Social Studies III - World History Part I:(Theories On The Origin Of The Earth)

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Social Studies III - World History Part I:(Theories On The Origin Of The Earth) - Quiz


This is the first part of the quiz on Social Studies III: World History. This quiz focuses mainly on theories about the origin of the earth.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It is the science that studies the earth and its life, is essential for a healthier appreciation if many events that have shaped world history.

    • A.

      Social Studies

    • B.

      History

    • C.

      Geography

    • D.

      Science

    • E.

      Geology

    Correct Answer
    C. Geography
    Explanation
    "Geography" is taken from the Greek word "geographia" meaning earth describe - write.

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  • 2. 

    It is a theory about the origin of the earth which revolves around the Divine Creation.

    • A.

      Biblical Theory

    • B.

      Mythical Theory

    • C.

      Divine Theory

    • D.

      Nebular Theory

    • E.

      There is no such theory

    Correct Answer
    A. Biblical Theory
    Explanation
    The Biblical Theory states that man was created by God in relation to the Divine Creation story in Genesis.

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  • 3. 

    In the Mythical theory, who was the mother earth of Greeks?

    • A.

      Yin

    • B.

      Tiwara

    • C.

      Geb

    • D.

      Gaia

    • E.

      Eurynome

    Correct Answer
    D. Gaia
    Explanation
    Gaia, meaning land or earth in the Greek language, is a primordial and chthonic deity in the Ancient Greek pantheon and considered a Mother Goddess or Great Goddess.

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  • 4. 

    The giant Pan-Ku came from which of the following?

    • A.

      Seed

    • B.

      Tree

    • C.

      Sky

    • D.

      Earth and wind

    • E.

      Egg

    Correct Answer
    E. Egg
    Explanation
    Pan-Ku, a giant figure in Chinese mythology, is said to have emerged from an egg. This egg contained the essence of the universe, and when it cracked open, Pan-Ku emerged. He then went on to create the world, with his body becoming the various elements of nature such as the mountains, the rivers, and the sky. Therefore, the correct answer is "Egg."

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is true in Chinese mythology?

    • A.

      Yan ang Ying are the gods of China.

    • B.

      Yin and Yang are the gods of China.

    • C.

      Yan formed the earth while Ying formed the sky.

    • D.

      Yin formed the earth while Yang formed the sky.

    Correct Answer
    D. Yin formed the earth while Yang formed the sky.
    Explanation
    In Chinese mythology, the concept of Yin and Yang is prominent. Yin represents the feminine, passive, and earthly aspects, while Yang represents the masculine, active, and heavenly aspects. According to this belief, Yin formed the earth, symbolizing its nurturing and grounding qualities, while Yang formed the sky, representing its expansive and celestial nature. This explanation aligns with the principles of Yin and Yang in Chinese mythology.

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  • 6. 

    Pawnee, a tribe of Native Americans believed in which God?

    • A.

      Jesus

    • B.

      Tirawa

    • C.

      Animals

    • D.

      Ocean

    • E.

      Trees

    Correct Answer
    B. Tirawa
    Explanation
    The Pawnee tribe of Native Americans believed in Tirawa as their God. This belief in Tirawa was an integral part of their religious and spiritual practices. They attributed various powers and abilities to Tirawa, considering him as the creator and sustainer of the universe. The belief in Tirawa played a significant role in shaping the cultural and social aspects of the Pawnee tribe.

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  • 7. 

    Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, was believed to create the universe from what?

    • A.

      Primeval matter

    • B.

      Golden egg

    • C.

      Air

    • D.

      Bread

    • E.

      Lotus

    Correct Answer
    A. Primeval matter
    Explanation
    Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, was believed to create the universe from primeval matter. Primeval matter refers to the original, fundamental substance from which everything else is formed. According to Hindu mythology, Brahma shaped and molded this primordial material to bring about the creation of the universe. This belief highlights the idea that the universe has its origins in an ancient and mysterious form of matter.

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  • 8. 

    Eurynome was a deity from which religion?

    • A.

      Ancient Greek

    • B.

      Egyptians

    • C.

      Native Americans

    • D.

      China

    • E.

      Romans

    Correct Answer
    A. Ancient Greek
    Explanation
    Eurynome was a deity from Ancient Greek religion. In Greek mythology, she was a Titaness and the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. Eurynome was often associated with the sea and known as the mother of the three Graces. She played a significant role in the creation of the world and was worshipped as a goddess of water and fertility.

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  • 9. 

    Oceanus, a god of Rome, is represented as a what?

    • A.

      Merman

    • B.

      Sea

    • C.

      Ocean

    • D.

      Fish

    • E.

      River

    Correct Answer
    E. River
    Explanation
    Oceanus is a god of Rome associated with rivers. In Roman mythology, Oceanus is often depicted as a river god, symbolizing the vastness and power of the oceans and rivers. He is usually portrayed as an old man with a long beard, holding a scepter and reclining on a river or a seashell. This representation as a river aligns with his role as the personification of the earth's freshwater and saltwater bodies, emphasizing his connection to rivers rather than the ocean itself.

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  • 10. 

    Nut is the Egyptian goddess of what matter?

    • A.

      Air

    • B.

      Sky

    • C.

      Earth

    • D.

      Trees

    • E.

      Food

    Correct Answer
    B. Sky
    Explanation
    Nut is the Egyptian goddess associated with the sky. In Egyptian mythology, Nut is often depicted as a woman arched over the earth, with her body representing the sky and her hands and feet touching the ground. She is believed to swallow the sun each evening and give birth to it again each morning, symbolizing the cycle of day and night. Nut is also associated with the stars and is considered to be the mother of the gods.

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  • 11. 

    If Re is the Egyptian sun god, then his father, Shu, must be the god of ___.

    • A.

      Stars

    • B.

      Moon

    • C.

      Air

    • D.

      Night

    • E.

      Sun

    Correct Answer
    C. Air
    Explanation
    According to Egyptian mythology, Re is the sun god, and his father is Shu. Shu is considered to be the god of air in Egyptian mythology. Air is an essential element for life and plays a crucial role in the ancient Egyptian belief system. Shu is often depicted as separating the sky and the earth, creating the space for life to exist. Therefore, it can be inferred that if Re is the sun god, his father Shu must be the god of air.

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  • 12. 

    Regarding the Biblical Theory, which of the following is true?

    • A.

      During the second day, day and night were separated.

    • B.

      Land animals were put to life on the fifth day.

    • C.

      Plants were created before the sun, moon and stars.

    • D.

      Woman was created on the seventh day.

    • E.

      Fishes were made the same day dry land was.

    Correct Answer
    C. Plants were created before the sun, moon and stars.
    Explanation
    During the fourth day, God created the sun, moon and stars.
    Plants, however, were created on the third day, a day before the heavenly bodies were made.

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  • 13. 

    Who is the author of the Nebular Theory

    • A.

      Viktor Safronov

    • B.

      Immanuel Kant

    • C.

      Harold Jeffrey

    • D.

      Fred Hoyle

    Correct Answer
    B. Immanuel Kant
    Explanation
    Immanuel Kant is credited with proposing the Nebular Theory. This theory suggests that the solar system was formed from a rotating, flattened disk of gas and dust called a nebula. According to Kant, the nebula gradually contracted and spun faster, causing it to flatten into a disk shape. Over time, the material in the disk began to clump together due to gravity, eventually forming the sun and the planets. Kant's Nebular Theory laid the foundation for our understanding of the formation of the solar system.

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  • 14. 

    This is the theory fo "Little Planets".

    • A.

      The Planetesimal Theory

    • B.

      The Big Bang Theory

    • C.

      The Planetissimal Theory

    • D.

      The Nebular Theory

    • E.

      The Condensation Theory

    Correct Answer
    A. The Planetesimal Theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Planetesimal Theory. This theory suggests that planets are formed from the collision and merging of small solid objects called planetesimals. These planetesimals, which are leftover debris from the formation of the Sun, gradually accumulate to form larger bodies, eventually leading to the formation of planets. This theory provides an explanation for the formation of planets in our solar system and is widely accepted by scientists.

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  • 15. 

    The Tidal Theory was made during the year ____.

    • A.

      1990

    • B.

      1969

    • C.

      1887

    • D.

      1919

    • E.

      1845

    Correct Answer
    D. 1919
    Explanation
    The Tidal Theory was made in 1919.

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  • 16. 

    States that the Earth and other planets originated from a thick cloud and gas that existed more than five billion years ago.

    • A.

      The Big Bang Theory

    • B.

      The Condensation Theory

    • C.

      The Nebular Theory

    • D.

      The Tidal Theory

    Correct Answer
    A. The Big Bang Theory
    Explanation
    The Big Bang Theory explains the origin of the universe, stating that it began as a singularity and expanded rapidly, creating matter and energy. This theory does not specifically address the formation of planets like the Earth, so it is not the most accurate explanation for their origin. The Condensation Theory suggests that planets formed from a cloud of gas and dust, which is more relevant to the given statement. The Nebular Theory also supports the idea that planets formed from a rotating disk of gas and dust. The Tidal Theory proposes that the Moon was formed from material ejected by a collision between Earth and another celestial body.

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  • 17. 

    Who is one of the people who suggested the Planetesimal Theory?

    • A.

      Moulton

    • B.

      Jeffrey

    • C.

      Chamberlain

    • D.

      Hoyle

    • E.

      Safronov

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Moulton
    C. Chamberlain
    E. Safronov
    Explanation
    Moulton, Chamberlain, and Safronov are all people who suggested the Planetesimal Theory. This theory proposes that planets are formed through the gradual accumulation of small solid objects called planetesimals. Moulton, an American astronomer, contributed to the early development of the theory in the early 20th century. Chamberlain, an American geologist, expanded on the theory in the 1960s, emphasizing the role of collisions between planetesimals. Safronov, a Soviet astronomer, further refined the theory in the 1960s, providing mathematical models to explain the formation of planets.

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  • 18. 

    Who stated that the earth is like a flat disk floating in an ocean?

    • A.

      Solomon

    • B.

      Herodotus

    • C.

      Socrates

    • D.

      Thales

    • E.

      Aristotle

    Correct Answer
    D. Thales
    Explanation
    Thales is the correct answer because he is known for proposing that the earth is like a flat disk floating in an ocean. Thales was a pre-Socratic philosopher from ancient Greece and is considered one of the first philosophers to speculate about the nature of the earth and the universe. His belief in the earth being a flat disk floating in an ocean was a significant departure from the prevailing mythological and religious explanations of his time.

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  • Current Version
  • Jul 11, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 08, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Discordia
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