Type Of Epileptic Seizure Quiz Questions

48 Questions | Attempts: 303

Seizure Quizzes & Trivia

Epileptic seizure is a health condition characterized by uncontrolled jerking movement and finally a momentary loss of self-awareness. It is caused by excessive neuronal activity in the brain. Gauge what you know on the types of epileptic seizures below.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which syndrome occurs in children, and is defined by 1) multiple seizure types, 2) abnormal EEG (such as spike-and-wave discharge), and 3) impaired cognitive function in most cases?
  • 2. 
    What is the primary difference in the classification of partial and generalized seizures?
  • 3. 
    This type of seizure is characterized by sudden, brief lapses of consciousness without loss of postural control. It typically lasts for a few seconds and consciousness returns with no confusion. The seizures usually begin in childhood or early adolescence.
  • 4. 
    This type of seizure is characterized by sudden loss of postural muscle tone lasting 1-2 seconds.
  • 5. 
    Kate is an 18 month old baby who began showing symptoms of otis media this morning. While the mother tried to console Kate by rocking her she noticed an increase in Kate's body temperature. Kate suddenly loses conciousness and goes into convulsions. The convulsions stop after a brief moment and the mother calls the doctor. What type of seizure did Kate most likely experience?
  • 6. 
    These are nonepileptic behaviors that resemble seizures.  They are often part of a conversion reaction precipitated by underlying psychological distress.
  • 7. 
    Seizures are a result of a shift in balance of what in the CNS?
  • 8. 
    Disruption to inhibitory mechanisms by alterations in ion channels, damage or injury to inhibitory neurons and synapses can allow for the development of a seizure focus.  Most inhibitory mechanisms are in the form of inhibitory neurons and would utilize this  particular neurotransmitter at their synapse to discharge excitatory neurons.
  • 9. 
    These three features:1. Jacksonian March2. Todd's paralysis and3. epilepsia partialis continuaare characteristic for which kind of seizure?
  • 10. 
    This type of seizure involves a brief and sudden muscle contraction in one part of the body and sometimes the entire body. The most common occurances are at the onset of sleep. This type of seizure usually coexists with other forms of generalized seizure disorders.
  • 11. 
    ___________________________ are usually associated with diffuse or multifocal structural abnormalities of the brain and therefore may accompany other signs of neurologic dysfunction such as mental retardation.
  • 12. 
    Main seizure type in ~10% of all people with epilepsy.  Usually begins without warning but same patients experience a predome.  The initial phase of the seizure is usually tonic contraction of muscles throughtout the body.
  • 13. 
    This type of seizure lasts a couple of seconds, can potentially occur hundreds of times a day, and is commonly mistaken as "daydreaming" in children and young adolescents. Poor grades are a common clue to the existence of this type of seizure.
  • 14. 
    Name the drugs of abuse that can cause seizures.
  • 15. 
    This type of seizure is characterized by a brief and sudden muscle contraction that may involve one part of the body or the entire body. It is also common for sudden jerking movements to be observed while falling asleep.
  • 16. 
    This is a type of generalized seizure that is characterized by a sudden loss of postural muscle tone lasting one to two seconds?
  • 17. 
    What is the most common form of the generalized seizures?
  • 18. 
    What is another name for a generalized, tonic-clonic seizure?
  • 19. 
    This type of epilepsy includes persistent, generalized electrographic seizures, coma, and tonic-clonic movements. It is an emergency and must be treated immediately, since cardiorespiratory dysfunction, hyperthermia, and metabolic derangements can develop as a consequence of prolonged seizures, and these can lead to irreversible neuronal injury.
  • 20. 
    What are the signs and etiology of myoclonic seizures?
  • 21. 
    This is the most common type of syndrome associated with complex partial seizures.  It is an example of a symptomatic, partial epilepsy with distinctive clinical, EEG, and pathologic features.  It tends to be refractory with anticonvulsants, but responds well the surgical intervention.
  • 22. 
    This type of seizure occurs in a discrete region of the brain and often causes patients to be unable to respond appropriately to visual or verbal commands and experience impaired recollection or awareness.
  • 23. 
    Which type of Seizures are characterized by sudden, brief lapses of consciousness without loss of postural control? These maybe so brief they are mistaken for daydreaming.
  • 24. 
    There are many ways to perturb the balance of excitation and inhibition within the CNS that result in either seizures or epilepsy.  Clinical observations emphasize that the many causes result from a dynamic interplay between three factors.  List these factors.
  • 25. 
    In simple partial seizures, what are the ways that the motor function is affected?
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