Tropical Architecture Trivia Quiz

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Tropical Architecture Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Below is a Tropical Architecture Trivia Quiz that is perfect for seeing just how skilled you are as an architect when it comes to putting up structures in the tropical areas. The kind of structures you put up at a location depends highly on the environment of that region. Take this test and see if you have the knowhow for this region. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A phenomenon where the urban temperature is hotter than rural temperature.

    • A.

      Albedo effect

    • B.

      Urban heat island

    • C.

      Wind shadow

    • D.

      Azimuth

    Correct Answer
    B. Urban heat island
    Explanation
    The phenomenon described in the question is known as the "urban heat island." Urban areas tend to have higher temperatures compared to surrounding rural areas due to factors such as the abundance of concrete and asphalt, lack of vegetation, and increased energy use. These factors contribute to the absorption and retention of heat, creating a localized heat island effect in urban areas.

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  • 2. 

    Serves as climatic mesh that filters the outside environment to create a proper and hopefully a comfortable indoor environment.

    • A.

      Building fenestration

    • B.

      Building envelope

    • C.

      Building materials

    • D.

      Building orientation

    Correct Answer
    B. Building envelope
    Explanation
    The building envelope serves as a climatic mesh that filters the outside environment to create a proper and comfortable indoor environment. It includes various components such as walls, windows, roofs, and doors that separate the interior from the exterior. These components help to control the flow of heat, light, and air, ensuring energy efficiency and thermal comfort within the building. The building envelope also plays a crucial role in protecting the structure from external elements such as rain, wind, and temperature fluctuations. Overall, it is an essential aspect of building design and construction.

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  • 3. 

    The tendency of air or gas in a shaft or other vertical space to rise when heated, creating a draft that draws in cooler air or gas from below.

    • A.

      Coriolis force

    • B.

      Chimney effect

    • C.

      Thermal mass

    • D.

      Uniform heat emission

    Correct Answer
    B. Chimney effect
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer, "Chimney effect," is that it refers to the tendency of air or gas in a vertical space, such as a shaft or chimney, to rise when heated. This rising motion creates a draft that draws in cooler air or gas from below. The chimney effect is commonly observed in chimneys, where the heated air inside rises and creates a suction force that pulls in air from the surrounding environment. This phenomenon is also utilized in ventilation systems to promote air circulation and cooling.

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  • 4. 

    Overheating is not as great as in other areas, but it is aggravated by very high humidities, restricting the evaporation potential. The diurnal temperature variation is small.

    • A.

      Tropical upland

    • B.

      Temperate

    • C.

      Warm humid

    • D.

      Hot dry

    Correct Answer
    C. Warm humid
    Explanation
    The given explanation states that overheating is not as great in the warm humid area compared to other areas. This is because the high humidity restricts evaporation potential, which helps in cooling down the temperature. Additionally, the diurnal temperature variation is small in this area.

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  • 5. 

    The general climate is influenced by these three factors: i. Diurnal temperature ii. topography iii. Movement of air masses iv. vegetation v. Moisture-bearing clouds vi. Nature of the environment on local or regional scale

    • A.

      I, iii, v

    • B.

      Ii, iv, vi

    • C.

      I, iii, iv

    • D.

      Ii, v, vi

    Correct Answer
    B. Ii, iv, vi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ii, iv, vi. These factors, which include topography, vegetation, and the nature of the environment on a local or regional scale, all have an influence on the general climate. Diurnal temperature, movement of air masses, and moisture-bearing clouds are not mentioned in the question as factors that influence the general climate.

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  • 6. 

    The total amount of rain, hail, snow, dew, measured in rain gauges and expressed in mm per unit time (day, month, year)

    • A.

      Cloud cover

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Humidity

    • D.

      Air movement

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipitation
    Explanation
    Precipitation refers to the total amount of rain, hail, snow, and dew that is measured in rain gauges and expressed in millimeters per unit time (day, month, year). It is the term used to describe any form of water that falls from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface. This can include rain, snow, sleet, or even hail. Precipitation is an important factor in determining the overall climate and weather patterns of a region, as it directly affects the availability of water for plants, animals, and human populations.

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  • 7. 

    These are the four constituents of climate most important for the purposes of building design.   i. temperature ii. Cloud cover   iii. humidity iv. Solar radiation   v. Nature of the environment vi. Air movement

    • A.

      I, iii, iv, vi

    • B.

      Ii, iii, iv, vi

    • C.

      I, iii, v, vi

    • D.

      Ii, iv, v, vi

    Correct Answer
    A. I, iii, iv, vi
    Explanation
    The four constituents of climate most important for building design are temperature, humidity, solar radiation, and air movement. These factors directly impact the comfort and energy efficiency of a building. Temperature affects the indoor thermal conditions, humidity affects the moisture levels, solar radiation impacts the amount of heat gain, and air movement affects ventilation and the distribution of temperature and humidity. Cloud cover, nature of the environment, and other factors may also have an influence but are not mentioned as the most important constituents for building design.

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  • 8. 

    Wind direction of Amihan.

    • A.

      NW

    • B.

      SE

    • C.

      SW

    • D.

      NE

    Correct Answer
    D. NE
    Explanation
    The correct answer is NE because Amihan is the northeast monsoon in the Philippines. It is characterized by cool and dry winds coming from the northeast direction. Therefore, the wind direction of Amihan is northeast.

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  • 9. 

    Major thermal design factors to be studied includes the following except one:

    • A.

      Conduction heat flow

    • B.

      Solar heat gain

    • C.

      Outdoor conditions

    • D.

      Ventilation heat flow

    Correct Answer
    C. Outdoor conditions
    Explanation
    The major thermal design factors that need to be studied include conduction heat flow, solar heat gain, and ventilation heat flow. These factors directly impact the heat transfer within a space and play a crucial role in determining the overall thermal comfort and energy efficiency of a building. However, outdoor conditions are not considered a major thermal design factor as they are uncontrollable and cannot be altered or designed. Therefore, outdoor conditions are the exception among the listed factors.

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  • 10. 

    This design variable refers to the size, position and orientation of windows; window glass materials; external and internal shading devices.

    • A.

      Building fabric

    • B.

      Fenestration

    • C.

      Thermal insulation

    • D.

      Surface-to-volume ratio

    Correct Answer
    B. Fenestration
    Explanation
    Fenestration refers to the design variables related to windows, including their size, position, orientation, and the materials used for the window glass. It also includes external and internal shading devices that can affect the amount of sunlight and heat entering a building. Fenestration plays a crucial role in determining the amount of natural light, ventilation, and solar heat gain in a building, which can impact energy efficiency, comfort, and overall building performance.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following statements is not true?

    • A.

      Tropical regions need both vertical and horizontal shading throughout the year.

    • B.

      For the tropical zones, generally, as much ventilation as possible is desired.

    • C.

      Transitional spaces in tropical zones are located on the north and south sides of the building where the sun’s penetration is not as great.

    • D.

      Transitional spaces require total climatic control and natural ventilation is not sufficient.

    Correct Answer
    D. Transitional spaces require total climatic control and natural ventilation is not sufficient.
    Explanation
    The statement "Transitional spaces require total climatic control and natural ventilation is not sufficient" is not true. Transitional spaces in tropical zones are typically located on the north and south sides of the building where the sun's penetration is not as great, and therefore, natural ventilation is often sufficient for these areas. Total climatic control is not necessary for transitional spaces in tropical regions.

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  • 12. 

    Any cool mass that is available for the absorption of excess heat, including water bodies, the ground, and massive building materials.

    • A.

      Heat sink

    • B.

      Water features

    • C.

      Cooling breezes

    • D.

      Radiant cooling

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat sink
    Explanation
    A heat sink is a cool mass that is used to absorb excess heat. It can include water bodies, the ground, and massive building materials. Heat sinks are commonly used in cooling systems to dissipate heat and prevent overheating. They work by absorbing the heat from a heat source and then releasing it into the surrounding environment. This helps to maintain a stable temperature and prevent damage to equipment or systems.

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  • 13. 

    Instrument used for measuring relative humidity

    • A.

      Thermometer

    • B.

      Hygrometer

    • C.

      Vane anemometer

    • D.

      Pyranometer

    Correct Answer
    B. Hygrometer
    Explanation
    A hygrometer is an instrument used for measuring relative humidity. It is specifically designed to measure the amount of moisture present in the air. Unlike a thermometer, which measures temperature, a hygrometer focuses on the humidity levels. It can provide accurate readings of the relative humidity, allowing for better understanding and control of the moisture content in the air. Other instruments listed, such as a vane anemometer and pyranometer, are used for measuring wind speed and solar radiation respectively, and are not directly related to measuring relative humidity.

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  • 14. 

    Wind direction of Habagat.

    • A.

      NW

    • B.

      SE

    • C.

      SW

    • D.

      NE

    Correct Answer
    C. SW
    Explanation
    The correct answer is SW because the question asks for the direction of the Habagat wind. Habagat is the local name for the southwest monsoon wind in the Philippines. Therefore, the wind direction of Habagat is southwest.

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  • 15. 

    A climate classification where the main problem is the lack of heat (under heating), or an excessive heat dissipation for all or most parts of the year.

    • A.

      Hot-dry climate

    • B.

      Warm-humid climate

    • C.

      Cold climate

    • D.

      Solar radiation

    Correct Answer
    C. Cold climate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Cold climate." A cold climate is characterized by a lack of heat or excessive heat dissipation for most parts of the year. This means that the temperature in this climate is typically colder than in other climates, and there may be long periods of cold weather or even freezing temperatures. This type of climate is often found in regions near the poles or at high altitudes, where the sun's rays are less intense and heat is not retained as easily.

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  • 16. 

    The temperature of the outside air in contact with a shaded wall or roof which would give the same rate of heat transfer and the same temperature gradient as the combined effect of solar radiation and air temperature.

    • A.

      Dry-bulb temperature

    • B.

      Wet-bulb temperature

    • C.

      Sol-air temperature

    • D.

      Surface temperature

    Correct Answer
    C. Sol-air temperature
    Explanation
    Sol-air temperature refers to the temperature of the outside air in contact with a shaded wall or roof that produces the same rate of heat transfer and temperature gradient as the combined effect of solar radiation and air temperature. It takes into account both the solar radiation and the air temperature, providing a more accurate measurement of the heat transfer and temperature conditions on a surface. This term is commonly used in building and energy analysis to assess the thermal performance of buildings and to determine the impact of solar radiation on the building envelope.

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  • 17. 

    Measured by a pyranometer, on an unobstructed horizontal surface and recorded either as the continuously varying irradiance (W/m2), or through an electronic integrator as irradiance over the hour of the day.

    • A.

      Cloud cover

    • B.

      Sunshine duration

    • C.

      Dry-bulb temperature

    • D.

      Solar radiation

    Correct Answer
    D. Solar radiation
    Explanation
    Solar radiation refers to the energy emitted by the sun in the form of electromagnetic waves. It can be measured using a pyranometer, which measures the irradiance or the amount of solar radiation received on a surface per unit area. The measurement can be recorded either as continuously varying irradiance or integrated over a specific time period, such as an hour of the day. Therefore, solar radiation is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 18. 

    This design variable refers to materials and construction; thermal insulation; surface qualities; shading and sun control.

    • A.

      Building fabric

    • B.

      Fenestration

    • C.

      Air-tightness

    • D.

      Building shape

    Correct Answer
    A. Building fabric
    Explanation
    Building fabric refers to the materials and construction used in a building, including thermal insulation, surface qualities, shading, and sun control. It encompasses the physical elements that make up the building envelope, such as walls, floors, roofs, and windows. The design of the building fabric plays a crucial role in determining the energy efficiency, comfort, and overall performance of a building.

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  • 19. 

    Integration in time of weather conditions, characteristics of a certain geographical location.

    • A.

      Climate

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Weather

    • D.

      Season

    Correct Answer
    A. Climate
    Explanation
    The term "integration in time" suggests that the answer is related to the long-term patterns and trends of weather conditions in a specific geographical location. Climate refers to the average weather patterns, including temperature, precipitation, and other factors, that are observed over a long period of time. Therefore, climate is the correct answer as it encompasses the idea of integrating weather conditions over time in a specific location.

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  • 20. 

    Maximum solar heat factor for roofs in warm humid tropics.

    • A.

      3%

    • B.

      4%

    • C.

      5%

    • D.

      6%

    Correct Answer
    A. 3%
    Explanation
    The maximum solar heat factor for roofs in warm humid tropics is 3%. This means that only 3% of the solar heat that hits the roof is transferred into the building. This low percentage indicates that the roof has a high reflectivity and insulation properties, which helps to keep the interior of the building cool and reduces the need for air conditioning. This is particularly important in warm humid tropics where the climate is hot and humid throughout the year.

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  • 21. 

    Regional climate

    • A.

      Mesoclimate

    • B.

      Macroclimate

    • C.

      Microclimate

    • D.

      Diurnal

    Correct Answer
    A. Mesoclimate
    Explanation
    Mesoclimate refers to the climate conditions of a specific region or area that is larger than a microclimate but smaller than a macroclimate. It takes into account the unique characteristics and variations in weather patterns, temperature, precipitation, and other climatic factors within a specific geographical area. Mesoclimate can be influenced by local topography, vegetation, and human activities, and it plays a crucial role in determining the overall climate conditions experienced by a particular region.

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  • 22. 

    A cooling system using a building’s design and construction to maintain a comfortable temperature within the building.

    • A.

      Passive cooling

    • B.

      Stack effect

    • C.

      Electro-mechanical

    • D.

      Thermal mass

    Correct Answer
    A. Passive cooling
    Explanation
    Passive cooling refers to a cooling system that relies on the design and construction of a building to maintain a comfortable temperature inside. It does not require the use of any mechanical or electrical components. Instead, it utilizes natural ventilation, shading, insulation, and thermal mass to regulate the temperature. This approach is energy-efficient and environmentally friendly as it reduces the reliance on active cooling systems such as air conditioning.

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  • 23. 

    Flow of heat through a material by transfer from warmer to cooler molecules in contact with each other.

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Convection

    • D.

      Radiation

    Correct Answer
    B. Conduction
    Explanation
    Conduction is the correct answer because it refers to the flow of heat through a material by transfer from warmer to cooler molecules in contact with each other. This process occurs when there is direct contact between the molecules of the material, allowing heat to be transferred through molecular collisions. Conduction is a common method of heat transfer in solids and is responsible for the transfer of heat within objects or between objects in direct contact.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following statements is not true?

    • A.

      Heat gain in the tropics is due mainly to solar radiation at the building surface.

    • B.

      In hot climates, heat gains are highest when there are low wind speeds

    • C.

      Relative humidities in the tropical regions are very low.

    • D.

      Absorptivity of the surface to solar radiation is of primary importance in tropical regions.

    Correct Answer
    C. Relative humidities in the tropical regions are very low.
    Explanation
    In tropical regions, relative humidities are typically high rather than low. This is because tropical regions are characterized by high temperatures and abundant moisture, leading to high levels of humidity. Therefore, the statement that relative humidities in tropical regions are very low is not true.

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  • 25. 

    Transfer of heat from one place to another by the flow of molecules from one place to another

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Convection

    • D.

      Radiation

    Correct Answer
    C. Convection
    Explanation
    Convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of fluid, such as air or water. In this process, heat is transferred from one place to another as the fluid moves and carries the heat energy with it. Unlike conduction, which is the transfer of heat through direct contact, convection relies on the movement of the fluid to transfer heat. Therefore, convection is the most appropriate explanation for the transfer of heat from one place to another by the flow of molecules.

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  • 26. 

    Maximum solar heat factor for walls in warm humid tropics.

    • A.

      3%

    • B.

      4%

    • C.

      5%

    • D.

      6%

    Correct Answer
    B. 4%
    Explanation
    In warm humid tropics, the maximum solar heat factor for walls is 4%. This means that only 4% of the solar heat that hits the walls is absorbed, while the remaining 96% is reflected or transmitted. This is important in hot and humid climates as it helps to reduce the amount of heat that is transferred into the building, keeping it cooler and reducing the need for excessive air conditioning.

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  • 27. 

    What is the annual mean temperature if the highest DBT of the year is 37oC and the lowest DBT is 16oC?

    • A.

      37 oC

    • B.

      26.5 oC

    • C.

      35 oC

    • D.

      17.5 oC

    Correct Answer
    B. 26.5 oC
    Explanation
    The annual mean temperature is calculated by taking the average of the highest and lowest temperatures. In this case, the highest temperature is 37oC and the lowest temperature is 16oC. To find the average, we add these two temperatures together and divide by 2. 37 + 16 = 53, and 53 divided by 2 is 26.5. Therefore, the annual mean temperature is 26.5 oC.

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  • 28. 

    Rate of heat transfer that occurs through a unit thickness of material for a unit area subjected to a unit difference in temperature.

    • A.

      Conduction

    • B.

      Conductivity

    • C.

      Resistance

    • D.

      Resisitivity

    Correct Answer
    B. Conductivity
    Explanation
    Conductivity is the correct answer because it refers to the rate of heat transfer that occurs through a unit thickness of material for a unit area subjected to a unit difference in temperature. Conductivity is a measure of how well a material conducts heat, with higher conductivity values indicating better heat transfer capabilities.

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  • 29. 

    As a rough guide, the wind shadow will be _____ times the height of the building including the pitched roof.

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    C. 5
    Explanation
    The wind shadow refers to the area behind a building where the wind speed is reduced due to the obstruction caused by the building. The height of the building, including the pitched roof, determines the size of the wind shadow. In this case, the wind shadow will be 5 times the height of the building.

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  • 30. 

    Wind speed increases rapidly as the percentage opening area in walls increases from 0 to _____%.

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      30

    • D.

      40

    Correct Answer
    B. 20
    Explanation
    As the percentage opening area in walls increases from 0 to 20%, the wind speed also increases rapidly. This is because the larger the opening area, the easier it is for the wind to pass through, resulting in higher wind speeds. At 20% opening area, there is enough space for the wind to flow more freely, causing an increase in wind speed.

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  • 31. 

    Angle of the sun above the horizon, measured from the horizon.

    • A.

      Azimuth

    • B.

      Sun path

    • C.

      Latitude

    • D.

      Altitude

    Correct Answer
    D. Altitude
    Explanation
    Altitude refers to the angle of the sun above the horizon, measured from the horizon. This means that altitude represents the height of the sun in the sky at a given time. It is an important factor in determining the position of the sun and can be used to calculate various astronomical and navigational parameters.

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  • 32. 

    Wind speed __________ with the increase in height above the ground.

    • A.

      Increases

    • B.

      Decreases

    • C.

      Deflected

    • D.

      Is not affected

    Correct Answer
    A. Increases
    Explanation
    As height above the ground increases, wind speed tends to increase. This is because at higher altitudes, there is less friction from the Earth's surface, allowing the wind to flow more freely and at a higher speed. The decrease in friction allows the wind to accelerate, resulting in an increase in wind speed.

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  • 33. 

    Angle of the position of the sun along the horizon, measured to the east or west from true south.

    • A.

      Azimuth

    • B.

      Latitude

    • C.

      Altitude

    • D.

      Sun path

    Correct Answer
    A. Azimuth
    Explanation
    Azimuth refers to the angle of the position of the sun along the horizon, measured to the east or west from true south. It indicates the direction in which the sun is located relative to a specific point on the horizon. This angle is often used in navigation, astronomy, and solar energy systems to determine the position of the sun at a particular time and location.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 06, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Raegab
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