Test Quiz: Pharmacotherapy Of Gout

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Test Quiz: Pharmacotherapy Of Gout - Quiz

Gout is known as a form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in people who have high levels of uric acid in their blood. It's is very painful and people who suffer from it are often unable to do the simple movements they like doing everyday. So, what do you know about gout? Take our quiz and find out now.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the diseases that promote gout?

    • A.

      Instant fatigue and heart failure

    • B.

      Sickle cell disease

    • C.

      Diabetes and kidney diseases

    • D.

      Flu or cough

    Correct Answer
    C. Diabetes and kidney diseases
    Explanation
    Diabetes and kidney diseases are conditions that can promote the development of gout. Gout is caused by an accumulation of uric acid in the blood, which can lead to the formation of urate crystals in the joints. Diabetes can increase the risk of gout by causing insulin resistance, which can lead to higher levels of uric acid in the blood. Kidney diseases can also contribute to gout as the kidneys play a crucial role in filtering and excreting uric acid. When the kidneys are not functioning properly, uric acid levels can rise, increasing the likelihood of gout.

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  • 2. 

    What types of food expose you to gout?

    • A.

      Meat seafood, ethanol, soft drinks, and fructose

    • B.

      Dried fruits and meat

    • C.

      Raw chicken and eggs

    • D.

      Sausages and rice

    Correct Answer
    A. Meat seafood, ethanol, soft drinks, and fructose
    Explanation
    Certain types of food can increase the risk of developing gout. Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when there is a buildup of uric acid in the body, leading to inflammation and pain in the joints. Meat and seafood are high in purines, which can increase uric acid levels in the body. Ethanol, found in alcoholic beverages, can also raise uric acid levels. Soft drinks and fructose, a type of sugar found in many processed foods, can contribute to higher uric acid levels as well. Therefore, consuming these foods and drinks can expose individuals to a higher risk of developing gout.

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  • 3. 

    What are the known symptoms of gout?

    • A.

      High blood pressure and nervousness

    • B.

      Severe fatigue

    • C.

      Severe pain, swelling, tenderness

    • D.

      Temporary blindness

    Correct Answer
    C. Severe pain, swelling, tenderness
    Explanation
    The known symptoms of gout include severe pain, swelling, and tenderness. Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystals build up in the joints, leading to inflammation and intense pain. The affected joints, commonly the big toe, become red, swollen, and extremely tender. These symptoms can be debilitating and can last for several days or even weeks. It is important to seek medical attention if these symptoms occur, as gout can lead to further complications if left untreated.

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  • 4. 

    What are examples of nonpharmacologic treatments?

    • A.

      Diet, lifestyle modification, etc.

    • B.

      Workout

    • C.

      Exposure to the sun

    • D.

      Walking

    Correct Answer
    A. Diet, lifestyle modification, etc.
    Explanation
    Nonpharmacologic treatments refer to therapies or interventions that do not involve the use of medications. Examples of such treatments include diet and lifestyle modifications, which may involve changes in eating habits and physical activity levels. These can be effective in managing various health conditions and promoting overall well-being. The answer "Diet, lifestyle modification, etc." accurately encompasses the broad range of nonpharmacologic treatments that can be utilized in healthcare.

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  • 5. 

    What's an example of pharmacologic treatment?

    • A.

      Vitamin prescription

    • B.

      Venipuncture

    • C.

      Urate -lowering therapies

    • D.

      Veniculture

    Correct Answer
    C. Urate -lowering therapies
    Explanation
    Urate-lowering therapies are medications used to treat conditions such as gout, which is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. These medications work by either reducing the production of uric acid or increasing its elimination from the body. Examples of urate-lowering therapies include allopurinol and febuxostat. These medications help to lower the levels of uric acid in the blood, reducing the risk of gout attacks and preventing long-term complications.

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  • 6. 

    What's the purpose of using urate-lowering therapies?

    • A.

      It's to prevent acute gouts attacks and the development of tophi

    • B.

      To help the patient digestive system

    • C.

      It to prevents patients from having diahrrea

    • D.

      It prevents patients from having puss

    Correct Answer
    A. It's to prevent acute gouts attacks and the development of tophi
    Explanation
    Urate-lowering therapies are used to prevent acute gout attacks and the development of tophi. Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when there is a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to inflammation and pain. Urate-lowering therapies work by reducing the levels of uric acid in the body, which helps to prevent the formation of these crystals. By preventing acute gout attacks and the development of tophi (which are collections of uric acid crystals), these therapies aim to alleviate symptoms and improve the overall quality of life for patients with gout.

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  • 7. 

    How does Colchicine work?

    • A.

      It reduces pain caused by leukocytes

    • B.

      It reduces inflammation by leukocytes

    • C.

      It reduces puss creation by leukocytes

    • D.

      It reduces lactic acid production by leukocytes

    Correct Answer
    D. It reduces lactic acid production by leukocytes
    Explanation
    Colchicine works by reducing lactic acid production by leukocytes. Leukocytes, also known as white blood cells, are an important part of the immune system and are involved in the inflammatory response. Excessive lactic acid production by leukocytes can contribute to inflammation and tissue damage. By reducing lactic acid production, colchicine helps to alleviate inflammation and associated symptoms such as pain.

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  • 8. 

    What do NSAIDs do?

    • A.

      They reduce white blood cells production

    • B.

      They inhibit the cyclooxygenase enzymes

    • C.

      They stop the pain

    • D.

      They kill blood cells

    Correct Answer
    B. They inhibit the cyclooxygenase enzymes
    Explanation
    NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) work by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase enzymes. These enzymes are responsible for the production of prostaglandins, which are hormone-like substances that cause inflammation, pain, and fever. By blocking these enzymes, NSAIDs reduce inflammation, relieve pain, and lower fever.

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  • 9. 

    What is COX?

    • A.

      It stands for cyclooxygenase

    • B.

      It sands for gocyclooxygenase

    • C.

      It stands for coxxy

    • D.

      It stands for coocite

    Correct Answer
    A. It stands for cyclooxygenase
    Explanation
    COX stands for cyclooxygenase, which is an enzyme involved in the production of prostaglandins, which are important mediators of inflammation and pain. Cyclooxygenase has two isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2, with different functions and tissue distributions. COX-1 is constitutively expressed in many tissues and is involved in maintaining normal physiological functions, while COX-2 is induced during inflammation and is responsible for the production of prostaglandins that mediate pain and inflammation. Understanding the role of COX is important in the development of drugs that target this enzyme for the treatment of various inflammatory conditions.

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  • 10. 

    How many NSAIDs are approved by the FDA?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3 because there are three NSAIDs that are approved by the FDA.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 06, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Anouchka
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