Sociology Practice Exam 1

87 Questions | Total Attempts: 42

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    poverty calculated in absolute material terms.  To exist in absolute poverty is to be without sufficient nutritious food, decent and safe shelter, adequate access to education, etc.
  • 2. 
    Offences committed by corporate officials for their corporation or the offences of the corporation
  • 3. 
    the application of standard principles and practices of western scientific disciplines, particularly biology, in the diagnosis and treatment of symptoms of illness
  • 4. 
    Disorders supposed to afflict people of only certain ethnicity, often created to psychologize problems brought on by western colonial control
  • 5. 
    The recognition that different cultures have different ways of practicing medicine, including different social courses of medicine, different techniques, and different physical medicines
  • 6. 
    Health problems that are supposedly caused by health professionals
  • 7. 
    The view that the availability of good medical care varies inversely with the need for it in the population served
  • 8. 
    the culture that through its political and economic power is able to impose its values, language, and ways of behaving and interpreting behaviour on agiven society
  • 9. 
    -       social process in which groups of people are viewed and judged as essentially different in terms of their intellect, morality, values, and innate worth because of differences of physical type or cultural heritage
  • 10. 
    A situation in which professional control work is deemed socially important ( eg teachers in education, doctors and nurses in health care)
  • 11. 
    Denoting any unrealistic statement or theory that attempts to explain a set of phenomena by referring to a single cause. In sociology, this includes class reductionism, or reducing all inequality to gender, race, ethnicity
  • 12. 
    The view that knowledge is developed from a particular lived position, and that objectivity is thus impossible
  • 13. 
    the study of how health is distributed in our society
  • 14. 
    The sick role was developed by
  • 15. 
    First introduced medicalization
  • 16. 
    §  various ways in which diagnosis and cure cause problems that are equal to or greater than the health problems they are meant to resolve. ·      Example: patient enters hospital for treatment of one ailment and becomes infected with a virus originating in the hospital
  • 17. 
    §  the deliberate obscuring of political conditions that ‘render society unhealthy’
  • 18. 
    §  when the knowledge and abilities of the medical community are extolled or mythologized to the point where the authority of the health profession ‘tends to mystify and to expropriate the power of the individual to heal himself and to shape his or her environment’  
  • 19. 
  • 20. 
    The landowner class of feudal times, who owned the land worked on by the peasants
  • 21. 
    The process of assigning individuals responsibility for harmful events or circumstances that have broader social causes
  • 22. 
    The owners of the means of production, or capital, as these were known during the industrial era
  • 23. 
    The shared sense of common membership and common purpose that social group have
  • 24. 
    Ranked groups each making up 10% of a total population, used for statistical analysis of such things as household income
  • 25. 
    A set of beliefs put forward by and in support of the dominant culture and/or ruling classes within a society, which helps to justify their dominant position and dominating practices
  • 26. 
    A relatively coherent set of interrelated beliefs about society and the people in it.
  • 27. 
    A Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India; a special characteristic is often the exclusive occupation of its male members (such as barber or potter))
  • 28. 
    A set of beliefs that focuses on the individual as an independent player in society, not as a member of a class or an ethnic group.  Components of this  set include a strong belief in the potentional for social mobility in the individual
  • 29. 
    The group of people in capitalist society who neither own capital nor participate in wage hour.  For the most part they get by with casual/occasional labour, scavenging for food and articles to sell, and crime
  • 30. 
    The people who in feudal times worked the land but did not own it
  • 31. 
    The subclass made up of small-time owners with little capital
  • 32. 
    Each of five ranked groups making up 10% of a total population, used for statistical analysis of such things as household income
  • 33. 
    Denoting the relationship between a class and the means of producing wealth
  • 34. 
    A movement in the late nineteenth and early centuries in Canada, the United states, and various European countries to apply the human welfare principles of Christianity to the social, medical, and psychological ills brought on by industrialization and uncontrolled capitalism
  • 35. 
    The long term existence of significant differences in access to goods and services among social groups defined by class, ethnicity etc
  • 36. 
    The people who work for wages and do not own capital, the means of production, in an industrial, capitalist society
  • 37. 
    -       a system by which society ranks categories of people into hierarchy
  • 38. 
    ·      Mainly those who control/own large corporations
  • 39. 
    ·      Small business people, educated professionals-technical or adminastrive personal, and other skilled peoples
  • 40. 
    ·      Those who lack resources or capacities apart from their own labor power
  • 41. 
    Denoting a factor of secondary significance to a more significant cause.
  • 42. 
    A class system that exists when members of different ethnic groups typically adopt occupations that are ranked differently ( e.g, administration vs laborers ). And ethnic class system has existed in Quebec for most of the 20th century
  • 43. 
    A colonial policy in which a European nation uses members of a particular ethnic as it intermediaries in ruling an area.  Often leads to dual colonialism and internal colonialism. 
  • 44. 
    A sociological approach that focuses on situations in which ethnic leaders mobilize groups in order to develop the groups' political and social strength.
  • 45. 
    A situation that occurs when people within a country are colonized or put in a subordinate position (ex Aboriginal people in Canada)
  • 46. 
    Denoting as identifiable social group that is discriminated against by mainstream society
  • 47. 
    The set of policies and practices directed  towards the respect for cultural differences in a country
  • 48. 
    The view that every ethnic is made up of a list of readily identifiable traits that have been passed down from the past to the present with little or no change
  • 49. 
  • 50. 
    An approach that balances the social portrayal of a people so that both strengths and weaknesses, problems and successes are seen
  • 51. 
    o   View that ethnicity is constructed by individuals for varying social purposes
  • 52. 
    A metaphor used to describe a society or nation in which there is a hierarchy of higher and lower ethnic groups
  • 53. 
    Forms of masculinity that do not contribute to or embody male hegemony yet still benefit from it
  • 54. 
    A feminist approach that involves looking at differences between the way women and men think while arguing for the equality - and sometimes female superiority - in that difference
  • 55. 
    A feminist approach that typically involves working towards pay equity for women.  This form of feminism is criticized as reflecting more the concerns of white middle-class Western women than the women of different elasticities and classes
  • 56. 
    A feminist approach that involves looking at women more as subjects ( i.e, people with voices and standpoints of interpretation) who guide research, rather than as objects being researched.
  • 57. 
    A feminist approach that involves looking at the intersections of oppression between class and gender focusing mainly on the struggles faced by lower class women
  • 58. 
    Those forms of masculinity that, owing to class, race, sexual orientation, and ethnicity, are accorded less respect than other forms of masculinity
  • 59. 
    Behaviors and presentations of self that can threaten the legitimacy of hegemonic masculinity.  The usual examples given are gay or effeminate men, and those whose lives and beliefs challenge traditional definitions of male success.
  • 60. 
  • 61. 
    First Canadian to obtain a PhD in sociology
  • 62. 
    First women hired as a sociologist at a university in Canada. Mainly concerned about women and India.
  • 63. 
    The founder of rural sociology in Canada.  Important in the role of identifying systematically the roles women played on the farm.
  • 64. 
    An ideology that links globalization with neoliberalism
  • 65. 
    A set of social conditions of globalization at a particular time and place
  • 66. 
    The worldwide process of making international the realms of communication and commerce
  • 67. 
    Processes of globalization that operate in the best interests of transnational corporations and the power elite of the North, rather than for people generally
  • 68. 
    Processes of globalization that operate in the interests of global equality and the more marginalized people in the world.
  • 69. 
    The process of tailoring globalization to local needs and tastes.  it is done either by transnational companies bent on increasing their globalized sales ad influence, or by the local culture filtering the effects of globalization.
  • 70. 
    People who are uncritical of globalization and dismissive of its negative effects.  They champion the process of globalization as good for everyone.
  • 71. 
    The personal Jihad, which represents the perpetual struggle to purge oneself of baser instincts such as greed, racism, hedonism, jealously, revenge, hypocrisy, lying, and cheating
  • 72. 
    The struggle against transgressors who are not practicing Muslims. Islamists practice a distorted version of this.
  • 73. 
    The belief that ' the market' should be completely free to expand and grow without any governmental interference.  In the writing of 19th century thinker John Stuart Mill, it referred to a belief in the freedom of the individual from both government and the dominant culture ( the tyranny of the majority)
  • 74. 
    Policies that involve shrinking the public sector ( through privatization of public enterprises, tax cuts, the reduction of public spending, and the downsizing of government) and increasing freedom for big business ( through deregulation of the economy, control of organized labor, the expansion of international markets, and the removal of controls on global financial flows).
  • 75. 
    Influential work in the study of globalization
  • 76. 
    A term used to refer to the soviet Union and the eastern European countries under its power
  • 77. 
    A movement to promote the cause of a small nation that is usually nor represented as having a country of its own
  • 78. 
    The non-violent struggle for freedom, justice, and truth within the Muslim community
  • 79. 
    Policies designed to promote globalization from below by representing the interests of the poor and other marginalized groups while advocating greater social, economic, environmental, political, and cultural equality worldwide
  • 80. 
    The group within a society that has the most political and social power, whose culture or subculture is seen an the culture of a country
  • 81. 
    The process whereby an occupational sphere becomes dominated by and associated with women ( i.e secretaries).  Usually rewarded with lower salaries and fewer benefits.
  • 82. 
    Denoting occupations or post-secondary programs dominated by either men or women.  Examples include early childhood education and interior design for women, fire fighting and industrial design for men.
  • 83. 
    An image of something that is not considered to be 'objectively' there
  • 84. 
    A state of doing or being without what are considered essentials
  • 85. 
    The arbitrary dividing point, usually based on household income, that separates the poor from the rest of society.  It can differ accordingly to the cost of living in the studied environment, and it may differ for urban and rural communities.  It will also vary according to the political biases of the person drawing the line.
  • 86. 
    A state of poverty based on a comparison with others in the immediate area or country
  • 87. 
    A class of people who are dependent for their jobs and general economic support by the virtualization industry