Sociology 3

75 Questions | Total Attempts: 64

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    From the cases of institutionalized children, it is possible to conclude that:
    • A. 

      Humans have no natural language

    • B. 

      Social interaction is important for humans to establish close bonds with others

    • C. 

      It is impossible for a person who has been isolated to progress through normal learning stages

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    The looking-glass self includes:
    • A. 

      Imagining how we appear to those around us

    • B. 

      Interpreting others' reaction to us

    • C. 

      Developinga self-concept

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    All of the following statements about Cooley's theory of the development of self are correct except:
    • A. 

      The development of self is an ongoing, lifelong process

    • B. 

      We move beyond the looking-glass self as we mature

    • C. 

      The process of the looking-glass self applies to old age

    • D. 

      The self is always in process

  • 4. 
    Taking the role of the other means to:
    • A. 

      Put ourselves in someone else's shoes

    • B. 

      Take a role away from someone

    • C. 

      Develop self-esteem

    • D. 

      Reach the play stage

  • 5. 
    According to George Herbert Mead which of the following is not one of the three stages in learning to take the role of the generalized other?
    • A. 

      Imitation

    • B. 

      Transition

    • C. 

      Play

    • D. 

      Game

  • 6. 
    The stage of learning to take the role of the other, which generally takes place from three to six years of age, is:
    • A. 

      The play stage

    • B. 

      The games stage

    • C. 

      The imitation stage

    • D. 

      The sensorimotor stage

  • 7. 
    According to Jean Piaget, children develop the ability to use symbols during the __________ stage.
    • A. 

      Sensormotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 8. 
    In Piaget's formal operational stage children are:
    • A. 

      Capable of abstract thinking

    • B. 

      Capable of only taking the role of the other

    • C. 

      Capable of only using symbols

    • D. 

      Capable of understanding numbers

  • 9. 
    Freud's term for a balancing force between the inborn drives for self-gratification and the demands of society is the:
    • A. 

      Id

    • B. 

      Superego

    • C. 

      Ego

    • D. 

      Libido

  • 10. 
    Paul Ekman found that everyone in the world experiences six basic:
    • A. 

      Beliefs

    • B. 

      Values

    • C. 

      Emotions

    • D. 

      Folkways

  • 11. 
    _________ not only leads to different ways of expressing emotions, but even affects what we feel.
    • A. 

      Language

    • B. 

      Socialization

    • C. 

      Culture

    • D. 

      Religion

  • 12. 
    The result of being socialized into a self and emotions sets up effective _____ over our behavior.
    • A. 

      Controls

    • B. 

      Laws

    • C. 

      Agents

    • D. 

      Customs

  • 13. 
    Usually, the significant others who first teach us our part in the gender-division of the world are:
    • A. 

      Our peers

    • B. 

      Our parents

    • C. 

      Our teachers

    • D. 

      Our televisions

  • 14. 
    People and groups that influence our self-concept, emotions, attitudes, and behavior are:
    • A. 

      Likely to be in single-parent households

    • B. 

      Generalized others

    • C. 

      Agents of socialization

    • D. 

      Primarily passive influences

  • 15. 
    According to sociologist Melvin Kohn, middle-class parents try to develop their children's:
    • A. 

      Outward conformity

    • B. 

      Level of obedience, neatness, and cleanliness

    • C. 

      Curiosity, self-expression, and self-control

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    When we examine influences of religion, approximately how many Americans belong to a local congregation?
    • A. 

      Ten percent

    • B. 

      Sixty-five percent

    • C. 

      One-hundred percent

    • D. 

      Thirty percent

  • 17. 
    A National Institute of Child Health and Human Development study on kindergarten children indicated that:
    • A. 

      Time spent in kindergarten has little effect on cooperation with others

    • B. 

      Time spent in kindergarten has no effect on the bonds with their mothers

    • C. 

      Time spent in kindergarten negatively affects bonds with their mothers and cooperation with others

    • D. 

      Time spent in kindergarten has negative effects only because of the quality of the time spent in day care and the level of social class

  • 18. 
    According to a study by Adler & Adler, the norms that made boys popular in elementary school include all except:
    • A. 

      Athletic ability

    • B. 

      Family background

    • C. 

      Coolness

    • D. 

      Toughness

  • 19. 
    __________ socialization is learning to play a role before entering it.
    • A. 

      Total

    • B. 

      Childhood

    • C. 

      Workplace

    • D. 

      Anticipatory

  • 20. 
    In a highly patriarchal society, women "socially" become men for:
    • A. 

      Biological reasons

    • B. 

      Developmental socialization

    • C. 

      Mature socialization

    • D. 

      Practical reasons

  • 21. 
    Total institutions:
    • A. 

      Is a term coined by Harold Garfinkel

    • B. 

      Exist primarily in societies with totalitarian governments

    • C. 

      Are places in which people are cut off from the rest of society and are almost toally controlledby the officials who run the place

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    The stages that we all go through in life are called the:
    • A. 

      Birth to death sequence

    • B. 

      Life course

    • C. 

      Life stages

    • D. 

      Birth to death stages

  • 23. 
    Everyone's childhood occurs atsome pointinhistory, and is embedded in:
    • A. 

      Particular social locations

    • B. 

      Social class

    • C. 

      Gender

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    The sandwich generation experience is most likely to occus in the United States during:
    • A. 

      The early middle years

    • B. 

      The older years

    • C. 

      Young adulthood

    • D. 

      The later middle years

  • 25. 
    Given recent socail changes that have taken place within the United States, which of the following groups are particularly challenged by the early middle years stage of the life course?
    • A. 

      Generation X

    • B. 

      Women

    • C. 

      Baby boomers

    • D. 

      Men

  • 26. 
    For many aging people, the most comfortable period in their lives is:
    • A. 

      The older years

    • B. 

      The later middle years

    • C. 

      Young adulthood

    • D. 

      The early middle years

  • 27. 
    With the change from agricultural societies to industrialized societies, what used to be thought of as old age (40) has stretched out to include a new stage of life beginning around 63. This stage is:
    • A. 

      The later middle years

    • B. 

      The pre-retirement years

    • C. 

      The post-retirement years

    • D. 

      The transitional older years

  • 28. 
    Increasingly during the last stage of life, people begin to contemplate:
    • A. 

      Death

    • B. 

      Retirement

    • C. 

      Taking care of grandchildren

    • D. 

      Loss of physical ability

  • 29. 
    What is it that prevents us from being prisoners of socialization?
    • A. 

      Our culture

    • B. 

      Our education

    • C. 

      Our self

    • D. 

      Our families

  • 30. 
    Each of us is actively involved in the construction of the:
    • A. 

      Mind

    • B. 

      Self

    • C. 

      Norms of society

    • D. 

      Id and the ego

  • 31. 
    Studies of both isolated and institutionalized children demonstrate that some of the characteristics that we take for granted as being "human" traits result from our basic instincts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Studies of monkeys suggest that animals do not react in smiliar ways to humans when isolated.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Socialization is the process by which we learn the ways of society, or all particular groups.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    George H. Mead introduced the concept of the generalized other to sociology. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    According to Cooley, the development of the self is essentially completed by adolescence.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    Mead thought that play is crucial to the development of the self.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    According to Mead, from the ages of about three to six, children can only mimic others.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    The I is the self as subject.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Piaget used the term "operational" to mean the ability to reason.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    During Piaget's preoperational stage, a child'sunderstanding is limited to direct contact with the environment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    The technique of psychoanalysis was founded by Piaget and Freud.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Freud assumed that to be male is normal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    Each culture has norms of emotion that demand conformity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    Our social mirror sets up effective controls over our behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Sociologists Melvin Kohn found that the main concern of middle-class parents is their children's outward conformity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    The Adler study found that athletic ability helped make boys popular.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    Anticipatory socialization involves learning to play a role before actually taking on that role.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    A person, who was married but is now divorced and single will experience the process of resocialization.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    Total institutions rarely encourage degradation ceremonies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    Industrialization brought with it a delay in the onset of old age.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    In the case of Isabelle, the dabate about _________ became important again.
  • 52. 
    In a series of experiments  with rhesus monkeys, the researchers Harlow and Harlow demonstrated the importance of ________.
  • 53. 
    Charles H. Cooley coined the term _______ to describe the process by which a sense of self develops.
  • 54. 
    To put yourself in someone else's shoes is to learn how to _________.
  • 55. 
    The ability to understand how the group as a whole feels and thinks is to percieve the __________.
  • 56. 
    _________ is the term usedto describe someone,such as a parent and/or a sibling, who plays a major role in our social development.
  • 57. 
    The ego develops to balance the ___________.
  • 58. 
    In their sutdiesof young children, Goldberg and Lewis concluded that mothers unconciously reward their daughters for being ________.
  • 59. 
    One of the main findings of the sociologist Kohn was the socialization depends on a family's _______.
  • 60. 
    The process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors to match new life situations is _________.
  • 61. 
    An attempt to remake the self by stripping away the individual's current identity and stamping a new one in its place is a ________.
  • 62. 
    Stages, from birth to death, are called _______.
  • 63. 
    The life course stage between childhood and adulthood is ________.
  • 64. 
    The stage of the life course that poses a special challenge for omwne in the United States is _________.
  • 65. 
    In pre-industrial societies, old age was thought to begin around age _______.
  • 66. 
    Coined the term "looking-glass self".
    • A. 

      Cooley

    • B. 

      Kohn

    • C. 

      Piaget

  • 67. 
    Id, ego, and superego
    • A. 

      Piaget

    • B. 

      Mead

    • C. 

      Freud

  • 68. 
    Coined the term "generalized other".
    • A. 

      Cooley

    • B. 

      Mead

    • C. 

      Kohn

  • 69. 
    Studied social class differences in child-rearing,
    • A. 

      Piaget

    • B. 

      Kohn

    • C. 

      Mead

  • 70. 
    Concluded that children experience four stages of development.
    • A. 

      Piaget

    • B. 

      Freud

    • C. 

      Kohn

  • 71. 
    Who developed the concept of "looking-glass self."
  • 72. 
    Define resocialization.
  • 73. 
    Define significant other.
  • 74. 
    Learning to be "male" or "female" is known as ________.
  • 75. 
    Groups of individuals approximately the same age are called _________.