The Verbal Behaviour Approach 1

50 Questions

Settings
Behaviour Quizzes & Trivia

As much as grammar and knowledge is an important ingredient for survival, knowing how to live and deal with people is also an important part. The quiz below tests and gauges your understanding of the verbal behavior approach.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does ABA Stand for?
    • A. 

      Application of Behaviour Analysis

    • B. 

      Applied Behavioural Analytics

    • C. 

      Applied Behaviour Analysis

    • D. 

      Analysis of Behavioural Applications

  • 2. 
    Who did the original ABA study in 1987?
    • A. 

      Dr. Sundberg

    • B. 

      Dr. Ivor Lovaas

    • C. 

      Dr. Partington

    • D. 

      Dr. McEachin

  • 3. 
    The Verbal Behaviour Approach to ABA incorporates .........
    • A. 

      Skinner's analysis of sign language

    • B. 

      Sundberg's analysis of language

    • C. 

      Sundberg's analysis of sign language

    • D. 

      Skinner's Analysis of Language

  • 4. 
    What does ABLLS stand for?
    • A. 

      Assessment of Basic Levels of Language and Skills

    • B. 

      Assessment of Basic Language and Learner Skills

    • C. 

      Assessment of Broad Language and Learner Skills

    • D. 

      Assessment of Basic Language and Living Skills

  • 5. 
    What is one of the main differences between a VB and a Lovaas approach to ABA with children with autism?
    • A. 

      Expressive language is viewed as a behaviour and all functions of language are taught in a VB program

    • B. 

      Identification of challenging behaviours occurs early in a VB program but not in a Lovaas program

    • C. 

      Reinforcement is used in a VB program but not in a Lovaas program

    • D. 

      Lovaas teaches all functions of language, VB teaches language as expressive or receptive

  • 6. 
    What does ABC stand for?
    • A. 

      Antecedent Behaviour Compliment

    • B. 

      Analysis Behaviour Contingent

    • C. 

      Analysis Behaviour Cooperation

    • D. 

      Antecedent Behaviour Consequence

  • 7. 
    What functions can behaviour serve?
    • A. 

      Access to tangibles

    • B. 

      Attention

    • C. 

      Tiredness

    • D. 

      Defiance

    • E. 

      Escape

    • F. 

      Self stimulation

    • G. 

      Annoy people

  • 8. 
    What is extinction?
    • A. 

      Reinforcing a previously reinforced behaviour

    • B. 

      Reinforcing a behaviour that has not previously been reinforced

    • C. 

      Not reinforcing a behaviour that has been previously reinforced

    • D. 

      Not reinforcing a behaviour that has not been previously reinforced

  • 9. 
    When you use extinction what should you expect?
    • A. 

      Escape extinction

    • B. 

      Extinction bubble

    • C. 

      Behaviour burst

    • D. 

      Extinction burst

  • 10. 
    Tommy says 'Ball' and is given a ball. This is an example of a ......
  • 11. 
    Fred says 'Spaghetti bolognese' when he smells it cooking in the kitchen. This is an example of a..............
  • 12. 
    Jo says 'Dance with me Mark'. Jo's behaviour is an example of a......................
  • 13. 
    Tom saying 'What time are we going to the park?' is an example of a ...................
  • 14. 
    A variable ratio is 
    • A. 

      An average time interval that you are reinforced

    • B. 

      An variable time schedule

    • C. 

      The average number of responses required before reinforcement

    • D. 

      An average number of responses required to end the situation

  • 15. 
    Instructor: 'Touch cup'. Student: Touches picture of cup Instructor: 'What is it?' Student: 'Cup' The above is an example of what type of transfer procedure? 
    • A. 

      Echoic to tact

    • B. 

      Tact to receptive

    • C. 

      Tact to intraverbal

    • D. 

      Receptive to tact

  • 16. 
    Instructor: 'Match cat' Student: Matches cat Instructor: 'Give me cat' Student: 'Gives cat The above is an example of what type of transfer procedure?
    • A. 

      Match to receptive

    • B. 

      Match to tact

    • C. 

      Receptive to match

    • D. 

      Receptive to tact

  • 17. 
    DTT stands for 
  • 18. 
    Reinforcement can best be described as
    • A. 

      A consequence which keeps the levels of behaviour the same in future

    • B. 

      A consequence which decreases the future frequency of the behaviour it follows

    • C. 

      A stimulus which keeps the child happy

    • D. 

      A consequence which increases the future frequency of the behaviour it followed

  • 19. 
    The time between the students last response and the presentation of the instructors next instruction is called the 
  • 20. 
    If John is given a token during ITT after every 3rd response, the schedule of reinforcement is ........
    • A. 

      FR3

    • B. 

      VR3

    • C. 

      CRF

    • D. 

      NCR 3

  • 21. 
    Which schedule of reinforcement produces the highest rate of responding?
    • A. 

      Fixed Ratio

    • B. 

      Variable Ratio

    • C. 

      Fixed Interval

    • D. 

      Variable Interval

  • 22. 
    The best option for an intertribal interval is:
    • A. 

      10 seconds

    • B. 

      1 minute

    • C. 

      3 seconds

    • D. 

      1 second

  • 23. 
    A stimulus that reliably evokes a behaviour is known as an
    • A. 

      SD

    • B. 

      S-delta

    • C. 

      SP

    • D. 

      ST

  • 24. 
    Which of the following would not be a prompt?
    • A. 

      Looking at the item as the instruction is presented

    • B. 

      Always placing the correct item on the left hand side

    • C. 

      Distractor trials within teaching procedure

    • D. 

      Using gestures when giving receptive instructions

  • 25. 
    Differential reinforcement is:
    • A. 

      Reinforcing after every response

    • B. 

      Reinforcing transfer trials

    • C. 

      Reinforcing with greater magnitude of the preferred stimulus for better approximations

    • D. 

      Reinforcing with less of the preferred item for behaviours placed on extinction

  • 26. 
    A reinforcer is 
    • A. 

      Sweets that have no effect on behaviour

    • B. 

      Slap on the writs that increases the behaviour

    • C. 

      Praise that decreases the behaviour

  • 27. 
    Mark starts crying and stamping his feet when he's taken to a supermarket. In the past his mum has thought the lights may be too bright and has taken him out of the supermarket; he now cries every time he goes. The behaviour is reinforced by:
    • A. 

      Attention

    • B. 

      Sensory needs

    • C. 

      Escape

    • D. 

      He is not given anything so it is not reinforced

  • 28. 
    A complex task e.g. brushing teeth is broken down into smaller component behaviours. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Receptive instructions

    • B. 

      Task analysis

    • C. 

      Chaining

    • D. 

      Sequencing

  • 29. 
    Applied Behaviour Analysis is:
    • A. 

      The science of behaviour

    • B. 

      An intensive intervention

    • C. 

      An autism intervention

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 30. 
    A child cries after being put to bed. Mum goes in to calm her down. Mum's behaviour is reinforced by:
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcement through attention

    • B. 

      Positive reinforcement through tangibles

    • C. 

      Negative reinforcement through escape

    • D. 

      Negative reinforcement through automatic reinforcement

  • 31. 
    A child loves listening to music but does not like swinging. What procedure could be run in order to condition swinging as a preferred activity?
  • 32. 
    A child hears a dog barking in the street and says 'Cat'. This is a ........
  • 33. 
    Shaping is.......
    • A. 

      The same as prompting

    • B. 

      Using transfer trials

    • C. 

      Reinforcing successive approximations

    • D. 

      Reinforcing all approximations

  • 34. 
    NET stands for 
  • 35. 
    Extinction is 
    • A. 

      Ignoring appropriate behaviour

    • B. 

      Following through with demands

    • C. 

      Padding objects/body parts

    • D. 

      Dependent on function of behaviour

  • 36. 
    When washing hands, turning on the tap is the antecedent to putting hands under the water which is then the antecedent to reaching for the soap etc. This is known as
    • A. 

      A chain

    • B. 

      A sequence

    • C. 

      A task analysis

    • D. 

      A chained imitation

  • 37. 
    Errorless teaching consists of:
    • A. 

      Probing a skill then doing a transfer trial if incorrect

    • B. 

      Letting the child start a skill and prompt with a gesture if they start getting it wrong

    • C. 

      Presenting the Sd then fully prompting straight away

    • D. 

      Using transfer trails across operants

  • 38. 
    A student with autism will not benefit from modelling as a prompting procedure unless they have already learnt to _______ other people's behaviour.
  • 39. 
    The first verbal operant repertoire to be taught in a verbal behaviour program is the 
    • A. 

      Tact

    • B. 

      Mand

    • C. 

      Receptive

    • D. 

      Imitative

  • 40. 
    Providing reinforcement non-contingently means......
    • A. 

      Requiring the student to sit nicely

    • B. 

      Requiring the student to do any demand

    • C. 

      Requiring nothing of the student

    • D. 

      Requiring the student to be well behaved

  • 41. 
    How can you identify the preferred items that may serve as a reinforcer for an individual. Tick all that apply.
    • A. 

      Preference assessment at the start of intervention

    • B. 

      Preference assessment throughout intervention

    • C. 

      Observing the items/activities an individual interacts with

    • D. 

      Asking parents

  • 42. 
    A student with autism should have access to their reinforcing items at all times.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    Items and events that function as reinforcers only after being paired with an existing reinforcer are called
    • A. 

      Primary/unconditioned reinforcers

    • B. 

      Secondary/conditioned reinforcers

  • 44. 
    Food, water and warmth are all examples of
    • A. 

      Primary Reinforcers

    • B. 

      Secondary Reinforcers

  • 45. 
    When reinforcement is scheduled to occur after every occurrence of the behaviour, this is called a
    • A. 

      Continuous schedule of reinforcement

    • B. 

      Intermittent schedule of reinforcement

  • 46. 
    Establishing operation or motivating operation are referring to 
    • A. 

      Reinforcement

    • B. 

      Motivation

    • C. 

      Extinction

    • D. 

      Punishment

  • 47. 
    When drawing up a plan to reduce a challenging behaviour, the most important thing to identify is a __________    ______________ behaviour
  • 48. 
    Most to least __________ is used to prevent learners from making an error.
  • 49. 
    Match the following learner behaviours to their definition
    • A. Student says 'I want to swim'
    • A.
    • B. Student says 'Look they are swimming'
    • B.
    • C. Instructor says 'Say swim' student says swim.
    • C.
    • D. Instructor says show me swimming. Student shows swimming
    • D.
    • E. Do this instructor models swimming movements
    • E.
    • F. The instructor says swim and the student writes it down
    • F.
    • G. Give me the one you wear on your eyes
    • G.
    • H. Student answers the question "where do you swim?'
    • H.
  • 50. 
    Before teaching can begin you must _______ yourself with reinforcement so that the learner will want to interact with you.