Heart & Cardiovascular System Anatomy Exam Review

54 Questions | Total Attempts: 470

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Heart & Cardiovascular System Anatomy Exam Review - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following terms identifies the anatomical region found between the lungs that extends from the sternum to the vertebral column and from the first rib to the diaphragm?
    • A. 

      A) Epicardium

    • B. 

      B) Abdominal cavity

    • C. 

      C) Pericardium

    • D. 

      D) Mediastinum

    • E. 

      E) Thoracic cavity

  • 2. 
    The membrane that surrounds and protects the heart is called the
    • A. 

      A) pericardium

    • B. 

      B) pleura

    • C. 

      C) myocardium

    • D. 

      D) mediastinum

    • E. 

      E) endocardium

  • 3. 
    The apex of the heart is normally pointed
    • A. 

      A) at the midline

    • B. 

      B) to the left of the midline

    • C. 

      C) to the right of the midline

    • D. 

      D) is different for males and females

    • E. 

      E) posteriorly

  • 4. 
    Trauma to the pericardium associated with bleeding into the pericardial cavity, might cause
    • A. 

      A) myocarditis

    • B. 

      B) endocarditis

    • C. 

      C) cardiac tamponade

    • D. 

      D) rapid heart rate

    • E. 

      E) none of these

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is used to reduce friction between the layers of membranes surrounding the heart?
    • A. 

      A) Synovial fluid

    • B. 

      B) Endocardium

    • C. 

      C) Pleural fluid

    • D. 

      D) Pericardial fluid

    • E. 

      E) Capillary endothelium

  • 6. 
    The visceral layer of the serous pericardium is also considered to be the
    • A. 

      A) epicardium

    • B. 

      B) myocardium

    • C. 

      C) endocardium

    • D. 

      D) fibrous pericardium

    • E. 

      E) None of the answer selections is correct 5

  • 7. 
    Which layer of the heart wall consists of cardiac muscle tissue?
    • A. 

      A) Epicardium

    • B. 

      B) Pericardium

    • C. 

      C) Myocardium

    • D. 

      D) Endocardium

    • E. 

      E) Hypocardium

  • 8. 
    A patient presents with a fever, heart murmur, irregular heartbeat, fatigue, loss of appetite and night sweats.  As a physician, your diagnosis would be that of endocarditis typically caused by
    • A. 

      A) a virus

    • B. 

      B) an autoimmune condition

    • C. 

      C) a bacterial infection

    • D. 

      D) exposure to radiation

    • E. 

      E) cancer

  • 9. 
    Cardiac tamponade may develop following a case of
    • A. 

      A) myocarditis

    • B. 

      B) endocarditis

    • C. 

      C) palpitation

    • D. 

      D) pericarditis

    • E. 

      E) tachycardia

  • 10. 
    The coronary sulcus marks the external boundary between the [dropdown 1] and the [dropdown 2]
    • A. 

      Dropdown 1 Choices:

    • B. 

      Auricles

    • C. 

      Coronary arteries

    • D. 

      Coronary sinus

    • E. 

      Superior atria

    • F. 

      Dropdown 2 Choices:

    • G. 

      Apex

    • H. 

      Auricles

    • I. 

      Base

    • J. 

      Inferior ventricles

  • 11. 
    Pectinate muscles extend from the atrial internal wall into the pouch-like structures that increase the total filling capacity of the atrium.  These structure are the
    • A. 

      A) ventricles

    • B. 

      B) coronary sulci

    • C. 

      C) fossa ovalis

    • D. 

      D) interatrial septa

    • E. 

      E) auricles

  • 12. 
    Identify the groove found on the surface of the heart that marks the boundary between the right and left ventricles.
    • A. 

      A) Coronary sulcus

    • B. 

      B) Anterior interventricular sulcus

    • C. 

      C) Posterior interventricular sulcus

    • D. 

      D) Coronary sinus

    • E. 

      E) Anterior intraventricular sulcus

  • 13. 
    Identify the muscular ridges that are found on the anterior wall of the right atrium and extend into the auricles.
    • A. 

      A) Pectinate muscles

    • B. 

      B) Trabeculae carneae

    • C. 

      C) Coronary sulci

    • D. 

      D) Papillary muscles

    • E. 

      E) Chordae tendinae

  • 14. 
    Through which structure does blood pass from the right atrium to the right ventricle?
    • A. 

      A) Bicuspid valve

    • B. 

      B) Interventricular septum

    • C. 

      C) Tricuspid valve

    • D. 

      D) Mitral valve

    • E. 

      E) Ascending aorta

  • 15. 
    What type of tissue comprises the valves of the heart?
    • A. 

      A) Dense connective tissue

    • B. 

      B) Areolar connective tissue

    • C. 

      C) Hyaline cartilage

    • D. 

      D) Cardiac muscle tissue

    • E. 

      E) Adipose tissue

  • 16. 
    Blood leaving the left ventricle passes through which of the following structures?
    • A. 

      A) Right atrium

    • B. 

      B) Interventricular septum

    • C. 

      C) Bicuspid valve

    • D. 

      D) Aortic semilunar valve

    • E. 

      E) Pulmonary semilunar valve

  • 17. 
    Identify the structure found in a fetus that allows blood to flow directly from the pulmonary trunk into the aorta.
    • A. 

      A) Fossa ovalis

    • B. 

      B) Foramen ovale

    • C. 

      C) Trabeculae carneae

    • D. 

      D) Descending aorta

    • E. 

      E) Ductus arteriosus

  • 18. 
    Contraction of the ventricles of the heart leads to blood moving directly
    • A. 

      A) into arteries.

    • B. 

      B) into capillaries.

    • C. 

      C) into veins.

    • D. 

      D) through an atrioventricular valve.

    • E. 

      E) through the apex.

  • 19. 
    Contraction of the atria of the heart leads to blood moving directly
    • A. 

      A) into auricles.

    • B. 

      B) into arteries.

    • C. 

      C) into veins

    • D. 

      D) through atrioventricular valves

    • E. 

      E) through semilunar valves.

  • 20. 
    Which valve below prevents blood from flowing back into the right ventricle?
    • A. 

      A) Tricuspid valve

    • B. 

      B) Bicuspid valve

    • C. 

      C) Pulmonary semilunar valve

    • D. 

      D) Aortic semilunar valve

    • E. 

      E) Mitral valve

  • 21. 
    Which of the following chambers of the heart contains deoxygenated blood?
    • A. 

      A) Left atrium and left ventricle

    • B. 

      B) Left atrium only

    • C. 

      C) Right atrium and right ventricle

    • D. 

      D) Right ventricle only

    • E. 

      E) Left atrium and right ventricle

  • 22. 
    Which of the following blood vessels is used to distribute oxygenated blood to the myocardium?
    • A. 

      A) Coronary artery

    • B. 

      B) Coronary vein

    • C. 

      C) Coronary sinus

    • D. 

      D) Vena cava

    • E. 

      E) Myocardial vein

  • 23. 
    Cardiac muscle fibers are electrically connected to neighboring fibers by
    • A. 

      A) desmosomes.

    • B. 

      B) tight junctions.

    • C. 

      C) gap junctions.

    • D. 

      D) interneurons.

    • E. 

      E) chordae tendinae.

  • 24. 
    Which of the following types of muscle contains the largest number of mitochondria per cell?
    • A. 

      A) Smooth muscle

    • B. 

      B) Skeletal muscle

    • C. 

      C) Cardiac muscle

    • D. 

      D) All the muscle types contain approximately the same number.

    • E. 

      E) Mitochondria are not found in muscle cells.

  • 25. 
    Which network of specialized cardiac muscle fibers provides a path for each cycle of cardiac excitation to progress through the heart?
    • A. 

      A) Systemic circuit

    • B. 

      B) Intercalated discs

    • C. 

      C) Cardiovascular center

    • D. 

      D) Cardiac conduction system

    • E. 

      E) Pulmonary circuit

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