Systems Analysis & Design Quiz Questions And Answers

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Systems Analysis & Design Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Hey, are you a system analyst, and/or do you want to check your knowledge of systems analysis & design in business? Take up the below quiz and evaluate yourself. System analysis and design deal with the process of identifying facts, improving performance, and decomposing systems into different components using information technology. If you are going to start a new business system or want to replace an existing one, you need to properly know this concept. For the same, you can play this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Systems analysis and design focuses on understanding the business problem and outlining the approach to solve it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Systems analysis and design is a process that involves understanding the business problem at hand and developing a plan or approach to solve it. This includes identifying the requirements, analyzing the current systems, designing new systems, and implementing them. Therefore, the statement that systems analysis and design focuses on understanding the business problem and outlining the approach to solve it is true.

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  • 2. 

    When choosing between possible solutions to a business problem, the best solution is the one with the fewest risks and the most benefits.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that when choosing a solution for a business problem, it is ideal to select the one with the fewest risks and the most benefits. This is because minimizing risks can help prevent potential negative consequences, such as financial loss or damage to reputation, while maximizing benefits can lead to positive outcomes, such as increased profitability or improved customer satisfaction. Therefore, prioritizing a solution that balances these factors can increase the likelihood of success in addressing the business problem.

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  • 3. 

    A systems analyst needs to understand people and the way they work.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    To effectively analyze and design systems, a systems analyst must have a deep understanding of people and their work processes. This is because systems are ultimately designed to support and enhance the work of individuals and teams within an organization. By understanding how people work, their needs, and their behaviors, the analyst can develop systems that align with their requirements and optimize their productivity. Therefore, the statement that a systems analyst needs to understand people and the way they work is true.

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  • 4. 

    A systems analyst needs to be an expert in all types of technology.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False. A systems analyst does not need to be an expert in all types of technology. While a systems analyst should have a strong understanding of technology and be knowledgeable in various systems and technologies, it is not necessary for them to be an expert in all types of technology. Their main role is to analyze and design efficient systems and processes to meet the needs of an organization, rather than being an expert in every technology.

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  • 5. 

    Analysts must upgrade their knowledge and skills continually.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Analysts must upgrade their knowledge and skills continually because the field of analysis is constantly evolving and new techniques, tools, and technologies are being developed. By staying updated, analysts can ensure that they are using the most effective and efficient methods to analyze data and make informed decisions. Continuous learning also helps analysts stay competitive in the job market and enhances their professional growth and development.

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  • 6. 

    Technology alone increases productivity and profits.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Technology alone does not guarantee increased productivity and profits. While technology can certainly enhance efficiency and streamline processes, its effectiveness ultimately depends on how it is implemented and integrated into an organization's operations. Factors such as proper training, effective utilization, and alignment with business goals are crucial for technology to have a positive impact on productivity and profits. Therefore, the statement that technology alone increases productivity and profits is false.

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  • 7. 

    Systems analysis means understanding and specifying in detail what the information system should accomplish.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Systems analysis involves the process of thoroughly understanding and specifying the goals and objectives of an information system. It involves gathering information, identifying requirements, and defining the desired outcomes of the system. Therefore, the given statement that systems analysis means understanding and specifying in detail what the information system should accomplish is true.

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  • 8. 

    The systems analyst's work is described as problem solving for an organization.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The work of a systems analyst involves identifying and solving problems within an organization. They analyze the existing systems, gather requirements, and propose solutions to improve efficiency and effectiveness. By using their analytical and problem-solving skills, systems analysts help organizations overcome challenges and achieve their goals. Therefore, the statement that the systems analyst's work is described as problem solving for an organization is true.

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  • 9. 

    A system is a collection of interrelated components that function together to achieve some outcome.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true because a system is indeed a collection of interrelated components that work together towards a common goal or outcome. These components interact and depend on each other to achieve the desired result. Without this interdependence and cooperation among the components, the system would not be able to function effectively. Therefore, the statement accurately describes the nature of a system.

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  • 10. 

    The first four major phases of the predictive systems development life cycle (SDLC) are the planning phase, the analysis phase, the design phase, and the prototyping phase.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The first four major phases of the predictive systems development life cycle (SDLC) are the planning phase, the analysis phase, the design phase, and the implementation phase. The prototyping phase is not one of the initial four phases.

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  • 11. 

    The primary objective of analysis activities is to understand the business needs and processing requirements of the new system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The analysis activities in the development of a new system aim to comprehend the business needs and processing requirements. This involves gathering information, studying existing processes, identifying gaps, and determining the necessary features and functionalities for the new system. By understanding the business needs and processing requirements, the development team can design and implement a system that effectively addresses these needs and improves business processes. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 12. 

    The support phase includes maintaining and enhancing the system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The support phase of a system refers to the ongoing maintenance and improvement activities that take place after the system has been implemented. This phase involves tasks such as troubleshooting, bug fixing, providing user support, and making enhancements to the system based on user feedback and changing requirements. Therefore, it can be concluded that the statement "The support phase includes maintaining and enhancing the system" is true.

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  • 13. 

    The first activity in the project planning phase is to develop the project schedule.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The first activity in the project planning phase is not to develop the project schedule. Project planning involves various activities such as defining project objectives, identifying project stakeholders, creating a work breakdown structure, and developing a project scope statement. The project schedule is typically developed after these initial planning activities have been completed.

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  • 14. 

    Feasibility analysis investigates economic, organizational, technical, resource, and schedule feasibility.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because feasibility analysis is a process that examines various factors such as economic, organizational, technical, resource, and schedule feasibility. This analysis helps determine whether a project or idea is viable and can be successfully implemented. By considering these different aspects, organizations can assess the potential risks, costs, and benefits associated with a project, allowing them to make informed decisions about its feasibility.

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  • 15. 

    The support phase is the shortest and least expensive phase of the system development life cycle (SDLC).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer "False" is that the support phase is not the shortest and least expensive phase of the system development life cycle (SDLC). The support phase typically comes after the implementation phase and involves activities such as maintenance, bug fixing, and user support. It can often be a long and ongoing phase, depending on the complexity and lifespan of the system. Additionally, the support phase can require significant resources and costs, especially if there are frequent updates or changes needed to the system. Therefore, the statement that the support phase is the shortest and least expensive phase of the SDLC is incorrect.

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  • 16. 

    A tool is a software support that helps create models or other components required in the project.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A tool in the context of a project refers to a software support that assists in creating models or other components needed for the project. This means that the statement "A tool is a software support that helps create models or other components required in the project" is correct.

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  • 17. 

    During the design phase, analysts begin to define a computer-system solution.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the design phase, analysts start the process of creating a computer-system solution. This involves determining the requirements, specifications, and functionalities of the system. It is an essential step in the development process as it lays the foundation for the implementation phase where the actual system is built. Therefore, the statement "During the design phase, analysts begin to define a computer-system solution" is true.

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  • 18. 

    Implementation is the actual construction, testing, and installation of a functioning information system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that implementation refers to the process of actually building, testing, and installing a working information system. It involves translating the design and specifications into a functional system that can be used by end-users. This phase includes tasks such as coding, database creation, system testing, and user training. Therefore, the statement that implementation is the actual construction, testing, and installation of a functioning information system is true.

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  • 19. 

    The most important activity of project planning is to define precisely the business problem and the scope of the required solution.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The most important activity of project planning is to define precisely the business problem and the scope of the required solution. This is because without a clear understanding of the problem and the desired outcome, it is difficult to develop an effective plan. Defining the business problem and scope helps in setting clear objectives, identifying the resources needed, and determining the timeline for the project. It also ensures that all stakeholders are on the same page and working towards a common goal.

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  • 20. 

    A predictive SDLC has a high technical risk.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A predictive SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) is a traditional approach that involves detailed planning and documentation before the development process begins. It is characterized by a low level of technical risk because it focuses on minimizing uncertainties and risks through careful analysis and planning. This approach aims to ensure that the final product meets the specified requirements and is delivered within the planned timeframe and budget. Therefore, the statement that a predictive SDLC has a high technical risk is false.

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  • 21. 

    A project cannot have both predictive and adaptive elements.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. A project can have both predictive and adaptive elements. Predictive elements refer to a plan-driven approach where the project is executed based on a predefined plan. Adaptive elements, on the other hand, refer to an iterative and flexible approach where the project adapts to changing requirements. Many projects today incorporate a combination of both approaches to ensure effective project management and delivery. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 22. 

    The spiral model is generally considered to be the first adaptive approach to system development.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The spiral model is indeed considered to be the first adaptive approach to system development. This model was first proposed by Barry Boehm in 1986 and is characterized by its iterative and incremental nature. It allows for flexibility and adaptability throughout the development process, as it involves multiple cycles of planning, designing, building, and testing. This approach is particularly useful when dealing with complex and large-scale projects, as it allows for early detection and resolution of issues, as well as the incorporation of feedback from stakeholders. Therefore, the statement that the spiral model is generally considered to be the first adaptive approach to system development is true.

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  • 23. 

    A methodology contains guidelines to follow for completing every activity in the systems development life cycle.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because a methodology provides a structured approach and set of guidelines that outline the steps and activities to be followed in the systems development life cycle (SDLC). It ensures that every activity, from requirements gathering to testing and implementation, is completed in a systematic and organized manner. By following the guidelines provided by the methodology, organizations can ensure consistency, efficiency, and quality in their systems development processes.

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  • 24. 

    A project management software application is an example of a tool.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A project management software application is considered a tool because it is a resource that helps manage and organize projects efficiently. It provides features such as task management, scheduling, collaboration, and reporting, which aid in planning, executing, and monitoring project activities. By using a project management software application, project managers can streamline processes, track progress, allocate resources, and communicate effectively with team members, ultimately leading to successful project completion.

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  • 25. 

    Structured programming and top-down programming are identical concepts.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Structured programming and top-down programming are not identical concepts. Structured programming is a programming paradigm that emphasizes the use of structured control flow constructs like loops and conditionals, in order to improve the clarity and maintainability of code. On the other hand, top-down programming is a design approach where the program is broken down into smaller modules, with each module being designed and implemented separately. While structured programming is a programming paradigm, top-down programming is a design approach that can be used within the structured programming paradigm, but they are not the same thing.

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  • 26. 

    The data flow diagram is used with the structured analysis system development technique.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The data flow diagram is a visual representation of how data flows within a system. It is commonly used in structured analysis, which is a system development technique that focuses on breaking down a system into smaller components and analyzing their interactions. By using a data flow diagram, analysts can better understand how data is processed and transferred within the system, which helps in identifying potential issues and improving the overall system design. Therefore, the statement that the data flow diagram is used with the structured analysis system development technique is true.

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  • 27. 

    The class diagram is used with the Information Engineering system development approach.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The class diagram is not specifically associated with the Information Engineering system development approach. Class diagrams are a type of diagram used in object-oriented programming to illustrate the structure of a system by showing classes, attributes, and relationships between objects. While class diagrams can be used in various system development approaches, they are not exclusive to the Information Engineering approach. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 28. 

    A model is a representation of an important aspect of the real world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A model is a simplified or abstract representation that helps us understand and analyze complex systems or concepts in the real world. It allows us to focus on specific aspects or variables of interest while disregarding irrelevant details. Models are used in various fields such as science, mathematics, economics, and engineering to make predictions, test hypotheses, and gain insights. Therefore, it can be concluded that a model is indeed a representation of an important aspect of the real world, making the statement "True" correct.

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