US 1 Chapter 7 Practice Test

40 Questions | Attempts: 529

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Masconomet American History I - Semester 2 Final Exam Review - Chapter 7 Practice Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    President Madison vetoed the federal internal improvement plan, arguing that spending money to improve transportation was not expressly granted in the Constitution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Roads offered a faster, more efficient, and cheaper way to move goods than did rivers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The American free enterprise system encouraged industrialization because companies in competition with one another were willing to experiment with new technologies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Even though industry expanded in the Northeast during the early 1800s, agriculture remained the country’s leading economic activity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The rise of Southern industry kept pace with the spread of cotton plantations across the South.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Most Southern slaveholders lived a life of gentility in grand mansions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Some African Americans had earned their freedom fighting in the American Revolution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Missouri's application for statehood stirred up the issue of whether slavery was constitutional.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Missouri's territorial government requested admission into the Union as a slave state.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Supreme Court rulings in three important cases between 1816 and 1824 shaped the future of American government by
    • A. 

      Establishing the dominance of the judicial branch over the legislature.

    • B. 

      Establishing the rights of states to regulate interstate commerce.

    • C. 

      Establishing the Supreme Court as the nation’s top lawmaking body.

    • D. 

      Establishing dominance of the nation over the states.

  • 11. 
    The steamboat was an improvement over barges because it could
    • A. 

      Carry more cargo.

    • B. 

      Travel upstream.

    • C. 

      Provide onboard entertainment.

    • D. 

      Navigate smaller rivers.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following was NOT true of the first "Iron Horses"?
    • A. 

      They traveled much faster than stagecoaches or wagons.

    • B. 

      They were a clean and comfortable way to travel.

    • C. 

      They helped settle the West.

    • D. 

      They helped expand trade between the nation’s different regions.

  • 13. 
    The Boston Manufacturing Company, a huge textile mill, employed mostly women and children because
    • A. 

      Their small fingers were well suited to spinning cloth.

    • B. 

      They would work for lower wages than men.

    • C. 

      The company wanted to help families who needed more than one income.

    • D. 

      The company could not find enough men to fill all the available jobs.

  • 14. 
    Cities grew in the United States during industrialization because
    • A. 

      The excitement of city life drew people from farms and villages.

    • B. 

      The more challenging factory jobs lured people away from farm work.

    • C. 

      The higher wages of factory jobs drew people from farms and villages.

    • D. 

      The higher standard of living offered to factory workers drew people from farms.

  • 15. 
    A cotton gin
    • A. 

      Picks cotton.

    • B. 

      Spins cotton into cloth.

    • C. 

      Removes cotton seeds.

    • D. 

      Bales cotton.

  • 16. 
    According to an accepted amendment to the Missouri Compromise, slavery
    • A. 

      Could expand into the Arkansas territory but not to the rest of the Louisiana Purchase.

    • B. 

      Could not expand into any other western territories.

    • C. 

      Could expand into the Great Plains but not to the rest of the Louisiana Purchase.

    • D. 

      Would be allowed in a new state only if a free state entered the Union at the same time.

  • 17. 
    John Quincy Adams won the presidency in 1824 because
    • A. 

      He won the most popular votes.

    • B. 

      He won the majority of votes in the Electoral College.

    • C. 

      He won the election in the Senate.

    • D. 

      He won the election in the House of Representatives.

  • 18. 
    Supporters of Andrew Jackson, wanting to separate themselves from the party of John Quincy Adams, came together and took the name
    • A. 

      National Republicans.

    • B. 

      Democratic-Republicans.

    • C. 

      Democratic-Federalists.

    • D. 

      Republican Federalists.

  • 19. 
    The Tariff of 1816 nurtured American manufacturers by
    • A. 

      Taxing imports.

    • B. 

      Taxing exports.

    • C. 

      Banning certain imports.

    • D. 

      Banning certain exports.

  • 20. 
    In the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819, Spain
    • A. 

      Ceded New Mexico to the U.S.

    • B. 

      Ceded Florida to the U.S.

    • C. 

      Agreed to control the Seminoles.

    • D. 

      Agreed to return runaway slaves.

  • 21. 
    The limited liability provision of incorporation laws meant that
    • A. 

      A corporation would not have to repay its debts if it went bankrupt.

    • B. 

      The debts a bankrupt corporation would owe was limited to the worth of its stock.

    • C. 

      A bankrupt corporation’s tax liability was limited to the worth of its stock.

    • D. 

      A person who bought stock in a corporation would not be responsible for the company’s debts if it went bankrupt.

  • 22. 
    What transportation project from Albany to Buffalo was completed in 1825?
    • A. 

      Wilderness Road

    • B. 

      Albany Turnpike

    • C. 

      National Road

    • D. 

      Erie Canal

  • 23. 
    In the case Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Supreme Court ruled that
    • A. 

      Union strikes were legal.

    • B. 

      Child labor was illegal.

    • C. 

      Labor organizing was illegal.

    • D. 

      A workday of 10 hours was illegal.

  • 24. 
    A planter was a white male who
    • A. 

      Owned a plantation.

    • B. 

      Made a living from agriculture.

    • C. 

      Owned an enslaved person.

    • D. 

      Held 20 or more enslaved people.

  • 25. 
    The two labor systems used to organize enslaved African Americans were
    • A. 

      Task and group.

    • B. 

      Driver and gang.

    • C. 

      Driver and task.

    • D. 

      Task and gang.

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