Skin, Hair, And Nails

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Skin, Hair, And Nails

Practice Quiz for Chapter 12 Skin, hair, and nails Assessment-- mainly focused on abnormal findings


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Hemangiomas

    • B. 

      Strawberry Mark

    • C. 

      Candidas

    • D. 

      Port-Wine Stain (Nevus Flammeus)

  • 2. 
    While assessing a hemangioma on a 3 yr old girl, the nurse documents it as a raised bright red area, with well defined borders and notes that it does not blanch with pressure. These descriptions are consistent with what vascular lesion?
    • A. 

      Telangiectases

    • B. 

      Strawberry Mark (Immature Hemangioma)

    • C. 

      Port-Wine Stain (Nevus Flammeus)

    • D. 

      Primary Contact Dermatitis

  • 3. 
    The following is a vascular lesion caused by vascular dilation. It is characterized by permanently enlarged and dilated blood vessels that are visible on the skin surface.
    • A. 

      Malignant Melanoma

    • B. 

      Cavernous Hemangioma (Mature)

    • C. 

      Telangegiectases

    • D. 

      Impetigo

  • 4. 
    A 54 year old male alcoholic, shows up at the doctors complaining of a  fiery red, star-shaped marking with a solid circular center appearing on his face.  The nurse finds these descriptions to be consistent with which of the following vascular skin lesions?
    • A. 

      Spider or Star Angioma

    • B. 

      Venous Lake

    • C. 

      Purpura

    • D. 

      Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

  • 5. 
    Which of the following purpuric lesions, is a tiny punctuate hemorrhage, that is typically 1 to 3 mm, round/discreet, and caused by bleeding from superficial arteries?
    • A. 

      Petechiae

    • B. 

      Impetigo

    • C. 

      Purpura

    • D. 

      Venous Lake

  • 6. 
    Which of the following describes, Lesions found on the legs near varicose veins, and also on the face, lips, and ears, that tend to be blue-purple in color and color disappears when pressure is applied.
    • A. 

      Venous Lake

    • B. 

      Strawberry Mark (Immature Hemangioma)

    • C. 

      Keloid

    • D. 

      Psoriasis

  • 7. 
    Which of the following are types of Telangiectases?
    • A. 

      Port-Wine Stain

    • B. 

      Petechiae

    • C. 

      Venous Lake

    • D. 

      Spider or Star Angiomas

    • E. 

      Impetigo

  • 8. 
    Which of the following are skin lesions associated with AIDS?
    • A. 

      Psoriasis

    • B. 

      Squamous cell carcinoma

    • C. 

      Epidemic Kaposi's sarcoma

    • D. 

      Tinea Capitis

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is  patchy depigmentation from destruction of melanocytes that can be describes as patchy milky white spots, often symmetrically bilateral.
    • A. 

      Jaundice

    • B. 

      Albinism

    • C. 

      Vitiligo

    • D. 

      Venous Stasis

  • 10. 
    Upon assessment of a black male, the nurse observes that his skin is dark/dull, and conjuctivae, nail bes and oral, mucosa are slightly blue in color.  Her observations lead her to believe that the patient may be suffering from which of the following?
    • A. 

      Cartoenemia

    • B. 

      Cyanosis

    • C. 

      Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    • D. 

      Venous Stasis

  • 11. 
    Which of the following conditions cause the appearance of a ruddy blue color in face, oral mucosa, conjunctivae, hands/feet?
    • A. 

      Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    • B. 

      Cyanosis

    • C. 

      Polycythemia

    • D. 

      Uremia

  • 12. 
    When assessing a fair skinned patient with jaundice, possible areas with yellow color include...
    • A. 

      Palms of hands

    • B. 

      Sclera

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Mucous membranes

    • E. 

      Hard palate

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Polycythemia

    • B. 

      Venous Stasis

    • C. 

      Carbon monoxide poisoning

    • D. 

      Erythema

  • 14. 
    Anemia in light skinned people may be detected in color as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Cyanosis

    • B. 

      Pallor

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Carotenemia

  • 15. 
    Which of the following describes lesions that run together (e.g., urticaria)
    • A. 

      Discrete

    • B. 

      Grouped

    • C. 

      Confluent

    • D. 

      Annular

  • 16. 
    A white fair skinned females skin assessment shows orange-green color overlying pallor of anemia.  Ecchymoses and purpura are present.  The nurse suspects which of the following?
    • A. 

      Uremia

    • B. 

      Carotonemia

    • C. 

      Hyperemia

    • D. 

      Cafe' au lait spots

  • 17. 
    Which of the following diseaes is characterized by a bronze appearance, an "eternal tan"
    • A. 

      Cafe' au lait spots

    • B. 

      Albinism

    • C. 

      Addison's Disease

    • D. 

      Herpes Zoster

  • 18. 
    Pitting Edema that is grades as 3+ describes which of the following?
    • A. 

      Very deep pitting; indentation lasts a long time

    • B. 

      Moderate pitting; indentation subsides rapidly

    • C. 

      Mild-pitting, slight indentation

    • D. 

      Deep pitting; indentation remains for a short time

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      True- often in the elderly, the clavicular area does not have much subcuataneous tissue; therefore, the abdomen is a better site to assess.

    • B. 

      False--The clavicular area is the best site to assess turgor.

  • 20. 
    Yellow color on the bottom of the feet are usually an observation made that is linked with jaundice.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Person's with hyperthyroidism have an increased metabolic rate causing warm, moist skin.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    An assessment of skin texture that is noted as smoother, softer, and feels like velvet...may be associated with which of the following?
    • A. 

      Dehydration

    • B. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • C. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • D. 

      Regular use of moisturizers.

  • 23. 
    While assessing a 40 yr old female's trunk area, the nurse notices small smooth, slighly raised bright red dots.  Whech of the following is described, if the nurse documents the spots as "normal"
    • A. 

      Cherry (senile) angioma

    • B. 

      Urticaria

    • C. 

      Excoriation

    • D. 

      Fissure

  • 24. 
    While inspecting a lesion with a Wood's light, lesions with blue-green fluorescence indicate which of the following?
    • A. 

      Leukonychia striata

    • B. 

      Gram - bacterial infections

    • C. 

      Fungal infections

    • D. 

      Common irritation

  • 25. 
    A 36 yr old female who sun-bathes frequently develops red-tan scaly plaques on her face and arms.  Which of the following, "common variations of hyperpimentation," was described?
    • A. 

      Actinic (senile or solar) keratosis

    • B. 

      Closed comedones

    • C. 

      Senile Lentigines

    • D. 

      Seborrheic keratosis

  • 26. 
    Impetigo and acne are common examples of a...
    • A. 

      Papule

    • B. 

      Nodule

    • C. 

      Wheal

    • D. 

      Pustule

  • 27. 
    A contusion blue to green in color could be assessed as a...
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

    • E. 

      5

  • 28. 
    Which of the following may be described as--small grouped vesicles that emerge along route of cutaneous sensory nerve?
    • A. 

      Labial Herpes Simplex

    • B. 

      Erythema Migrans of Lyme disease

    • C. 

      Psoriasis

    • D. 

      Herpes Zoster (shingles)

  • 29. 
    Hair assessment of a 45 yr old female undergoing chemothrapy treatment shows patchy asymmetric balding.  The term describing this sort of hair loss, is which of the following....
    • A. 

      Traction alopecia

    • B. 

      Pediculosis Capitis

    • C. 

      Alopecia Areata

    • D. 

      Toxic Alopecia

  • 30. 
    A 15 yr old girl comes to the doctor with an irregular shpaed patch of hair missing.  In the patch are hairs growing with varying lengths.  Upon assessmetn the nurse learns that the girl twists and rubs her hair often.  Which term best describes this self-induced hair loss condition?
    • A. 

      Traumatic alopecia

    • B. 

      Tinea Capitis

    • C. 

      Trichotillomania

    • D. 

      Alopecia Areata

  • 31. 
    While inspecting nails, the nurse observes them as thin, and depressed with the lateral edges tilting up.  Which of the following terms best describes this "spooned" appearance?
    • A. 

      Paranychia

    • B. 

      Beau's line

    • C. 

      Pitting

    • D. 

      Koilonychia

  • 32. 
    Onycholysis is a slow, persistent fungal infection of fingernails and, more ofte, toenails, common in older adults.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False