Sociology -- Chapter Four

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 31

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Final 05. 02. 12


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following types of groups has a major function of providing people with a secure refuge in which they can act without fear of ridicule or rejection
    • A. 

      Secondary groups

    • B. 

      Reference groups

    • C. 

      Primary groups

    • D. 

      Social categories

    • E. 

      In-groups

  • 2. 
    Which of the following groups would be LEAST like a primary group?
    • A. 

      A business organization

    • B. 

      A family

    • C. 

      An athletic team

    • D. 

      A friendship group

    • E. 

      All of the above are considered primary

  • 3. 
    Out-grous
    • A. 

      Are always primary groups

    • B. 

      May be primary or secondary groups

    • C. 

      Are always secondary groups

    • D. 

      Are always large

    • E. 

      Are always small

  • 4. 
    Reference groups most clearly do which of the following?
    • A. 

      Serve as standards for people to evaluate their own attitudes and behaviors

    • B. 

      Produce a sense of loyalty or "we" feeling

    • C. 

      Make for task-oriented, impersonal exchanges between people

    • D. 

      Involve personal, intimate, and nonspecialized relationships between people

    • E. 

      Generate strong feelings of group loyalty and identification

  • 5. 
    Which of the following defines the groupings of people that sociologist identify as a social aggregate but not a social group?
    • A. 

      They share some characteristic in common

    • B. 

      They have interrelated statuses as a social aggregate

    • C. 

      They are aware of themselves as a social aggregate

    • D. 

      They are in the same place at the same time

    • E. 

      Both A and C would be true of social aggregates

  • 6. 
    A manager overseeing the activities of a group of employees is most clearly an example of which type of leadership role?
    • A. 

      Expressive

    • B. 

      Task

    • C. 

      Autocratic

    • D. 

      Socioemotional

    • E. 

      Both A and D

  • 7. 
    The process of pressuring group members to make decisions unanimously, sometimes at the expense of critical thinking, is called 
    • A. 

      Group polarization

    • B. 

      Task leadership

    • C. 

      Groupthink

    • D. 

      Oligarchy

    • E. 

      Organizational culture

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is true of bureaucratic organizations? 
    • A. 

      They are highly flexible and adaptive

    • B. 

      They tend to encourage creativity and innovation

    • C. 

      They are efficient at doing well-structured tasks

    • D. 

      They are unstable organizations

    • E. 

      They tend to be slow and inefficient for all task

  • 9. 
    In contrast with organizations based on the bureaucratic model, organizations based on the human relations model tend to
    • A. 

      Place more stress on impartiality

    • B. 

      Have a more rigid and extensive hierarchy of authority

    • C. 

      Stress authoritative management

    • D. 

      Give more emphasis for formal rules and procedures

    • E. 

      Stress more participative management

  • 10. 
    Which of the following perspective would be most likely to view conflict as an unwanted element in an organization?
    • A. 

      The conflict perspective

    • B. 

      The functionalist perspective

    • C. 

      The interactionist perspective

    • D. 

      The negotiated order perspective

    • E. 

      The bureaucratic perspective