Inhale and hold breath
A 35-year-old newly married
A 86-year-old client
A 12-year-old child
A 17-year old adolescent
Increase oxygen inhalation
Maximize diaphragmatic extension
Facilitate elimination of carbon dioxide
Minimize the use of intercostal muscles
Obtaining thorough history.
Serum Magnesium: 3.2 mEq/L
Serum Glucose: 45mg/dL
Serum potassium: 5.5 mEq/L
Serum Calcium: 8 mg/dL
A 42-year-old businessman
A 35-year-old working single mother
A 12-year-old mentally retarded
An 82-year-old cognitively impaired.
"Antacids can be taken with other drugs"
"Tagamet will decrease the acids in my stomach"
" Maalox will coat my stomach"
" I can take my antacids with aspirin"
Describe the details of the surgery to the client and family.
Provide general information and answer appropriate questions of the client and family.
Empower the client to make decision by obtaining the client's consent.
Give full reassurance that the surgical team is experienced to handle the surgery.
Inhale completely and exhale rapidly through the spirometer.
Exhale completely, take slow deep breath through the spirometer, hold breath then exhale through purse lip.
Inhale completely through the spirometer, exhale and hold breath.
Exhale through the spirometer, hold breath then then inhale.
Excitement, surgical anesthesia, loss of consciousness, danger stage
Loss of consciousness, excitement, surgical anesthesia, danger stage.
Surgical anesthesia, excitement, loss of consciousness, danger stage.
Loss of consciousness, surgical anesthesia excitement, danger stage.
Peripheral fluid retention
Intravenous vitamin C
Palpate the perineal area
Palpate the epigastric area
Percuss and palpate the lower abdomen
Percuss and palpate the upper abdomen
Monitor the client's vital sign every 4h.
Observe the dressing at the back of the neck for the presence of blood
Press gently around the incision to assess for subcutaneous emphysema
Position the client laterally to promote drainage of secretions from the mouth.
Coughing deeply to prevent pneumonia
Bending from the waist to prevent contracture deformity
Remaining in a lying down supine position for 48 h after surgery
Deep breathing to promote lung expansion.
To prevent infection
To prevent bleeding
To prevent impotence
To prevent respiratory distress.