The Supreme Court Quiz: Trivia Questions

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The Supreme Court Quiz: Trivia Questions - Quiz


Today, in this quiz, we will ask you questions about the Supreme Court in the USA. The Supreme Court in the United States is the highest in the United States of America's federal judiciary. They have the ultimate power to decide constitutional issues and other appeals based on the constitution's jurisdiction. Take this quiz and understand more about the supreme court.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How many justices must vote "yes" in order for a Supreme Court case to be heard?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      3

    Correct Answer
    A. 4
    Explanation
    In order for a Supreme Court case to be heard, a minimum of four justices must vote "yes". This is because the Supreme Court consists of nine justices, and a quorum of at least four justices is required to conduct business. If at least four justices agree to hear a case, it will proceed to oral arguments and further consideration by the Court.

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  • 2. 

    Who decides what cases the Supreme Court hears?

    Correct Answer
    the supreme court
    supreme court
    the justices
    justices
    supreme court judges
    the supreme court judges
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court decides what cases it hears. The justices of the Supreme Court are responsible for determining which cases will be heard by the court. They review the appeals that are brought before them and make decisions on whether or not to grant certiorari, which is the legal term for agreeing to hear a case. Once the Supreme Court agrees to hear a case, it is added to the court's docket and the justices will then proceed to hear oral arguments and make a final decision on the matter.

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  • 3. 

    What is the proper procedural order for a Supreme Court case?

    • A.

      Brief, conference, preparation of opinions, oral argument, announcement of decision

    • B.

      Oral arguments, brief, preparation of opinions, conference, announcement of decision

    • C.

      Briefs, oral argument, conference, preparation of opinions, announcement of decision

    • D.

      Announcement of decision, oral argument, preparation of opinions, brief, conference

    Correct Answer
    C. Briefs, oral argument, conference, preparation of opinions, announcement of decision
    Explanation
    The proper procedural order for a Supreme Court case is as follows: first, the parties submit briefs presenting their arguments. Then, oral arguments are held where the attorneys present their case in front of the justices. After that, the justices meet in a conference to discuss the case and vote on their decision. Next, the justices prepare their opinions, which are the written explanations of their decision. Finally, the announcement of the decision is made to the public.

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  • 4. 

    A writ of certiorari is

    • A.

      The name of the brief that states the concerns of people/groups that are greatly affected by the case but are not one of the direct parties involved.

    • B.

      The name was given to the petition written to ask an appellate or Supreme Court to re-examine the actions of a trial court or inferior appeals court

    • C.

      The opinion wrote that reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it.

    • D.

      The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state or local law or government action goes against the Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    B. The name was given to the petition written to ask an appellate or Supreme Court to re-examine the actions of a trial court or inferior appeals court
    Explanation
    A writ of certiorari is a petition written to ask an appellate or Supreme Court to re-examine the actions of a trial court or inferior appeals court. This writ is used to request that the higher court review a case and potentially overturn or modify the lower court's decision. It is a way for parties to seek further review and ensure that legal errors or injustices are addressed. The writ of certiorari is an important tool in the appellate process and allows for the proper administration of justice.

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  • 5. 

    An amicus curiae brief is

    • A.

      The name of the brief that states the concerns of people/groups that are greatly affected by the case, but are not one of the direct parties involved.

    • B.

      The name given to the petition written to ask an appellate or Supreme Court to re-examine the actions of a trial court, or inferior appeals court

    • C.

      Opinion written that reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it.

    • D.

      The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    A. The name of the brief that states the concerns of people/groups that are greatly affected by the case, but are not one of the direct parties involved.
    Explanation
    An amicus curiae brief is a legal document that allows individuals or groups who are not directly involved in a case to express their concerns or provide additional information to the court. It enables these interested parties to contribute their perspectives and expertise, which may be relevant to the case's outcome. This brief helps the court to consider a broader range of viewpoints and make a more informed decision.

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  • 6. 

    Judicial review is

    • A.

      The name of the brief that states the concerns of people/groups that are greatly affected by the case, but are not one of the direct parties involved.

    • B.

      The name given to the petition written to ask an appellate or Supreme Court to re-examine the actions of a trial court, or inferior appeals court

    • C.

      Opinion written that reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it.

    • D.

      The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    D. The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution.
    Explanation
    Judicial review refers to the power of the Supreme Court to determine whether any federal, state, or local law or government action is in violation of the Constitution. This means that the Supreme Court has the authority to declare a law or government action as unconstitutional if it goes against the principles and provisions outlined in the Constitution. This power allows the Supreme Court to serve as a check on the other branches of government and ensure that they are acting within the bounds of the Constitution.

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  • 7. 

    How many Supreme Court Justices do we currently have?

    Correct Answer
    9
    nine
    nine
    Explanation
    The current number of Supreme Court Justices is 9. This is a fixed number that has been established by law. The Supreme Court is made up of 9 justices who are responsible for interpreting the Constitution and making decisions on important legal issues. They are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Each justice serves for life or until they choose to retire. The number 9 is significant because it allows for an odd number of justices, which helps to prevent tie votes and ensures that decisions can be made.

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  • 8. 

    Who appoints a Supreme Court Justice?

    Correct Answer
    the President
    president
    president of the United States
    Explanation
    The President, specifically the President of the United States, appoints a Supreme Court Justice. This is a significant responsibility bestowed upon the President, as it allows them to choose a candidate who aligns with their own political ideologies and values. The appointment of Supreme Court Justices is crucial as they serve lifetime terms and have the power to shape the interpretation of the Constitution and make decisions that impact the entire nation.

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  • 9. 

    What Article and Section in the Constitution establish the Federal Court System?

    • A.

      Article 2, Section 3

    • B.

      Article 3, Section 1

    • C.

      Article 1, Section 2

    • D.

      Article 2, Section 1

    Correct Answer
    B. Article 3, Section 1
    Explanation
    Article 3, Section 1 of the Constitution establishes the Federal Court System. This section states that "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish." This means that the power to establish the federal courts is given to Congress, and the Supreme Court is recognized as the highest court in the country. Therefore, Article 3, Section 1 is the correct answer.

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  • 10. 

    List the three levels of the Federal Court System.

    Correct Answer
    district court, court of appeals, supreme court
    district court, supreme court, court of appeals
    supreme court, court of appeals, district court
    supreme court, district court, court of appeals
    court of appeals, district court, supreme court
    court of appeals, supreme court, district court
    Explanation
    The correct answer is district court, court of appeals, supreme court. This is because the Federal Court System is structured hierarchically, with the district court being the trial court where cases are initially heard, the court of appeals being the intermediate appellate court where decisions from the district court can be appealed, and the supreme court being the highest court in the federal system where final appeals can be made.

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  • 11. 

    How many federal court districts are there?

    • A.

      13

    • B.

      9

    • C.

      50

    • D.

      25

    Correct Answer
    A. 13
    Explanation
    There are 13 federal court districts in the United States. Each district has its own federal courthouse and serves a specific geographic area. These districts are responsible for hearing a wide range of cases, including civil, criminal, and bankruptcy matters. The number 13 is the correct answer as it accurately represents the number of federal court districts in the country.

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  • 12. 

    What is the trial court of the federal court system?

    Correct Answer
    district court
    district
    Explanation
    The trial court of the federal court system is known as the district court. This court is responsible for hearing and deciding both civil and criminal cases at the federal level. It is the lowest level of the federal court system and typically serves as the starting point for most federal cases. District courts are located in various districts throughout the country and have jurisdiction over specific geographic areas.

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  • 13. 

    How long can a Supreme Court Justice serve on the Supreme Court?

    • A.

      Until he is voted out

    • B.

      30 years

    • C.

      50 years

    • D.

      For life

    Correct Answer
    D. For life
    Explanation
    A Supreme Court Justice can serve on the Supreme Court for life. This means that once appointed, they hold their position until they choose to retire or pass away. Unlike other government officials who may have term limits or face re-election, Supreme Court Justices have the opportunity to serve indefinitely, allowing for stability and continuity in the judicial branch of government. This lifetime appointment is intended to insulate the justices from political pressures and ensure their independence in interpreting and applying the law.

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  • 14. 

    Appellate jurisdiction is

    • A.

      The name of the brief that states the concerns of people/groups that are greatly affected by the case, but are not one of the direct parties involved.

    • B.

      The name given to the petition written to ask an appellate or Supreme Court to re-examine the actions of a trial court, or inferior appeals court

    • C.

      Power to review cases previously decided by a lower court

    • D.

      The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    C. Power to review cases previously decided by a lower court
    Explanation
    Appellate jurisdiction refers to the power to review cases that have already been decided by a lower court. This means that an appellate court has the authority to examine the legal issues and decisions made in the lower court and determine if any errors were made. The purpose of appellate jurisdiction is to ensure that the law has been correctly applied and to provide a mechanism for parties to seek a review of the lower court's decision. It is an important aspect of the judicial system that helps to maintain fairness and uphold the rule of law.

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  • 15. 

    Who greatly expanded the role of the Supreme Court?

    • A.

      John Marshall

    • B.

      George Washington

    • C.

      John G. Roberts

    • D.

      Andrew Jackson

    Correct Answer
    A. John Marshall
    Explanation
    John Marshall greatly expanded the role of the Supreme Court. As the Chief Justice of the United States from 1801 to 1835, Marshall played a crucial role in shaping the Court's power and influence. He established the principle of judicial review in the landmark case Marbury v. Madison, which granted the Court the authority to declare laws unconstitutional. Marshall also consistently upheld federal power over state power, strengthening the central government's authority. His decisions, such as McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden, expanded the Court's jurisdiction and solidified its role as a coequal branch of government.

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  • 16. 

    A majority opinion

    • A.

      Someone who believes that laws and the Constitution should be interpreted strictly according to the wording they contain.

    • B.

      Reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it.

    • C.

      Someone who believes that the Constitution and other laws must be interpreted in light of current political and social conditions.

    • D.

      Agrees with the main opinion but has different grounds for their decision.

    Correct Answer
    B. Reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it." This option suggests that a majority opinion represents the viewpoint of the majority of the court and is backed by valid reasons or justifications. It implies that the opinion is not solely based on personal beliefs or interpretations but is supported by legal and constitutional grounds.

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  • 17. 

    A strict constructionist

    • A.

      is someone who believes that laws and the Constitution should be interpreted strictly according to the wording they contain.

    • B.

      Reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it.

    • C.

      Is someone who believes that the Constitution and other laws must be interpreted in light of current political and social conditions.

    • D.

      Agrees with the main opinion but has different grounds for their decision.

    Correct Answer
    A. is someone who believes that laws and the Constitution should be interpreted strictly according to the wording they contain.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that a strict constructionist is someone who believes that laws and the Constitution should be interpreted strictly according to the wording they contain. This means that they believe in a literal interpretation of the law, without considering outside factors such as current political or social conditions. They adhere closely to the original intent of the framers of the Constitution and believe that the meaning of the law should not change over time.

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  • 18. 

    A loose constructionist

    • A.

      is someone who believes that laws and the Constitution should be interpreted strictly according to the wording they contain.

    • B.

      Reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it.

    • C.

      Is someone who believes that the Constitution and other laws must be interpreted in light of current political and social conditions.

    • D.

      Disagrees with the majority decision and provides grounds for their dissent.

    Correct Answer
    C. Is someone who believes that the Constitution and other laws must be interpreted in light of current political and social conditions.
    Explanation
    A loose constructionist is someone who believes that the Constitution and other laws must be interpreted in light of current political and social conditions. This means that they believe that the meaning of the Constitution and laws can change over time to adapt to the changing needs and values of society. They do not strictly adhere to the original intent or wording of the Constitution, but instead take into account the context and circumstances of the present day. This approach allows for a more flexible and evolving interpretation of the law.

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  • 19. 

    A dissenting opinion

    • A.

      is someone who believes that laws and the Constitution should be interpreted strictly according to the wording they contain.

    • B.

      Reflects the views of the majority of the court with grounds to support it.

    • C.

      Is someone who believes that the Constitution and other laws must be interpreted in light of current political and social conditions.

    • D.

      Disagrees with the majority decision and provides grounds for their dissent.

    Correct Answer
    D. Disagrees with the majority decision and provides grounds for their dissent.
    Explanation
    A dissenting opinion refers to a judge or justice who disagrees with the majority decision made by the court and provides reasons or grounds for their dissent. This means that they have a different viewpoint or interpretation of the law or Constitution and express their disagreement by presenting arguments or justifications for their dissenting position.

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  • 20. 

    An appellate court can do what three things to a case?

    • A.

      Revert, reverse, remand

    • B.

      Affirm, reverse, remand

    • C.

      Affirm, revert, reverse

    • D.

      Remand, recant, dissent

    Correct Answer
    B. Affirm, reverse, remand
    Explanation
    An appellate court has the authority to affirm a lower court's decision, meaning they agree with and uphold the ruling. They can also reverse a lower court's decision, which means they disagree with it and overturn the ruling. Additionally, an appellate court can remand a case, which means they send it back to the lower court for further action or reconsideration.

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