Quiz : Anti Infectives Questions And Answers

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Quiz : Anti Infectives Questions And Answers - Quiz

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The first way to protect yourself from contracting an infection is to avoid contact with the bacteria or virus. This pharmacology anti-infectives quiz is aimed at providing you with valuable information regarding infections and their prevention. The quiz covers various aspects of preventing, diagnosing, and curing the infection. Antibiotics are the most anti-infective drugs. Play this quiz to know more. If you find the quiz helpful, do share it with others. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Lucy needs to have an antibiotic. In her history, the nurse learns that Lucy allergic to penicillin.  Which antibiotic should Lucy not get?

    • A.

      Cephalosporin

    • B.

      Aminoglycocides

    • C.

      Tetracyclines

    • D.

      Macrolides

    Correct Answer
    A. Cephalosporin
    Explanation
    Lucy should not get cephalosporin as an antibiotic because she is allergic to penicillin. Cephalosporin is a class of antibiotics that is structurally similar to penicillin, so there is a higher chance of cross-reactivity and an allergic reaction occurring. It is important to avoid cephalosporin in patients with a known penicillin allergy to prevent any adverse reactions.

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  • 2. 

    When the nurse has administered Zithromax, the nurse understands the risks of this antibiotic when the nurse states that Zithromax may cause:

    • A.

      Hallucination

    • B.

      Stained teeth

    • C.

      Angioedema

    • D.

      Seizures

    Correct Answer
    C. Angioedema
    Explanation
    Angioedema is a potential side effect of Zithromax. Angioedema is a condition characterized by swelling in the deeper layers of the skin, often around the face, lips, and throat. It can be a serious allergic reaction and may cause difficulty breathing or swallowing. It is important for the nurse to be aware of this risk and monitor the patient closely for any signs or symptoms of angioedema after administering Zithromax.

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  • 3. 

    Donald is taking an antibiotic and has an unpleasant metal taste in his mouth.  He becomes very concerned that something is wrong.  What antibiotic is Donald most likely taking?

    • A.

      Zovirax

    • B.

      Methicillin

    • C.

      Vancomycin

    • D.

      Flagyl

    Correct Answer
    D. Flagyl
    Explanation
    Donald is most likely taking Flagyl because one of the side effects of this antibiotic is an unpleasant metal taste in the mouth. This side effect can cause concern and make someone think that something is wrong. Zovirax, Methicillin, and Vancomycin are not known to cause this specific side effect.

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  • 4. 

    Becky has chickenpox and is put on an antiviral antibiotic, Zovirax.  What is the main concern with this medication?

    • A.

      Hallucination

    • B.

      Seizure

    • C.

      Angioedema

    • D.

      Anaphylaxsis

    Correct Answer
    B. Seizure
    Explanation
    The main concern with taking the antiviral antibiotic Zovirax while having chickenpox is the possibility of experiencing seizures. Seizures are a potential side effect of Zovirax, and individuals with chickenpox may be more susceptible to this adverse reaction. It is important to monitor for any signs of seizures while taking this medication and seek medical attention if any occur.

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  • 5. 

    When educating a patient about nystatin, the nurse would make sure to include:

    • A.

      Eat one hour before taking or two hours after eating.

    • B.

      Wear protective clothing when out in the sun

    • C.

      Rinse for 2-3 minutes before spitting/swallowing

    • D.

      If allergic to penicillin, be watchful for rash and swelling.

    Correct Answer
    C. Rinse for 2-3 minutes before spitting/swallowing
    Explanation
    The nurse would include the instruction to rinse for 2-3 minutes before spitting/swallowing when educating a patient about nystatin. This is because nystatin is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections in the mouth and throat. Rinsing the mouth with the medication helps to ensure that it reaches all areas of the affected area and maximizes its effectiveness. Additionally, rinsing before spitting or swallowing helps to remove any remaining medication from the mouth, reducing the risk of side effects or adverse reactions.

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  • 6. 

    Pseudomembranous colitis and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome is related to which anti-infective?

    • A.

      Ciproflaxin

    • B.

      Bactrim

    • C.

      Gentamicin

    • D.

      Keflex

    Correct Answer
    A. Ciproflaxin
    Explanation
    Pseudomembranous colitis and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome are both known side effects of Ciproflaxin.

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  • 7. 

    Pseudomembranous colitis is most monitored when using this antibiotic.

    • A.

      Chephalosporin

    • B.

      Aminoglycocide

    • C.

      Sulfonamides

    • D.

      Fluoroquinolones

    Correct Answer
    A. Chephalosporin
    Explanation
    Pseudomembranous colitis is a severe inflammation of the colon that can be caused by the overgrowth of a bacteria called Clostridium difficile. This condition is most commonly associated with the use of certain antibiotics, particularly cephalosporins. Cephalosporins are a class of antibiotics that can disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in the gut, allowing Clostridium difficile to proliferate and cause infection. Therefore, monitoring for the development of pseudomembranous colitis is especially important when using cephalosporin antibiotics.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these statements would a nurse need to use to educate their patient about tetracyclines?

    • A.

      Do not give with milk or milk products or antacids

    • B.

      Do not give during last half of pregnancy or under 8 years of age

    • C.

      Teach patient to avoid excessive sun/ultraviolet light and wear protective clothing.

    • D.

      Advise female patients to use nonhormonal contraception

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Do not give with milk or milk products or antacids
    B. Do not give during last half of pregnancy or under 8 years of age
    C. Teach patient to avoid excessive sun/ultraviolet light and wear protective clothing.
    D. Advise female patients to use nonhormonal contraception
    Explanation
    The nurse would need to use all of these statements to educate their patient about tetracyclines. Tetracyclines should not be taken with milk or milk products or antacids because they can interfere with the absorption of the medication. It is also important to avoid taking tetracyclines during the last half of pregnancy or in children under 8 years of age due to the risk of tooth discoloration and impaired bone growth. Patients should be educated to avoid excessive sun or ultraviolet light while taking tetracyclines as it can increase the risk of sunburn and skin damage. Female patients should also be advised to use nonhormonal contraception while taking tetracyclines as they can reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.

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  • 9. 

    Robin is on gentamicin.  The nurse shows an understanding of gentamicin when the nurse states that the side effects can include:

    • A.

      Ototoxicity

    • B.

      Seizure

    • C.

      Angioedema

    • D.

      Nephrotoxicity

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ototoxicity
    D. Nephrotoxicity
    Explanation
    The nurse's statement about the side effects of gentamicin is correct. Gentamicin is an antibiotic medication that can have ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity as potential side effects. Ototoxicity refers to damage to the inner ear, which can lead to hearing loss and balance problems. Nephrotoxicity refers to kidney damage or impairment of kidney function. These side effects are important to monitor for in patients receiving gentamicin to ensure their safety and well-being.

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  • 10. 

    Mary has been given penicillin for the first time.  What is Mary's nurse going to do?

    • A.

      Monitor for anaphylaxis

    • B.

      Give IM injections into large muscle to decrease pain

    • C.

      Monitor for angioedema

    • D.

      Monitor for hallucination.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Monitor for anaphylaxis
    B. Give IM injections into large muscle to decrease pain
    Explanation
    The nurse is going to monitor Mary for anaphylaxis because penicillin can cause an allergic reaction in some individuals. Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that can occur shortly after receiving a medication. The nurse will also give IM injections into a large muscle to decrease pain, which is a common practice to administer medication effectively and minimize discomfort.

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  • 11. 

    Nick's patient has begun their antibiotic.  Nick checks back in on his patient and his patient is red from the neck up.  Nick knows to turn down the infusion rate of the antibiotic and monitors his patient for improvement.  What anti-infective caused this "red man" reaction?

    • A.

      Methicillin

    • B.

      Vancomycin

    • C.

      Tetracycline

    • D.

      Antiviral

    Correct Answer
    B. Vancomycin
    Explanation
    The "red man" reaction is a known side effect of Vancomycin, an anti-infective medication. This reaction is characterized by redness of the skin, particularly from the neck up. It is caused by the release of histamine due to a rapid infusion rate of Vancomycin. To alleviate this reaction, Nick turns down the infusion rate and monitors the patient for improvement. Methicillin, Tetracycline, and Antiviral are not associated with the "red man" reaction.

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  • 12. 

    Larry has c-diff.  Larry's nurse will have to be extra cautious so as to not spread the c-diff around.  What should Larry's nurse not do?

    • A.

      Wash his hands with soap and water.

    • B.

      Use the hand gel that kills germs.

    • C.

      Not wear gloves when within 3 feet of Larry

    • D.

      Enter the room with a face shield on.

    Correct Answer
    B. Use the hand gel that kills germs.
    Explanation
    Using hand gel that kills germs may not be effective in killing the c-diff bacteria. C-diff is a highly contagious bacterium that causes severe diarrhea and can spread easily through contact with contaminated surfaces or objects. Washing hands with soap and water is the recommended method for removing and killing the bacteria. Wearing gloves when within 3 feet of Larry and entering the room with a face shield on are additional precautions to prevent the spread of c-diff.

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  • 13. 

    A patient is 16 years old.  Which antibiotic should not be given to this patient?

    • A.

      Penicillin

    • B.

      Cephalosporin

    • C.

      Fluoroquinolones

    • D.

      Tetracycline

    Correct Answer
    C. Fluoroquinolones
    Explanation
    Fluoroquinolones should not be given to a 16-year-old patient because they can cause damage to the developing bones and cartilage. This class of antibiotics has been associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal disorders in young patients, including tendonitis and tendon rupture. Therefore, it is important to avoid prescribing fluoroquinolones to individuals who are still growing and developing.

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  • 14. 

    When teaching a pt about Fluoroquinolones, what is the most important education to teach the pt about?

    • A.

      Reporting tendon pain.

    • B.

      May cause angioedema

    • C.

      Contraception may need to be altered.

    • D.

      Monitor for easy bruising

    Correct Answer
    A. Reporting tendon pain.
    Explanation
    The most important education to teach the patient about Fluoroquinolones is to report tendon pain. Fluoroquinolones have been associated with an increased risk of tendonitis and tendon rupture, particularly in older patients and those who are concurrently taking corticosteroids. It is crucial for patients to be aware of this potential side effect and to promptly report any tendon pain or swelling to their healthcare provider to prevent further complications. Monitoring for easy bruising, altering contraception, and being aware of the potential for angioedema are also important, but reporting tendon pain takes precedence due to the risk of tendon rupture.

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  • 15. 

    Lynn is allergic to fish.  Which of theses antibiotics should Lynn not take?

    • A.

      Cephalosporin

    • B.

      Antiviral

    • C.

      Sulfonamides

    • D.

      Zithromax

    Correct Answer
    C. Sulfonamides
    Explanation
    Sulfonamides should not be taken by Lynn because she is allergic to fish. Sulfonamides are a group of antibiotics that can cause cross-reactivity in individuals who are allergic to fish. This means that if someone is allergic to fish, they may also have an allergic reaction to sulfonamides. Therefore, it is important for Lynn to avoid taking sulfonamides to prevent any adverse allergic reactions.

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  • 16. 

    Drug-resistant infections are easier to acquire?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Drug-resistant infections are not easier to acquire. In fact, they are more difficult to acquire compared to infections caused by non-resistant bacteria. Drug-resistant infections occur when bacteria or other microorganisms develop the ability to survive and multiply despite the presence of antibiotics. These resistant strains often emerge as a result of overuse or misuse of antibiotics. However, acquiring a drug-resistant infection still requires exposure to the resistant bacteria, which may not be as common or widespread as non-resistant bacteria. Therefore, the statement that drug-resistant infections are easier to acquire is false.

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  • 17. 

    The number one way to stop MRSA from spreading is to:

    • A.

      Use Vancomycin

    • B.

      Wash hands.

    • C.

      Use gentamycin

    • D.

      Use a bleach based hand wash and cleaning detergent

    Correct Answer
    B. Wash hands.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Wash hands." This is because MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a highly contagious bacteria that can be spread through direct contact. Washing hands with soap and water is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of MRSA, as it helps remove the bacteria from the hands and reduces the risk of transferring it to other surfaces or individuals. Using Vancomycin or gentamycin may be effective in treating MRSA infections, but it does not prevent the spread of the bacteria. Using a bleach-based hand wash and cleaning detergent can help disinfect surfaces, but it is not as effective as proper hand hygiene in preventing the spread of MRSA.

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  • 18. 

    VRSA is taught resistance by:

    • A.

      Long exposure to broad based antibiotics

    • B.

      VRE

    • C.

      MRSA

    • D.

      Superinfections

    Correct Answer
    C. MRSA
    Explanation
    VRSA (Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a strain of bacteria that has developed resistance to the antibiotic vancomycin. The question asks what teaches VRSA resistance, and the correct answer is MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). MRSA is another strain of bacteria that has developed resistance to multiple antibiotics, including methicillin. Since VRSA and MRSA are both resistant to antibiotics, it is likely that exposure to MRSA can contribute to the development of VRSA resistance.

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  • 19. 

    A C&S is used to:

    • A.

      Clean and Service infected materials

    • B.

      Culture and Sensitivity for microbes

    • C.

      Cut and Suture cleanly in surgery

    • D.

      Coat and Stop infections

    Correct Answer
    B. Culture and Sensitivity for microbes
    Explanation
    A C&S (Culture and Sensitivity) is a laboratory test used to identify and determine the susceptibility of microbes to specific antibiotics. It involves obtaining a sample from an infected area, culturing it in a suitable medium, and then testing the isolated microorganisms against various antibiotics to determine the most effective treatment. This test helps healthcare professionals in selecting the appropriate antibiotic therapy for a specific infection, ensuring targeted and effective treatment.

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  • 20. 

    Linda knows that a C&S should be drawn when she states:

    • A.

      After antibiotic infusion

    • B.

      During antibiotic infusion

    • C.

      Before antibiotic infusion

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Before antibiotic infusion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Before antibiotic infusion." This means that Linda understands that a C&S (Culture and Sensitivity) test should be performed before administering antibiotics. This is because the test is used to identify the specific bacteria causing an infection and determine which antibiotics will be effective in treating it. By conducting the test before giving antibiotics, healthcare providers can ensure that the chosen treatment will be appropriate for the infection.

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