Anatomy Class Test 1: Digestive System, (Muscles Of The Face, Neck And Head)

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 35

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Anatomy Class Test 1: Digestive System, (Muscles Of The Face, Neck And Head)

The questions in this bank have been compiled by senior students at Masaryk University, and are intended to help better prepare you for your final exam. Please note, these questions are NOT past papers. The questions were put together using the Course Syllabus, Lectures, and the faculty recommended text books 'Clinically Orientated Anatomy', 'Internal Organs, Vol 2', and 'Instant Anatomy'.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The diaphragma oris (floor of the mouth) contains:
    • A. 

      Mylohyoid muscles, Geniohyoid muscles

    • B. 

      Mylohyoid muscles, Geniohyoid muscles, Palatoglossus muscle

    • C. 

      Myloyoid muscles, Geniohyiod muscles, Anterior Belly of the Digastric muscle

    • D. 

      Myloyoid muscles, Geniohyiod muscles, Genioglossus muscle

    • E. 

      Myloyoid muscles, Geniohyiod muscles, Hyoglossus muscle

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statement is correct:
    • A. 

      The oral cavity contains the diaphragma oris, glandula submandibularis, glandula sublingualis

    • B. 

      The oral cavity contains the diaphragma oris, glandula salivariae minores

    • C. 

      The hard palate is formed by the palatine process of the maxilla and horizontal plate of palatine bone.

    • D. 

      Musculus uvulae arises from the posterior nasal spine of the palatine bones and from the palatine aponeurosis.

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statement is incorrect:
    • A. 

      The hard palate is formed by the palatine process of the maxilla and horizontal plate of palatine bone.

    • B. 

      The hard palate contains the papilla incisiva, plicae palatinae transversae, and glandulae palatinae

    • C. 

      The soft palate contains the aponeurosis palatina uvula palatina arcus palatoglossus and arcus palatopharyngeus

    • D. 

      Musculus levator veli palatini is located in the hard palate.

    • E. 

      Musculus levator veli palatini is located in the soft palate.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not an intrinsic muscle of the tongue:
    • A. 

      Superior longitudinal muscle

    • B. 

      Transversus muscle

    • C. 

      Genioglossus muscle

    • D. 

      Verticalis muscle

    • E. 

      Inferior longitudinal muscle

  • 5. 
    In the deciduous dentition:
    • A. 

      Lateral incisors errupt at 3 -6 months

    • B. 

      First molars errupt at 9-11 months

    • C. 

      Second molars errupt at 13 - 18 months

    • D. 

      Canine teeth errupt at 9-14 months

    • E. 

      Central inscisors errupt at 6-12 months

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements is incorrect:
    • A. 

      M. tensor veli palatini is innervated by trigeminal nerve

    • B. 

      M. palatopharyngeus is innervated by plexus pharyngeus

    • C. 

      M. levator veli palatini is innervated by plexus pharyngeus

    • D. 

      M. palatoglossus is innervated by the sphenopalatine nerve

    • E. 

      Musculus uvulae is innervated by plexus pharyngeus

  • 7. 
    M. levator veli palatini:
    • A. 

      Is innervated by plexus pharyngeus

    • B. 

      Originates at the temporal bone

    • C. 

      Elevates the soft palate

    • D. 

      Is supplied by the facial artery

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 8. 
    Pars nasalis pharyngis (nasopharynx) does not contain:
    • A. 

      Choane

    • B. 

      Tonsilla tubaria

    • C. 

      Waldeyer’s lympfoepithelial ring

    • D. 

      Recessus piriformis

    • E. 

      Ostium pharyngeum tubae auditivae

  • 9. 
    The borders of the anterior triangle of the neck are:
    • A. 

      Anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid, posterior belly of digastric, and the superior omohyoid

    • B. 

      Anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid, anterior belly of digastric, and supeior omohyoid

    • C. 

      Anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid, inferior border of the mandible, and midline of the neck

    • D. 

      Inferior border of the mandible, anterior and posterior belly of the digastric

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 10. 
    M. constrictor pharyngis superior does not include:
    • A. 

      Pars ceratopharyngea

    • B. 

      Pars buccopharyngea

    • C. 

      Pars mylopharyngea

    • D. 

      Pars glossopharyngea

    • E. 

      Pars pterygopharyngea

  • 11. 
    M. constrictor pharyngis medius includes:
    • A. 

      Pars buccopharyngea

    • B. 

      Pars pterygopharyngea

    • C. 

      Pars mylopharyngea

    • D. 

      Pars glossopharyngea

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 12. 
    Submandibular triangle contains:
    • A. 

      Facial artery and vein

    • B. 

      Submandibular gland

    • C. 

      Internal jugular vein

    • D. 

      Internal and external carotid artery

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 13. 
    The floor of the submental triangle is composed of:
    • A. 

      Mylohyoid muscle

    • B. 

      Digastric muscle

    • C. 

      Platysma muscle

    • D. 

      Sternocleidomastoid muscle

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 14. 
    Zygomaticus Minor muscle:
    • A. 

      Originates anterior to zygomaticotemporal suture, inserts lateral surface of the upper lip

    • B. 

      Originates posterior to zygomaticotemporal suture, inserts lateral surface of the upper lip

    • C. 

      Originates anterior to zygomaticus major, inserts lateral surface of the upper lip

    • D. 

      Originates posterior to zygomaticotemporal suture, inserts at the angle of the mouth

    • E. 

      Originates anterior to zygomaticus major, inserts at the angle of the mouth

  • 15. 
    Depressor Labii Inferioris:
    • A. 

      Originates on the mandible between the symphysis and the mental foramen

    • B. 

      Originates on the mandible along the external oblique line

    • C. 

      Originates anterior to zygomaticus major

    • D. 

      Originates on the incisive fossa of the mandible

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 16. 
    Procerus muscle:
    • A. 

      Is innervated by buccal branches of the facial nerve

    • B. 

      Is innervated by occipital branches of the facial nerve

    • C. 

      Insertion is on the nasal septum

    • D. 

      Insertion is on the nasal cartilage

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 17. 
    Platysma muscle:
    • A. 

      Is innervated by cervical branches of the facial nerve

    • B. 

      Wrinkles skin of the neck

    • C. 

      Originates from the fascia of upper part of pectoralis major and deltoid

    • D. 

      Insertion is on inferior border of mandible

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 18. 
    Platysma muscle:
    • A. 

      Is innervated by cervical branches of the facial nerve

    • B. 

      Wrinkles skin of the neck

    • C. 

      Originates from the fascia of upper part of pectoralis major and deltoid

    • D. 

      Insertion is on inferior border of mandible

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 19. 
    The carotid triangle of the neck contains:
    • A. 

      Common carotid artery

    • B. 

      Internal and external carotid artery

    • C. 

      Vagal nerve

    • D. 

      Hypoglossal nerve

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 20. 
    The oesophagus:
    • A. 

      In the adult measures aproximately 25-30cm

    • B. 

      Has three physiological narrowings

    • C. 

      Contains cervical, thoracic, and abdominal parts

    • D. 

      Begins at the level of vertebra C6

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 21. 
    Which of the following statements is incorrect:
    • A. 

      The cardiac portion of the stomach is the continuation of the orifice of the oesophagus

    • B. 

      The cardiac notch lies between the fundus of the stomach and the oesophaus

    • C. 

      The gastrocolic ligament connects the greater curvature of the stomach to the transverse colon

    • D. 

      The gastrosplenic ligament connects the lesser curvature of the stomach to the hilum of the spleen

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 22. 
    The lesser omentum (omentum minus):
    • A. 

      Extends from the liver to the lesser curvature of the stomach

    • B. 

      Covers the antero-superior surface of the stomach

    • C. 

      Contains ligamentum hepatogastricum

    • D. 

      Contains ligamentum phernicogastricum

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 23. 
    The greater omentum (omentum major):
    • A. 

      Contains ligamentum hepatoduodenale

    • B. 

      Extends from the lesser curvature of the stomach

    • C. 

      Contains ligamentum gastrocolicum, and ligamentum gastrolienale

    • D. 

      Contains ligamentum phernicogastricum

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements is incorrect:
    • A. 

      The occipital belly of the occipitofrontalis muscle originates on the medial third of the superior nuchal line of the occipital bone

    • B. 

      The frontal belly of the occipitofrontalis muscle is supplied by branches of the opthalmic artery

    • C. 

      The occipitofrontalis muscle is innervated by the facial nerve

    • D. 

      The medial fibres of the occipitofrontalis muscle are continuous with those of the procerus muscle

    • E. 

      The occipitofrontalis muscle inserts at the galea aponeurotica

  • 25. 
    Which of the following statements is incorrect:
    • A. 

      The jejunum occupies the upper left part of the inframesocolic space

    • B. 

      The jejunum occupies the lower right part of the inframesocolic space

    • C. 

      The ileum occupies the lower right part of the inframesocolic space

    • D. 

      The jejunum has more plicae circularis than the ileum

    • E. 

      The jejunum is wider than the ileum

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