# Simple Machines And Energy-test A

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• 1.

### The energy of motion is

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Kinetic energy

• C.

Electromagnetic spectrum

B. Kinetic energy
Explanation
Kinetic energy refers to the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It is directly proportional to the mass of the object and the square of its velocity. When an object is in motion, it possesses kinetic energy which can be transferred or transformed into other forms of energy. Therefore, kinetic energy is the correct answer as it accurately describes the energy associated with motion.

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• 2.

### Light and other waves like it  make up the

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Kinetic energy

• C.

Electromagnetic spectrum

C. Electromagnetic spectrum
Explanation
Light and other waves like it are part of the electromagnetic spectrum. The electromagnetic spectrum is a range of all possible wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation, which includes not only visible light but also radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays, and gamma rays. These waves carry energy and can travel through a vacuum. Therefore, the correct answer is electromagnetic spectrum.

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• 3.

### Stored energy is called

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Kinetic energy

• C.

Electromagnetic spectrum

A. Potential energy
Explanation
Potential energy is the correct answer because stored energy refers to the energy that is stored within an object or system and has the potential to be converted into other forms of energy. Potential energy is a type of stored energy that an object possesses due to its position or state. It can be converted into kinetic energy when the object is in motion or into other forms of energy depending on the situation.

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• 4.

### Which energy transformation occurs as a boulder rolls down a hill?

• A.

Potential energy to chemical energy

• B.

Chemical energy to thermal energy

• C.

Kinetic energy to mechanical energy

• D.

Potential energy to kinetic energy

D. Potential energy to kinetic energy
Explanation
As the boulder rolls down the hill, it is experiencing a change in its position, which is a characteristic of potential energy. As it moves downhill, the potential energy is converted into the energy of motion, known as kinetic energy. Therefore, the correct answer is potential energy to kinetic energy.

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• 5.

### Which  form of energy is NOT produced when chemical energy stored in fireworks is transformed?

• A.

Electrical energy

• B.

Light energy

• C.

Sound energy

• D.

Thermal energy

A. Electrical energy
Explanation
When chemical energy stored in fireworks is transformed, it produces light energy, sound energy, and thermal energy. However, fireworks do not produce electrical energy as a result of this transformation.

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• 6.

### The electric charge that builds up on an object that has gained or lost electrons is

• A.

Static electricity

• B.

Potential energy

• C.

Kinetic energy

• D.

Heat

A. Static electricity
Explanation
Static electricity refers to the electric charge that accumulates on an object when it gains or loses electrons. This charge remains stationary or "static" on the object, hence the term static electricity. It is different from potential energy, kinetic energy, and heat, as it specifically relates to the buildup of electric charge on an object.

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• 7.

### The transfer of thermal energy through a current in a fluid is

• A.

Convection

• B.

Insulation

• C.

Static electricity

• D.

Potential energy

A. Convection
Explanation
Convection is the correct answer because it refers to the transfer of thermal energy through the movement of a fluid, such as air or water. In convection, the fluid carries the heat energy from one place to another, resulting in the transfer of thermal energy. This process occurs due to the differences in temperature and density within the fluid, causing the warmer, less dense fluid to rise and the cooler, denser fluid to sink. Therefore, convection is the appropriate term to describe the transfer of thermal energy through a current in a fluid.

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• 8.

### The transfer of thermal energy is

• A.

Heat

• B.

Convection

• C.

Insulation

• D.

Static electricity

A. Heat
Explanation
Heat is the correct answer because it refers to the transfer of thermal energy. Heat is the transfer of energy from a hotter object to a colder object, and it can occur through conduction, convection, or radiation. Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact, convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of fluids, and radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves. Insulation helps to reduce the transfer of heat, while static electricity refers to the buildup of electric charge on an object.

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• 9.

### A material that is a poor conductor of thermal energy is

• A.

Insulation

• B.

Static electricity

• C.

Potential energy

• D.

Kinetic energy

A. Insulation
Explanation
Insulation is a material that is a poor conductor of thermal energy. It is designed to minimize the transfer of heat between objects or areas with different temperatures. Insulation works by trapping air pockets within its structure, which reduces heat flow through conduction and convection. This property makes insulation useful in various applications, such as in buildings to maintain comfortable temperatures, in refrigerators to keep food cold, and in winter clothing to provide warmth.

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• 10.

### Which of the following energy sources does NOT require a generator to produce electricity?

• A.

Geothermal

• B.

Hydroelectric

• C.

Solar

• D.

Tidal

C. Solar
Explanation
Solar energy does not require a generator to produce electricity because it is generated directly from sunlight. Solar panels or photovoltaic cells convert sunlight into electrical energy through the photovoltaic effect. This process allows the panels to produce electricity without the need for a generator.

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• 11.

### How is sunlight transferred to Earth?

• A.

By conduction

• B.

By convection

• C.

By magnetism

• D.

Explanation
Sunlight is transferred to Earth by radiation. Radiation is the process by which energy is transmitted in the form of electromagnetic waves or particles. In the case of sunlight, the energy is transmitted through electromagnetic waves, specifically in the form of visible light. These waves travel through space and reach Earth without the need for a medium or direct contact. This is why we can still feel the warmth of the sun even though it is millions of kilometers away from us.

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• 12.

### A student is cooking pasta in a pot on the stove.  When he drains the hot water, he uses potholders to hold the pot.  Which pair of terms applies to this example?

• A.

Convection; magnetism

• B.

Conduction; insulation

• C.

Convection; closed circuit

• D.

B. Conduction; insulation
Explanation
In this example, the transfer of heat from the hot pot to the potholders is happening through conduction. Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between two objects. The potholders act as insulation, preventing the heat from transferring to the student's hands and protecting them from burns.

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• 13.

### Why does a generator work?

• A.

A current traveling through a coil of wire produces a magnetic field.

• B.

Steam turns a turbine.

• C.

Convection transfers thermal energy.

• D.

Spinning a coil of wire in a magnetic field produces a current.

D. Spinning a coil of wire in a magnetic field produces a current.
Explanation
When a coil of wire is spun in a magnetic field, it causes the magnetic field lines to cut across the wires. This movement of the magnetic field lines induces a current in the wire according to Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction. This current can then be used to power electrical devices or charge batteries. Therefore, spinning a coil of wire in a magnetic field is the reason why a generator works.

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• 14.

### A simple machine that enables you to pull down while lifting an object

• A.

Pulley

• B.

Wheel-and axle

• C.

Inclined plane

• D.

Wedge

A. Pulley
Explanation
A pulley is a simple machine that allows you to pull down on one end while lifting an object on the other end. It consists of a wheel with a groove or rim that a rope or cable can be threaded through. By pulling down on the rope, you can raise the object attached to the other end. This makes it easier to lift heavy objects by using your body weight to provide the force needed to lift them.

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• 15.

### On a lever, the fixed point around which the effort arm moves is the

• A.

Fulcrum

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Wheel-and-axle

• D.

Inclined plane

A. Fulcrum
Explanation
The fixed point around which the effort arm moves on a lever is called the fulcrum. This is the point of support or pivot that allows the lever to rotate and balance the forces applied to it. It is located between the load and the effort arm, and its position determines the mechanical advantage of the lever system.

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• 16.

### The result of a force causing an object to move through a distance is

• A.

Work

• B.

Lever

• C.

Fulcrum

• D.

Pulley

A. Work
Explanation
Work is the correct answer because work is defined as the product of the force applied to an object and the distance over which the force is applied. When a force causes an object to move through a distance, work is done on the object. The amount of work done is equal to the force multiplied by the distance. Therefore, work is the result of a force causing an object to move through a distance.

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• 17.

### An inclined plane that is wrapped around a cylinder or a cone is

• A.

Screw

• B.

Work

• C.

Lever

• D.

Fulcrum

A. Screw
Explanation
An inclined plane that is wrapped around a cylinder or a cone is called a screw. This is because a screw is essentially an inclined plane wrapped around a cylindrical shaft. The spiral shape of the inclined plane allows it to move through a solid material, making it useful for holding objects together or for lifting heavy loads. The threads of a screw provide mechanical advantage, allowing for easier turning and tightening.

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• 18.

### A simple machine that consists of an effort arm, a resistance arm, and a fulcrum is a

• A.

Lever

• B.

Fulcrum

• C.

Pulley

• D.

Wheel-and-axle

A. Lever
Explanation
A lever is a simple machine that consists of an effort arm, a resistance arm, and a fulcrum. The fulcrum is the pivot point around which the lever rotates. The effort arm is the part of the lever where the force is applied, and the resistance arm is the part of the lever where the load or object to be moved is located. By applying force to the effort arm, the lever can be used to amplify or change the direction of the force to move the load on the resistance arm.

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• 19.

### A simple machine with two different-size wheels that move together is a

• A.

Wheel-and-axle

• B.

Inclined plane

• C.

Wedge

• D.

Screw

A. Wheel-and-axle
Explanation
A wheel-and-axle is a simple machine that consists of two different-sized wheels that move together. It works by applying force to the larger wheel, which then transfers the force to the smaller wheel, resulting in a mechanical advantage. This type of machine is commonly used in various applications, such as vehicles, bicycles, and pulley systems.

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• 20.

### Inclined planes that are joined and used for splitting make up a

• A.

Wedge

• B.

Screw

• C.

Work

• D.

Lever

A. Wedge
Explanation
Inclined planes that are joined and used for splitting are known as wedges. A wedge is a simple machine that is thick at one end and tapers to a thin edge at the other end. It is designed to exert a large force over a small distance. When a wedge is driven into an object, it applies pressure and splits the object apart. Therefore, the correct answer is wedge.

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• 21.

### A flat, sloping surface is a simple machine called an

• A.

Inclined plane

• B.

Wedge

• C.

Screw

• D.

Work

A. Inclined plane
Explanation
An inclined plane is a simple machine that consists of a flat, sloping surface. It is used to reduce the amount of force needed to lift an object by increasing the distance over which the force is applied. By allowing the object to be moved up or down the incline rather than straight up, less force is required. This makes it easier to move heavy objects or lift them to higher heights.

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• 22.

### If a simple machine reduces the force required to do a job, how is the distance affected?

• A.

It decreases.

• B.

It doubles.

• C.

It increases.

• D.

It does not change.

C. It increases.
Explanation
A simple machine reduces the force required to do a job by increasing the distance over which the force is applied. This is known as the principle of mechanical advantage. According to this principle, when the force is reduced, the distance over which it is applied must increase in order to maintain the same work output. Therefore, the correct answer is that the distance increases.

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• 23.

### Which of these is a unit of work?

• A.

Joule

• B.

Kilogram

• C.

Meter

• D.

Newton

A. Joule
Explanation
A joule is a unit of work. Work is defined as the application of a force over a distance, and the joule is the unit used to measure this. It represents the amount of energy transferred when a force of one newton is applied over a distance of one meter. Therefore, the joule is the correct answer as it is the unit specifically used to quantify work.

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• 24.

### If you had to lift a heavy object straight up, which would be the simple machine to use?

• A.

Inclined plane

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Wedge

• D.

Wheel-and-axle

B. Pulley
Explanation
A pulley would be the simple machine to use when lifting a heavy object straight up. A pulley consists of a wheel with a groove and a rope or chain running through it. By applying force to one end of the rope or chain, the object can be lifted with less effort. The pulley system allows for the weight of the object to be distributed across multiple ropes or chains, making it easier to lift heavy loads.

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• 25.

### Which simple machine does a log splitter use to split wood?

• A.

Lever

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Wedge

• D.

Wheel-and-axle

C. Wedge
Explanation
A log splitter uses a wedge to split wood. A wedge is a simple machine that has a sharp, triangular shape. When the wedge is forced into the wood, it applies a large amount of pressure to a small area, causing the wood to split apart. This makes it easier to split logs and create firewood.

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• 26.

### In a seesaw, what part is located between the effort arm and the resistance arm?

• A.

Effort force

• B.

Fulcrum

• C.

Resistance force

• D.

Wedge

B. Fulcrum
Explanation
The fulcrum is the part located between the effort arm and the resistance arm in a seesaw. It acts as a pivot point around which the seesaw rotates. The effort arm is the distance between the fulcrum and the point where the effort force is applied, while the resistance arm is the distance between the fulcrum and the point where the resistance force is applied. The fulcrum determines the balance and movement of the seesaw, allowing it to tilt and create a lever effect.

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• 27.

### Energy related to the position of an object

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Kinetic energy

• C.

Work

• D.

Lever

A. Potential energy
Explanation
Potential energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its position or condition. It is stored energy that can be released and converted into other forms of energy, such as kinetic energy or work. In the context of the given options, potential energy is the best fit as it directly relates to the energy associated with the position of an object. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion, work is the transfer of energy, and a lever is a simple machine that can be used to change the amount of force needed to move an object.

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• 28.

### Energy of motion

• A.

Kinetic energy

• B.

Potential energy

• C.

Work

• D.

Pulley

A. Kinetic energy
Explanation
Kinetic energy refers to the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It is dependent on the mass and velocity of the object. When an object is in motion, it has the ability to do work or cause a change. This energy is known as kinetic energy. It can be transferred from one object to another, and it can be converted into other forms of energy. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is kinetic energy.

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• 29.

### Which object has kinetic energy?

• A.

A rolling ball

• B.

A rock on the ground

• C.

A concrete floor

• D.

A stretched rubber band

A. A rolling ball
Explanation
A rolling ball has kinetic energy because it is in motion. Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. Since the ball is rolling, it is actively moving and therefore has kinetic energy. The other objects listed, such as a rock on the ground, a concrete floor, and a stretched rubber band, are not in motion and therefore do not have kinetic energy.

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• 30.

### The transfer of thermal energy when two object touch

• A.

Heat

• B.

Thermal energy

• C.

Conduction

• D.

Convection

C. Conduction
Explanation
Conduction refers to the transfer of thermal energy when two objects come into direct contact with each other. In this process, heat energy is transferred from the object with higher temperature to the object with lower temperature. The molecules in the hotter object vibrate more vigorously and collide with the molecules in the cooler object, transferring their energy. This transfer continues until both objects reach thermal equilibrium. Conduction is an efficient mode of heat transfer in solids and is responsible for the feeling of warmth when we touch a hot object.

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• 31.

### A substance that conducts thermal energy poorly

• A.

Insulation

• B.

Thermal energy

• C.

Conduction

• D.

Convection

A. Insulation
Explanation
Insulation is the correct answer because it refers to a substance that conducts thermal energy poorly. Insulation is commonly used to prevent the transfer of heat between two areas, such as in buildings or in the walls of appliances. It works by trapping air or other insulating materials, which reduces the conduction of heat. This helps to maintain a desired temperature and conserve energy.

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• 32.

### The transfer of thermal energy as waves

• A.

• B.

Heat

• C.

Thermal energy

• D.

Conduction

Explanation
Radiation is the transfer of thermal energy as waves. Unlike conduction, which requires direct contact between objects, radiation can occur through empty space. It is a process in which heat is emitted by a source, such as the sun, and travels in the form of electromagnetic waves. These waves can then be absorbed by another object, causing an increase in its thermal energy. Radiation is an important mechanism for heat transfer, especially in situations where conduction or convection is not possible.

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• 33.

### What is the primary source of electric energy in the United States?

• A.

Sun

• B.

Wind

• C.

Water

• D.

Fossil fuels

D. Fossil fuels
Explanation
Fossil fuels are the primary source of electric energy in the United States. This is because the country heavily relies on coal, natural gas, and oil to generate electricity. These fossil fuels are burned in power plants to produce steam, which then drives turbines connected to generators, creating electric energy. Despite efforts to transition to renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and water, fossil fuels still dominate the energy sector in the United States.

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• 34.

### Which energy source uses the sun's radiation?

• A.

Geothermal

• B.

Hydroelectric

• C.

Nuclear

• D.

Solar

D. Solar
Explanation
Solar energy uses the sun's radiation to generate power. Solar panels absorb sunlight and convert it into electricity through a process called photovoltaics. This renewable energy source is clean, abundant, and sustainable, making it an increasingly popular choice for powering homes and businesses. Solar energy has numerous environmental and economic benefits, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions and lowering electricity bills.

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Nov 07, 2011
Quiz Created by
Jhuneycutt

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