Third Quarter Logic Exam @ Ctk

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 37

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Logic Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does unum versus alia mean? Why is this concept characteristic important in the study of logic? 
  • 2. 
    What are the four cardinal virtues? 
  • 3. 
    Define inductive reasoning, and give an example. 
  • 4. 
    Define deductive reasoning, and give an example. 
  • 5. 
    What are the four kinds of non-declarative sentences?  A) _________________________ B) _________________________ C) _________________________ D) _________________________
  • 6. 
    What is truth? (Summarize Kreeft's answer to this question.) 
  • 7. 
    Aristotle suggested that practical, productive, and theoretical sciences correspond to the pursuit of the truth, but which one did he identify as being the most important for our search? 
    • A. 

      Practical

    • B. 

      Productive

    • C. 

      Theoretical

  • 8. 
    This act of the mind builds on two premises to lead to a conclusion. 
    • A. 

      Simple apprehension

    • B. 

      Judging

    • C. 

      Reasoning

  • 9. 
    If an argument has clear terms and true propositions, we declare that the argument must be _______________. 
  • 10. 
    ________________ is the Latin word for "term," meaning "the end." 
  • 11. 
    Which of the following philosophers suggested that universals are really real? 
    • A. 

      Plato

    • B. 

      Aristotle

    • C. 

      Ockham

    • D. 

      Whitehead

  • 12. 
    What kind of relationship exists between the subject and the predicate when the predicate gives the term's essence? 
    • A. 

      Accident

    • B. 

      Specific difference

    • C. 

      Property

    • D. 

      Species

  • 13. 
    John: "The government spends too much money."  Ralph: "John, you're a greedy tightwad."  Cite the name of the fallacy that Ralph is committing in the conversation above and explain why it is the fallacy that you claim it to be
  • 14. 
    "Fifty million viewers can't be wrong."  Someone who uses this phrase may very well be committing what fallacy? 
    • A. 

      Ad baculum

    • B. 

      Ad populum

    • C. 

      Ad hominem

    • D. 

      Ad ignorantiam

  • 15. 
    If a term has two or more meanings, it is an univocal term. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    These terms--triplets, flocks, congregations, colonies--are collective terms. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    She yelled at me. She must hate me.  He's a nice guy. He'd never fail anyone.  I don't like pickles. Therefore, I will lose the tennis match today.  All of these statements constitute this kind of fallacy: 
    • A. 

      Quoting out of context

    • B. 

      Ad populum

    • C. 

      Slanting

    • D. 

      Non sequitur

  • 18. 
    Sam: "Why are you wiggling your fingers like that?" Aaron: "To keep elephants away." Sam: "There are no elephants here!" Aaron: "See, it works!"  Out of the choices below, which fallacy is Aaron committing? 
    • A. 

      Slanting

    • B. 

      Accent

    • C. 

      Post hoc

    • D. 

      Ad hominem

  • 19. 
    A feather is light.  What is light cannot be dark.  Therefore, a feather cannot be dark.  This line of reasoning is problematic because the term "light" is used 
    • A. 

      Univocally

    • B. 

      Equivocally

    • C. 

      Analogically

  • 20. 
    When I heard the sharp sound, it made me fall on the sharp knife that I had in my hand, and when I arose, the stars that I saw were a sharp light in my eyes.  In the sentence above, the word "sharp" is used 
    • A. 

      Univocally

    • B. 

      Equivocally

    • C. 

      Analogically

  • 21. 
    Which of these terms has the great extension?
    • A. 

      Numbers

    • B. 

      Factors of ten

    • C. 

      Positive integers

    • D. 

      A negative integer

  • 22. 
    In the system of logic, terms are either ____________ or ____________. 
  • 23. 
    In the system of logic, propositions are either ____________ or ____________. 
  • 24. 
    In the system of logic, arguments are either ____________ or ____________. 
  • 25. 
    "A triangle is a three-sided plane figure." What kind of definition is this?
    • A. 

      Essential definition

    • B. 

      Nominal definition

    • C. 

      Definition by accident

    • D. 

      Definition by properties

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