A Trivia Quiz About Evolutionary Biology

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A Trivia Quiz About Evolutionary Biology - Quiz

Evolutionary biology is a subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary process that produced the diversity on earth, starting from a single common ancestor. These processes include natural selection, common descents, and speciation. One of the major scientists that contributed to evolutionary biology is Charles Darwin. Try out this quiz to test your knowledge of evolutionary biology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not a process of Evolutionary biology?

    • A.

      Natural selection

    • B.

      Speciation

    • C.

      Artificial selection

    • D.

      Common descent

    Correct Answer
    C. Artificial selection
    Explanation
    Artificial selection is not a process of Evolutionary biology because it is a human-directed process where specific traits are intentionally selected and bred for in order to produce desired outcomes. In contrast, Evolutionary biology focuses on the natural processes that drive changes in populations over time, such as natural selection, speciation, and common descent. These processes occur in nature without human intervention, whereas artificial selection involves deliberate human intervention to produce desired traits in organisms.

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  • 2. 

    How did Evolutionary Biology emerge?

    • A.

      Through ancient synthesis

    • B.

      Through modern synthesis

    • C.

      Through ancient bio synthesis

    • D.

      Through modern species

    Correct Answer
    B. Through modern synthesis
    Explanation
    Evolutionary Biology emerged through modern synthesis. This refers to the integration of Darwin's theory of natural selection with Mendelian genetics in the early 20th century. The modern synthesis provided a comprehensive understanding of how genetic variation and natural selection drive evolutionary processes. It combined the concepts of population genetics, speciation, and the study of fossils to explain the patterns and mechanisms of evolution. This synthesis revolutionized the field of biology and laid the foundation for our current understanding of evolutionary biology.

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  • 3. 

    What does Evolutionary Biology propound?

    • A.

      That all human being has animal existence

    • B.

      That all human being will finally merge with animals

    • C.

      That all human being have twin ancestor

    • D.

      That all human being have one common ancestor

    Correct Answer
    D. That all human being have one common ancestor
    Explanation
    Evolutionary Biology proposes that all human beings have one common ancestor. This means that all humans share a common lineage and have evolved from a single species over time. This theory is supported by scientific evidence such as fossil records, genetic studies, and comparative anatomy. By studying the similarities and differences between different species, evolutionary biologists have concluded that all living organisms, including humans, are connected through a complex web of evolutionary relationships.

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  • 4. 

    How many major subfield does Evolutionary biology has?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

       4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    Evolutionary biology has two major subfields. This suggests that the field can be divided into two main areas of study or specialization. The answer indicates that there are not more or fewer subfields, reinforcing the idea that there are specifically two distinct areas within evolutionary biology that researchers focus on.

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  • 5. 

    What is the two major subfield of Evolutionary biology?

    • A.

      Growth and development biology

    • B.

      Brain and embryonic development

    • C.

      Foetal and brainic biology

    • D.

      Ecology and developmental Biology

    Correct Answer
    D. Ecology and developmental Biology
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ecology and developmental Biology. Evolutionary biology is the study of how organisms have evolved and changed over time. It encompasses various subfields, but two major ones are ecology and developmental biology. Ecology focuses on the interactions between organisms and their environment, while developmental biology studies how organisms grow and develop from fertilization to adulthood. These subfields are crucial in understanding the mechanisms and patterns of evolution in different species.

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  • 6. 

    Who proposed the idea of evolution by natural selection?

    • A.

      Charles Darwin

    • B.

      Brook Lewis

    • C.

      Theodore Doolittle

    • D.

      Albert McKay

    Correct Answer
    A. Charles Darwin
    Explanation
    Charles Darwin is the correct answer because he proposed the idea of evolution by natural selection. Darwin's theory, outlined in his book "On the Origin of Species," revolutionized the field of biology and provided a comprehensive explanation for the diversity of life on Earth. Through his observations and research, Darwin argued that species evolve over time through a process of natural selection, where individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce. This theory laid the foundation for modern evolutionary biology and has had a profound impact on our understanding of the natural world.

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  • 7. 

    When did Evolutionary biology emerge as an academic discipline?

    • A.

      1910-1920

    • B.

      1940 -1950

    • C.

      1930-1940

    • D.

      1920-1930

    Correct Answer
    C. 1930-1940
    Explanation
    Evolutionary biology emerged as an academic discipline between 1930 and 1940. During this time, significant advancements were made in the field, including the synthesis of genetics and natural selection by scientists such as Ronald Fisher, J.B.S. Haldane, and Sewall Wright. This period, known as the Modern Synthesis, brought together various branches of biology and laid the foundation for the study of evolutionary biology as we know it today.

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  • 8. 

    Who led the investigation to entomology?

    • A.

      Charles Darwin

    • B.

      Brook Lewis

    • C.

      Albert Theodore

    • D.

      Jan swammerdam

    Correct Answer
    D. Jan swammerdam
    Explanation
    Jan Swammerdam led the investigation into entomology. He was a Dutch biologist and entomologist who made significant contributions to the field of entomology in the 17th century. Swammerdam conducted extensive research on insects, studying their anatomy, metamorphosis, and life cycles. His observations and discoveries laid the foundation for the modern understanding of insect biology. Swammerdam's work greatly advanced the field of entomology and his contributions are still recognized and celebrated today.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not part of the phenomenal explained in Evolutionary biology?

    • A.

      Evolution of sexual reproduction

    • B.

      Evolution of cooperation

    • C.

      Evolution of ageing

    • D.

      Evolution of socialism

    Correct Answer
    D. Evolution of socialism
    Explanation
    Evolution of socialism is not part of the phenomena explained in evolutionary biology because socialism is a political and economic ideology, not a biological process. Evolutionary biology focuses on the study of how species evolve and adapt over time through mechanisms such as natural selection, genetic variation, and reproductive strategies. The other options listed, such as the evolution of sexual reproduction, cooperation, and aging, are all phenomena that can be explained and studied within the field of evolutionary biology.

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  • 10. 

    What is Evolutionary development biology?

    • A.

      Study of developmental process work and comparison in different organisms

    • B.

      Study of embryonic process work alone

    • C.

      Study of embryonic process work and comparison in same organism

    • D.

      Study  of developmental process work and comparison in the same organism

    Correct Answer
    A. Study of developmental process work and comparison in different organisms
    Explanation
    Evolutionary developmental biology is the study of how developmental processes work and how they have evolved across different organisms. It involves comparing the development of different organisms to understand the similarities and differences in their developmental processes. This field of study helps scientists gain insights into the evolutionary history and relationships between different species, as well as the mechanisms that drive the development of various traits and body structures.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 16, 2019
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    AdewumiKoju
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