Abnormal Psychology Schizophrenia: Diagnosis & Symptoms

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Abnormal Psychology Schizophrenia: Diagnosis & Symptoms - Quiz

A person suffering from inability to think, feel and behave clearly can be suffering from schizophrenia. This condition is mostly not curable and the patient has to be monitored. How well do you understand symptoms and diagnosis of this disorder? Take up the quiz below and find out. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A group of disorders characterized by severely impaired cognitive processes.  It is a disorder which involves disturbance of thinking primarily.

    • A.

      Delusions

    • B.

      Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Paranoid Schizophrenia

    Correct Answer
    B. Schizophrenia
    Explanation
    Schizophrenia is a group of disorders characterized by severely impaired cognitive processes and a disturbance of thinking primarily. It is a mental disorder that affects a person's ability to think, feel, and behave clearly. Symptoms of schizophrenia may include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and abnormal motor behavior. Therefore, schizophrenia is the correct answer as it fits the description provided.

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  • 2. 

        1. According to DSM-IV the diagnosis of schizophrenia is given to a disorder if 

    • A.

      Delusions, hallucinations, or marked disturbance in thinking, affect or speech are demonstrated.

    • B.

      The patient forms new words whose meanings he/she only understand

    • C.

      There is a lack of demonstration of emotions or feelings

    Correct Answer
    A. Delusions, hallucinations, or marked disturbance in thinking, affect or speech are demonstrated.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is delusions, hallucinations, or marked disturbance in thinking, affect or speech are demonstrated. This is because according to DSM-IV, these symptoms are the criteria for diagnosing schizophrenia. The patient may experience delusions, which are false beliefs that are not based in reality. They may also have hallucinations, which are sensory experiences that are not actually happening. Additionally, there may be a marked disturbance in thinking, affect (emotions), or speech. This combination of symptoms is characteristic of schizophrenia.

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  • 3. 

        1. false beliefs  which are firmly held to by the patient

    • A.

      Flat affect

    • B.

      Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Delusions

    Correct Answer
    C. Delusions
    Explanation
    Delusions are false beliefs that are firmly held by the patient. In the context of mental health, delusions are often associated with conditions such as schizophrenia. Delusions can involve a wide range of beliefs, such as believing that one is being followed or that they have special powers. These beliefs are not based on reality and are resistant to change, even when presented with evidence to the contrary. Delusions can significantly impact a person's thoughts, emotions, and behavior, leading to difficulties in functioning and interacting with others.

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  • 4. 

          1. thinking one is a very important person.

    • A.

      Delusions of control

    • B.

      Delusions of grandeur

    • C.

      Delusions of persecution

    Correct Answer
    B. Delusions of grandeur
    Explanation
    Delusions of grandeur refer to a false belief that one is extremely important or powerful. This can manifest as an exaggerated sense of self-importance, believing that one has exceptional abilities or qualities, or thinking that one is destined for greatness. People experiencing delusions of grandeur may have an inflated ego and may exhibit arrogant or boastful behavior. This can be a symptom of certain mental health conditions, such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.

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  • 5. 

    Others try to control the patient

    • A.

      Delusions of control

    • B.

      Delusions of grandeur

    • C.

      Delusions of reference

    Correct Answer
    A. Delusions of control
    Explanation
    Delusions of control refer to a psychiatric symptom where individuals believe that their thoughts, feelings, or actions are being controlled by an external force or entity. In the given context, "others try to control the patient," it suggests that the patient may be experiencing delusions of control. This symptom is commonly associated with psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, and can cause significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. It is important to recognize and address these delusions through appropriate psychiatric interventions.

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  • 6. 

    Others can hear the patient's thoughts

    • A.

      Delusions of referece

    • B.

      Delusions of grandeur

    • C.

      Delusions of thought broadcasting

    Correct Answer
    C. Delusions of thought broadcasting
    Explanation
    Delusions of thought broadcasting refer to a belief that one's thoughts are being transmitted to others and can be heard by them. This belief is often accompanied by a sense of being monitored or controlled by external forces. In this case, the statement "Others can hear the patient's thoughts" aligns with the symptoms of delusions of thought broadcasting, as it suggests that the patient believes their thoughts are being broadcasted and can be heard by others.

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  • 7. 

    Others are plotting to harm the patient

    • A.

      Delusions of grandeur

    • B.

      Delusions of Control

    • C.

      Delusions of persecution

    Correct Answer
    C. Delusions of persecution
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Delusions of persecution. This is because the statement "Others are plotting to harm the patient" indicates a belief that the patient is being targeted or persecuted by others. Delusions of persecution involve irrational and unfounded beliefs that one is being mistreated, conspired against, or targeted for harm by others. This can often be a symptom of certain mental disorders, such as paranoid schizophrenia.

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  • 8. 

    Others are talking about the patient

    • A.

      Delusions of thought broadcasting

    • B.

      Delusions of reference

    • C.

      Delusions of persecution

    Correct Answer
    B. Delusions of reference
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Delusions of reference." This refers to a type of delusion where individuals believe that everyday events, objects, or actions have a personal and significant meaning specifically directed towards them. In this case, the statement "Others are talking about the patient" suggests that the patient may have delusions that conversations or discussions happening around them are specifically about them. This is a common symptom of delusions of reference.

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  • 9. 

    One's thoughts are removed by others

    • A.

      Delusions of withdrawal

    • B.

      Delusions of persecution

    • C.

      Delusions of broadcasting

    Correct Answer
    A. Delusions of withdrawal
    Explanation
    Delusions of withdrawal refer to a false belief that one's thoughts are being taken away or removed by others. This delusion can lead to feelings of isolation and paranoia, as the person may believe that others are intentionally stealing their thoughts. This symptom is commonly associated with certain mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia. It is important to note that delusions are not based on reality and can significantly impact an individual's perception of the world.

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  • 10. 

        1.  These include hallucinations  which are sensory stimuli or perceptions with no direct actual stimulation.
        1. Hallucinations are mainly auditory, but can also be visual or tactile or felt through sense of smell.

    • A.

      Disorganized speech

    • B.

      Perceptual DIstortions

    • C.

      Disorganized Motoric Disturbances

    Correct Answer
    B. Perceptual DIstortions
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Perceptual Distortions" because the given statement describes hallucinations, which are sensory stimuli or perceptions without any actual stimulation. Hallucinations can involve auditory, visual, tactile, or olfactory experiences. These experiences can distort a person's perception of reality, leading to perceptual distortions.

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  • 11. 

    When speech is disorganized it is called:

    • A.

      "Salad"

    • B.

      "Disorganized speech"

    • C.

      "Perceptual Distortions"

    Correct Answer
    A. "Salad"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Salad". When speech is disorganized, it is often described as a "word salad" because it resembles a jumble of words and phrases that do not make coherent sense. This can be a symptom of certain mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or severe manic episodes in bipolar disorder. The term "salad" is used metaphorically to convey the idea of a mix of unrelated or nonsensical elements, similar to a salad made up of various ingredients.

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  • 12. 

    Referred to as cognitive slippage with continual shifting from topic to topic with no logical connections

    • A.

      Loose Associations

    • B.

      Neologism

    • C.

      Problems with Attention

    Correct Answer
    A. Loose Associations
    Explanation
    Loose associations refer to a thought disorder characterized by a lack of logical connections between ideas or topics. It is often associated with cognitive slippage, where there is a continual shifting from one topic to another without any clear or coherent connections. This can result in disjointed and fragmented speech or conversation. Neologism, on the other hand, refers to the creation of new words or phrases that are not recognizable or understandable to others. Problems with attention may cause difficulties in focusing or maintaining concentration, but they do not necessarily involve the lack of logical connections seen in loose associations.

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  • 13. 

    The patient forms new words whose meanings he/she only understand

    • A.

      Loose Associations

    • B.

      Neologism

    • C.

      Problems with Attention

    Correct Answer
    B. Neologism
    Explanation
    Neologism refers to the creation of new words by a person that have unique meanings only understood by them. In this case, the patient is forming new words whose meanings are known only to them. This can be a symptom of certain mental health conditions such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. It indicates a disturbance in language and thought processes, where the person may use these neologisms as a way to express their thoughts or experiences.

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  • 14. 

    The Patient is unable to focus on one object

    • A.

      Problems with Attention

    • B.

      Neologism

    • C.

      Loose Associations

    Correct Answer
    A. Problems with Attention
    Explanation
    The patient's inability to focus on one object suggests that they are experiencing problems with attention. This could be due to various factors such as attention deficit disorder, cognitive impairment, or a neurological condition. It is important to further evaluate the patient's symptoms and conduct appropriate assessments to determine the underlying cause of their attention difficulties.

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  • 15. 

        1. Extreme high or low levels of motor activities are demonstrated by the patient.

    • A.

      Disorganized Speech & Thought Disturbances

    • B.

      Disorganized Motoric Disturbances

    • C.

      Perceptual Distortions

    Correct Answer
    B. Disorganized Motoric Disturbances
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Disorganized Motoric Disturbances." This answer is supported by the statement in the question that the patient demonstrates extreme high or low levels of motor activities. Disorganized motoric disturbances refer to abnormal and unpredictable movements, such as excessive or reduced motor activity, that are characteristic of certain mental disorders like schizophrenia.

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  • 16. 

    These are categorized under which concept?- Loose Associations- Neologism-Problems with Attention

    • A.

      Disorganized Speech & Thought Disturbances

    • B.

      Disorganized Motoric Disturbances

    • C.

      Perceptual Distortions

    Correct Answer
    A. Disorganized Speech & Thought Disturbances
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Disorganized Speech & Thought Disturbances," is the correct answer because the symptoms listed in the question, such as "Loose Associations," "Neologism," and "Problems with Attention," are all characteristic features of disorganized speech and thought disturbances. These symptoms are commonly observed in individuals with certain mental disorders, such as schizophrenia. Disorganized speech and thought disturbances refer to difficulties in organizing thoughts and expressing them coherently, resulting in incoherent or nonsensical speech patterns.

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  • 17. 

    Which one of these is not considered a Negative symptom of Schizophrenia?

    • A.

      Flat Affect

    • B.

      Neologism

    • C.

      Anhedonia

    • D.

      Avolition

    • E.

      Alogia

    Correct Answer
    B. Neologism
    Explanation
    A neologism refers to the creation of new words or phrases that have no meaning to others. While it is a symptom of schizophrenia, it is not considered a negative symptom. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia typically involve a decrease or absence of normal behaviors, such as flat affect (lack of emotional expression), anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure), avolition (lack of motivation or goal-directed behavior), and alogia (reduced speech or speech poverty).

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  • 18. 

    Lack of demonstration of emotions or feelings

    • A.

      Avolition

    • B.

      Anhedonia

    • C.

      Flat affect

    Correct Answer
    C. Flat affect
    Explanation
    Flat affect refers to a lack of emotional expression or display of feelings. It is characterized by a person's inability to show appropriate emotional responses, such as smiling or laughing when happy, or crying when sad. This could be due to various factors, including mental health conditions like depression or schizophrenia. Flat affect can make it difficult for others to understand or connect with the person, as their emotions are not visibly expressed.

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  • 19. 

    Inability to feel pleasure

    • A.

      Flat affect

    • B.

      Anhedonia

    • C.

      Avolition

    Correct Answer
    B. Anhedonia
    Explanation
    Anhedonia refers to the inability to experience pleasure or enjoy activities that were once enjoyable. This could manifest as a lack of interest or motivation in engaging in activities that typically bring pleasure. It is often associated with depression and can contribute to a flat affect, which is a reduction in emotional expressiveness. While avolition refers to a lack of motivation or drive to pursue goals and flat affect refers to a lack of emotional expressiveness, anhedonia specifically relates to the inability to feel pleasure.

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  • 20. 

    Lack of motivation

    • A.

      Flat affect

    • B.

      Avolition

    • C.

      Alogia

    Correct Answer
    B. Avolition
    Explanation
    Avolition refers to a lack of motivation or inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activities. It is often associated with a decrease in goal-directed behavior, reduced interest or pleasure in activities, and a lack of energy or drive. This can result in difficulties in completing tasks, pursuing personal goals, and engaging in social interactions. Avolition is a symptom commonly seen in various mental health conditions, such as schizophrenia and depression. It is characterized by a decrease in motivation and an overall lack of initiative, which can significantly impact a person's daily functioning and overall quality of life.

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  • 21. 

    Lack of meaningful speech

    • A.

      Alogia

    • B.

      Anhedonia

    • C.

      Flat affect

    Correct Answer
    A. Alogia
    Explanation
    Alogia refers to a lack of meaningful speech, characterized by a decrease in the amount of speech and the quality of speech produced. It is commonly seen in individuals with schizophrenia and is considered a negative symptom of the disorder. Alogia can manifest as brief and empty responses, difficulty in initiating conversations, or a complete absence of speech. This symptom often reflects a disturbance in the thought process and can significantly impair communication and social functioning.

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  • 22. 

        1. Symptoms include delusions, auditory hallucinations together with extreme suspiciousness and mistrust.

    • A.

      Paranoid Schizophrenia

    • B.

      Catatonic Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Schizoaffective Disorder

    Correct Answer
    A. Paranoid Schizophrenia
    Explanation
    The symptoms described in the question, including delusions, auditory hallucinations, extreme suspiciousness, and mistrust, are characteristic of paranoid schizophrenia. This subtype of schizophrenia is characterized by the presence of delusions and hallucinations, often centered around themes of persecution or grandiosity. Individuals with paranoid schizophrenia may also have difficulty forming and maintaining relationships due to their mistrust and suspiciousness.

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  • 23. 

        1. Symptoms include regressive behavior, disorganized and incoherent speech, inappropriate affect, silly, vulgar, bizarre behavior

    • A.

      Paranoid Schizophrenia

    • B.

      Catatonic Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Disorganized Schizophrenia

    Correct Answer
    C. Disorganized Schizophrenia
    Explanation
    The symptoms described in the question, such as regressive behavior, disorganized and incoherent speech, inappropriate affect, and bizarre behavior, are characteristic of Disorganized Schizophrenia. This subtype of schizophrenia is characterized by disorganized thinking and behavior, as well as difficulty in expressing emotions appropriately. People with Disorganized Schizophrenia may have difficulty with daily activities and struggle to maintain relationships.

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  • 24. 

        1. Symptoms include disturbance in motor activity either extreme excitement or motoric immobility.       

    • A.

      Catatonic Schizophrenia

    • B.

      Disorganized Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Schizoaffective Disorder

    Correct Answer
    A. Catatonic Schizophrenia
    Explanation
    Catatonic Schizophrenia is characterized by disturbances in motor activity, which can manifest as either extreme excitement or motoric immobility. This symptom is a key feature of Catatonic Schizophrenia and helps differentiate it from other types of schizophrenia, such as Disorganized Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder.

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  • 25. 

        1.  Symptoms are mixed and undifferentiated, thus a clear classification is not made. 

    • A.

      Undifferentiated, Residual Schizophrenia

    • B.

      Paranoid Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Catatonic Schizophrenia

    Correct Answer
    A. Undifferentiated, Residual Schizophrenia
    Explanation
    The given explanation suggests that the symptoms experienced by the individual are mixed and undifferentiated, meaning that they do not fit into a specific subtype of schizophrenia. This makes it difficult to classify the type of schizophrenia the individual may have. The options provided include undifferentiated and residual schizophrenia, which are both appropriate classifications for a case with mixed and undifferentiated symptoms. Paranoid and catatonic schizophrenia, on the other hand, are not suitable classifications for this particular case.

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  • 26. 

        1. An acute, brief psychotic episode following a severe trauma.

    • A.

      Paranoid Schizophrenia

    • B.

      Brief Psychotic Reaction

    • C.

      Undifferentiated, Residual Schizophrenia

    Correct Answer
    B. Brief Psychotic Reaction
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Brief Psychotic Reaction." This is because the description of an acute, brief psychotic episode following a severe trauma aligns with the criteria for a brief psychotic reaction. Brief psychotic reaction is a diagnosis used when an individual experiences a sudden onset of psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations, delusions, or disorganized thinking, usually in response to a stressful event or trauma. This diagnosis is temporary and typically lasts less than a month.

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  • 27. 

        1. A combination of the symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorder.

    • A.

      Psychoaffective Disorder

    • B.

      Catatonic Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Paranoid Schizophrenia

    Correct Answer
    A. Psychoaffective Disorder
    Explanation
    Psychoaffective disorder is a mental health condition that combines symptoms of both schizophrenia and mood disorders. This means that individuals with psychoaffective disorder experience symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, and impaired social functioning, which are characteristic of schizophrenia. Additionally, they also experience symptoms of mood disorders, such as depression or mania. This combination of symptoms can make it challenging to diagnose and treat psychoaffective disorder, as it requires addressing both the psychotic and mood-related symptoms.

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  • 28. 

    Refers to past illness, but non-symptomatic at present.

    • A.

      Residual

    • B.

      Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Catatonic

    Correct Answer
    A. Residual
    Explanation
    Residual schizophrenia refers to a condition where a person has previously experienced symptoms of schizophrenia but is currently non-symptomatic. This term is used to describe individuals who have had at least one episode of schizophrenia in the past but are currently in a stable phase with minimal or no symptoms. It indicates that there may be some residual effects or lingering cognitive and emotional impairments from the previous episodes, even though the person is not currently experiencing active symptoms.

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  • 29. 

    Patient might take position and remain that position for a long period of time.

    • A.

      Disorganized Thought

    • B.

      Disorganized Speech

    • C.

      Waxy Flexibility

    Correct Answer
    C. Waxy Flexibility
    Explanation
    Waxy flexibility is a symptom of catatonia, a condition characterized by abnormal motor behavior. It refers to a state in which a person's body can be easily molded and positioned by another person, and they will remain in that position for an extended period of time. This symptom is often seen in individuals with schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders. In this case, the explanation for the correct answer could be that the patient's ability to take and maintain a specific position for a long period of time is indicative of waxy flexibility.

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  • 30. 

    Terminology for "personality before the illness"

    • A.

      Premorbid Personality

    • B.

      Pre-Schizophrenia

    • C.

      Identifying characteristics

    Correct Answer
    A. Premorbid Personality
    Explanation
    Premorbid Personality refers to an individual's personality traits and characteristics before the onset of an illness, in this case, schizophrenia. It implies that a person's personality traits can be identified and observed prior to the development of the illness. This term is commonly used in psychiatric research and clinical practice to understand the impact of schizophrenia on an individual's personality and behavior.

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  • 31. 

    What is not considered a phase in the course of Schizophrenia?

    • A.

      The Prodromal Phase

    • B.

      The Residual Phase

    • C.

      The Active Phase

    • D.

      All of the above are considered a phase in the course of Schizophrenia

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above are considered a phase in the course of Schizophrenia
    Explanation
    All of the options listed are considered phases in the course of Schizophrenia. The Prodromal Phase refers to the early signs and symptoms that occur before the onset of the active phase. The Active Phase is characterized by the presence of prominent psychotic symptoms. The Residual Phase occurs after the active phase and is marked by a decrease in the severity of symptoms. Therefore, all three phases are recognized in the course of Schizophrenia.

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  • 32. 

    Includes the onset and build up of the symptoms

    • A.

      The Active Phase

    • B.

      The Prodromal Phase

    • C.

      The Residual Phase

    Correct Answer
    B. The Prodromal Phase
    Explanation
    The prodromal phase refers to the initial stage of a disease or condition where symptoms start to appear, but they are not yet fully developed. It is characterized by mild, nonspecific symptoms that may be easily overlooked or attributed to other causes. During this phase, individuals may experience subtle changes in their physical or mental state that serve as early warning signs of the impending illness. These symptoms gradually intensify and become more specific as the disease progresses, eventually leading to the active phase where the symptoms are at their peak. The prodromal phase is an important period for early detection and intervention, as it provides an opportunity to identify and treat the condition before it becomes more severe.

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  • 33. 

    Shows full blown symptoms

    • A.

      The Prodromal Phase

    • B.

      The Active Phase

    • C.

      The Residual Phase

    Correct Answer
    B. The Active Phase
    Explanation
    The Active Phase is the correct answer because it refers to the stage of a mental illness where the individual experiences full-blown symptoms. This phase is characterized by the presence of prominent delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and negative symptoms. It is during this phase that the individual's functioning is significantly impaired and they may require intensive treatment and support. The Prodromal Phase refers to the early signs and symptoms that precede the onset of a mental illness, while the Residual Phase refers to the period after the acute symptoms have subsided but some impairment still remains.

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  • 34. 

    The severity of the symptoms decline

    • A.

      The Prodromal Phase

    • B.

      The Active Phase

    • C.

      The Residual Phase

    Correct Answer
    C. The Residual Phase
    Explanation
    The Residual Phase is the correct answer because it refers to the stage of a mental illness where the severity of the symptoms decline. This phase occurs after the active phase, which is characterized by the presence of prominent psychotic symptoms. During the residual phase, the individual may still experience some mild symptoms, but they are not as severe as during the active phase. This phase can vary in duration and individuals may experience different levels of functioning during this period.

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  • 35. 

    Many Schizophrenics can lead a productive life, provided they take their medication regularly.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder that can significantly impair a person's ability to think, feel, and behave. However, with proper treatment and medication, many individuals with schizophrenia can lead productive lives. Medication plays a crucial role in managing the symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking. By taking their medication regularly, individuals with schizophrenia can better control their symptoms, reduce the risk of relapse, and improve their overall functioning. Therefore, the statement that many schizophrenics can lead a productive life, provided they take their medication regularly, is true.

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