Quiz: Unit 4a - History Of Evolution

20 Questions

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Evolution Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a fossil?
    • A. 

      A plant that has recently died

    • B. 

      A group of similar organisms that can reproduce

    • C. 

      A structure or organ that no longer functions

    • D. 

      A trace of an organism that existed in the past

  • 2. 
    Some organisms that share a common ancestor have features that have different functions, but similar structures. These are known as
    • A. 

      Homologous structures.

    • B. 

      Analogous structures.

    • C. 

      Vestigial structures.

    • D. 

      Fossil structures.

  • 3. 
    The difference in the physical traits of an individual from those of other individuals in a group is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Variation.

    • B. 

      Change.

    • C. 

      Adaptation.

    • D. 

      Species.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a term for a group of similar organisms that can reproduce and produce fertile offspring?
    • A. 

      Individual

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Species

    • D. 

      Fossil

  • 5. 
    Which scientist proposed that if an organism used a structure so much that it grew, the trait of that larger structure could be passed to its offspring?
    • A. 

      Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

    • B. 

      Erasmus Darwin

    • C. 

      Charles Lyell

    • D. 

      Georges de Buffon

  • 6. 
    If an organism has a vestigial structure, that structure likely once had a function in a(n)
    • A. 

      Earlier ancestor.

    • B. 

      Close relative.

    • C. 

      Unrelated organism.

    • D. 

      Embryological stage.

  • 7. 
    What is the term for a feature that allows an organism to survive better in its environment?
    • A. 

      Variation

    • B. 

      Adaptation

    • C. 

      Homologous structure

    • D. 

      Vestigial structure

  • 8. 
    Which scientist developed a classification system for organisms?
    • A. 

      Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

    • B. 

      Carolus Linnaeus

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Georges de Buffon

  • 9. 
    Which theory states that floods and earthquakes have occurred often in Earth's history?
    • A. 

      Catastrophism

    • B. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • C. 

      Gradualism

    • D. 

      Natural selection

  • 10. 
    Charles Darwin found fossils that looked like ancient versions of living species. From this evidence Darwin suggested that Earth was
    • A. 

      Only 6000 years old.

    • B. 

      Only 2000 years old.

    • C. 

      Less than 6000 years old.

    • D. 

      Much more than 6000 years old.

  • 11. 
    Charles Darwin's poetic granfather was ___.
    • A. 

      Erasmus Darwin

    • B. 

      Eugene Darwin

    • C. 

      Carolus Linnaeus

    • D. 

      Georges de Buffon

  • 12. 
    The process of biological change over time by which descendants come to differ from their ancestors is called ___.
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Artificial selection

    • C. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • D. 

      Mutation

  • 13. 
    Some organisms that share a common ancestor have features that have different functions, but similar structures. These are known as
    • A. 

      Homologous structures

    • B. 

      Analogous structures

    • C. 

      Vestigial structures

    • D. 

      Fossil structures

  • 14. 
    A feature that performs a similar function in different organisms but is not similar in origin is called a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Homologous structure

    • B. 

      Analogous structure

    • C. 

      Vestigial structure

    • D. 

      Fossil structure

  • 15. 
    The wing of an ostrich would be classified as a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Homologous structure

    • B. 

      Analogous structure

    • C. 

      Vestigial structure

    • D. 

      Fossil structure

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is NOT an observation Charles Darwin made?
    • A. 

      Some species that lived in the past no longer live on Earth.

    • B. 

      Most organisms are well-suited to the environment in which they live.

    • C. 

      The Earth is home to an enormous number of species.

    • D. 

      All of the Galapagos islands have the same type and amount of vegetation.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about Charles Darwin?
    • A. 

      Darwin was born in 1809.

    • B. 

      Darwin was an British naturalist.

    • C. 

      Darwin was 42 years old when he traveled on the H.M.S. Beagle.

    • D. 

      Darwin married his first cousin Emma.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of Darwin's book The Origin of Species?
    • A. 

      It was published in 1859.

    • B. 

      It was ignored when it was first published.

    • C. 

      It contained evidence for evolution.

    • D. 

      It described natural selection.

  • 19. 
    Modern whales have vestigieal pelvic bones and lungs instead of gills. What does this evidence suggest about whale ancestors?
    • A. 

      Whale ancestors lived on land.

    • B. 

      Whale ancestors did not evolve.

    • C. 

      Whale ancestors lived 850 million years ago.

    • D. 

      Whale ancestors ate opossums.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements is the way Darwin explained the distribution of finch species on the Galapagos Islands?
    • A. 

      "They had descended with modification from a common mainland ancestor."

    • B. 

      "They had descended with modification from several different mainland ancestors."

    • C. 

      "They had remained unchanged since arriving on the Galapagos from the mainland."

    • D. 

      "They had become more similar to one another after arriving on the Galapagos."