Vnsg Anatomy & Physiology Study Guide

135 Questions | Total Attempts: 60

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Anatomy And Physiology Quizzes & Trivia

HCCS VNSG 1320 Study Guide


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The study of how the body functions is called:
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Anatomy

    • D. 

      Dissection

  • 2. 
    The word derived from 2 Greek words meaning "a cutting up" is:
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Anatomy

    • D. 

      Dissection

  • 3. 
    The correct sequence of the level of organization is:
    • A. 

      Cellular, chemical, tissue, organ

    • B. 

      Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ

    • C. 

      Chemical, cellular, organ, tissue

    • D. 

      Chemical, tissue, cellular, organ

  • 4. 
    The smallest living unit of structure is considered to be at the:
    • A. 

      Chemical level

    • B. 

      Cellular level

    • C. 

      Organ level

    • D. 

      Tissue level

  • 5. 
    The reference position for all body directional terms is the:
    • A. 

      Anatomical position

    • B. 

      Prone position

    • C. 

      Supine position

    • D. 

      Sitting position

  • 6. 
    The relationship between the knee and the ankle can be described as:
    • A. 

      The knee is inferior to the ankle

    • B. 

      The knee is distal to the ankle

    • C. 

      The knee is proximal to the ankle

    • D. 

      Both a and b above

  • 7. 
    The relationship between the heart and the lungs can be described as:
    • A. 

      The heart is distal to the lungs

    • B. 

      The heart is medial to the lungs

    • C. 

      The heart is lateral to the lungs

    • D. 

      Both a and c above

  • 8. 
    The term most opposite proximal is:
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Superior

    • C. 

      Anterior

    • D. 

      Distal

  • 9. 
    Because humans walk in an upright position, the two terms that can be used interchangeably are:
    • A. 

      Posterior and ventral

    • B. 

      Posterior and inferior

    • C. 

      Posterior and superficial

    • D. 

      Posterior and dorsal

  • 10. 
    The term most opposite medial is:
    • A. 

      Dorsal

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Superficial

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    The relationship between the skin and the muscles can be described as:
    • A. 

      The skin is superficial to the muscle

    • B. 

      The muscle is superficial to the skin

    • C. 

      The muscle is deep to the skin

    • D. 

      Both a and c above

  • 12. 
    A cut dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions is called a:
    • A. 

      Sagittal section

    • B. 

      Frontal section

    • C. 

      Transverse section

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    A cut dividing the body into upper and lower portions is called a:
    • A. 

      Sagittal section

    • B. 

      Frontal section

    • C. 

      Transverse section

    • D. 

      Coronal section

  • 14. 
    A cut dividing the body into right and left portions is called a:
    • A. 

      Sagittal section

    • B. 

      Frontal section

    • C. 

      Transverse section

    • D. 

      Coronal section

  • 15. 
    The mediastinum is part of the:
    • A. 

      Dorsal cavity

    • B. 

      Ventral cavity

    • C. 

      Abdominal cavity

    • D. 

      Both b and c above

  • 16. 
    The 2 major cavities of the body are the:
    • A. 

      Dorsal and ventral

    • B. 

      Thoracic and abdominal

    • C. 

      Pleural and mediastinum

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    The lungs are located in the 
    • A. 

      Thoracic cavity

    • B. 

      Mediastinum

    • C. 

      Dorsal cavity

    • D. 

      Both b and c above

  • 18. 
    The word supine describes:
    • A. 

      The body lying face downward

    • B. 

      An anatomical direction

    • C. 

      The reference position of the body

    • D. 

      The body lying face upward

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is not a subatomic particle that makes up the atom?
    • A. 

      Ion

    • B. 

      Proton

    • C. 

      Neutron

    • D. 

      Electron

  • 20. 
    The atomic number of an atom is equal to the number of:
    • A. 

      Electrons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Protons

    • D. 

      Both b and c above

  • 21. 
    The atomic mass of an atom is equal to the number of:
    • A. 

      Electrons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Protons

    • D. 

      Both b and c above

  • 22. 
    This subatomic particle is found in the nucleus of the atom.
    • A. 

      Electron

    • B. 

      Neutron

    • C. 

      Proton

    • D. 

      Both b and c above

  • 23. 
    This subatomic particle is found in orbitals around the nucleus of the atom.
    • A. 

      Electron

    • B. 

      Neutron

    • C. 

      Proton

    • D. 

      Both b and c above

  • 24. 
    This is not a characteristic of a proton:
    • A. 

      Contributes to the atom's atomic number

    • B. 

      Contributes to the atom's atomic mass

    • C. 

      Is located in the nucleus of the atom

    • D. 

      Carries a negative electrical charge

  • 25. 
    This is not a characteristic of a neutron:
    • A. 

      Contributes to the atom's atomic number

    • B. 

      Contributes to the atom's atomic mass

    • C. 

      Is located in the nucleus of the atom

    • D. 

      Has no electrical charge

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