Urinary System Disorders (Quiz # 1 Version C)

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 1371

SettingsSettingsSettings
Urinary System Disorders (Quiz # 1 Version C) - Quiz

Term 5: Medical-Surgical Nursing IV - Urinary System Disorders (Quiz # 1 Version C)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The amount of filtrate formed in all the glomeruli of both kidneys per minute is the
    • A. 

      Urinary output

    • B. 

      Tubular reabsorption rate

    • C. 

      Renal threshold

    • D. 

      Glomerular filtration rate

  • 2. 
    The blood vessels, nerves, and ureters enter the kidney through the
    • A. 

      Renal pelvis

    • B. 

      Hilum

    • C. 

      Pyramids

    • D. 

      Capsule

  • 3. 
    Generally, children begin to have voluntary control of urination at approximately what age?
    • A. 

      12 months

    • B. 

      24 months

    • C. 

      36 months

    • D. 

      48 months

  • 4. 
    Which of the following hom1ones is not responsible for sodium and water regulation in the body?
    • A. 

      Atrial natriuretic peptide

    • B. 

      Aldosterone

    • C. 

      ADH

    • D. 

      Angiotensin H

  • 5. 
    The maximum amount of a substance that is reabsorbed hack into the body from the kidney tubules is called
    • A. 

      Tubular secretion

    • B. 

      Pinocytosis

    • C. 

      Renal threshold

    • D. 

      Tubular reabsorption

  • 6. 
    The process by which waste products are allowed to pass across a barrier and be removed from the body via the urine is termed
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Filtration

    • C. 

      Diffusion

    • D. 

      Active transport

  • 7. 
    When the blood pressure falls too low, the kidneys will secrete  
    • A. 

      Erythropoietin

    • B. 

      Renin

    • C. 

      Vitamin D

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 8. 
    Mr. Jones  is complaining of difficulty urinating. A urine specimen obtained from this patient reveals the following information: voided quantity, 100 cc; color, amber; pH, 6.4; specific gravity, 1.035; and no blood, bacteria, or albumin present. Based on this information, you, the nurse, conclude that Mr. Jones most likely has which ofthe follovving conditions?
    • A. 

      Fluid overload

    • B. 

      Chronic renal failure

    • C. 

      Kidney infection

    • D. 

      Dehydration

  • 9. 
    The dynamic process through which the body maintains balance by constantly adjusting to internal and external stimuli is called
    • A. 

      Permeability

    • B. 

      Adaptation

    • C. 

      Homeostasis

    • D. 

      Active transport

  • 10. 
    To assist the healthy elderly client to compensate for the age-related changes occurring in the urinary system, you would suggest which of the following interventions?
    • A. 

      Maintain a maximum fluid intake of 1,000 mL/day

    • B. 

      Encourage the use of alcohol and caffeinated beverages at bedtime to enhance sleep

    • C. 

      Teach the client to wipe from back to front after every urination

    • D. 

      Teach the client to perform pelvic exercises

  • 11. 
    If a statement is false, correct it by replacing the underlined term for another point:  The proximal convoluted tubule is farthest from Bowman's capsule.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    If a statement is false, correct it by replacing the underlined term for another point:  The renal vein empties into the superior vena cava.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    If a statement is false, correct it by replacing the underlined term for another point:  The urethra carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    If a statement is false, correct it by replacing the underlined term for another point:  The external urethral sphincter is involuntary.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The cluster of capillaries within Bowman's capsule is the __________________________.
  • 16. 
    The small coiled tube that is the functional unit of the kidney is the ________________________.
  • 17. 
    Most materials that enter the nephron are returned to the circulation by a process called ______________________________.
  • 18. 
    The main nitrogen waste material in the urine is _____________________________ .
Back to Top Back to top