Simple Invertebrates Chapter 28-1 Sponges

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Libbyrose1995
L
Libbyrose1995
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 11 | Total Attempts: 9,570
Questions: 27 | Attempts: 130

SettingsSettingsSettings
Simple Invertebrates Chapter 28-1 Sponges - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A sponge has the same basic structure as which of the following

    • A.

      A bag

    • B.

      A building block

    • C.

      Piece of pie

    • D.

      Starfish

    Correct Answer
    A. A bag
    Explanation
    A sponge has the same basic structure as a bag because both have a porous and flexible material that can absorb and hold liquids. Just like a sponge, a bag can expand and contract to accommodate different contents, making it a suitable comparison in terms of structure and function.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What is an amoebocyte?

    • A.

      Part of the amoeba gland that produces the peptide hormone adrenaline, or epinephrine

    • B.

      An amoeba-like cell that supplies nutrition and removes wastes from sponge body cells

    • C.

      Compound originally derived from the white willow tree

    • D.

      Neurotransmitter that stimulates amoebas

    Correct Answer
    B. An amoeba-like cell that supplies nutrition and removes wastes from sponge body cells
    Explanation
    An amoebocyte is an amoeba-like cell that supplies nutrition and removes wastes from sponge body cells. This type of cell plays a crucial role in the functioning and survival of sponges by providing nutrients to other cells and eliminating waste materials. Amoebocytes are responsible for transporting and distributing food particles and oxygen throughout the sponge's body, as well as removing metabolic waste products. They are essential for maintaining the overall health and functioning of the sponge's body cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What do amoebocytes do?

    • A.

      Wander about the mesenchyme, supplying the rest of the sponge's cells with nutrients, and carrying away other wastes

    • B.

      Wander about the mesencytes, supplying the rest of the sponge's cells with nutrients, and carrying away other wastes

    • C.

      Wander about the mesoderm, supplying the rest of the sponge's cells with nutrients, and carrying away other wastes

    • D.

      Wander about the mesenderm, supplying the rest of the sponge's cells with nutrients, and carrying away other wastes

    Correct Answer
    A. Wander about the mesenchyme, supplying the rest of the sponge's cells with nutrients, and carrying away other wastes
    Explanation
    Amoebocytes are specialized cells found in sponges that play a crucial role in their physiology. They wander through the mesenchyme, which is the gelatinous matrix that makes up the sponge's body, and perform several important functions. One of their main roles is to supply nutrients to the other cells of the sponge, ensuring their survival and proper functioning. Additionally, amoebocytes also help in removing waste materials produced by the sponge's cells, maintaining a clean and healthy environment within the organism.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    How do the other cells of the sponge survive if the collar cells take in all the food

    • A.

      They feed of the collar cells

    • B.

      They swim outside the sponge to find food

    • C.

      They produce their own food by photosynthesis

    • D.

      The collar cells release nutrients into the mesenchyme

    Correct Answer
    D. The collar cells release nutrients into the mesenchyme
    Explanation
    The collar cells release nutrients into the mesenchyme, which is a gelatinous matrix that surrounds the cells of the sponge. This allows the other cells of the sponge to obtain the necessary nutrients for survival.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Water enters a sponge by passing through      blank     in the sponge's body wall

    Correct Answer
    pores
    Explanation
    Water enters a sponge by passing through small openings called pores in the sponge's body wall. These pores allow water to flow into the sponge, where it is absorbed and held within the sponge's structure. The sponge's body wall is made up of a network of channels and chambers that are interconnected through these pores, allowing water to move freely throughout the sponge's body.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The inside of a sponge is lined by cells called    blank    .

    Correct Answer
    choanocytes
    Explanation
    The inside of a sponge is lined by cells called choanocytes. Choanocytes are specialized cells that have a collar-like structure with a flagellum projecting from it. These cells create water currents and help in capturing food particles for the sponge. They also play a role in gas exchange and waste removal within the sponge.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The beating of each choanocytes     blank draws water down through its collar.

    Correct Answer
    flagella
    Explanation
    Each choanocyte has a flagellum, which is a whip-like structure that beats to create a current and draw water down through its collar. The flagella of choanocytes are responsible for creating the flow of water in sponges, allowing them to filter feed and capture food particles.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Blank    like bacteria and algae are trapped in the collar.

    Correct Answer
    organisms
    Explanation
    The given sentence states that "blank like bacteria and algae are trapped in the collar." The word "organisms" is the correct answer as it is a general term that encompasses both bacteria and algae. Bacteria and algae are both types of organisms, so they fit perfectly in the blank space.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    These organisms the move toward the cell's cytoplasm, where they are ingested through    blank.

    Correct Answer
    endocytosis
    Explanation
    Endocytosis is the process by which cells engulf external substances by forming a vesicle around them and bringing them into the cell's cytoplasm. This allows the cell to take in and internalize various molecules and particles, including microorganisms. In this context, the organisms mentioned in the question are moving towards the cell's cytoplasm, suggesting that they are being taken in by the cell through the process of endocytosis.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    For the sponge's body to function effectively, the:

    • A.

      Body wall must be rigid enough to prevent the sponge from collapsing in on itself

    • B.

      Body wall must be soft enough to prevent the sponge from collapsing in on itself

    • C.

      Cell wall must be rigid enough to prevent the sponge from collapsing in on itself

    • D.

      Cell wall must be soft enough to prevent the sponge from collapsing in on itself

    Correct Answer
    A. Body wall must be rigid enough to prevent the sponge from collapsing in on itself
    Explanation
    The body wall of a sponge must be rigid enough to prevent the sponge from collapsing in on itself. This is because sponges are simple multicellular organisms that lack a skeleton or internal support structures. The body wall provides the necessary support for the sponge's body and helps maintain its shape. If the body wall were soft, it would not be able to provide the necessary rigidity to prevent collapse. Therefore, a rigid body wall is essential for the sponge's body to function effectively.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The skeleton of most sponges is not a fixed framework like your skeleton, but rather a:

    • A.

      Network of vessles

    • B.

      Network of nutrients and minerals

    • C.

      Diffuse network of fibers or minerals

    • D.

      Network of cartilage

    Correct Answer
    C. Diffuse network of fibers or minerals
    Explanation
    Sponges do not have a fixed framework for their skeleton like humans do. Instead, their skeleton is made up of a diffuse network of fibers or minerals. This means that the skeleton of a sponge is not a solid structure, but rather a loose arrangement of fibers or minerals that provide support and shape to the sponge's body. This flexible skeleton allows sponges to adapt to their environment and change their shape as needed.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The skeletons of most sponges are made of a resilient flexible protein fiber called   blank

    Correct Answer
    spongin
    Explanation
    Sponges have skeletons made of a resilient flexible protein fiber called spongin. Spongin provides structural support to the sponge, allowing it to maintain its shape and form. This protein fiber is known for its flexibility, which allows the sponge to withstand external pressures and water currents without breaking. Spongin also gives sponges their characteristic soft and squishy texture. Overall, spongin is an essential component of sponge skeletons, providing them with the necessary strength and flexibility.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    A few sponges have more brittle skeletons composed of tiny hard needles of silica or calcium carbonate called   blank.

    Correct Answer
    spicules
    Explanation
    Sponges can have skeletons made of either silica or calcium carbonate. These skeletons are composed of tiny hard needles called spicules.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Sponges will    blank when cut into pieces.

    Correct Answer
    regenerate
    Explanation
    Sponges have the ability to regenerate when cut into pieces. This means that if a sponge is cut into multiple pieces, each piece has the ability to grow back and form a complete sponge. This regenerative ability is a unique characteristic of sponges and allows them to recover and continue their growth even after being damaged or fragmented.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    When the pieces are returned to the ocean, each bit of sponge, however small, will grow into      blank.

    Correct Answer
    a complete new sponge
    Explanation
    When the pieces of sponge are returned to the ocean, each bit, no matter how small, has the ability to grow into a complete new sponge. This suggests that sponges have a regenerative ability, where even tiny fragments can develop into fully formed sponges. This phenomenon highlights the resilience and reproductive capabilities of sponges in their natural environment.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Sponges frequently reproduce by simply     blank.

    Correct Answer
    breaking into fragments
    Explanation
    Sponges frequently reproduce by breaking into fragments. This means that a sponge can break apart into smaller pieces, and each of these fragments has the ability to grow into a new sponge. This method of reproduction allows sponges to quickly colonize new areas and expand their population.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    When sponges reproduce by breaking into fragments, this is a form of    blank.

    Correct Answer
    asexual reproduction
    Explanation
    When sponges reproduce by breaking into fragments, it is considered a form of asexual reproduction. Asexual reproduction refers to the process of producing offspring without the involvement of gametes or the fusion of genetic material from two parents. In this case, the sponge fragments are able to regenerate and grow into new individuals without the need for fertilization or the formation of specialized reproductive cells. This method allows for the rapid and efficient multiplication of sponges, as each fragment has the potential to develop into a fully functional organism.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    What are gemmules?

    • A.

      The diploid phase that produces gametes

    • B.

      The haploid phase that produces gametes

    • C.

      Organisms that produce both sperm and eggs

    • D.

      Clusters of amoebocytes encased withing protective coats

    Correct Answer
    D. Clusters of amoebocytes encased withing protective coats
    Explanation
    Gemmules are clusters of amoebocytes encased within protective coats. Amoebocytes are specialized cells found in sponges that are responsible for various functions such as digestion, reproduction, and structural support. Gemmules are formed by the aggregation of these cells and are capable of surviving harsh environmental conditions. They serve as a means of asexual reproduction and can remain dormant until conditions become favorable for their growth and development.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    When living conditions become hars, some freshwater sponges ensure their survival by forming    blank     .

    Correct Answer
    gemmules
    Explanation
    When living conditions become harsh, some freshwater sponges ensure their survival by forming gemmules. Gemmules are specialized structures produced by certain sponges that contain a cluster of cells surrounded by a protective coating. These structures allow the sponge to withstand unfavorable conditions such as drought or cold temperatures. Inside the gemmules, the cells remain dormant until conditions improve, at which point they can develop into new sponges and ensure the species' survival.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Most sponges are not exclusively:

    • A.

      Male or female

    • B.

      Male

    • C.

      Female

    Correct Answer
    A. Male or female
    Explanation
    Most sponges are not exclusively male or female. This means that they can have both male and female reproductive organs, or they can change their sex from male to female or vice versa. This is known as hermaphroditism, which is a common reproductive strategy in many marine invertebrates, including sponges. Hermaphroditism allows sponges to maximize their reproductive success by being able to both produce and receive gametes during mating. Therefore, the correct answer is "male or female."

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    A sponge is a     blank      , an organism that produces both eggs and sperm.

    Correct Answer
    hermaphrodite
    Explanation
    A sponge is a hermaphrodite, which means it is an organism that produces both eggs and sperm.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    An organism that produces both eggs and sperm is a:

    • A.

      Asexual

    • B.

      Hermaphrodite

    • C.

      Transvestite

    • D.

      Heteroaphrodite

    Correct Answer
    B. Hermaphrodite
    Explanation
    An organism that produces both eggs and sperm is called a hermaphrodite. This means that they have both male and female reproductive organs and can self-fertilize or mate with another individual of the same species. This allows for increased reproductive efficiency and flexibility in finding a mate.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Eggs and sperm are produced:

    • A.

      Eggs before sperm

    • B.

      Outside the sponge

    • C.

      At different times

    • D.

      Sperm before eggs

    Correct Answer
    C. At different times
    Explanation
    Eggs and sperm are produced at different times in most organisms. This is because the production of eggs and sperm, also known as gametogenesis, occurs through different processes. In females, eggs are produced through a process called oogenesis, which begins before birth and continues throughout the reproductive years. In males, sperm are produced through a process called spermatogenesis, which begins at puberty and continues throughout life. Therefore, eggs and sperm are not produced simultaneously, but rather at different times in the reproductive cycle of an organism.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Eggs and sperm are produced at different times, so    blank    is avoided.

    Correct Answer
    self-fertilization
    Explanation
    Self-fertilization is avoided because eggs and sperm are produced at different times. Self-fertilization occurs when an organism fertilizes its own eggs with its own sperm, which is not possible if eggs and sperm are produced at different times.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    The advantage of hermaphroditism is that:

    • A.

      The sperm of any individual can fertilize the egg of any other individual

    • B.

      The sperm of any individual can fertilize itself

    • C.

      The sperm of any individual can go into dormancy if no egg is present

    • D.

      The sperm of any individual can fertilize any plant on land

    Correct Answer
    A. The sperm of any individual can fertilize the egg of any other individual
    Explanation
    In hermaphroditism, an individual possesses both male and female reproductive organs. This allows for self-fertilization, where an individual can fertilize its own eggs. However, the advantage of hermaphroditism lies in the fact that the sperm of any individual can fertilize the egg of any other individual. This increases genetic diversity within a population and promotes outcrossing, which can lead to the production of offspring with greater genetic variation and potentially increased adaptability to changing environments.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Sponges can have a combination of a supportive skeleton composed of soft spongin fibers and hard spicules.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sponges can indeed have a combination of a supportive skeleton composed of soft spongin fibers and hard spicules. This means that their structure can consist of both flexible and rigid components, providing them with the necessary support and protection.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    80% of all sponges are calcareous

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    80% of all spongers are demosponges

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.