Groups And Organizations - Practice Quiz

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 79

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Groups And Organizations - Practice Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of bureaucracies?
    • A. 

      Coercion to join

    • B. 

      Hierarchy of authority

    • C. 

      Explicit rules

    • D. 

      Division of labor

  • 2. 
    A parent who is worrying over her teenager’s dangerous and self-destructive behavior and low self-esteem may wish to look at her child’s:
    • A. 

      Reference group

    • B. 

      In-group

    • C. 

      Out-group

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    In Asch’s study on conformity, what contributed to the ability of subjects to resist conforming?
    • A. 

      A very small group of witnesses

    • B. 

      The presence of an ally

    • C. 

      The ability to keep one’s answer private

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    What is the largest difference between the Functionalist and Conflict perspectives and the Interactionist perspective?
    • A. 

      The former two consider long-term repercussions of the group or situation, while the latter focuses on the present.

    • B. 

      The first two are the more common sociological perspective, while the latter is a newer sociological model.

    • C. 

      The first two focus on hierarchical roles within an organization, while the last takes a more holistic view.

    • D. 

      The first two perspectives address large-scale issues facing groups, while the last examines more detailed aspects.

  • 5. 
    What is a group whose values, norms, and beliefs come to serve as a standard for one's own behavior?
    • A. 

      Secondary group

    • B. 

      Formal organization

    • C. 

      Reference group

    • D. 

      Primary group

  • 6. 
    What is an advantage of the McDonaldization of society?
    • A. 

      There is more variety of goods.

    • B. 

      There is less theft.

    • C. 

      There is more worldwide availability of goods.

    • D. 

      There is more opportunity for businesses.

  • 7. 
    Which is NOT an example of a normative organization?
    • A. 

      A book club

    • B. 

      A church youth group

    • C. 

      A People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) protest group

    • D. 

      A study hall

  • 8. 
    Why do people join utilitarian organizations?
    • A. 

      Because they feel an affinity with others there

    • B. 

      Because they receive a tangible benefit from joining

    • C. 

      Because they have no choice

    • D. 

      Because they feel pressured to do so

  • 9. 
    What is a disadvantage of the McDonaldization of society?
    • A. 

      There is less variety of goods.

    • B. 

      There is an increased need for employees with postgraduate degrees.

    • C. 

      There is less competition so prices are higher.

    • D. 

      There are fewer jobs so unemployment increases.

  • 10. 
    When a high school student gets teased by her basketball team for receiving an academic award, she is dealing with competing:
    • A. 

      Primary groups

    • B. 

      Out-groups

    • C. 

      Reference groups

    • D. 

      Secondary groups

  • 11. 
    Which of these is an example of a total institution?
    • A. 

      Jail

    • B. 

      High school

    • C. 

      Political party

    • D. 

      A gym

  • 12. 
    What role do secondary groups play in society?
    • A. 

      They are transactional, task-based, and short-term, filling practical needs.

    • B. 

      They provide a social network that allows people to compare themselves to others.

    • C. 

      The members give and receive emotional support.

    • D. 

      They allow individuals to challenge their beliefs and prejudices.

  • 13. 
    What are some of the intended positive aspects of bureaucracies?
    • A. 

      Increased productivity

    • B. 

      Increased efficiency

    • C. 

      Equal treatment for all

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    What does a Functionalist consider when studying a phenomenon like the Occupy Wall Street movement?
    • A. 

      The minute functions that every person at the protests plays in the whole

    • B. 

      The internal conflicts that play out within such a diverse and leaderless group

    • C. 

      How the movement contributes to the stability of society by offering the discontented a safe, controlled outlet for dissension

    • D. 

      The factions and divisions that form within the movement

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of an in-group?
    • A. 

      The Ku Klux Klan

    • B. 

      A fraternity

    • C. 

      A synagogue

    • D. 

      A high school

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is NOT an appropriate group for democratic leadership?
    • A. 

      A fire station

    • B. 

      A college classroom

    • C. 

      A high school prom committee

    • D. 

      A homeless shelter

  • 17. 
    Who is more likely to be an expressive leader?
    • A. 

      The sales manager of a fast-growing cosmetics company

    • B. 

      A high school teacher at a reform school

    • C. 

      The director of a summer camp for chronically ill children

    • D. 

      A manager at a fast-food restaurant

  • 18. 
    Two people who have just had a baby have turned from a _______ to a _________.
    • A. 

      Primary group; secondary group

    • B. 

      Dyad; triad

    • C. 

      Couple; family

    • D. 

      De facto group; nuclear family

  • 19. 
    Which type of group leadership has a communication pattern that flows from the top down?
    • A. 

      Authoritarian

    • B. 

      Democratic

    • C. 

      Laissez-faire

    • D. 

      Expressive

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