Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (Respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)

190 Questions | Total Attempts: 274

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Anatomy & Physiology - Final Exam (Respiratory, Renal, & Reproduction)

Do you believe you understood the topic on respiratory, renal, & reproduction and can tackle any question about them? The quiz below is designed to test how ready you are for the final exam that is just around the corner. Give it a try and see how high you score.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Boyle's law states that gas volume is
    • A. 

      Directly proportional to pressure.

    • B. 

      Directly proportional to temperature.

    • C. 

      Inversely proportional to pressure.

    • D. 

      Inversely proportional to temperature.

    • E. 

      Both directly proportional to pressure and directly proportional to temperature.

  • 2. 
    Pulmonary ventilation refers to the
    • A. 

      Movement of air into and out of the lungs.

    • B. 

      Movement of dissolved gases from the alveoli to the blood.

    • C. 

      Movement of dissolved gases from the blood to the interstitial space.

    • D. 

      Movement of dissolved gases from the interstitial space to the cells.

    • E. 

      Utilization of oxygen.

  • 3. 
    The function of pulmonary ventilation is to
    • A. 

      Remove carbon dioxide from the blood.

    • B. 

      Supply oxygen to the blood.

    • C. 

      Maintain adequate alveolar ventilation.

    • D. 

      Remove air from dead air space.

    • E. 

      Prevent gas exchange in the bronchioles.

  • 4. 
    The unit of measurement for pressure preferred by many respiratory therapists is
    • A. 

      Mm Hg.

    • B. 

      Torr.

    • C. 

      Cm H2O.

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is greater?
    • A. 

      The partial pressure of oxygen in atmospheric air

    • B. 

      The partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli

  • 6. 
    Boyle's Law of Gases states that
    • A. 

      The pressure and volume of a gas are equal.

    • B. 

      As the temperature goes up, the pressure goes up.

    • C. 

      The total gas pressure is equal to the sum of the partial pressures.

    • D. 

      The concentration of dissolved gas is proportional to its partial pressure.

    • E. 

      If the volume goes up, the pressure goes down.

  • 7. 
    Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) produce(s) the movement labeled "1"?
    • A. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • B. 

      Internal intercostals

    • C. 

      External intercostals

    • D. 

      Diaphragm

    • E. 

      Both rectus abdominis and external intercostals

  • 8. 
    Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "3
    • A. 

      P outside = P inside

    • B. 

      P outside > P inside

    • C. 

      P outside < P inside

    • D. 

      P outside + P inside

    • E. 

      P outside - P inside

  • 9. 
    Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What pressure will be present in the space labeled "5"?
    • A. 

      Alveolar pressure

    • B. 

      Intrapulmonary pressure

    • C. 

      Subalveolar pressure

    • D. 

      Subatmospheric pressure

    • E. 

      Atmospheric pressure

  • 10. 
    Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between the pressures at label "8"?
    • A. 

      P outside = P inside

    • B. 

      P outside > P inside

    • C. 

      P outside < P inside

    • D. 

      P outside + P inside

    • E. 

      P outside - P inside

  • 11. 
    Use Figure 20-2 to answer the following questions: Which muscle(s) contract(s) to cause the movement indicated by the arrows labeled "6" and "7"?
    • A. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • B. 

      Internal intercostals

    • C. 

      External intercostals

    • D. 

      Diaphragm

    • E. 

      Both rectus abdominis and internal intercostals

  • 12. 
    Air moves out of the lungs when the pressure inside the lungs is
    • A. 

      Air moves out of the lungs when the pressure inside the lungs is

    • B. 

      Greater than the pressure in the atmosphere.

    • C. 

      Equal to the pressure in the atmosphere.

    • D. 

      Greater than intraalveolar pressure.

    • E. 

      Less than intrapulmonic pressure.

  • 13. 
    When there is no air movement, the relationship between the intrapulmonary and atmospheric pressure is that
    • A. 

      They are equal.

    • B. 

      Intrapulmonary pressure is greater than atmospheric.

    • C. 

      Atmospheric pressure is less than intrapulmonary.

    • D. 

      Atmospheric pressure is more than intrapulmonary.

    • E. 

      Intrapulmonary pressure is less than atmospheric.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following muscles might be recruited to increase inspired volume?
    • A. 

      Sternocleidomastoid

    • B. 

      Pectoralis minor

    • C. 

      Scalenes

    • D. 

      Serratus anterior

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    Expiratory movements are produced by contraction of the ________ muscle(s).
    • A. 

      Scalene

    • B. 

      Diaphragm

    • C. 

      Internal intercostal

    • D. 

      External intercostal

    • E. 

      Serratus anterior

  • 16. 
    When the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles contract,
    • A. 

      The volume of the thorax increases.

    • B. 

      The volume of the thorax decreases.

    • C. 

      The volume of the lungs decreases.

    • D. 

      The lungs shrink.

    • E. 

      Expiration occurs.

  • 17. 
    Which of these descriptions best matches the term external intercostal?
    • A. 

      Accessory muscle of expiration

    • B. 

      Accessory muscle of inspiration

    • C. 

      Primary muscle of inspiration

    • D. 

      Contraction increases airway resistance

    • E. 

      Affects lung compliance

  • 18. 
    ________ is the amount of air that moves into the respiratory system during a single respiratory cycle under resting conditions.
    • A. 

      Residual volume

    • B. 

      Expiratory reserve volume

    • C. 

      Inspiratory reserve volume

    • D. 

      Tidal volume

    • E. 

      Inspiratory capacity

  • 19. 
    ________ is the amount of air that you can inhale above the resting tidal volume.
    • A. 

      Residual inhaled volume

    • B. 

      Expiratory reserve volume

    • C. 

      Inspiratory reserve volume

    • D. 

      Enhanced tidal volume

    • E. 

      Inspiratory capacity

  • 20. 
    In quiet breathing,
    • A. 

      Inspiration and expiration involve muscular contractions.

    • B. 

      Inspiration is passive and expiration involves muscular contractions.

    • C. 

      Inspiration involves muscular contractions and expiration is passive.

    • D. 

      Inspiration and expiration are both passive.

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    If a patient being tested inhales as deeply as possible and then exhales as much as possible, the volume of air expelled would be the patient's
    • A. 

      Tidal volume.

    • B. 

      Inspiratory reserve volume

    • C. 

      Expiratory reserve volume

    • D. 

      Reserve volume.

    • E. 

      Vital capacity.

  • 22. 
    Alveolar ventilation refers to the
    • A. 

      Movement of air into and out of the lungs.

    • B. 

      Amount of air reaching the alveoli each minute.

    • C. 

      Movement of dissolved gases from the alveoli to the blood.

    • D. 

      Movement of dissolved gases from the blood to the alveoli.

    • E. 

      Utilization of oxygen by alveolar cells to support metabolism.

  • 23. 
    Increasing the alveolar ventilation rate will
    • A. 

      Decrease the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the alveoli.

    • B. 

      Decrease the rate of oxygen diffusion from the alveoli to the blood.

    • C. 

      Increase the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the alveoli.

    • D. 

      Decrease the rate of carbon dioxide diffusion from the blood to the alveoli.

    • E. 

      Hardly affect either the partial pressure or diffusion of gases.

  • 24. 
    ________ equals the respiratory rate × (tidal volume - anatomic dead space).
    • A. 

      Vital capacity

    • B. 

      Respiratory minute volume

    • C. 

      Pulmonary ventilation rate

    • D. 

      Alveolar ventilation rate

    • E. 

      External respiration rate

  • 25. 
    Which of the following can be calculated if the tidal volume and respiratory rate are known?
    • A. 

      Respiratory minute volume

    • B. 

      Inspiratory reserve volume

    • C. 

      Expiratory reserve volume

    • D. 

      Anatomical dead space

    • E. 

      Forced vital capacity

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