Water and sodium retention secondary to a severe decrease in the glomerular filtration rate.
A decreased serum phosphate level secondary to kidney failure.
An increased serum calcium level secondary to kidney failure.
Metabolic alkalosis secondary to retention of hydrogen ions.
Potassium level of 3.5 mEq/L
Hematocrit (HCT) of 35%
Blood glucose level of 200 mg/dl
White blood cell (WBC) count of 20.000/mm3
Encouraging coughing and deep breathing
Promoting carbohydrate intake
Limiting fluid intake
Providing pain-relief measures
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Urine output increases to 2.000 ml/day.
Flank and abdominal discomfort decrease.
Bacteria are absent on urine culture.
The red blood cell (RBC) count is normal.
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Continuous inflow and outflow of irrigation solution.
Intermittent inflow and continuous outflow of irrigation solution.
Continuous inflow and intermittent outflow of irrigation solution.
Intermittent flow of irrigation solution and prevention of hemorrhage.
Fluid intake should be double the urine output.
Fluid intake should be approximately equal to the urine output.
Fluid intake should be half the urine output.
Fluid intake should be inversely proportional to the urine output.
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