Veeam University Retention Quiz

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This quiz tests the retention of information discussed through the assigned Veeam University CBT videos assigned for February 2013 and specific information about the backup environment in place.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    [From Video: Architecture and Components Veeam Backup and Replication] Veeam B&R 6.5 has support for multiple hypervisors. From the list of hypervisors below, select the two correct answers.

    • A.

      Citrix Xen

    • B.

      VMWare Vsphere

    • C.

      Oracle VirtualBox

    • D.

      Microsoft Hyper-V

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. VMWare Vsphere
    D. Microsoft Hyper-V
    Explanation
    Veeam B&R 6.5 has support for multiple hypervisors, specifically VMWare Vsphere and Microsoft Hyper-V. These two hypervisors are compatible with Veeam Backup and Replication and can be used in conjunction with the software for data protection and disaster recovery purposes. Citrix Xen and Oracle VirtualBox, on the other hand, are not listed as supported hypervisors for Veeam B&R 6.5.

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  • 2. 

    [From Video: Architecture and Components Veeam Backup and Replication] Veeam B&R 6.5 has four primary architecture components. They are 1) The Backup Server, 2) the Enterprise Manager 3) the Backup Proxy and 4) ? (Select from below)

    • A.

      4) Backup Repository: The default location selected on installation which stores backup files, copies of VM's and metadata.

    • B.

      4) Veeam Backup Service: The service which coordinates all jobs and controls hooks into the VM Infrastructure.

    • C.

      4) SQL DB: Stores Job configuration, performance metrics and statistics

    • D.

      4) Catalog Service: Enables indexing and searching of guest files.

    Correct Answer
    A. 4) Backup Repository: The default location selected on installation which stores backup files, copies of VM's and metadata.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Backup Repository because it is the default location selected during installation that stores backup files, copies of VM's, and metadata. The other options (Veeam Backup Service, SQL DB, and Catalog Service) are not primary architecture components of Veeam B&R 6.5.

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  • 3. 

    [From Video: Architecture and Components Veeam Backup and Replication] True or False: The Enterprise Manager provides a single point of control and reporting for multiple Veeam servers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Enterprise Manager in Veeam Backup and Replication does indeed provide a single point of control and reporting for multiple Veeam servers. This means that administrators can manage and monitor multiple Veeam servers from a centralized interface, making it easier to oversee and control backup and replication processes across the organization.

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  • 4. 

    [From Video: Architecture and Components Veeam Backup and Replication] U-AIR Wizards perform what function

    • A.

      File Level Restore from Windows Virtual Machines

    • B.

      File Level Restore from Linux Virtual Machines

    • C.

      Application Item Restore from SQL, Exchange and Active Directory

    • D.

      Application Item restore from any virtualized application

    Correct Answer
    D. Application Item restore from any virtualized application
    Explanation
    The U-AIR Wizards in Veeam Backup and Replication perform the function of restoring application items from any virtualized application. This means that it allows users to restore individual items, such as databases, mailboxes, or user accounts, from virtualized applications like SQL, Exchange, and Active Directory. It provides a convenient and efficient way to recover specific items without having to restore the entire application or virtual machine.

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  • 5. 

    [From Video: Architecture and Components Veeam Backup and Replication] Which of the following is NOT true about Veeam backup proxies.

    • A.

      Used to take the workload off of the Veeam server

    • B.

      Resides between the data source and backup target

    • C.

      You can deploy up to two additional backup proxies

    • D.

      The default proxy server is installed on the primary Veeam server.

    Correct Answer
    C. You can deploy up to two additional backup proxies
    Explanation
    You are not limited to two backup proxies. You can deploy any # of them.

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  • 6. 

    Please select the SERVER/VEEAM  Version/ Repository combination where Veeam and its backup files live at WRS.

    • A.

      WRS-BUNRF1 :: Veeam B&R 6.5 :: E:\Backups

    • B.

      WRS-BUNRF2 :: Veeam B&R 6.5 :: E:\Veeam Backups

    • C.

      WRS-BUNRF2 :: Veeam B&R 6.1 :: E:\Veeam Backups

    • D.

      WRS-BUNRF2 :: Veeam B&R 6.5 :: E:\Backups

    Correct Answer
    B. WRS-BUNRF2 :: Veeam B&R 6.5 :: E:\Veeam Backups
    Explanation
    The correct answer is WRS-BUNRF2 :: Veeam B&R 6.5 :: E:\Veeam Backups. This is the correct combination because it matches the server name, Veeam version, and repository location where Veeam and its backup files are stored at WRS. The other options either have different server names, different Veeam versions, or different repository locations, making them incorrect choices.

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  • 7. 

    Please select the backup type that the following methodology describes: On the virtual server's first backup, a full backup is run, block by block and it creates a .vbk file. All subsequent backups are incremental and create .vib files. These .vib files are injected into the .vbk which provides a 'synthetic backup', so the most recent backup is always a full.

    • A.

      Forward Incremental

    • B.

      Reverse Incremental

    Correct Answer
    B. Reverse Incremental
    Explanation
    This methodology describes the Reverse Incremental backup type. In this type of backup, the first backup is a full backup, and all subsequent backups are incremental. The incremental backups create .vib files, which are then injected into the initial full backup (.vbk file) to create a synthetic backup. This ensures that the most recent backup is always a full backup.

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  • 8. 

    Please select the backup type that the following methodology describes: On the virtual server's first backup, a full backup is run and it creates a .vbk file. On subsequent runs, .vib files are created but they are not injected back into the .vbk. 

    • A.

      Forward Incremental

    • B.

      Reverse Incremental

    Correct Answer
    A. Forward Incremental
    Explanation
    This methodology describes the Forward Incremental backup type. In this type, the first backup is a full backup that creates a .vbk file. On subsequent runs, only the changes or differences from the previous backup are saved in .vib files, which are not injected back into the .vbk file. This allows for faster backups and less storage space usage compared to other backup types.

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  • 9. 

    True/False: VeeamZip creates a .zip file of all guest files within a Windows virtual machine.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    VeeamZip is an ad-hoc backup tool used for easily backing-up and taking a backup file offsite like on a USB drive or CD. Good for archiving VM's to a full .vbk before decomissioning them...there is no need to power off the VM, there is no impact to the users of that VM, it compresses and deduplicates the file.

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  • 10. 

    Choose the best definition of vPower from the options below:

    • A.

      VPower provides virtual power to a VM so that it boots, without actually requiring any more power from the physical machine

    • B.

      VPower powers the technology where a group of machines that are dependent on eachother are booted together to provide services during a restore function.

    • C.

      VPower provides instant VM recovery by immediately restoring the VM back into the production environment.

    • D.

      VPower runs directly from a compressed/de-duplicated backup file using resources on the backup server/storage.

    Correct Answer
    D. VPower runs directly from a compressed/de-duplicated backup file using resources on the backup server/storage.
    Explanation
    vPower runs directly from a compressed/de-duplicated backup file using resources on the backup server/storage. This means that instead of having to restore the VM to the production environment, vPower allows the VM to be run directly from the backup file. This saves time and resources as there is no need to fully restore the VM before it can be used. The compressed/de-duplicated backup file ensures efficient storage usage, while the resources on the backup server/storage provide the necessary computing power for the VM to run.

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  • 11. 

    Choose the answer that best represents how Veeam's de-duplication works:

    • A.

      De-Duplication finds duplicate files within VM's and only backs-up one of them

    • B.

      De-duplication ensures that if two .vbk files are exactly the same then the oldest one is deleted

    • C.

      De-duplication analyzes file blocks and only backs up one, if more then one file block are the same and ignores empty file blocks.

    Correct Answer
    C. De-duplication analyzes file blocks and only backs up one, if more then one file block are the same and ignores empty file blocks.
    Explanation
    Veeam's de-duplication works by analyzing file blocks and only backing up one copy of each block if multiple blocks are the same. It also ignores empty file blocks, which helps to reduce storage space requirements by eliminating redundant data. This process helps to optimize backup and recovery operations by reducing the amount of data that needs to be stored and transferred.

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  • 12. 

    After a SureBackup Job has completed and machines in an application group have been booted, there are several options for checking the verification of the backup. Select the options for verification below.

    • A.

      Ping Test

    • B.

      Custom Script

    • C.

      VMWare Tools Heartbeat

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ping Test
    B. Custom Script
    C. VMWare Tools Heartbeat
    Explanation
    After a SureBackup Job has completed and machines in an application group have been booted, there are several options for checking the verification of the backup. A ping test can be performed to verify if the machines are reachable and responding to network requests. A custom script can be executed to perform specific checks or tests on the machines, ensuring that they are functioning correctly. The VMware Tools Heartbeat can be monitored to confirm that the virtual machines are running and communicating properly with the host. These options collectively provide a comprehensive verification of the backup.

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  • 13. 

    Veeam uses a Microsoft technology (VSS), combined with their own technology to quiesce a virtual machine. Quiescing the virtual machine is essentially like pausing the VM for a moment with no impact to the VM or any process occurring on the VM. Quiescing a VM before backup is important so that your backup is ______________?

    • A.

      Crash Consistent

    • B.

      Power Consistent

    • C.

      Application Consistent

    • D.

      Image Consistent

    Correct Answer
    C. Application Consistent
    Explanation
    Quiescing a virtual machine before backup ensures that the backup is application consistent. This means that all data and transactions in the applications running on the virtual machine are in a consistent state at the time of the backup. It ensures that no data is lost or corrupted during the backup process, allowing for a reliable restore of the virtual machine and its applications.

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  • 14. 

    There are three types of transport modes to get the data from the source (which is the SAN) to the repository (which is the Veeam server). Which of the following is NOT a transport mode?

    • A.

      Network Mode: Places an additional load on the LAN.

    • B.

      Direct SAN Mode: Data retrieved directly from SAN.

    • C.

      Virtual Appliance Mode: Used when Veeam server is virtual.

    • D.

      Direct WAN Mode: Data retrieved directly across a WAN.

    Correct Answer
    D. Direct WAN Mode: Data retrieved directly across a WAN.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Direct WAN Mode. This is not a transport mode because it is not used to transfer data from the source (SAN) to the repository (Veeam server). The other three options (Network Mode, Direct SAN Mode, and Virtual Appliance Mode) are all valid transport modes that can be used for data transfer in this scenario.

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  • 15. 

    Veeam Backup & Replication 6.5 does include a replication engine (hence the word Replication in the title). The replication technology works similar to the backup technology in that the first replica will be a full backup and all subsequent replicas will be the changes only. The video outlined the preferred model for replication to an offsite location. Pick the item below which best describes the preferred model.

    • A.

      Two backup proxies, one deployed in each location involved in the replica set.

    • B.

      Replica to VeeamZip to be taken offsite via CD/USB drive

    • C.

      Trick Question! Veeam doesn't support OFFSITE replication.

    • D.

      A backup proxy with dedicated network connections to the source and the replica destination.

    Correct Answer
    A. Two backup proxies, one deployed in each location involved in the replica set.
    Explanation
    The preferred model for replication to an offsite location in Veeam Backup & Replication 6.5 is to have two backup proxies, one deployed in each location involved in the replica set. This allows for efficient and reliable replication of data between the two locations. Having a backup proxy in each location ensures that the replication process can utilize local resources and network connections, minimizing the impact on the production environment and optimizing the replication performance.

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  • 16. 

    VMWare and Veeam use a technology called CBT when backing-up in Direct SAN mode. Choose the best definition of CBT as it applies to Veeam Backups.

    • A.

      Computer Based Training

    • B.

      Cheddar Bacon Tomation

    • C.

      Charge Back Tracking

    • D.

      Changed Block Tracking

    Correct Answer
    D. Changed Block Tracking
    Explanation
    Changed Block Tracking (CBT) is a technology used by VMWare and Veeam when backing up in Direct SAN mode. It allows for efficient and incremental backups by tracking and identifying the changed blocks within a virtual machine's disk. This means that only the blocks that have been modified since the last backup need to be transferred, reducing the amount of data that needs to be processed and improving backup performance.

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  • 17. 

    Veeam is configured to backup a VM with Direct SAN transport mode. When it's finished, you look at the backup log and notice that it used Network Transport mode instead. Choose the best reason why.

    • A.

      CBT was not configured to be available on that specific VM.

    • B.

      CBT was not configured to be available on that specific LUN.

    • C.

      The backup server had not been given rights to the LUN where the VM is stored.

    • D.

      The LUN on the SAN had not been given rights to the file storage on the Veeam Backup server.

    Correct Answer
    C. The backup server had not been given rights to the LUN where the VM is stored.
    Explanation
    The reason why Veeam used Network Transport mode instead of Direct SAN transport mode for backing up the VM is that the backup server did not have the necessary rights to access the LUN where the VM is stored. As a result, Veeam was unable to utilize the Direct SAN transport mode and resorted to using the Network Transport mode instead.

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