An Informative Quiz on Myogenic Contraction

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| By Tanya Mishra
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Tanya Mishra
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An Informative Quiz On Myogenic Contraction - Quiz

We welcome you to this fun and super informative quiz on Myogenic contraction. By definition, it is how both arteries and vessels increase or decrease blood pressure. It is essential to keep the blood flow constantly within the blood vessel. All the questions in the quiz are designed to help you learn in the best way. Please make sure to read all the questions carefully before answering. We are sure you'll have a marvelous time with our quiz. There's no time limit on the quiz, so feel free to take this quiz as often as you can. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which cell initiates the myogenic contraction in the body? 

    • A.

      Veins 

    • B.

      Arteries

    • C.

      A myocyte

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. A myocyte
    Explanation
    A myocyte is a muscle cell that is capable of initiating a myogenic contraction in the body. Unlike other cells mentioned in the options (veins, arteries, and none of the above), myocytes have the ability to generate electrical impulses and contract on their own, without external stimulation. Therefore, a myocyte is responsible for initiating the myogenic contraction in the body.

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  • 2. 

    When muscle contracts upon stimulation, calcium ions bind to which of the following? 

    • A.

      Myosin

    • B.

      Troponin

    • C.

      Actin

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Troponin
    Explanation
    When muscle contracts upon stimulation, calcium ions bind to troponin. Troponin is a protein complex that is located on the actin filament in muscle cells. When calcium ions bind to troponin, it causes a conformational change in the troponin-tropomyosin complex, exposing the binding sites on actin for myosin. This allows the myosin heads to bind to actin and initiate muscle contraction. Therefore, the correct answer is Troponin.

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  • 3. 

    Lactic acid is produced during which process? 

    • A.

      Anaerobic respiration 

    • B.

      Aerobic respiration 

    • C.

      Isometric respiration 

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Anaerobic respiration 
    Explanation
    Lactic acid is produced during anaerobic respiration. Anaerobic respiration occurs when there is a lack of oxygen available for cellular respiration. In this process, glucose is broken down into lactic acid and a small amount of energy is released. This type of respiration is commonly observed in microorganisms and muscle cells during intense exercise when the demand for oxygen exceeds its supply.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following organs converts lactic acid back to pyruvic acid? 

    • A.

      Kidneys

    • B.

      Gallbladder

    • C.

      Spleen 

    • D.

      Liver

    Correct Answer
    D. Liver
    Explanation
    The liver is responsible for converting lactic acid back to pyruvic acid. Lactic acid is produced during anaerobic respiration when there is a lack of oxygen in the muscles. The liver plays a crucial role in metabolism and detoxification, and it converts lactic acid, a waste product, back into pyruvic acid, which can then be further metabolized to produce energy. This conversion process helps to maintain the body's pH balance and prevent the buildup of lactic acid, which can lead to muscle fatigue and discomfort.

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  • 5. 

    Lactic acid is NOT produced during which of the following reactions? 

    • A.

      Aerobic respiration

    • B.

      Glycolysis

    • C.

      Anaerobic respiration

    • D.

      Anabolic respiration

    Correct Answer
    A. Aerobic respiration
    Explanation
    Lactic acid is not produced during aerobic respiration. Aerobic respiration is a process that occurs in the presence of oxygen and involves the breakdown of glucose to produce energy in the form of ATP. Lactic acid is produced during anaerobic respiration, where glucose is broken down without the presence of oxygen. In anaerobic respiration, lactic acid is produced as a byproduct. Glycolysis is the initial step in both aerobic and anaerobic respiration, but lactic acid is only produced in the absence of oxygen. Anabolic respiration is not a recognized term in biology, so it is not relevant to the production of lactic acid.

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  • 6. 

    In muscles, glucose is stored in the form of  

    • A.

      Energy

    • B.

      Creatine

    • C.

      Glycogen

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Glycogen
    Explanation
    In muscles, glucose is stored in the form of glycogen. Glycogen is a complex carbohydrate that serves as a readily available source of energy for the muscles during exercise or periods of high energy demand. It is stored in the muscles and liver and can be quickly broken down into glucose when needed to fuel muscle contractions. Creatine is not a form of glucose storage, and while energy is a general concept, it does not specifically refer to the storage of glucose in muscles.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following reactions produces ATP? 

    • A.

      Aerobic respiration

    • B.

      Glycolysis

    • C.

      Gluconeogenesis

    • D.

      Anaerobic respiration

    Correct Answer
    A. Aerobic respiration
    Explanation
    Aerobic respiration is the correct answer because it is the process in which cells convert glucose into ATP, the energy currency of the cell. During aerobic respiration, glucose is broken down in the presence of oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, water, and a large amount of ATP. This process occurs in the mitochondria of the cell and is the most efficient way to produce ATP. Glycolysis also produces ATP, but it is an anaerobic process that occurs in the cytoplasm and is less efficient than aerobic respiration. Gluconeogenesis is the process of synthesizing glucose from non-carbohydrate sources and does not directly produce ATP. Anaerobic respiration is a process that occurs in the absence of oxygen and also produces ATP, but it is less efficient than aerobic respiration.

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  • 8. 

    The binding sites for the cross‐bridges are located on which part of the muscle? 

    • A.

      Myosin

    • B.

      Actin

    • C.

      Troponin

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Actin
    Explanation
    The binding sites for the cross-bridges, which are responsible for muscle contraction, are located on the actin filaments. Actin is a protein that forms thin filaments in muscle fibers, and it interacts with myosin to generate the force required for muscle contraction. The myosin heads, or cross-bridges, attach to the binding sites on actin and undergo a series of conformational changes to pull the actin filaments closer together, resulting in muscle contraction. Troponin is also involved in muscle contraction, but it does not contain the binding sites for the cross-bridges.

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  • 9. 

    Calcium ions bind to where during the time of muscle contraction. 

    • A.

      Actin

    • B.

      Myosin

    • C.

      Troponin

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Troponin
    Explanation
    During muscle contraction, calcium ions bind to troponin. Troponin is a protein complex that is located on the actin filament of the muscle. When calcium ions bind to troponin, it causes a conformational change in the troponin-tropomyosin complex, which exposes the myosin-binding sites on the actin filament. This allows the myosin heads to bind to the actin filament and initiate the sliding of the filaments, leading to muscle contraction. Therefore, the correct answer is Troponin.

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  • 10. 

    In order to facilitate the troponin/tropomyosin complex, calcium ions are released from where?

    • A.

      Sarcoplasmic reticulum

    • B.

      Presynaptic vesicles of the axons

    • C.

      Sarcomere

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Sarcoplasmic reticulum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The sarcoplasmic reticulum is a specialized type of endoplasmic reticulum found in muscle cells. It stores and releases calcium ions, which play a crucial role in muscle contraction. When an action potential is generated in a muscle cell, it triggers the release of calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. These calcium ions then bind to the troponin/tropomyosin complex, causing a conformational change that allows the myosin heads to interact with the actin filaments and initiate muscle contraction.

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