AP Psychology Quiz: States Of Consciousness!

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AP Psychology Quiz: States Of Consciousness! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In which level of consciousness contains information which you are currently aware of? 

    • A.

      Conscience level

    • B.

      Non Conscience level

    • C.

      Pre Conscience level

    • D.

      Sub Conscience level

    • E.

      Unconscience level

    Correct Answer
    A. Conscience level
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Conscience level. The conscience level of consciousness refers to the information that we are currently aware of. It includes our thoughts, perceptions, and feelings that we are actively experiencing in the present moment. This level of consciousness allows us to process and make decisions based on the information that is available to us at any given time.

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  • 2. 

    Which theory says the mind and body are completely different entities? 

    • A.

      Monism

    • B.

      Dualism

    • C.

      Christianity

    • D.

      Islam

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Dualism
    Explanation
    Dualism is the theory that states the mind and body are completely separate and distinct entities. According to this theory, the mind is a non-physical entity that is responsible for consciousness, thoughts, and emotions, while the body is a physical entity that is responsible for actions and sensations. Dualism suggests that the mind and body interact with each other, but they are fundamentally different in nature. This theory contrasts with monism, which believes that the mind and body are interconnected and inseparable, and with the religious beliefs of Christianity and Islam, which may have their own perspectives on the mind-body relationship.

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  • 3. 

    Why did early 20th-century researchers abandon the study of consciousness? 

    • A.

      Because nobody was interested in it.

    • B.

      Because there was already enough information.

    • C.

      Because of the inability to directly observe it.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Because of the inability to directly observe it.
    Explanation
    Early 20th-century researchers abandoned the study of consciousness because of the inability to directly observe it. This suggests that researchers were unable to gather empirical evidence or conduct experiments to study consciousness directly. Without the ability to directly observe or measure consciousness, it became difficult for researchers to make progress in understanding this phenomenon.

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  • 4. 

    Which state of consciousness does sleep go under? 

    • A.

      Pre Consciousness

    • B.

      Sub Consciousness

    • C.

      Sleep is its own state of consciousness

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Sleep is its own state of consciousness
    Explanation
    Sleep is its own state of consciousness because it is distinct from both pre-consciousness and sub-consciousness. Pre-consciousness refers to mental processes that are not currently in awareness but can be easily accessed, while sub-consciousness refers to mental processes occurring below the level of conscious awareness. Sleep, on the other hand, involves a unique state of reduced consciousness characterized by altered brain activity, decreased sensory awareness, and decreased responsiveness to external stimuli. Therefore, sleep cannot be classified under pre-consciousness or sub-consciousness.

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  • 5. 

    What measures brain activity during sleep? 

    • A.

      EEG

    • B.

      PET

    • C.

      CAT

    • D.

      MRI

    Correct Answer
    A. EEG
    Explanation
    EEG (Electroencephalogram) measures brain activity during sleep. It records the electrical activity of the brain using electrodes placed on the scalp. This non-invasive technique helps to detect and analyze different brain wave patterns, such as alpha, beta, delta, and theta waves, which are associated with different stages of sleep. EEG is commonly used in sleep studies and research to understand sleep disorders, monitor brain activity during sleep, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments. It provides valuable insights into sleep patterns and abnormalities, helping in the diagnosis and treatment of various sleep-related conditions.

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  • 6. 

    In which stage of sleep is there slow wave sleep?

    • A.

      Stage 1

    • B.

      Stage 2

    • C.

      Stage 3

    • D.

      Stage 4 (delta)

    Correct Answer
    D. Stage 4 (delta)
    Explanation
    During the stage 4 of sleep, also known as delta sleep, there is slow wave sleep. This is the deepest stage of sleep where the brain waves slow down significantly. It is characterized by large, slow delta waves on the electroencephalogram (EEG). This stage is important for restorative functions such as physical recovery, immune system functioning, and memory consolidation.

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  • 7. 

    How often does the sleep cycle repeat itself? 

    • A.

      Every 30 minutes

    • B.

      Ever 90 minutes

    • C.

      Ever 2 hours

    • D.

      It goes on forever

    Correct Answer
    B. Ever 90 minutes
    Explanation
    The sleep cycle typically repeats itself every 90 minutes. During each cycle, a person goes through different stages of sleep, including light sleep, deep sleep, and REM sleep. This pattern continues throughout the night, with each cycle lasting approximately 90 minutes. This repetition allows for the body and brain to undergo necessary restorative processes and for dreams to occur during the REM stage of sleep.

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  • 8. 

    What causes a person to stay longer in REM? 

    • A.

      The amount of food you eat before you go to bed.

    • B.

      How much stress a person is under.

    • C.

      It depends on one's genetics.

    • D.

      It is sporadic and random.

    Correct Answer
    B. How much stress a person is under.
    Explanation
    The amount of stress a person is under can cause them to stay longer in REM sleep. REM sleep is the stage of sleep where most dreaming occurs and is important for memory consolidation and emotional processing. Stress can disrupt the normal sleep cycle and lead to increased time spent in REM sleep. This can result in less restful sleep overall and can contribute to sleep disturbances and disorders.

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  • 9. 

    What is the most common sleeping disorder? 

    • A.

      Insomnia

    • B.

      Sleep Apnea

    • C.

      Narcoplepsy

    • D.

      Night terrors

    Correct Answer
    A. Insomnia
    Explanation
    Insomnia is the most common sleeping disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. It can be caused by various factors such as stress, anxiety, medications, or underlying medical conditions. People with insomnia often experience daytime sleepiness, fatigue, irritability, and difficulty concentrating. Treatment options for insomnia include improving sleep hygiene, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and sometimes medication. Sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and night terrors are also sleep disorders, but they are less common compared to insomnia.

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  • 10. 

    What are some effects of sleep apnea?

    • A.

      Attention problems

    • B.

      Memory problems

    • C.

      Robs person of deep sleep

    • D.

      Person feels tired

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. These pauses can lead to a variety of effects on a person's health. Attention problems can arise due to the lack of quality sleep, as the brain is not able to fully rest and recover. Memory problems can also occur because sleep is essential for memory consolidation. Sleep apnea robs a person of deep sleep, which is necessary for physical and mental restoration. Consequently, the person feels tired throughout the day. Therefore, all of the listed effects are possible consequences of sleep apnea.

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  • 11. 

    What is the unconscious meaning of the dream?

    • A.

      Manifest content

    • B.

      Latent content

    • C.

      Dreams have no meaning

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Latent content
    Explanation
    The latent content refers to the hidden, symbolic meaning of a dream. It represents the unconscious thoughts, desires, and emotions that are disguised and expressed through the dream's symbols and events. Unlike the manifest content, which is the literal storyline of the dream, the latent content requires interpretation to understand its true significance. Therefore, the unconscious meaning of a dream is represented by the latent content.

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  • 12. 

    What mimics neurotransmitters by fitting into receptor sites and acting like them?

    • A.

      Antagonists

    • B.

      Agonists

    • C.

      Clones of NTs

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Agonists
    Explanation
    Agonists are substances that mimic neurotransmitters by fitting into receptor sites and acting like them. They can activate the receptors and produce a similar effect as the neurotransmitter would. This can be useful in medical treatments where the natural neurotransmitter is deficient or not functioning properly. Antagonists, on the other hand, block or inhibit the action of neurotransmitters, while clones of NTs and none of the above are not accurate descriptions for substances that mimic neurotransmitters.

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  • 13. 

    What do all drugs end up doing? 

    • A.

      Altering the natural level of neurotransmitters in the brain.

    • B.

      Keeping one feeling better and more alive.

    • C.

      Enhancing one's inner feelings and emotions.

    Correct Answer
    A. Altering the natural level of neurotransmitters in the brain.
    Explanation
    Drugs alter the natural level of neurotransmitters in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that transmit signals between nerve cells in the brain. Drugs can either increase or decrease the levels of neurotransmitters, leading to changes in brain function and behavior. This alteration can have various effects on the individual, depending on the specific drug and its mechanism of action.

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  • 14. 

    Caffeine, Cocaine, Nicotine, Amphetamines are all examples of what? 

    • A.

      Depressants

    • B.

      Stimulants

    • C.

      Hallucinogens

    • D.

      Opiates

    Correct Answer
    B. Stimulants
    Explanation
    Caffeine, Cocaine, Nicotine, and Amphetamines are all examples of stimulants. Stimulants are substances that increase alertness, attention, and energy levels, as well as elevate mood and reduce fatigue. They work by stimulating the central nervous system, increasing the activity of certain neurotransmitters in the brain. These substances can have various effects on the body, such as increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and improved cognitive function.

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  • 15. 

    What are psychoactive drugs known for doing?

    • A.

      Change the chemistry of the brain

    • B.

      Change the chemistry of the body

    • C.

      Induce an altered state of consciousness

    • D.

      None of the above

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Psychoactive drugs are known for their ability to change the chemistry of both the brain and the body. They can alter the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain, affecting mood, perception, and behavior. These drugs can also induce an altered state of consciousness, leading to changes in perception, thoughts, and emotions. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as psychoactive drugs can change the chemistry of the brain, change the chemistry of the body, and induce an altered state of consciousness.

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  • 16. 

    Consciousness is our level of _________ about ourselves and the environment. 

    Correct Answer
    Awareness
    Explanation
    Consciousness refers to our awareness or understanding of ourselves and the environment. It is the state of being conscious or perceiving things around us. Awareness is a synonym for consciousness and accurately describes the level of understanding or recognition we have about our own existence and the world around us.

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  • 17. 

    The non-conscious level contains body processes of which you are aware (heartbeat, respiration, digestion, etc)

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The non-conscious level refers to the processes in our body that occur without our conscious awareness, such as heartbeat, respiration, and digestion. These processes happen automatically and do not require our conscious effort or attention. Therefore, it is true that the non-conscious level contains body processes of which we are aware.

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  • 18. 

    Sleep onset is the period when you're falling asleep.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sleep onset refers to the period when a person is transitioning from being awake to falling asleep. It is the initial stage of the sleep cycle and is characterized by a decrease in brain activity and relaxation of the body. This is the time when the body starts to enter a state of sleep and the person may experience drowsiness and a gradual loss of consciousness. Therefore, the statement "Sleep onset is the period when you're falling asleep" is true.

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  • 19. 

    Sleep spindles occur in stage 3. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Sleep spindles actually occur in stage 2 of the sleep cycle, not in stage 3. Stage 2 is characterized by the presence of sleep spindles, which are brief bursts of brain activity that help to inhibit sensory processing and promote a more stable sleep state. Stage 3, on the other hand, is characterized by the presence of slow wave sleep, which is associated with deep sleep and the restoration of the body. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 20. 

    REM lasts about 10 minutes. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    REM (Rapid Eye Movement) is a stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements, vivid dreaming, and increased brain activity. It typically occurs about 90 minutes after falling asleep and lasts for approximately 10 minutes. Therefore, the statement "REM lasts about 10 minutes" is true.

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