US History Unit 4 Test

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 121

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US History Unit 4 Test - Quiz

Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer. DC Standards: 8. 1, 8. 1. ES. E, 8. 1. PS. C, 8. 1. ES. F, 8. 4, 8. 6. ES. A, 8. 5. ES. B


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How many more German immigrants arrived in the United States in 1850 than arrived in 1840?
    • A. 

      Approximately 90,000

    • B. 

      Approximately 25,000

    • C. 

      Approximately 50,000

    • D. 

      Approximately 100,000

  • 2. 
    How would you describe the overall pattern of Irish immigration?
    • A. 

      Both the number and the percentage decreased from 1840 to 1850

    • B. 

      The number increased sharply but the percentage declined more

    • C. 

      The number decreased sharply but the percentage increased

    • D. 

      Both the number and the percentage increased from 1840 to 1850

  • 3. 
    Which source provided a lower percentage of immigrants in 1850 than in 1840?
    • A. 

      Ireland

    • B. 

      Other Europeans

    • C. 

      Germany

    • D. 

      Ireland, Germany and other Europeans

  • 4. 
    What conclusion can you draw about non-European immigration?
    • A. 

      It did not occur in 1840

    • B. 

      It was a major portion of immigration in 1850

    • C. 

      It decreased between 1840 and 1850

    • D. 

      It increased between 1840 and 1850

  • 5. 
    Why might it be said that British immigration grew more than Irish immigration between 1840 and 1850?
    • A. 

      The percentage of Irish immigration declined

    • B. 

      The number of British immigrants increased more than the number of Irish

    • C. 

      The number of Irish immigrants decreased from 1840 to 1850

    • D. 

      British immigration did not grow more than Irish immigration between 1840 to 1850

  • 6. 
    Judging from the action listed on this time line, which of the following best describes the attitude of President Polk?
    • A. 

      He was an opponent of manifest destiny

    • B. 

      He did not concern himself with events in the Southwest

    • C. 

      He was a supporter of manifest destiny

    • D. 

      He sought friendly relations with Mexico at any cost

  • 7. 
    Why was General Scott's invasion along Mexico's eastern coast so important?
    • A. 

      General Taylor's forces needed to rest

    • B. 

      U.S. forces had already won the land along the Pacific Ocean

    • C. 

      The U.S. navy now equaled the British navy

    • D. 

      It attacked southern Mexico, not far from Mexico City

  • 8. 
    About how much time passed between Genearl Taylor's troops marched across the Rio Grande and his victory at Buena Vista?
    • A. 

      About 6 weeks

    • B. 

      About one year

    • C. 

      About 10 months

    • D. 

      Less than 3 weeks

  • 9. 
    Which military leader played the key role in winning Mexico's surrender?
    • A. 

      Genearl Stephen Kearny

    • B. 

      General Winfield Scott

    • C. 

      General Zachary Taylor

    • D. 

      Generals Kearny, Scott & Taylor

  • 10. 
    What event led to the initial clash between Mexican and U.S. troops?
    • A. 

      General Kearny invaded New Mexico

    • B. 

      Genearl Taylor wins the battle at Buena Vista

    • C. 

      President Polk declared war on Mexico

    • D. 

      Polk ordered U.S. troops into disputed territory

  • 11. 
    How many more electoral votes did Jackson get than Adams?
    • A. 

      103

    • B. 

      95

    • C. 

      85

    • D. 

      261

  • 12. 
    How many more popular votes did Jackson receive than Adams?
    • A. 

      1,155,350

    • B. 

      139,222

    • C. 

      1,143,450

    • D. 

      143,222

  • 13. 
    How many people voted in the election of 1828?
    • A. 

      139,222

    • B. 

      1,144,450

    • C. 

      141,656

    • D. 

      1,155,350

  • 14. 
    Which two states had the largest number of electoral votes?
    • A. 

      New York and Pennsylvania

    • B. 

      Virginia and Pennsylvania

    • C. 

      Virginia and New York

    • D. 

      Virginia and West Virginia

  • 15. 
    In which of the states that splits its electoral votes between the two candidates was the vote most evenly divided?
    • A. 

      Maine

    • B. 

      Pennsylvania

    • C. 

      Maryland

    • D. 

      New York

  • 16. 
    Why did J.Q. Adams have difficulty accomplishing his goals as president?
    • A. 

      Adams died shortly after becoming president

    • B. 

      Henry Clay, his vice-president, was too eager to compromise

    • C. 

      He did not defend himself against attacks by Jackson

    • D. 

      Jackson supporters dominated Congress

  • 17. 
    What was the central principle of Jacksonian democracy?
    • A. 

      Easing voting restrictions to include women

    • B. 

      Practicing the spoils system and supporting industrialization

    • C. 

      Spreading political power to common people

    • D. 

      Using tariffs to increase federal revenues

  • 18. 
    What changed Calhoun into a champion of states' rights?
    • A. 

      The need to conform to Jackson's program as Jackson's vice-president

    • B. 

      His concern for the well-being of the South

    • C. 

      His humble beginnings and his lack of formal education

    • D. 

      He married a woman from the North Dakota

  • 19. 
    What distinguished the Cherokee from other tribes?
    • A. 

      Sequoya developed a written language

    • B. 

      The Cherokee had their own constitution

    • C. 

      Cherokee owned farms and ranches

    • D. 

      All answer choices are correct

  • 20. 
    After the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Cherokees, Jackson said, "John Marshall has made his decision...Now let him enforce it." What did he mean?
    • A. 

      That it was up to the Supreme Court to enforce its decisions

    • B. 

      That it was not the president's job to enforce the rulings of the Court

    • C. 

      That Jackson was upset that Marshall had made the Court's decision

    • D. 

      That Jackson did not intend to carry out the Court's ruling

  • 21. 
    Which was NOT a reason why Southerners objected to high tariffs?
    • A. 

      Tariffs were used to pay for improvements in the Northeast

    • B. 

      Southerners bought many products from Northeastern manufacturers

    • C. 

      Southerners believed that tarrifs hurt them to help the Northeast

    • D. 

      The South's economy depended on trade with Great Britain

  • 22. 
    Why would Jackson's Western background shape his dislike of the national bank?
    • A. 

      As a Westerner, Jackson did not understand how banks worked

    • B. 

      The national bank was owned by rich investors from the South

    • C. 

      Westerners wanted easier credit to buy public land

    • D. 

      Bank supporters were Democrats, but most Westerners were Whig

  • 23. 
    Why did Northeasterners oppose Jackson's easy credit policies for land sales?
    • A. 

      They feared Western crops would compete with Northeastern crops

    • B. 

      They believed that the West and South would unite against the Northeast

    • C. 

      They feared that their factory workers would move West to become farmers

    • D. 

      They feared the national bank would create an inflationary situation

  • 24. 
    How did some Native Americans resist the Removal Act?
    • A. 

      They left and then returned

    • B. 

      They challenged the law in the U.S. court system

    • C. 

      They fought wars against the U.S. government

    • D. 

      All the answer choices are correct

  • 25. 
    Why was Daniel Webster featured in newspapers across the country?
    • A. 

      He was made an eloquent Senate speech attacking Jackson's removal policy

    • B. 

      He developed the nation's first dictionary

    • C. 

      He supported John Quincy Adams in the 1824 presidential election

    • D. 

      He defended the federal government in a Senate debate over nullification

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