# Cells And Simple Machines Review

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Michelle BYRD
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Quizzes Created: 97 | Total Attempts: 30,544
Questions: 26 | Attempts: 156

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What do you remember about Simple Machines? ? ?

• 1.

### What is the main purpose of a wedge? (work it does)

• A.

Push things apart

• B.

Push things together

• C.

Move away from objects

• D.

Lift objects

A. Push things apart
Explanation
A wedge is primarily used to push things apart. It is a simple machine that has a triangular shape with a sharp edge. When a wedge is inserted between two objects and force is applied, it exerts pressure on the objects, causing them to separate. This makes it useful for tasks such as splitting wood, cutting through materials, or creating gaps between objects. The design of a wedge allows it to convert a smaller force into a larger force over a larger distance, making it an efficient tool for pushing things apart.

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• 2.

### This is necessary to get an object moving...

• A.

Friction

• B.

Force

• C.

Resistance

• D.

Wedge

B. Force
Explanation
Force is the correct answer because force is necessary to get an object moving. In order to overcome the inertia of an object at rest, a force must be applied to initiate its motion. Without the application of force, the object will remain stationary. Friction is a type of force that opposes the motion of an object, resistance is a measure of how much an object opposes the flow of electric current, and a wedge is a simple machine used to separate or hold objects together.

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• 3.

### A rod attached to the center of a wheel is called:

• A.

Magnet

• B.

Wedge

• C.

Inclined plane

• D.

Axle

D. Axle
Explanation
A rod attached to the center of a wheel is called an axle. An axle is a central shaft that rotates with the wheel and provides support and stability to the wheel. It allows the wheel to rotate freely and is commonly found in various vehicles and machinery where wheels are used. The axle helps in transmitting power and torque from the engine or motor to the wheels, enabling them to turn and move the vehicle or machinery.

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• 4.

### Cranes, flagpoles, and window blinds are examples of what type of simple machines?

• A.

Inclined Planes

• B.

Wedge

• C.

Pulley

• D.

Wheel and axle

C. Pulley
Explanation
Cranes, flagpoles, and window blinds are examples of pulleys because pulleys are simple machines that use a wheel and axle to change the direction of a force. In the case of cranes, flagpoles, and window blinds, a rope or cable is wrapped around a wheel and axle system, allowing for the lifting or lowering of objects with less effort. Pulleys are commonly used in various applications to make lifting heavy objects easier and more efficient.

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• 5.

### When you increase the distance of a moving object on an inclined plane ...

• A.

Less force is needed to move an object

• B.

More force is needed to move an object

• C.

The amount of force does not matter

• D.

There is no reason to worry about the longer distance, because it will not make a difference in the amount of work is done

A.  Less force is needed to move an object
Explanation
When you increase the distance of a moving object on an inclined plane, less force is needed to move the object. This is because as the distance increases, the work done on the object also increases. According to the work-energy principle, the work done on an object is equal to the force applied multiplied by the distance over which the force is applied. Therefore, if the distance increases, the force required to do the same amount of work decreases.

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• 6.

### Using multiple pulleys would reduce the amount of force needed in order to do the work of the object.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Using multiple pulleys can indeed reduce the amount of force needed to do the work of an object. Pulleys are simple machines that can change the direction of a force and can also provide mechanical advantage. By using multiple pulleys, the force required to lift or move an object can be distributed among the pulleys, making it easier to accomplish the task. This is because each additional pulley reduces the amount of force needed by a factor equal to the number of supporting ropes. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 7.

### What type of simple machine is found on the cap of a pickle jar?

• A.

Wedge

• B.

Wheel

• C.

Screw

• D.

Pulley

C. Screw
Explanation
A screw is a type of simple machine that can be found on the cap of a pickle jar. It consists of a long, inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder. The threads of the screw allow it to be easily turned, which in turn opens or closes the jar. By rotating the screw, it creates a linear force that moves the cap up or down, making it easier to open or close the jar.

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• 8.

### A device that has two or more simple machines working together

• A.

Complete machine

• B.

Independent machine

• C.

Complex machine

• D.

Simple machine

C. Complex machine
Explanation
A complex machine refers to a device that consists of two or more simple machines working together. Unlike an independent machine, which operates on its own, a complex machine relies on the interaction and coordination of multiple simple machines to perform a specific task. This combination of simple machines allows for more efficient and effective work to be done, making the device more advanced and capable than a simple machine on its own. Therefore, a complex machine is the correct answer in this context.

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• 9.

### Work  is done when a force is applied over a distance.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Work is defined as the product of force and distance. When a force is applied over a distance, work is done. Therefore, the statement "Work is done when a force is applied over a distance" is true.

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• 10.

### Screws and wedges are examples of an inclined plane.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Screws and wedges are examples of an inclined plane because they both have a sloping surface that allows them to exert a force over a longer distance with less effort. Inclined planes are simple machines that make it easier to lift or move heavy objects by reducing the amount of force needed. Screws are essentially an inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder, while wedges are two inclined planes joined together. Both of these devices use the principle of the inclined plane to multiply force and make tasks easier.

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• 11.

### Which simple machine would most likely be used to move an object over great distances and on a flat surface?

• A.

Wedge

• B.

Wheel and axle

• C.

Inclined plane

• D.

Pulley

B. Wheel and axle
Explanation
The wheel and axle is the most suitable simple machine for moving an object over great distances and on a flat surface. The wheel and axle combination allows for easy rolling motion, reducing friction and making it easier to transport heavy objects. This simple machine is commonly used in vehicles, such as cars and bicycles, where the wheels rotate on an axle to propel the vehicle forward.

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• 12.

### A door knob would be what type of simple machine?

• A.

Wheel and axle

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Lever

• D.

Wedge

A. Wheel and axle
Explanation
A door knob functions as a wheel and axle because it consists of a circular wheel (the knob) that rotates around a central axle (the spindle). When the knob is turned, the axle rotates, allowing the door to open or close. The wheel and axle simple machine is designed to reduce friction and make it easier to move objects by applying force at a greater distance from the pivot point. In the case of a door knob, the wheel and axle mechanism allows us to open or close the door with minimal effort.

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• 13.

### Which of the following items would be considered as a(n) wheel and axle?

• A.

Nutcracker

• B.

Axe

• C.

Windmill

• D.

Screwdriver

C. Windmill
Explanation
A windmill can be considered as a wheel and axle because it consists of a large wheel (the rotor) that rotates around a central axle. The wind causes the blades of the windmill to spin, which in turn rotates the wheel and axle mechanism. This rotational motion can be used to perform various tasks, such as grinding grain or pumping water. Therefore, the windmill fits the definition of a wheel and axle, making it the correct answer.

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• 14.

### Which of the following would not be using mechanical advantage ?

• A.

Using your hand to open a jar

• B.

Using a pulley to raise a flag on a flagpole

• C.

Use a crowbar to lift a heavy rock

• D.

Using an axe to cut through a log

A. Using your hand to open a jar
Explanation
Using your hand to open a jar does not involve the use of any mechanical advantage. It relies solely on the strength and grip of your hand to exert force and twist the lid open. Mechanical advantage is typically achieved by using tools or devices that allow for the amplification of force, such as pulleys, levers, or gears. In the other options, a pulley, a crowbar, and an axe are all examples of tools that provide mechanical advantage to make the task easier.

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• 15.

### Which of the following would not be an example of a screw, simple machine object?

• A.

Nuts and bolts

• B.

Jar lid

• C.

Light bulb

• D.

Wheelbarrow

D. Wheelbarrow
Explanation
A wheelbarrow is not an example of a screw, simple machine object because it does not have a rotating cylindrical shaft with a helical thread. A screw is a type of simple machine that converts rotational motion into linear motion. In contrast, a wheelbarrow is a compound machine that uses a lever and a wheel to help transport heavy loads.

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• 16.

### When a screwdriver is used to open a can of paint, what is the fulcrum in this specific example?

• A.

• B.

The edge of the paint can

• C.

Lid of the paint can

• D.

The screwdriver

B. The edge of the paint can
Explanation
In this specific example, the fulcrum is the edge of the paint can. The fulcrum is the fixed point around which a lever pivots, and in this case, the edge of the paint can serves as the pivot point for the screwdriver to open the can.

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• 17.

### Where would you find the fulcrum on a seesaw?

• A.

On the left side

• B.

On the right side

• C.

In the middle

• D.

On the top

C. In the middle
Explanation
The fulcrum on a seesaw is located in the middle. This is because the fulcrum is the point of support or pivot around which the seesaw rotates. Placing the fulcrum in the middle allows for equal distribution of weight on both sides, ensuring balance and stability.

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• 18.

### The fulcrum of a lever is the same as an axle on the wheel and axle, simple machine.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because both the fulcrum of a lever and the axle of a wheel and axle are points around which rotation occurs. In a lever, the fulcrum is the point where the lever pivots, allowing for the application of force to move an object. Similarly, in a wheel and axle, the axle is the central point around which the wheel rotates, enabling the transfer of force to move the wheel. Therefore, the fulcrum of a lever can be considered the same as an axle on the wheel and axle.

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• 19.

### Tweezers are a great example of a third class lever.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Tweezers are a great example of a third class lever because the effort is applied between the fulcrum (the point where the tweezers pivot) and the load (the object being picked up). In tweezers, the effort is applied by squeezing the handles together, causing the tips to come together and grip the object. This type of lever is characterized by having the effort closer to the fulcrum than the load, resulting in a mechanical advantage that allows for precise control and manipulation of small objects.

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• 20.

### All cells are multicellular.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement "All cells are multicellular" is false because not all cells are multicellular. There are two main types of cells: unicellular and multicellular. Unicellular organisms, such as bacteria and yeast, are made up of a single cell. On the other hand, multicellular organisms, like plants and animals, are composed of multiple cells that work together to perform various functions. Therefore, the statement is incorrect as it fails to acknowledge the existence of unicellular organisms.

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• 21.

### Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus because they are simple, single-celled organisms that do not have a membrane-bound nucleus. Instead, their genetic material is found in a region called the nucleoid, which is not enclosed by a membrane. This allows for easier access and transcription of the genetic material. In contrast, eukaryotic cells, which include plants, animals, and fungi, have a nucleus that houses their DNA within a nuclear membrane.

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• 22.

### Based on the Cell theory, all cells come from existing _____________.

Cells, cells
Explanation
The answer is cells because according to the Cell theory, all cells arise from pre-existing cells through cell division. This means that new cells are formed by the replication and division of existing cells. The theory also states that cells are the basic units of life and that all living organisms are made up of one or more cells. Therefore, the statement "all cells come from existing cells" is in line with the principles of the Cell theory.

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• 23.

### Cells are the simplest form of life.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Cells are considered the simplest form of life because they are the basic building blocks of all living organisms. Cells are capable of carrying out essential functions such as metabolism, growth, and reproduction. They contain genetic material, such as DNA, which allows them to pass on traits to future generations. Additionally, cells have a membrane that separates their internal environment from the external environment, allowing them to maintain homeostasis and respond to stimuli. Therefore, it is correct to say that cells are the simplest form of life.

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• 24.

### All of the following are cell characteristics, identify which type of cell it would be? - Cell Membrane -Cytoplasm -Ribosomes -DNA

• A.

Prokaryotic Cells

• B.

Eukaryotic Cells

• C.

Both Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

• D.

None of the above

C. Both Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
Explanation
The correct answer is "Both Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes." This is because all of the listed characteristics (cell membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, and DNA) are found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are simpler and lack a nucleus, while eukaryotic cells are more complex and have a nucleus. However, both types of cells have a cell membrane to separate the cell from its environment, cytoplasm where cellular processes occur, ribosomes for protein synthesis, and DNA as the genetic material.

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• 25.

### The nucleus acts as the control center for the Eukaryotic Cell.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The nucleus is indeed the control center of a eukaryotic cell. It contains the cell's genetic material, in the form of DNA, which carries the instructions for the cell's activities and functions. The nucleus regulates gene expression, controls cell division, and coordinates various cellular processes. It also protects the DNA from damage and provides a compartment for specific cellular activities. Therefore, it is accurate to say that the nucleus acts as the control center for the eukaryotic cell.

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• 26.

### The following types of cells belong in which category? Plant Animal Fungi Protists

• A.

Prokaryotic Cells

• B.

Eukaryotic Cells

• C.

Bacteria Cells

• D.

White blood cells