Quiz: Anesthesia Pharmacology Exam!

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 275

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Quiz: Anesthesia Pharmacology Exam! - Quiz

Anaesthesia pharmacology exam! Different drugs exhibit different results on a patient, and this is why nurses need to evaluate a patient's vitals and reaction to various drugs and analyze whether the differences are acceptable or not. How conversant are you with gases when it comes to anaesthesia? This quiz will help refresh your memory on some techniques and knowledge you should have as an anaesthetist. Check it out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Anesthesia is the drug-induced reversible depression of the CNS resulting in the loss of response to external stimuli.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    MAC is the level at which 50% of patients do not move on...
    • A. 

      Intubation

    • B. 

      Incision

    • C. 

      Extubation

    • D. 

      Excision

  • 3. 
    Which of these is NOT a characteristic of MAC?
    • A. 

      Reproducible

    • B. 

      Monitored breath by breath, minute by minute

    • C. 

      Value does not correlate with other anesthetic drugs

    • D. 

      "Free drug" is measured in plasma concentrations rather than partial pressure or %

  • 4. 
    With MAC, a patient will have all of the following, EXCEPT...
    • A. 

      No recall

    • B. 

      No movement on incision

    • C. 

      No response to verbal commands

    • D. 

      No response to ETT placement

    • E. 

      All of these are correct.

  • 5. 
    What are the components of a complete anesthetic we are looking at? 
    • A. 

      Amnesia

    • B. 

      Analgesia

    • C. 

      Euphoria

    • D. 

      Dysphoria

    • E. 

      Muscle relaxation

  • 6. 
    Minimum anesthesia concentration of an anesthetic at one ATM that prevents movement in response to surgical incision.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    MAC of isoflurane
    • A. 

      1.51

    • B. 

      105

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      6

    • E. 

      2.5

    • F. 

      1.15

  • 8. 
    Unconsciousness occurs before MAC is reached.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Loss of self-awareness/recall occurs at...
    • A. 

      0.1-0.2 MAC

    • B. 

      0.3-0.4 MAC

    • C. 

      0.5-0.6 MAC

    • D. 

      1.0-1.5 MAC

  • 10. 
    MAC awake is the alveolar concentration of anesthetic at which patients...
    • A. 

      Responds spiritually to commands

    • B. 

      Opens eyes to commands

    • C. 

      Starts breathing on their one

    • D. 

      Won't move on incision

  • 11. 
    MAC BAR is the alveolar concentration of anesthetic at which the patient will
    • A. 

      Open eyes to command

    • B. 

      Not move on surgical incision

    • C. 

      Blunt adrenergic responses to noxious stimuli (incision)

    • D. 

      Start breathing on their own

  • 12. 
    MAC BAR is...
    • A. 

      1.5 MAC and opioids will decrease MAC BAR

    • B. 

      1.5 MAC and opioids will increase MAC BAR

    • C. 

      0.3-0.4 MAC and opioids will decrease MAC BAR

    • D. 

      0.3-0.4 MAC and opioids will increase MAC BAR

  • 13. 
    Which of these increases MAC? 
    • A. 

      Red Hair

    • B. 

      Acute amphetamines

    • C. 

      Cyclosporines

    • D. 

      Hyperthermia

    • E. 

      Increased CNS neurotransmitters

    • F. 

      Hypernatremia

    • G. 

      Chronic alcohol consumption

    • H. 

      Hyponatremia

    • I. 

      Hypothermia

    • J. 

      Pregnancy

    • K. 

      Decreased CNS neurotransmitters

    • L. 

      Opioids

    • M. 

      Acute alcohol consumption

    • N. 

      Calcium channel blockers

    • O. 

      Benzodiazepines

    • P. 

      Hypoxia

  • 14. 
    Which of these DECREASES MAC? 
    • A. 

      Pregnancy

    • B. 

      Hypoxia

    • C. 

      Hypothermia

    • D. 

      Decreased CNS neurotransmitters

    • E. 

      Alpha2 agonists

    • F. 

      Induction agents

    • G. 

      Calcium channel blockers

    • H. 

      Hyperthermia

    • I. 

      Acute amphetamines

    • J. 

      Cyclosporines

    • K. 

      Brown Hair

    • L. 

      Hypernatremia

    • M. 

      Increased CNS neurotransmitters

  • 15. 
    When does MAC not change?
    • A. 

      Between 10-20 years of age

    • B. 

      Between 20-60 years of age

    • C. 

      Between 20-65 years of age

    • D. 

      Between 5-20 years of age

  • 16. 
    MAC changes how much per decade?
    • A. 

      6%

    • B. 

      16%

    • C. 

      8%

    • D. 

      3%

  • 17. 
    If your patient is 90 years old, how much would you decrease/increase your MAC by?
    • A. 

      Decrease by 24%

    • B. 

      Decrease by 18%

    • C. 

      Increase by 50%

    • D. 

      Decrease by 30%

    • E. 

      Decrease by 36%

    • F. 

      Decrease by 6%

    • G. 

      Increase by 30%

    • H. 

      Increase by 18%

    • I. 

      Increase by 24%

  • 18. 
    Duration of anesthesia can change MAC.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Which of these does CAN change MAC?
    • A. 

      Sex

    • B. 

      Anesthetic metabolism

    • C. 

      Duration of anesthesia

    • D. 

      PaCO2 15-95 mmHg

    • E. 

      PaO2 >38 mmHg

    • F. 

      Thyroid function

    • G. 

      K/Mg levels

    • H. 

      Sodium levels

  • 20. 
    Which of these is MAC a measure of?
    • A. 

      Analgesia

    • B. 

      Amnesia

    • C. 

      Movement

    • D. 

      Homeostasis

  • 21. 
    Where do we have to block to get the movement, reflex, or withdrawal to pain reflexes to stop?
    • A. 

      Brain stem

    • B. 

      Peripheral sensory nerves

    • C. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • D. 

      Spinal cord

  • 22. 
    Peripheral sensory receptors are affected by inhalation anesthesia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Choose the correct statement.
    • A. 

      Peripheral sensory receptors are NOT affected by inhalation agents.

    • B. 

      Inhaled aneshetics will not stop hyperalgesia, will not work for pre-emptive analgesia.

    • C. 

      Inhaled anesthetics do NOT block SSEPs (stimulus in periphery still reaches cortex).

    • D. 

      All of these statements are correct.

  • 24. 
    The spinal cord is the site of action for ______, only with potent gases.
    • A. 

      Immobility

    • B. 

      Analgesia

    • C. 

      Amnesia

    • D. 

      Loss of recall

    • E. 

      Homeostasis

  • 25. 
    Studies have shown that inhaled anesthetics have some teratogenic/carcinogenic effects.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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