Unit 4 CST Review (Original)

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 440

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Unit 4 CST Review (Original)

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In general, which is the cause of a sea breeze?
    • A. The difference in elevation between land and water
    • B. The difference in density between land and water
    • C. The difference in specific heat capacity between land and water
    • D. The difference in cloud cover between land and water
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 2. 
    Which step is not part of a normal convection cycle?
    • A. A low-pressure system forms due to unequal heating.
    • B. Cooled air sinks toward the surface.
    • C. Air flows from a high-pressure area to a low-pressure area.
    • D. Warmed air rises, creating a high-pressure system below.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 3. 
    In which layer of the atmosphere is most of the ultraviolet light blocked?
    • A. Stratosphere
    • B. Mesosphere
    • C. Troposphere
    • D. Thermosphere
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 4. 
    Which process removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
    • A. Respiration
    • B. Photosynthesis
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is the most abundant gas in our atmosphere?
    • A. Oxygen
    • B. Nitrogen
    • C. Carbon dioxide
    • D. Water vapor
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 6. 
    Which has the lowest albedo?
    • A. A black sheet of paper
    • B. A white sheet of paper
    • C. A mirror
    • D. The surface of a body of water
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 7. 
    Which statement is true of jet streams?
    • A. The polar jet stream lies between the polar easterlies and trade winds.
    • B. The subtropical jet stream flows to the west, while the polar jet stream flows to the east.
    • C. The polar jet stream is generally weaker than the subtropical jet stream.
    • D. The subtropical jet stream lies between the westerlies and trade winds.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 8. 
    During the diurnal cycle, insolation peaks _____.
    • A. each day at midnight
    • B. each day at noon
    • C. each year in June
    • D. each year in December
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 9. 
    Which is not true of the Intertropical Convergence Zone?
    • A. It is also known as the doldrums.
    • B. It features heavy precipitation.
    • C. It's where the trade winds collide.
    • D. It's a high-pressure zone with sinking air.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 10. 
    The layer of the atmosphere with the highest temperature is the _____.
  • 11. 
    One danger of excessive nitrogen levels in water is _____.
    • A. the greenhouse effect
    • B. nitrogen fixation
    • C. eutrophication
    • D. oxygenation
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 12. 
    In the Northern Hemisphere, the Coriolis effect makes winds _____.
    • A. blow to the east
    • B. blow to the west
    • C. bend to the right of their motion
    • D. bend to the left of their motion
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 13. 
    In general, which is the cause of a land breeze?
    • A. The difference in elevation between land and water
    • B. The difference in density between land and water
    • C. The difference in specific heat capacity between land and water
    • D. The difference in cloud cover between land and water
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 14. 
    Which step is not part of a normal convection cycle?
    • A. A high-pressure system forms due to unequal heating.
    • B. Warmed air rises away from the surface.
    • C. Air flows from a high-pressure area to a low-pressure area.
    • D. Cooled air rises, creating a high-pressure system below.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 15. 
    In which layer of the atmosphere does most of Earth's weather occur?
    • A. Troposphere
    • B. Mesosphere
    • C. Stratosphere
    • D. Thermosphere
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 16. 
    Which process removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
    • A. Respiration
    • B. Carbonate formation
    • C. Humans breathing
    • D. Nitrogen fixation
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is the second most abundant gas in our atmosphere?
    • A. Nitrogen
    • B. Oxygen
    • C. Carbon dioxide
    • D. Water vapor
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 18. 
    Which has the lowest albedo?
    • A. A wet field
    • B. A desert
    • C. An iceberg
    • D. A mirror
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 19. 
    Which statement is true of jet streams?
    • A. The polar jet stream lies between the polar easterlies and trade winds.
    • B. The subtropical jet stream flows to the west, while the polar jet stream flows to the east.
    • C. The subtropical jet stream is generally stronger than the subtropical jet stream.
    • D. The polar jet stream lies between the westerlies and the polar easterlies.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 20. 
    The insolation changes over the course of the diurnal cycle are caused by _____.
    • A. Earth's revolution around the sun
    • B. Earth's rotation
    • C. Earth's tilt
    • D. Earth's magnetic field
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 21. 
    Which is not true of the Intertropical Convergence Zone?
    • A. It is near the equator.
    • B. It features heavy precipitation.
    • C. It's where the trade winds collide.
    • D. It's a high-pressure zone with rising air.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 22. 
    The layer of the atmosphere that contains the ionosphere is the _____.
  • 23. 
    Eutrophication is the result of _______.
    • A. organic matter decay
    • B. excessive nitrogen fixation
    • C. fertilizer runoff
    • D. greenhouse gases
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 24. 
    How will a wind blowing to the north in the Northern Hemisphere be affected by the Coriolis effect?
    • A. It will not be affected.
    • B. It will be reduced in strength.
    • C. It will bend to the east.
    • D. It will bend to the west.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 25. 
    In general, which is the cause of a sea breeze?
    • A. Coastlines are at higher elevations than oceans.
    • B. Land is more dense than water.
    • C. Land heats and cools more quickly than water.
    • D. Landmasses have more cloud cover than oceans.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

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