Chapter 18, 19, 20 And 21

80 Questions | Total Attempts: 100

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Blood Pressure Quizzes & Trivia

Blood Pressure, Veins, and Arteries, Lymph nodes, Immune System


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The umbilical vein carries
    • A. 

      Unoxygenated blood

    • B. 

      Blood from the fetal lungs to the placenta

    • C. 

      Oxygented blood from the placenta to the fetus

    • D. 

      Oxygenated blood from the fetal aorta to the placenta

  • 2. 
    What happens at the ductus arteriousus
    • A. 

      Blood flows from the right atrium to the left atrium

    • B. 

      Blood flows from the descending aorta to the pulmonary artery

    • C. 

      Blood bypasses the fetal liver

    • D. 

      Blood bypasses the fetal lungs by flowing from the pulmonary artery to the aorta

  • 3. 
    Which part of the aorta is located in the abdominal cavity?
    • A. 

      Ascending aorta

    • B. 

      Arch of the aorta

    • C. 

      Thoracic aorta

    • D. 

      Descending aorta

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not descriptive of the celiac trunk?
    • A. 

      A branch of the descending aorta

    • B. 

      Gives rise to the gastric artery, splenic artery, and the hepatic artery

    • C. 

      Is part of the hepatic portal system

    • D. 

      A branch of the abdominal aorta

  • 5. 
    The iliac, femoral and popliteal arteries
    • A. 

      Nourish the lower extremities

    • B. 

      Are part of the hepatic portal system

    • C. 

      Arise from the arch of the aorta

    • D. 

      Are unique to the fetal circulation

  • 6. 
    The tunica intima, tunica media, and tunica adventitia are
    • A. 

      The names of capillaries located within the circle of Willis

    • B. 

      Restricted to the hepatic portal system

    • C. 

      Layers of the blood vessels

    • D. 

      The names of the blood vessels that contain the baroreceptors (blood pressure)

  • 7. 
    Arterioles act as resistance vessels because they
    • A. 

      Are small

    • B. 

      Have thin walls with large pores

    • C. 

      Have a lot of smooth muscle

    • D. 

      Have valves

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is least true of the hepatic portal system?
    • A. 

      Delivers blood rich in digestive end-products to the liver

    • B. 

      The portal vein is formed by the merger of the superior mesenteric and splenic veins

    • C. 

      Carries venous blood

    • D. 

      Portal pressure is normally as high as aortic pressure

  • 9. 
    Which of the following veins carries oxygen-rich blood?
    • A. 

      Portal

    • B. 

      Jugular

    • C. 

      Vena cava

    • D. 

      Umbilical

  • 10. 
    Where is usual destination of an embolus that forms in the veins of the legs (deep vein thrombosis)?
    • A. 

      Foot

    • B. 

      Circle of Willis

    • C. 

      Pulmonary capillaries

    • D. 

      Internal carotid artery

  • 11. 
    Arterioles spend most of their time
    • A. 

      Contracting and relaxing

    • B. 

      Filtering water and solute at one end and reabsorbing water and waste at the other end

    • C. 

      Absorbing lymph from the interstitium

    • D. 

      Filtering clots out of the blood entering the capillaries

  • 12. 
    The vertebral and carotid arteries
    • A. 

      Merge to form the portal vein

    • B. 

      Deliver oxygenated blood to the brain

    • C. 

      Emerge from the abdominal aorta

    • D. 

      Both asend in the anterior neck to the brain

  • 13. 
    The renal artery
    • A. 

      Branches off the abdominal aorta

    • B. 

      Supplies the diaphragm

    • C. 

      Supplies oxygenated blood to the inguinal region

    • D. 

      Is part of the hepatic portal system

  • 14. 
    The pulse is usually "taken" over the _____ artery
    • A. 

      Radial

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Median cubital

    • D. 

      Carotid

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is due to the vibrations of the blood vessel walls and reflects heart rate?
    • A. 

      Blood pressure

    • B. 

      Pulse pressure

    • C. 

      Pulse

    • D. 

      Skin turgor

  • 16. 
    Most of the blood is stored within the 
    • A. 

      Arterioles

    • B. 

      Aorta

    • C. 

      Veins

    • D. 

      Capillaries

  • 17. 
    The vertebral arteries
    • A. 

      Merge to form the basilar artery

    • B. 

      Merge with the portal vein as it enters the liver

    • C. 

      Are located within the umbilical cord

    • D. 

      Supply the vertebrae

  • 18. 
    Which of the following contains valves?
    • A. 

      Coronary artery

    • B. 

      Umbilical vein

    • C. 

      Femoral vein

    • D. 

      Pulmonary veins

  • 19. 
    Which of the following should be colored red?
    • A. 

      Jugular

    • B. 

      Saphenous

    • C. 

      Umbilical artery

    • D. 

      Umbilical vein

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is not true?
    • A. 

      The jugular vein drains blood from the brain

    • B. 

      Both the vertebral arteries and the internal carotid arteries carry oxygenated blood to the brain

    • C. 

      The portal vein drains the liver, emptying blood into the inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      Both the superior and inferior vena cavae empty blood into the right atrium

  • 21. 
    The ability of the arterioles to contract and relax allows them to 
    • A. 

      Regulate heart rate

    • B. 

      Prevent the backflow of venous blood

    • C. 

      Function as resistance vessels

    • D. 

      Function as exchange vessels

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is not a consequence of sympathetic nerve stimulation?
    • A. 

      Increased afterload

    • B. 

      Peripheral vasoconstriction

    • C. 

      Elevation of blood pressure

    • D. 

      Decreased peripheral resistance

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is an effect of the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system?
    • A. 

      Secretion of a vasopressor hormone

    • B. 

      Vasodilation and a decrease in vascular resistance

    • C. 

      Decreased blood pressure

    • D. 

      Sodium excretion and decreased blood volume

  • 24. 
    Pain, pallor, pulselessness, paresthesia, and paralysis are caused by
    • A. 

      Hypertension

    • B. 

      Ischemia

    • C. 

      Decreased oncotic pressure

    • D. 

      Edema

  • 25. 
    With regard to the baroreceptor reflex, indicate the event that occurs last.
    • A. 

      Activation of the baroreceptors in response to a drop in blood pressure

    • B. 

      Reflex tachycardia

    • C. 

      Stimulation of the sympathetic nerves

    • D. 

      Stimulation of the glossopharyngeal (CN IX) and the vagus (CN X) nerves

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