxone

    • D. 

      Vancomycin

  • 19. 
    Name a side effect of azithromycin?
  • 20. 
    A patient presents with a dental abscess. What is the best choice of antibiotic for this patient?
    • A. 

      Ciprofloxacin

    • B. 

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • C. 

      Azithromycin

    • D. 

      Clindamycin

  • 21. 
    Name a serious side effect of clindamycin?
    • A. 

      Prolonged QT interval

    • B. 

      C. diff diarrhea

    • C. 

      Nephrotoxicity

    • D. 

      Hepatotoxicity

  • 22. 
    A patient has just returned from a vacation to Cancun, Mexico. They are complaining of diarrhea that began after they drank a soda with ice cubes a restaurant the night before they boarded their flight home. What is the best antibiotic to prescribe for this patient?
    • A. 

      Ceftriaxone

    • B. 

      Vancomycin

    • C. 

      Metronidazole

    • D. 

      Ciprofloxacin

  • 23. 
    Which of the following antibiotics may cause a mental status change in the elderly?
    • A. 

      Vancomycin

    • B. 

      Ciprofloxacin

    • C. 

      Metronidazole

    • D. 

      Ceftriaxone

  • 24. 
    You have a patient who is leaving for a missions trip in Africa to treat patients with malaria and they would like antibiotic prophylaxis for their trip. What is the best antibiotic to prescribe for them?
    • A. 

      Clindamycin

    • B. 

      Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    • C. 

      Doxycycline

    • D. 

      Amoxicillin/clavulanate

  • 25. 
    What pregnancy category is doxycycline?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

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