Secondary groups are less formal than primary groups.
Primary groups play a key role in the development of self.
Secondary groups are larger than primary groups and more anonymous.
Primary groups provide a buffer from the threatening aspects of society.
Membership in primary groups requires persistent hard work.
Secondary groups tend to break down into primary groups.
Secondary groups are less satisfying than primary groups.
If secondary groups don't become more intimate, they disappear.
As groups grow larger, they become less stable.
As groups grow larger, they become more intimate.
As groups grow smaller, they become less stable.
As groups grow smaller there is a greater confusion of roles.
The Invisible Factor
The Peter Principle