The Vessels Practice MCQ's - The Cardiovascular System (II): The Vasculature

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 310

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Cardiovascular Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The course of the adult recurrent laryngeal nerves differs on the two sides because of differences in the transformation of the sixth aortic arch arteries.  As a result the
    • A. 

      Left recurrent laryngeal nerve hooks around the ligamentum arteriosum

    • B. 

      Right recurrent laryngeal nerve hooks around the right pulmonary artery

    • C. 

      Right recurrent laryngeal nerve hooks around the right common carotid artery

    • D. 

      Left recurrent laryngeal nerve hooks around the pulmonary artery

    • E. 

      Left recurrent laryngeal nerve hooks around the arch of the aorta

  • 2. 
    The  primitive RIGHT atrium receives blood from the
    • A. 

      Common cardinal vein

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Sinous venosus

    • D. 

      Pulmonary artery

    • E. 

      Ductus arteriosus

  • 3. 
    Which major artery or arteries are derived from the 4th aortic arches?
    • A. 

      Arch of the aorta

    • B. 

      Left subclavian artery

    • C. 

      Common carotid arteries

    • D. 

      Pulmonary artery

    • E. 

      Dorsal aorta

  • 4. 
    The ductus venosus recieves blood from which vessel
    • A. 

      Umbilical vein

    • B. 

      Umbilical artery

    • C. 

      Posterior cardinal veins.

    • D. 

      Vitelline veins

    • E. 

      Subcardinal veins

    • F. 

      Inferior vena cava

  • 5. 
    Which of the following arterial malformations has a better prognosis (higher chance of survival)  if the infant has another defect known as patent ductus arteriosis?
    • A. 

      3 chambered heart

    • B. 

      Coarctation of the aorta

    • C. 

      Right aortic arch

    • D. 

      Double aortic arch

    • E. 

      Abnormal origin of the right subclavian artery

  • 6. 
    The LEFT BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN is derived from which of the following?
    • A. 

      Left and right anterior cardinal veins

    • B. 

      Umbilical arterial plexus

    • C. 

      A branch of the right umbilical artery

    • D. 

      Vitelline arterial plexus

    • E. 

      The left vitelline artery joining with the posterior cardinal artery

  • 7. 
    In the adult, the ductus venosus becomes the
    • A. 

      Ligamentum arteriosum.

    • B. 

      Ligamentum venosum

    • C. 

      Oval foramen

    • D. 

      Oval fossa

    • E. 

      Median oval ligament

  • 8. 
    In the fetus, the vasculature undergoes extensive remodeling.  Which of the following vessels DOES NOT degenerate during this event?
    • A. 

      Left vitelline vein

    • B. 

      Right dorsal aorta

    • C. 

      Left umbilical vein

    • D. 

      Right umbilical vein

    • E. 

      Fifth aortic arch arteries

  • 9. 
    Where would you find the ductus venosus?
    • A. 

      In the adult liver

    • B. 

      Connecting the fetal pulmonary artery to the aorta

    • C. 

      Connecting the umbilical vein to the inferior vena cava in the fetal right atrium

    • D. 

      Between the right atrium and the left atrium in the adult heart

    • E. 

      Connecting the umbilical vein to the inferior vena cava in the fetal liver

  • 10. 
    The superior vena cava is a major vessel draining the head and neck.  Which embryological vessels give rise to this structure?
    • A. 

      The left anterior cardinal vein with the right anterior cardinal vein

    • B. 

      The right anterior cardinal vein and the right common cardinal vein

    • C. 

      The left anterior cardinal vein and the left common cardinal vein

    • D. 

      . the left common cardinal vein and the right common cardinal vein

    • E. 

      The right posterior cardinal vein and the right common cardinal vein

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