Biology Week 3 Quiz

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| By Alissa Hoeft
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Alissa Hoeft
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 412
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 342

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Biology Week 3 Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In relative dating, can you determine how many years old a fossil is? Explain your answer.

  • 2. 

    Extra Credit: What were the two reasons why Lamarck's hypothesis of evolution was wrong? How is this demonstrated in the cartoon below?

  • 3. 

    Which of these arrows correspond to the time when the Earth was formed?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Arrow A corresponds to the time when the Earth was formed because it is the earliest arrow on the timeline. The other arrows, B, C, and D, represent later periods of time.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these arrows on the timeline corresponds to the time when life first appeared on Earth?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Arrow B corresponds to the time when life first appeared on Earth.

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  • 5. 

    The distance between two lines on the timeline represent how many years?

    • A.

      1 billion

    • B.

      500 million

    • C.

      250 million

    • D.

      100 million

    Correct Answer
    C. 250 million
    Explanation
    The distance between two lines on the timeline represents 250 million years.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is a reason why Lamarck’s hypothesis was wrong? (More than one choice may apply).

    • A.

      Acquired traits cannot be passed down to offspring

    • B.

      Evolution is just a theory

    • C.

      Organisms can not gain a trait just by wanting or needing to have it

    • D.

      The ancestors of giraffes didn’t have short necks

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Acquired traits cannot be passed down to offspring
    C. Organisms can not gain a trait just by wanting or needing to have it
    Explanation
    Lamarck's hypothesis was wrong because acquired traits cannot be passed down to offspring. This means that if an organism develops a certain trait during its lifetime, that trait will not be inherited by its offspring. Additionally, organisms cannot gain a trait just by wanting or needing to have it. These reasons undermine Lamarck's idea that traits acquired during an organism's lifetime can be inherited and lead to evolutionary change.

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  • 7. 

    A mass extinction (a bunch of organisms died out) occurred according to this rock layer. In what layer did this occur? 

    • A.

      B

    • B.

      C

    • C.

      E

    • D.

      F

    Correct Answer
    C. E
    Explanation
    The correct answer is E. This can be inferred because the question states that a mass extinction occurred according to this rock layer. Therefore, the layer in which the mass extinction occurred must be represented by option E.

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  • 8. 

    Which layer was most likely to be formed around the time the water where this fossil was formed dried up? 

    • A.

      B

    • B.

      C

    • C.

      E

    • D.

      F

    Correct Answer
    C. E
  • 9. 

    Choose the best answer:A porcupine’s quills is a characteristic that helps it survive. This is called a(n):

    • A.

      Tool

    • B.

      Trait

    • C.

      Adaptation

    • D.

      Defense mechanism

    Correct Answer
    C. Adaptation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Adaptation." A porcupine's quills are a characteristic that helps it survive. Adaptation refers to the process by which an organism adjusts to its environment in order to increase its chances of survival. In this case, the porcupine's quills serve as a defense mechanism, protecting it from predators. This adaptation allows the porcupine to thrive in its habitat.

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  • 10. 

    Is the following an acquired or inherited trait?Baking a perfect green bean casserole

    • A.

      Acquired Trait

    • B.

      Inherited Trait

    Correct Answer
    A. Acquired Trait
    Explanation
    Baking a perfect green bean casserole is an acquired trait because it is a skill that is learned and developed over time through practice and experience. It is not something that is passed down genetically or inherited from parents or ancestors. This trait is acquired through observation, trial and error, and the accumulation of knowledge and techniques related to cooking and baking.

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  • 11. 

    Is the following an acquired or inherited trait?the ability to grow a beard

    • A.

      Acquired Trait

    • B.

      Inherited Trait

    Correct Answer
    B. Inherited Trait
    Explanation
    The ability to grow a beard is an inherited trait because it is determined by genetics and passed down from parents to their offspring. It is influenced by hormones and the presence of certain genes, which determine whether or not an individual will be able to grow facial hair. This trait is typically more prominent in males due to higher levels of testosterone, although some females may also have the ability to grow a beard due to hormonal imbalances or genetic variations.

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  • 12. 

    Is the following an acquired or inherited trait?the ability to grow a beard

    • A.

      Acquired Trait

    • B.

      Inherited Trait

    Correct Answer
    B. Inherited Trait
    Explanation
    The ability to grow a beard is an inherited trait. This means that it is passed down from one's parents through their genes. The presence or absence of facial hair is determined by genetic factors and hormones. Some individuals have a genetic predisposition to grow a thick beard, while others may have a genetic predisposition for less facial hair or none at all.

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  • 13. 

    Is the following an acquired or inherited trait?having an ‘innie’ or ‘outie’ belly button

    • A.

      Acquired Trait

    • B.

      Inherited Trait

    Correct Answer
    B. Inherited Trait
    Explanation
    The presence of an "innie" or "outie" belly button is determined by the way the umbilical cord is cut and healed after birth. It is not something that can be acquired or changed throughout one's life. Therefore, the trait of having an "innie" or "outie" belly button is considered an inherited trait.

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  • 14. 

    True or false: Lamarck influenced Darwin and other scientists of the time by introducing the idea that organisms can change over time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Lamarck did indeed influence Darwin and other scientists of the time by introducing the idea that organisms can change over time. Lamarck proposed the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics, suggesting that traits acquired during an organism's lifetime could be passed on to future generations. While this theory has been largely discredited, it was a significant contribution to the understanding of evolution and paved the way for Darwin's theory of natural selection. Darwin built upon Lamarck's ideas, incorporating them into his own theory of evolution by natural selection.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 07, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Alissa Hoeft
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