Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quiz 24

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Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quiz 24 - Quiz

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A client’s family member says to the nurse. “The doctor said he will provide palliative care. What does that mean?” The nurse’s best response is:

    • A.

      “Palliative care is given to those who have less than 6 months to live.”

    • B.

      “Palliative care aims to relieve or reduce the symptoms of a disease.”

    • C.

      “The goal of palliative care is to affect a cure of a serious illness or disease.”

    • D.

      “Palliative care means the client and family take a more passive role and the doctor focuses on the physiological needs of the client. The location of death will most likely occur in the hospital setting.”

    Correct Answer
    B. “Palliative care aims to relieve or reduce the symptoms of a disease.”
    Explanation
    The goal of palliative care is the prevention. relief. reduction. or soothing of symptoms of disease or disorders without effecting a cure.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not included in evaluating the degree of heritage consistency in a client?

    • A.

      Gender

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Ethnicity

    • D.

      Religion

    Correct Answer
    A. Gender
    Explanation
    The degree of heritage consistency in a client is evaluated by considering their culture, ethnicity, and religion. However, gender is not included in this evaluation. Gender refers to the social and cultural roles, behaviors, and expectations associated with being male or female, whereas heritage consistency focuses on cultural and ethnic identity. Therefore, gender is not directly relevant in assessing heritage consistency.

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  • 3. 

    When providing care to clients with varied cultural backgrounds. it is imperative for the nurse to recognize that:

    • A.

      Cultural considerations must be put aside if basic needs are in jeopardy.

    • B.

      Generalizations about the behavior of a particular group may be inaccurate.

    • C.

      Current health standards should determine the acceptability of cultural practices.

    • D.

      Similar reactions to stress will occur when individuals have the same cultural background.

    Correct Answer
    B. Generalizations about the behavior of a particular group may be inaccurate.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that generalizations about the behavior of a particular group may be inaccurate. This is because cultural diversity means that individuals within a cultural group may have different beliefs, values, and behaviors. It is important for nurses to avoid making assumptions or stereotypes about individuals based on their cultural background. Instead, they should approach each client as an individual and take into consideration their unique cultural perspectives and experiences. This will help to provide culturally competent care that respects the diversity of the clients' backgrounds.

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  • 4. 

    To respect a client’s personal space and territoriality. the nurse:

    • A.

      Avoids the use of touch

    • B.

      Explains nursing care and procedures

    • C.

      Keeps the curtains pulled around the clients bed

    • D.

      Stands 8 feet away from the bed. if possible.

    Correct Answer
    B. Explains nursing care and procedures
    Explanation
    To respect a client's personal space and territoriality, the nurse explains nursing care and procedures. This allows the client to have a clear understanding of what will be done and why, promoting a sense of control and autonomy. By providing explanations, the nurse acknowledges the client's need for information and involvement in their own care, fostering a therapeutic and respectful relationship. This approach also helps to establish trust and reduce anxiety or discomfort that the client may experience.

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  • 5. 

    To be effective in meeting various ethnic needs. the nurse should:

    • A.

      Treat all clients alike.

    • B.

      Be aware of client’s cultural differences.

    • C.

      Act as if he or she is comfortable with the client’s behavior.

    • D.

      Avoid asking questions about the client’s cultural background.

    Correct Answer
    B. Be aware of client’s cultural differences.
    Explanation
    To be effective in meeting various ethnic needs, the nurse should be aware of client's cultural differences. This is important because different cultures have different beliefs, values, and practices related to health and healthcare. By being aware of these differences, the nurse can provide culturally sensitive care, understand the client's perspective, and avoid making assumptions or judgments. This can help build trust and rapport with the client, leading to better communication and improved health outcomes. Treating all clients alike may not consider their individual cultural needs, and avoiding asking questions about the client's cultural background may hinder the nurse's ability to provide appropriate care. Acting as if comfortable with the client's behavior may not address the underlying cultural factors influencing the client's behavior.

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  • 6. 

    The most important factor in providing nursing care to clients in a specific ethnic group is:

    • A.

      Communication

    • B.

      Time orientation

    • C.

      Biological variation

    • D.

      Environmental control

    Correct Answer
    A. Communication
    Explanation
    Communication is the most important factor in providing nursing care to clients in a specific ethnic group because effective communication enables nurses to understand the cultural beliefs, values, and practices of the clients. It allows nurses to establish trust, build rapport, and provide culturally sensitive care. Good communication also helps in identifying and addressing any language barriers, ensuring that clients receive the necessary information and can actively participate in their healthcare decisions. Overall, effective communication promotes better understanding, enhances the therapeutic relationship, and improves the quality of care provided to clients from diverse ethnic backgrounds.

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  • 7. 

    A health care issue often becomes an ethical dilemma because:

    • A.

      A client’s legal rights coexist with a health professional’s obligation.

    • B.

      Decisions must be made quickly. often under stressful conditions.

    • C.

      Decisions must be made based on value systems.

    • D.

      The choices involved do not appear to be clearly right or wrong.

    Correct Answer
    D. The choices involved do not appear to be clearly right or wrong.
    Explanation
    A health care issue often becomes an ethical dilemma because the choices involved do not appear to be clearly right or wrong. In healthcare, there are often complex situations where multiple values, principles, and perspectives come into play. Different individuals may have different opinions on what is the morally correct course of action. This can lead to ethical dilemmas where there is no clear-cut solution, and healthcare professionals must carefully consider the potential consequences and weigh the ethical implications of their decisions.

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  • 8. 

    A document that lists the medical treatment a person chooses to refuse if unable to make decisions is the:

    • A.

      Durable power of attorney

    • B.

      Informed consent

    • C.

      Living will

    • D.

      Advance directives

    Correct Answer
    D. Advance directives
    Explanation
    Advance directives refer to a legal document that outlines a person's medical treatment preferences in case they become unable to make decisions. This document may include instructions regarding the use of life-sustaining treatments, resuscitation, and other medical interventions. It allows individuals to have control over their healthcare decisions and ensures that their wishes are respected even when they cannot communicate them directly. Durable power of attorney, informed consent, and living will are related concepts but do not specifically refer to a document that lists medical treatment refusals like advance directives do.

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  • 9. 

    Which statement about an institutional ethics committee is correct?

    • A.

      The ethics committee is an additional resource for clients and healthcare professionals.

    • B.

      The ethics committee relieves health care professionals from dealing with ethical issues.

    • C.

      The ethics committee would be the first option in addressing an ethical dilemma.

    • D.

      The ethics committee replaces decision making by the client and health care providers.

    Correct Answer
    A. The ethics committee is an additional resource for clients and healthcare professionals.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the ethics committee is an additional resource for clients and healthcare professionals. This means that the committee serves as a support system for both clients and healthcare professionals when they encounter ethical issues or dilemmas. The committee does not relieve healthcare professionals from dealing with ethical issues, nor does it replace decision making by the client and healthcare providers. Instead, it provides guidance, advice, and resources to help navigate and address ethical concerns in healthcare settings.

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  • 10. 

    The nurse is working with parents of a seriously ill newborn. Surgery has been proposed for the infant. but the chances of success are unclear. In helping the parents resolve this ethical conflict. the nurse knows that the first step is:

    • A.

      Exploring reasonable courses of action

    • B.

      Collecting all available information about the situation

    • C.

      Clarifying values related to the cause of the dilemma.

    • D.

      Identifying people who can solve the difficulty.

    Correct Answer
    B. Collecting all available information about the situation
    Explanation
    In order to help the parents resolve the ethical conflict surrounding the proposed surgery for their seriously ill newborn, the nurse needs to collect all available information about the situation. By gathering as much information as possible, the nurse can provide the parents with a comprehensive understanding of the risks, benefits, and potential outcomes of the surgery. This will enable the parents to make a more informed decision and help them navigate the ethical dilemma they are facing.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 29, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Santepro
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