Quiz: Sociology Practice Paper Questions!

64 Questions | Total Attempts: 374

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Quiz: Sociology Practice Paper Questions!

Review test for sociology finals. For college. For me


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Is removing ourselves from our experiences and reviewing questions critically and objectively.
    • A. 

      Sociological perspective

    • B. 

      Sociology

    • C. 

      Social theory

    • D. 

      Labeling theory

  • 2. 
    Define Sociology. What is Sociology’s main purpose?
    • A. 

      Sociology- systematic and scientific study of human behavior, social groups, and society. Sociology’s main purpose is looking for repeated patterns of behavior.

    • B. 

      A quality of mind that allows us to understand that who we are is a direct result of our past experiences

    • C. 

      A- They prevent us from being taken in by flukes. Theories help us to make sense out of and to understand observed patterns of behavior. They help us shape and direct our research efforts

  • 3. 
    What is the Sociological Imagination?
    • A. 

      Personal experience, authority(parents, education system), tradition, faith, science

    • B. 

      They prevent us from being taken in by flukes. Theories help us to make sense out of and to understand observed patterns of behavior. They help us shape and direct our research efforts

    • C. 

      A quality of mind that allows us to understand that who we are is a direct result of our past experiences.

  • 4. 
    Understand the origins of Sociology. When did it develop?
    • A. 

      A quality of mind that allows us to understand that who we are is a direct result of our past experiences.

    • B. 

      Sociology originated in Europe in the mid 19th Century.

    • C. 

      The differ on subject matter(micro or macro), they differ on assumptions, methodologies, and objectives.

  • 5. 
    What 3 things contributed to the origins of sociology is the United States?
    • A. 

      Industrialization, Urbanization, and Immigration

    • B. 

      Sociology originated in Europe in the mid 19th Century.

    • C. 

      A- personal experience, authority(parents, education system), tradition, faith, science

  • 6. 
    “father of sociology”, Believed we could look at society by using positivism. (scientific method) Social statics focuses on social structure or things that stay the same. Social Dynamics focuses on things that change.
    • A. 

      Auguste Comte

  • 7. 
    He wanted to study social influences. Did major studies on suicide. He found that men were more likely to commit suicide. He showed that social forces played a major role in suicide rates. Wrote against Spencer’s evolutionist ideas. Said suicide was based on the amount of social integration a person had.
    • A. 

      Karl Marx

    • B. 

      Max Weber

    • C. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • D. 

      Auguste Comte

  • 8. 
    Said sociologists should not try to change society, they should remain “value free” Also said that as humans we seek out material things. There are 3 ways to get these material things. Gain economically, gain political power, gain a style of life. But in order to gain one of these things, we must already have one of the others.
    • A. 

      Max Weber

    • B. 

      Karl Marx

    • C. 

      Emile Durkhiem

    • D. 

      Auguste Comte

  • 9. 
    What was the role of sexism in early sociology?
    • A. 

      It is removing ourselves from our experiences and reviewing questions critically and objectively.

    • B. 

      The field of sociology was mostly dominated by white males.

    • C. 

      A quality of mind that allows us to understand that who we are is a direct result of our past experiences.

  • 10. 
    What were the 4 things women were supposed to devote themselves to?
    • A. 

      Cooking, cleaning, children, church

  • 11. 
    What was Harriet Martineau’s main contribution to sociology?
    • A. 

      She translated the works of Auguste Comte into English

    • B. 

      She founded the Hull House in Chicago. Also helped start women working for social activism. They were trying to help the poor and to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor.

  • 12. 
    Where did the 1st department of Sociology begin in the United States?
    • A. 

      Boston

    • B. 

      Chicago

    • C. 

      New York

  • 13. 
    Who was the founder of the department of Sociology at the University of Chicago?
    • A. 

      Auguste Comte

    • B. 

      Max Weber

    • C. 

      Karl Marx

    • D. 

      Abion Small

  • 14. 
    What was Jane Adams’ legacy to the field of sociology?
    • A. 

      She translated the works of Auguste Comte into English

    • B. 

      She founded the Hull House in Chicago. Also helped start women working for social activism. They were trying to help the poor and to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor.

  • 15. 
    When did the field of sociology shift from social reform to social theory?
    • A. 

      1950's

    • B. 

      1940's

    • C. 

      1930's

    • D. 

      1920's

  • 16. 
    What did C. Wright Mills see as an imminent threat to freedom?
    • A. 

      Power elite

  • 17. 
    What are the 3 functions of theories for sociology?
    • A. 

      Personal experience, authority(parents, education system), tradition, faith, science

    • B. 

      They prevent us from being taken in by flukes. Theories help us to make sense out of and to understand observed patterns of behavior. They help us shape and direct our research efforts

    • C. 

      The differ on subject matter(micro or macro), they differ on assumptions, methodologies, and objectives

  • 18. 
    Be familiar with the 4 ways theories differ.
    • A. 

      The differ on subject matter(micro or macro), they differ on assumptions, methodologies, and objectives

    • B. 

      Personal experience, authority(parents, education system), tradition, faith, science

    • C. 

      They prevent us from being taken in by flukes. Theories help us to make sense out of and to understand observed patterns of behavior. They help us shape and direct our research efforts

  • 19. 
    - macro level theory. A society must be looked at as a system of interrelated parts. Causation is multiple and reciprocal (one part effects the whole). System tends toward equilibrium. We encounter strains and functions everyday. Change occurs in a very slow and adjusted fashion. 3 sources of change are exogenous factors, internal factors, and innovations and inventions. The value consensus promotes integration. Manifest= intended consequences. Latent= unintended consequences.
    • A. 

      Structural Functionalism

    • B. 

      Conflict theory

    • C. 

      Symbolic interaction theory

  • 20. 
    Karl Marx, macro level theory. It views society as diverse groups competing against one another for resources. Humans are natural beings. Humans have innate needs such as food, shelter, water, reproduction, and social interaction. Humans also have plastic (material) needs. Humans are social beings and we influence and shape each other. Marx believed that all human survival relies on productivity. Labor is the key. This is where the bourgeoisie and the Proliteriats come in to play. C. Wright Mills wrote “The Power Elite” this said that the people in power are at the top of military, political, and economic positions. It’s these people who control our society.
    • A. 

      Symbolic interaction

    • B. 

      Conflict theory

    • C. 

      Structual theory

  • 21. 
    Micro level theory. social construction, through social construction we give meanings to our society and through social interaction we find these meanings. Thomas Theorum says is people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. Human beings act toward things on the basis of the meanings they attach to them. These meanings arise out of social interaction. These meanings can be changed or modified through social interaction.
    • A. 

      Symbolic interaction theory

    • B. 

      Conflict theory

    • C. 

      Structual functionalism

  • 22. 
    The rules and guidelines sociologists follow.
    • A. 

      Methodology

  • 23. 
    Personal experience, authority(parents, education system), tradition, faith, science are ways we gain ______
    • A. 

      Knowledge

  • 24. 
    Uses observation and is subjective, interviews focus groups, etc,.
    • A. 

      Qualitative

    • B. 

      Quantitative

  • 25. 
    Uses stats, objective
    • A. 

      Qualitative

    • B. 

      Quantitative

  • 26. 
    A statement of what you expect to find during research.
    • A. 

      Hypothesis

  • 27. 
    Something is caused by something else
    • A. 

      Causality

    • B. 

      Association

  • 28. 
    Two things are associated but not necessarily caused by one another.
    • A. 

      Causality

    • B. 

      Association

  • 29. 
    Variables are the cause
    • A. 

      Independent

    • B. 

      Dependent

  • 30. 
    Variables are the effect that occurs because of the independent variable.
    • A. 

      Independent

    • B. 

      Dependent

  • 31. 
    Sampling that is done by chance so every member of the group has an equal opportunity to be selected.
    • A. 

      Snowball sampling

    • B. 

      Random sampling

  • 32. 
    Existing study subjects recruit new study subjects from among their acquaintances
    • A. 

      Random sampling

    • B. 

      Snowball sampling

  • 33. 
    Can be answered however the answerer chooses
    • A. 

      Open questions

    • B. 

      Closed questions

  • 34. 
    Observation is where the researcher is actively participating with the research subjects
    • A. 

      Non participant

    • B. 

      Participant

  • 35. 
    Observation is where the researcher simply observes but does not get involved.
    • A. 

      Non participant

    • B. 

      Participant

  • 36. 
    Survey that asks participants to rank their feelings based on strongly agree, agree, neutral, opposed, strongly opposed.
    • A. 

      Likert scale survey

    • B. 

      Content analysis

  • 37. 
    Procedure of systematically extracting thematic data from a wide range of communications.
    • A. 

      Content analysis

    • B. 

      Likert scale survey

  • 38. 
    Is where the research can be reproduced by another researcher and then they obtain the same results
    • A. 

      Validity

    • B. 

      Reliability

  • 39. 
    Is making sure you are measuring what you wanted to measure and that you are measuring it accurately.
    • A. 

      Validity

    • B. 

      Reliability

  • 40. 
    Four types of research methods... Exploratory answer...
    • A. 

      What and how

    • B. 

      What, how and why

    • C. 

      What

  • 41. 
    Descriptive answers
    • A. 

      What, how, why

    • B. 

      What and how

    • C. 

      What

  • 42. 
    Evaluation answers
    • A. 

      What, how, and why

    • B. 

      Does it work?

    • C. 

      What?

  • 43. 
    ____ are standards of a given profession and include voluntary participation, no harm to participants, and informed consent.
    • A. 

      Ethical issues

    • B. 

      Integrity

    • C. 

      Objectivity

  • 44. 
    Is a term used to describe the anxiety and feelings (of surprise, disorientation, confusion, etc.) felt when people have to operate within an entirely different cultural or social environment such as a foreign country.
    • A. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • B. 

      Culture shock

    • C. 

      Cultural relativism

  • 45. 
    Is the attitude that our own culture is superior to others, that our own beliefs, values, and behaviors are more correct than others, and that other people and cultures can be evaluated in terms of our own culture.
    • A. 

      Cultural shock

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Cultural relativism

  • 46. 
    Is an approach that denies that any one way of living is superior to others; all cultures are equal.
    • A. 

      Culture shock

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Cultural relativism

  • 47. 
    ________refers to the physical objects, resources, and spaces that people use to define their culture. These include homes, neighborhoods, cities, schools, churches, synagogues, temples, mosques, offices, factories and plants, tools, means of production, goods and products, stores, and so forth.
    • A. 

      Non material

    • B. 

      Material

  • 48. 
    ____________culture refers to the nonphysical ideas that people have about their culture, including beliefs, values, rules, norms, morals, language, organizations, and institutions. For instance, the non- material cultural concept of religion consists of a set of ideas and beliefs about God, worship, morals, and ethics. These beliefs, then, determine how the culture responds to its religious topics, issues, and events
    • A. 

      Material

    • B. 

      Non material

  • 49. 
    _________ are rules of conduct or social expectations for behavior. These rules and social expectations specify how people should and should not behave in various social situations.
    • A. 

      Mores

    • B. 

      Folkways

    • C. 

      Norms

  • 50. 
    These are much stronger norms and a failure to conform to them will result in a much stronger social response from the person or people who resent your failure to behave appropriately. example: This is why people don't masterbate in public. Also why people don't betray their country's well-being for money.
    • A. 

      Folkways

    • B. 

      Mores

    • C. 

      Norms

  • 51. 
    _______ are customs or conventions. They provide rules for conduct, but violations of folkways bring only mild censure.
    • A. 

      Folkways

    • B. 

      Norms

    • C. 

      Mores

  • 52. 
    __________is a more that prohibits something, that state "thou shalt not".
    • A. 

      Law

    • B. 

      Value

    • C. 

      Taboo

  • 53. 
    ________ are ideas shared by the people in a society regarding what is important and worthwhile
    • A. 

      Taboo

    • B. 

      Value

    • C. 

      Law

  • 54. 
    ________ are standerized expressions of norms enacted by legislative bodies to regulate particular types of behaviors.
    • A. 

      Value

    • B. 

      Law

    • C. 

      Taboo

  • 55. 
    ________ are factual, how society really defines normal
    • A. 

      Real norms

    • B. 

      Ideal norms

  • 56. 
    ________ is a group of people with a set of behaviors and beliefs and culture that could be distinct or hidden, and which differentiate them from the larger culture to which they belong.
    • A. 

      High culture

    • B. 

      Subculture

    • C. 

      Popular culture

  • 57. 
    _______ is a term, now used in a number of different ways in academic discourse, whose most common meaning is the set of cultural products, mainly in the Arts, held in the highest esteem by a culture, or denoting the culture of ruling social groups
    • A. 

      High Culture

    • B. 

      Popular culture

    • C. 

      Subculture

  • 58. 
    __________is the widespread cultural elements in any given society that are perpetuated through that society's vernacular language or lingua franca It comprises the daily interactions, needs and desires and cultural 'moments' that make up the everyday lives of the mainstream. It can include any number of practices, including those pertaining to cooking , clothing, consumption, mass media and the many facets of entertainment such as sports and literature
    • A. 

      High culture

    • B. 

      Popular culture

    • C. 

      Folk culture

  • 59. 
    Refers to the localized lifestyle of a subsistence or otherwise inward looking culture. It is usually handed down through oral tradition has a strong sense of community, and values the "old ways" over novelty. Folk culture is quite often imbued with a sense of place. If its elements are copied by, or removed to, a foreign locale, they will still carry strong connotations of their original place of creation.
    • A. 

      High culture

    • B. 

      Folk culture

    • C. 

      Popular culture

  • 60. 
    _________is a term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group, or subculture, that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day, the cultural equivalent of political opposition.
    • A. 

      Counter culture

  • 61. 
    _________is a synthesis of scientific disciplines that attempts to explain social behavior in all species by considering the evolutionary advantages the behaviors may have
    • A. 

      Sociology

    • B. 

      Sociobiology

    • C. 

      Sociological perspective

  • 62. 
    _________is the systematic and scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social action, and culture
    • A. 

      Socialization

  • 63. 
    This child was born to an illegitimate mother that was forced to keep her. Isabella had no chance to learn to speak or to communicate because the time spent with her mother was in the dark, plus her mother was deaf
    • A. 

      Anna

    • B. 

      Isabella

    • C. 

      Genie

  • 64. 
    Was discovered in 1970. She had been locked in an isolated room in her parent’s house for approximately 18 months. When they found her she was about 13 years old. She was discovered only after her 50 year old mother applied for social assistance. When authorities saw Genie they called the police right away. They described her as: “a small withered, stooped girl who could barely walk and who held her hands up as though resting them on an invisible rail.”
    • A. 

      Anna

    • B. 

      Isabella

    • C. 

      Genie