YMCA L3 Anatomy - Circulatory System

30 Questions

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YMCA L3 Anatomy - Circulatory System

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the function of the valves of the heart?
    • A. 

      Prevent backflow of blood

    • B. 

      To pump blood

    • C. 

      To take blood away from the heart

    • D. 

      To push blood through the arteries

  • 2. 
    What is an alternative name for the semi-lunar valve?
    • A. 

      Crescent valves

    • B. 

      Atrioventricular valves

    • C. 

      Aortic valves

    • D. 

      Pulmonary valves

  • 3. 
    Where is the tricuspid valve located?
    • A. 

      Between the right atrium and right ventricle

    • B. 

      Between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery

    • C. 

      Between the left atrium and left ventricle

    • D. 

      Between the left ventricle and the aorta

  • 4. 
    What is the function of the aortic valve?
    • A. 

      Prevent backflow of blood from the aorta into the left ventricle

    • B. 

      Prevent backflow of blood from the left ventricle to left atrium

    • C. 

      Prevent backflow of blood from the pulmonary artery to the right ventricle

    • D. 

      Prevent backflow of blood from the right ventricle to the right atrium

  • 5. 
    What is the function of the semi-lunar valves?
    • A. 

      To prevent arterial backflow into the ventricles

    • B. 

      To prevent backflow of blood into the atriums

    • C. 

      To prevent venial backflow into the atriums

    • D. 

      To prevent aortic backflow of blood

  • 6. 
    Which valves control blood flow through the left side of the heart?
    • A. 

      Bicuspid and aortic valve

    • B. 

      Tricuspid and pulmonary valve

    • C. 

      Bicuspid and pulmonary valve

    • D. 

      Tricuspid and aortic valve

  • 7. 
    Which valves control blood flow through the right side of the heart?
    • A. 

      Tricuspid and pulmonary valve

    • B. 

      Bicuspid and pulmonary valve

    • C. 

      Tricuspid and aortic valve

    • D. 

      Bicuspid and aortic valve

  • 8. 
    What is the name of the artery that takes oxygenated blood to the body?
    • A. 

      Aorta

    • B. 

      Pulmonary artery

    • C. 

      Coronary artery

    • D. 

      Vena cava

  • 9. 
    What is the name of the artery that takes de-oxygenated blood to the lungs?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary vein

    • B. 

      Aorta

    • C. 

      Coronary artery

    • D. 

      Vena cava

  • 10. 
    During what is blood flow through the coronary arteries greatest?
    • A. 

      Ventricular diastole

    • B. 

      Ventricular systole

    • C. 

      Atrial diastole

    • D. 

      Atrial systole

  • 11. 
    What is the function of the coronary arteries?
    • A. 

      Supply the myocardium with oxygenated blood

    • B. 

      To allow blood flow into the heart

    • C. 

      To allow blood flow away from the heart

    • D. 

      Remove deoxygenated blood from the heart

  • 12. 
    The myocardium is dependent on oxygenated blood flow through?
    • A. 

      Coronary arteries

    • B. 

      Cartoid arteries

    • C. 

      Renal arteries

    • D. 

      Peripheral arteries

  • 13. 
    Complete the sentence: The risk of arteriosclerosis may be increased by...
    • A. 

      Physical inactivity

    • B. 

      Low blood pressure

    • C. 

      Regular exercise

    • D. 

      Low cholesterol

  • 14. 
    Which may lead to the development of artherosclerosis?
    • A. 

      Diet high in fats

    • B. 

      Diet high in protein

    • C. 

      Diet high in carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Diet high in fibre

  • 15. 
    What is arteriosclerosis?
    • A. 

      Degeneration of arterial walls

    • B. 

      Narrowing of arteries

    • C. 

      Chest pains

    • D. 

      Imbalance of oxygen supply and demand

  • 16. 
    How does atherosclerosis affect the function of arteries?
    • A. 

      Limits blood flow

    • B. 

      Low blood pressure

    • C. 

      Loss of elasticity

    • D. 

      Increased blood flow

  • 17. 
    What is the name of the disease process which causes an imbalance of oxygen supply and demand to the heart muscle?
    • A. 

      Artherosclerosis

    • B. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • C. 

      Myocardial Ischaemia

    • D. 

      Angina

  • 18. 
    The valsalva effect can lead to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Blood pressure fluctuations

    • B. 

      Myocardial ischaemia

    • C. 

      Angina

    • D. 

      Hypotension

  • 19. 
    What can cause the valsalva effect?
    • A. 

      Holding breath during exertion

    • B. 

      Inadequate hydration

    • C. 

      Poor posture

    • D. 

      Incorrect technique

  • 20. 
    What short-term effect does cardiovascular training have on blood pressure?
    • A. 

      Systolic pressure increases and diastolic remains the same

    • B. 

      Systolic pressure and diastolic pressure increase

    • C. 

      Systolic pressure and diastolic pressure decrease

    • D. 

      Systolic pressure remains the same and diastolic increases

  • 21. 
    What long-term effect does cardiovascular training have on blood pressure?
    • A. 

      Resting and exercising blood pressure decrease

    • B. 

      Resting blood pressure only decreases

    • C. 

      Exercising blood pressure only decrease

    • D. 

      Resting and exercising blood pressure remain the same

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is not a short term benefit of cardiovascular exercise?
    • A. 

      Increased blood volume

    • B. 

      Increased vasodilation

    • C. 

      Increased oxygen supply

    • D. 

      Increased coronary blood flow

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is a long term benefit of cardiovascular exercise?
    • A. 

      More efficient circulation

    • B. 

      Vasoconstriction of arteries

    • C. 

      Cardiac output increases

    • D. 

      Decreased tone of ‘smooth’ muscle

  • 24. 
    What is a benefit of regular cardiovascular exercise?
    • A. 

      Decreased risk of CHD

    • B. 

      Decreased bone density

    • C. 

      Increased muscular strain

    • D. 

      Increased workload on the heart

  • 25. 
    For clients with mild hypertension, what type of training can lead to a long-term reduction in resting blood pressure?
    • A. 

      Cardiovascular activities

    • B. 

      Balance training

    • C. 

      Weight training

    • D. 

      Core stability training

  • 26. 
    Increased heart rate during exercise is brought about by what?
    • A. 

      Increased demand of oxygen from muscles

    • B. 

      Increased vasoconstriction

    • C. 

      Increased blood volume

    • D. 

      Increased vasodilation

  • 27. 
    What condition is exacerbated (made worse) by hypertension?
    • A. 

      Artherosclerosis

    • B. 

      Valsalva effect

    • C. 

      Angina

    • D. 

      Type 2 diabetes

  • 28. 
    Which of the following readings would see an individual with hypertension?
    • A. 

      >140 systolic over >90 diastolic

    • B. 

      120-140 systolic over 80-90 diastolic

    • C. 

      90-120 systolic over 60-80 diastolic

    • D. 

  • 29. 
    Which of the following readings would see an individual with hypotension?
    • A. 

    • B. 

      >140 systolic over >90 diastolic

    • C. 

      120-140 systolic over 80-90 diastolic

    • D. 

      90-120 systolic over 60-80 diastolic

  • 30. 
    Which coronary artery supplies the posterior portion of the left atrium and ventricle with oxygenated blood?
    • A. 

      Left circumflex artery

    • B. 

      Left descending artery

    • C. 

      Right coronary artery

    • D. 

      Left ascending artery