An Interesting World History MCQ Quiz- III

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 52

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World History Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Jewish and Christian beliefs differ from the Greco-Roman tradition in matters concerning the importance of
    • A. 

      The role of law

    • B. 

      Individual morality

    • C. 

      Belief in one God

    • D. 

      The family unit

  • 2. 
    Who believed that in an ideal society the government should be controlled by a class of "philosopher kings"?
    • A. 

      Muhammad

    • B. 

      Plato

    • C. 

      Lao-Tzu

    • D. 

      Thomas Aquinas

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is a concept from classical Athens that is central to Western political thought today?
    • A. 

      Individuals should fight against nature and society to achieve greatness.

    • B. 

      Individual achievement, dignity, and worth are or great importance.

    • C. 

      Individual recognition impedes societal progress.

    • D. 

      Individual plays an insignificant role in shaping ideas, society, and the state.

  • 4. 
    "He who trusts any man with supreme power gives it to a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire...." Which feature of modern Western democratic government reflects Aristotle's views as given above?
    • A. 

      The direct election of members of the legislature.

    • B. 

      The power of the courts to review the law.

    • C. 

      The granting of emergency powers to the chief executive.

    • D. 

      The requirement that government actions must adhere to the law.

  • 5. 
    Which of these is a source for the ideas outlined in the Japanese Constitution?
    • A. 

      Charter of the United Nations.

    • B. 

      Legal writings of Thomas Hobbes.

    • C. 

      Writings on constitutions by Voltaire.

    • D. 

      United States Constitution.

  • 6. 
    When a country's constitution required the branches of government to remain independent of each other, it is adhering to the constitutional principle of:
    • A. 

      Popular sovereignty.

    • B. 

      Separation of powers.

    • C. 

      Federalism.

    • D. 

      Direct democracy.

  • 7. 
    The English philosopher John Locke argued that life, liberty, and property are:
    • A. 

      Natural rights that should be protected by government.

    • B. 

      Political rights to be granted as determined by law.

    • C. 

      Economic rights earned in a capitalistic system.

    • D. 

      Social rights guaranteed by the ruling class.

  • 8. 
    Both the United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man emphasized the idea that government must:
    • A. 

      Guaranteed economic prosperity.

    • B. 

      Protect the rights of people.

    • C. 

      Support established religious beliefs.

    • D. 

      Operate on a system of checks and balances.

  • 9. 
    "Natural Rights Philosophy" "Emphasizes individual rights to life, liberty, and property." What document best exemplifies the natural rights philosophy described above?
    • A. 

      The communist manifesto

    • B. 

      Plato's Republic

    • C. 

      Luther's Ninety-five Theses

    • D. 

      The Declaration of Independence

  • 10. 
    How did the Magna Carta (1215) contribute to the development of the English government?
    • A. 

      It created a two-house parliament.

    • B. 

      It extended voting rights.

    • C. 

      It provided for a bill of rights.

    • D. 

      It limited the power of the monarch.

  • 11. 
    Which of these demonstrated that popular protect would play a role in the French Revolution?
    • A. 

      The reign of the Committee of Public Safety.

    • B. 

      The trial of Louis XIV.

    • C. 

      The fall of the Bastille.

    • D. 

      The Civic Constitution of the Clergy.

  • 12. 
    When members of the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath (1789) at the start of the French Revolution, they are attempting to
    • A. 

      Establish a military government.

    • B. 

      Draft a new national constitution.

    • C. 

      Restore the king to power.

    • D. 

      Persuade Napoleon to take power.

  • 13. 
    The principles of the American Revolution and the French Revolution are similar in many ways.  Which of the following best summarizes their similarities?
    • A. 

      Both favored representative government.

    • B. 

      Both limited voting rights to an economic elite.

    • C. 

      Both retained certain hereditary rights for aristocrats.

    • D. 

      Both supported equal rights for women.

  • 14. 
    Which leader was inspired by the ideas of the American Revolution and the Enlightenment to lead the liberation of much of South America from Spain?
    • A. 

      Simon Bolivar

    • B. 

      Padres Miguel Hidalgo

    • C. 

      Jose Marti

    • D. 

      Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

  • 15. 
    Unlike the French Revolution, the American Revolution produced
    • A. 

      Women's suffrage.

    • B. 

      Short-term military rule.

    • C. 

      Strategic alliances.

    • D. 

      A lasting constitution.

  • 16. 
    The agricultural changes which took place in England during the 1600's contributed to England's later industrial development by
    • A. 

      Strengthening the importance of the family farm.

    • B. 

      Breaking large estates into smaller farms.

    • C. 

      Encouraging city dwellers to return to farming.

    • D. 

      Producing more food with fewer workers.

  • 17. 
    Louis Pasteur's research into germ theory in the 19th century is significant because it
    • A. 

      Created safety standard for machine workers.

    • B. 

      Led to techniques that increase crop production.

    • C. 

      Identified the importance of vitamins to nutrition.

    • D. 

      Proved that cleanliness helps to prevent infections.

  • 18. 
    "The streets were hot and dusty on the summer day. Stokers emerged from low underground doorways into factory yards, and sat on steps, and posts, and palings, wiping their swarthy visages, and contemplating coals.  The whole town seemed to be frying in oil.  There was a stiffing smell of hot oil everywhere. The steam-engines shone with it, the mills throughout their many stories oozed and trickled it. - Charles Dickens, Hard Times, 1984. The historical era most likely referred to in this (Charles Dickens) quotation is the
    • A. 

      Industrial Revolution

    • B. 

      Great Awakening

    • C. 

      French Revolution

    • D. 

      Enlightenment

  • 19. 
    Between 1815 and 1848, the Congress of Vienna and Concert of Europe suppressed nationalism by
    • A. 

      Ensuring a balance of power between nations.

    • B. 

      Promoting democratic institutions.

    • C. 

      Sharing colonies amongst the great powers.

    • D. 

      Establishing international economic ties.

  • 20. 
    In the nineteenth century, labor unions developed mostly in response to
    • A. 

      Increasing unemployment.

    • B. 

      Government ownership of business.

    • C. 

      Wages and working conditions.

    • D. 

      Racial and gender discrimination.

  • 21. 
    What historical trend was most responsible for the change in Birmingham's population shown above?
    • A. 

      Immigration from the colonies.

    • B. 

      Industrial growth.

    • C. 

      Improvements in urban health care.

    • D. 

      Famine in rural areas.

  • 22. 
    To increase production output during the Industrial Revolution, businesses primarily invest in
    • A. 

      Workers' wages.

    • B. 

      Machinery.

    • C. 

      Training.

    • D. 

      Marketing.

  • 23. 
    In the mid-1700's, how did trade contribute to the early growth of an industrial economy in Great Britain?
    • A. 

      It allowed the British to educate their workforce.

    • B. 

      It provided funds to pay high wages to the new labor class.

    • C. 

      It enabled British merchants to hire skilled foreign laborers.

    • D. 

      It gave British entrepreneurs the capital needed to open new factories.

  • 24. 
    At the end of the 1800's, colonies were generally seen as a
    • A. 

      Place to banish criminals.

    • B. 

      Sign of a country's relative power.

    • C. 

      Location to train military forces.

    • D. 

      Method for suppressing nationalism.

  • 25. 
    What late 18th century European artistic movement arose as a reaction against Classicism's emphasis on reason?
    • A. 

      Impressionism

    • B. 

      Realism

    • C. 

      Romanticism

    • D. 

      Surrealism

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