Which syndrome occurs in children, and is defined by 1) multiple
seizure types, 2) abnormal EEG (such as spike-and-wave discharge), and
3) impaired cognitive function in most cases?
What is the primary difference in the classification of partial and generalized seizures?
This type of seizure is characterized by sudden, brief lapses of
consciousness without loss of postural control. It typically lasts for a
few seconds and consciousness returns with no confusion. The seizures
usually begin in childhood or early adolescence.
This type of seizure is characterized by sudden loss of postural muscle tone lasting 1-2 seconds.
Kate is an 18 month old baby who began showing symptoms of otis media
this morning. While the mother tried to console Kate by rocking her she
noticed an increase in Kate's body temperature. Kate suddenly loses
conciousness and goes into convulsions. The convulsions stop after a
brief moment and the mother calls the doctor. What type of seizure did
Kate most likely experience?
These are nonepileptic behaviors that resemble seizures. They are
often part of a conversion reaction precipitated by underlying
Seizures are a result of a shift in balance of what in the CNS?
inhibitory mechanisms by alterations in ion channels, damage or injury
to inhibitory neurons and synapses can allow for the development of a
seizure focus. Most inhibitory mechanisms are in the form of inhibitory
neurons and would utilize this particular neurotransmitter at their
synapse to discharge excitatory neurons.
These three features:1. Jacksonian March2. Todd's paralysis and3. epilepsia partialis continuaare characteristic for which kind of seizure?
This type of seizure involves a brief and sudden muscle contraction
in one part of the body and sometimes the entire body. The most common
occurances are at the onset of sleep. This type of seizure usually
coexists with other forms of generalized seizure disorders.
___________________________ are usually associated with diffuse or
multifocal structural abnormalities of the brain and therefore may
accompany other signs of neurologic dysfunction such as mental
Main seizure type in ~10% of all people with epilepsy. Usually begins
without warning but same patients experience a predome. The initial
phase of the seizure is usually tonic contraction of muscles throughtout
This type of seizure lasts a couple of seconds, can potentially occur
hundreds of times a day, and is commonly mistaken as "daydreaming" in
children and young adolescents. Poor grades are a common clue to the
existence of this type of seizure.
Name the drugs of abuse that can cause seizures.
This type of seizure is characterized by a brief and sudden muscle
contraction that may involve one part of the body or the entire body. It
is also common for sudden jerking movements to be observed while
This is a type of generalized seizure that is characterized by a sudden loss of postural muscle tone lasting one to two seconds?
What is the most common form of the generalized seizures?
What is another name for a generalized, tonic-clonic seizure?
This type of epilepsy includes persistent, generalized electrographic
seizures, coma, and tonic-clonic movements. It is an emergency and must
be treated immediately, since cardiorespiratory dysfunction,
hyperthermia, and metabolic derangements can develop as a consequence of
prolonged seizures, and these can lead to irreversible neuronal injury.
What are the signs and etiology of myoclonic seizures?
This is the most common type of syndrome associated with complex
partial seizures. It is an example of a symptomatic, partial epilepsy
with distinctive clinical, EEG, and pathologic features. It tends to be
refractory with anticonvulsants, but responds well the surgical
This type of seizure occurs in a discrete region of the brain and
often causes patients to be unable to respond appropriately to visual or
verbal commands and experience impaired recollection or awareness.
Which type of Seizures are characterized by sudden, brief lapses of
consciousness without loss of postural control? These maybe so brief
they are mistaken for daydreaming.
There are many ways to perturb the balance of excitation and
inhibition within the CNS that result in either seizures or epilepsy.
Clinical observations emphasize that the many causes result from a
dynamic interplay between three factors. List these factors.
In simple partial seizures, what are the ways that the motor function is affected?