5th Grade Science Quiz: What Do You Know About Weather?

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5th Grade Science Quiz: What Do You Know About Weather? - Quiz

The atmosphere of the earth is quite interesting and most of the weather occurs in the lower layer if the atmosphere. We experience different weather patterns throughout a calendar year and we have gotten to understand how to predict and read extent of a condition. Take this 5th grade quiz and find out what you know about the weather.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A stationary front moves back and forth over different areas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A stationary front does not move back and forth over different areas. It is a boundary between two air masses that is not moving.

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  • 2. 

    A storm that often starts with strong, quickly rising currents of moist air.

    • A.

      Tornado

    • B.

      Hurricane

    • C.

      Thunderstorm

    Correct Answer
    C. Thunderstorm
    Explanation
    A thunderstorm is a storm that often starts with strong, quickly rising currents of moist air. Thunderstorms are characterized by the presence of thunder, lightning, heavy rain, and sometimes hail. They are typically caused by the rapid upward movement of warm, moist air, which creates instability in the atmosphere. As the warm air rises, it cools and condenses, forming cumulonimbus clouds. These clouds can produce intense rainfall, strong winds, and sometimes even tornadoes. Therefore, a thunderstorm is the most appropriate answer based on the given description.

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  • 3. 

    Air pressure _____________ (increases or decreases) as you go up in altitude.

    Correct Answer
    decreases
    Explanation
    As you go up in altitude, the air pressure decreases. This is because the weight of the air above decreases, resulting in less pressure exerted on the air below. At higher altitudes, there are fewer air molecules above, leading to a decrease in air pressure. This is why it becomes harder to breathe at high altitudes, as the lower air pressure means there is less oxygen available.

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  • 4. 

    Air that forms and air mass has similar properties throughout it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because an air mass is a large body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, and pressure characteristics throughout its entire volume. These air masses form over specific regions and can cover thousands of square miles. The uniformity of properties within an air mass allows for consistent weather conditions to prevail over a large area.

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  • 5. 

    Bodies of water become warm and coll more _______than land.

    • A.

      Quickly

    • B.

      Slowly

    Correct Answer
    B. Slowly
    Explanation
    Bodies of water become warm and cool more slowly than land because water has a higher specific heat capacity compared to land. This means that water requires more energy to change its temperature compared to land. As a result, it takes longer for bodies of water to heat up or cool down in response to changes in the surrounding environment.

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  • 6. 

    Climates change as much as the daily weather does.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that climates change as frequently as daily weather, which is not true. While daily weather can vary significantly, climate refers to long-term patterns and averages of weather conditions in a specific region. Climate change refers to long-term shifts in these patterns, which occur over decades or centuries, rather than on a daily basis. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 7. 

    Climates usually change quickly.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Climates usually change quickly" is false. Climates typically change slowly over long periods of time, as they are influenced by various factors such as temperature, precipitation, and atmospheric conditions. Climate change refers to long-term shifts in these patterns, which can take decades or even centuries to occur. Therefore, the given statement is incorrect.

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  • 8. 

    Convection currents can cause pattens of warm air and cold air.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Convection currents occur when warmer air rises and cooler air sinks, creating a continuous circulation of air. This process can lead to the formation of patterns of warm air and cold air, as the warm air rises and the cold air sinks. Therefore, the statement that convection currents can cause patterns of warm air and cold air is true.

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  • 9. 

    Convection currents can cause patterns of warm air and precipitation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Convection currents can cause patterns of warm air and precipitation. This statement is false. Convection currents are responsible for the transfer of heat in fluids, such as air and water. However, they do not directly cause patterns of warm air and precipitation. Other factors, such as atmospheric pressure, humidity, and wind patterns, play a more significant role in determining weather patterns and the distribution of warm air and precipitation.

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  • 10. 

    Different areas of a thunderstorm cloud have positive and negative electrical charges.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Different areas of a thunderstorm cloud have positive and negative electrical charges. This is true because thunderstorms are characterized by the presence of strong updrafts and downdrafts within the cloud. These vertical air movements cause collisions between ice particles and water droplets, leading to the separation of positive and negative charges. The upper part of the cloud typically becomes positively charged, while the lower part becomes negatively charged. This charge separation sets up an electrical potential difference between the cloud and the ground, which can result in lightning strikes during a thunderstorm.

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  • 11. 

    Forecasters look for patterns of weather change to predict future weather.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Forecasters analyze patterns of weather change in order to make predictions about future weather. By studying past weather patterns and observing current conditions, forecasters can identify trends and patterns that may indicate how the weather will change in the coming days or weeks. This allows them to provide accurate forecasts and warnings to the public, helping people to prepare for and mitigate the potential impacts of severe weather events. Therefore, the statement "Forecasters look for patterns of weather change to predict future weather" is true.

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  • 12. 

    Forecasters make predictions based on information about past weather conditions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Forecasters make predictions based on information about past weather conditions. This statement is true because forecasters analyze historical weather data to identify patterns and trends that can help them predict future weather conditions. By studying past weather conditions, forecasters can make educated guesses about what the weather will be like in the future. This information is crucial for a variety of industries and activities, such as agriculture, transportation, and emergency preparedness.

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  • 13. 

    Fronts are never in areas of low pressure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Fronts are actually associated with areas of low pressure. A front is a boundary between two air masses with different characteristics, such as temperature and humidity. These air masses collide and create a front, which is typically found in areas of low pressure. Therefore, the statement "Fronts are never in areas of low pressure" is incorrect.

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  • 14. 

    Cold fronts bring precipitation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cold fronts occur when a cold air mass moves in and replaces a warmer air mass. As the cold air pushes against the warm air, it forces the warm air to rise rapidly. This upward motion causes the warm air to cool and condense, leading to the formation of clouds and precipitation. Therefore, it is true that cold fronts bring precipitation.

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  • 15. 

    Fronts occur in areas of ______pressure. (high or low)

    Correct Answer
    low
    Explanation
    Fronts occur in areas of low pressure because low pressure systems are characterized by rising air and the convergence of air masses. As warm air rises, it cools and condenses, forming clouds and precipitation. This process leads to the formation of fronts, which are boundaries between different air masses. At fronts, warm air is forced to rise over colder air, resulting in weather phenomena such as rain, thunderstorms, or snow.

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  • 16. 

    Fronts occur along the left side of air masses.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Fronts occur along the boundaries between air masses, not specifically on the left side. The position of fronts can vary depending on the movement and interaction of different air masses.

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  • 17. 

    Heavy precipitation often falls at a ___________ front (warm or cold)

    Correct Answer
    cold
    Explanation
    Heavy precipitation often falls at a cold front because a cold front occurs when a cold air mass pushes into a region of warmer air. As the cold air displaces the warm air, it forces the warm air to rise rapidly. This rapid upward motion of warm air creates unstable atmospheric conditions, leading to the formation of clouds and the release of moisture in the form of heavy precipitation.

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  • 18. 

    Higher land is

    • A.

      Cooler

    • B.

      Warmer

    Correct Answer
    A. Cooler
    Explanation
    Higher land is cooler because as elevation increases, the air becomes thinner and less dense. Thinner air has lower heat capacity, meaning it cannot hold as much heat. Additionally, as the altitude increases, the air pressure decreases, causing the temperature to drop. This is known as the lapse rate. Therefore, higher land tends to have cooler temperatures compared to lower elevations.

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  • 19. 

    How many layers are in the Earth's atmosphere?

    Correct Answer
    5
    Explanation
    The Earth's atmosphere is composed of five layers: the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere. Each layer has distinct characteristics and plays a crucial role in regulating the Earth's climate and protecting it from harmful solar radiation. These layers are arranged in increasing altitude, with the troposphere being the lowest and the exosphere being the outermost layer.

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  • 20. 

    In a convection current, gases or liquids rise and sink in a circular path.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In a convection current, gases or liquids rise and sink in a circular path. This is because of the transfer of heat energy. When a fluid is heated, it becomes less dense and rises, while the cooler fluid sinks. This creates a circular motion as the heated fluid rises and the cooler fluid sinks, forming a convection current. Therefore, the statement "True" is correct.

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  • 21. 

    In cold fronts, warmer air gradually rises above cooler air.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In cold fronts, cooler air displaces warmer air, causing the warmer air to rise rapidly. This rising motion creates instability in the atmosphere and can lead to the formation of clouds and precipitation. Therefore, the given statement is false as it states that warmer air rises above cooler air in cold fronts, which is incorrect.

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  • 22. 

    In the US, fronts generally move from west to east.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the US, fronts generally move from west to east because of the prevailing westerly winds known as the prevailing westerlies. These winds blow from west to east in the middle latitudes of the Earth, including the United States. As a result, weather systems and fronts are typically carried along by these winds, causing them to move in an eastward direction across the country. This is why it is generally true that fronts in the US move from west to east.

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  • 23. 

    Jet streams are ______ winds that are formed near the Earth's surface. (fast or slow)

    Correct Answer
    fast
    Explanation
    Jet streams are fast winds that are formed near the Earth's surface. They are narrow bands of strong winds that flow in the upper levels of the atmosphere, typically at altitudes of 10 to 15 kilometers. Jet streams are characterized by their high wind speeds, often reaching up to 400 kilometers per hour. These fast winds are caused by the large temperature differences between air masses and the rotation of the Earth. Jet streams have a significant impact on weather patterns and are important for aviation and navigation.

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  • 24. 

    Jetstreams are high above the ground between huge convection currents

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Jetstreams are fast flowing, narrow air currents found in the atmosphere at high altitudes. They are located between huge convection currents, which are large-scale vertical movements of air caused by temperature differences. Jetstreams are typically found in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, where they are formed by the interaction between the polar and tropical air masses. These strong winds can have a significant impact on weather patterns and are important for aviation as they can either assist or hinder aircraft traveling in their direction. Therefore, the statement that jetstreams are high above the ground between huge convection currents is true.

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  • 25. 

    Measures how much rain has fallen

    • A.

      Radar

    • B.

      Hectormeter

    • C.

      Rain gauge

    Correct Answer
    C. Rain gauge
    Explanation
    A rain gauge is a device used to measure the amount of rain that has fallen. It is specifically designed to collect and measure precipitation, providing an accurate measurement of rainfall. Unlike radar or hectometers, which may have other purposes or functions, a rain gauge is solely dedicated to measuring rainfall. Therefore, in the context of measuring how much rain has fallen, a rain gauge is the correct answer.

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  • 26. 

    Measures the moisture in the air

    • A.

      Anemometer

    • B.

      Moistometer

    • C.

      Hygrometer

    Correct Answer
    C. Hygrometer
    Explanation
    A hygrometer is a device that measures the moisture in the air. It is specifically designed to measure humidity levels and can provide information about the amount of water vapor present in the atmosphere. This information is important for various applications such as weather forecasting, agriculture, and indoor climate control. Anemometer measures wind speed and Moistometer is not a commonly known device for measuring moisture. Therefore, the correct answer is Hygrometer.

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  • 27. 

    Measures wind and prcipitation within a storm

    • A.

      Radar

    • B.

      Rain gauge

    • C.

      Hectormeter

    Correct Answer
    A. Radar
    Explanation
    Radar is the correct answer because it is a technology used to measure various weather parameters, including wind and precipitation, within a storm. It uses radio waves to detect and track the movement of objects, such as raindrops or snowflakes, in the atmosphere. By analyzing the reflected signals, radar can provide valuable information about the intensity, location, and movement of storms, helping meteorologists forecast and monitor weather conditions. A rain gauge, on the other hand, is a simple device used to measure the amount of rainfall in a specific area, while a hectometer is a unit of measurement for length and not related to weather monitoring.

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  • 28. 

    Measures wind speed.

    • A.

      Anemometer

    • B.

      Radar

    • C.

      Speedmeter

    Correct Answer
    A. Anemometer
    Explanation
    An anemometer is a device used to measure wind speed. It typically consists of multiple cups that rotate when exposed to wind, and the rotation speed is directly proportional to the wind speed. By measuring the rotation speed, anemometers can accurately determine the velocity of the wind. Therefore, anemometer is the correct answer as it is specifically designed for measuring wind speed.

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  • 29. 

    Most weather conditions occur in the _______________ (layer of the earths atmosphere)

    Correct Answer
    troposphere
    Explanation
    The troposphere is the lowest layer of the Earth's atmosphere, extending from the surface up to about 7-20 kilometers. It is where most weather phenomena, such as clouds, precipitation, and storms, occur. This is because the troposphere is where the majority of the Earth's weather systems are located, driven by the interaction of solar radiation, air temperature, and moisture. The other layers of the atmosphere, such as the stratosphere and mesosphere, have different characteristics and are not as directly involved in weather patterns. Therefore, the correct answer is troposphere.

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  • 30. 

    Returning radar energy can show direction and speed of a rainstorm

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Returning radar energy can show direction and speed of a rainstorm because radar uses radio waves to detect precipitation in the atmosphere. When the radio waves hit the raindrops, they bounce back to the radar receiver. By analyzing the time it takes for the waves to return and the strength of the returning signal, meteorologists can determine the direction and speed of the rainstorm. This information is crucial for weather forecasting and predicting the movement of storms.

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  • 31. 

    Shows air pressure.

    • A.

      Pressurometer

    • B.

      Barometer

    • C.

      Hygrometer

    Correct Answer
    B. Barometer
    Explanation
    A barometer is a device used to measure air pressure. It consists of a glass tube filled with mercury or a liquid, with one end open to the atmosphere and the other end sealed. As the air pressure changes, it causes the liquid in the tube to rise or fall. By measuring the height of the liquid, the air pressure can be determined. Therefore, a barometer is used to show air pressure.

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  • 32. 

    Storms that get their energy from warm ocean water

    • A.

      Tornado

    • B.

      Hurricane

    • C.

      Thunderstorm

    Correct Answer
    B. Hurricane
    Explanation
    Hurricanes are storms that derive their energy from warm ocean water. They form over warm tropical or subtropical waters and are characterized by strong winds and heavy rainfall. The warm ocean water provides the necessary fuel for hurricanes to intensify and sustain their strength. This distinguishes hurricanes from tornadoes and thunderstorms, which do not rely on warm ocean water for their energy source.

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  • 33. 

    The combination of the movements of huge convection currents and the spinning of Earth causes regional wind patterns

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the combination of the movements of huge convection currents and the spinning of Earth creates the Coriolis effect, which influences the direction of wind patterns. Convection currents are caused by the uneven heating of Earth's surface, which leads to the rising and sinking of air masses. As the Earth spins on its axis, these air masses are deflected to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere, resulting in the formation of regional wind patterns. Therefore, it is true that the combination of these factors causes regional wind patterns.

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  • 34. 

    The gulf stream and the north atlantic drift are large currents that carry _____water northward

    • A.

      Warm

    • B.

      Cool

    Correct Answer
    A. Warm
    Explanation
    The Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Drift are both warm ocean currents that carry warm water northward. These currents originate in the Gulf of Mexico and flow along the eastern coast of the United States before crossing the Atlantic Ocean towards Europe. The warm water they transport has a significant impact on the climate of the regions they pass through, making them milder and more temperate compared to areas at similar latitudes.

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  • 35. 

    Tornados are ____ (more or less) destructive than hurricanes

    Correct Answer
    less
    Explanation
    Tornados are considered to be less destructive than hurricanes. While both tornadoes and hurricanes are powerful and destructive weather phenomena, hurricanes typically have a larger size and longer duration, covering a wider area and causing more widespread damage. Tornadoes, on the other hand, are smaller in size and have a shorter lifespan, resulting in more localized damage. Additionally, hurricanes often bring heavy rainfall and storm surges, which can cause flooding and further destruction, whereas tornadoes primarily cause damage through their intense winds.

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  • 36. 

    Typically, air currents are falling during the final stage in a thunderstorm

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the final stage of a thunderstorm, air currents typically fall. This is because as the storm weakens, the updrafts that were responsible for the upward movement of air start to dissipate. As a result, the air begins to sink back down towards the ground. This sinking motion of air currents is commonly observed in the final stage of thunderstorms.

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  • 37. 

    What does a capital letter L on a weather map show?

    Correct Answer
    low pressure
    Explanation
    A capital letter "L" on a weather map indicates low pressure. Low pressure systems are characterized by air that is rising, causing the air to cool and condense, leading to the formation of clouds and potentially precipitation. These systems are associated with unstable weather conditions, such as storms and rain. By identifying areas of low pressure on weather maps, meteorologists can predict and track weather patterns, helping to provide accurate forecasts and warnings to the public.

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  • 38. 

    What moved across continents that help researchers know about climate change

    • A.

      Fossils

    • B.

      Glaciers

    • C.

      Rocks

    Correct Answer
    B. Glaciers
    Explanation
    Glaciers are the correct answer because they have the ability to move across continents and provide valuable information to researchers about climate change. As glaciers move, they erode the land beneath them and carry rocks and sediments, which can be studied to understand past climate conditions. Additionally, glaciers store layers of ice that contain records of atmospheric composition and temperature, allowing scientists to analyze these layers and track changes in climate over time. Therefore, glaciers play a crucial role in helping researchers gather evidence and insights into climate change.

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  • 39. 

    When two kninds of air are next to each other, the cooler air will rise and the warmer air will sink.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When two kinds of air are next to each other, the warmer air will rise and the cooler air will sink. This is due to the difference in density between warm and cool air. Warm air is less dense than cool air, so it rises while the cooler air sinks. This process is known as convection and is responsible for many weather phenomena such as the formation of clouds and the movement of air masses. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 40. 

    Which one of these examples is NOT a reason for a cool climate

    • A.

      Dust in the upper atmosphere

    • B.

      Reflection sunlight back into space

    • C.

      Burning coal

    Correct Answer
    C. Burning coal
    Explanation
    Burning coal is not a reason for a cool climate because it releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which contribute to global warming and result in a warmer climate.

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  • 41. 

    Wind is warmed by the water below it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Wind is warmed by the water below it because of the process known as convection. As the sun heats the surface of the water, the warm water transfers some of its heat energy to the air directly above it. This causes the air to become less dense and rise, creating an area of low pressure. The surrounding cooler air then moves in to fill this void, resulting in the movement of wind. Therefore, wind is indeed warmed by the water below it.

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  • 42. 

    Wind occurs as air moves from a place of low pressure to a place of high pressure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Wind occurs as air moves from a place of high pressure to a place of low pressure. This movement is caused by the difference in atmospheric pressure between two areas. Air naturally flows from areas of higher pressure to areas of lower pressure, creating wind currents. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 43. 

    ___________ causes air masses to move

    Correct Answer
    wind
    Explanation
    Wind causes air masses to move because it is the horizontal movement of air from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. The pressure gradient force, which is the difference in air pressure between two locations, drives the movement of air. As air moves from high to low pressure, it creates wind. The speed and direction of the wind are influenced by various factors such as temperature, humidity, and the rotation of the Earth. Wind plays a crucial role in weather patterns and the distribution of heat and moisture across the Earth's surface.

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  • 44. 

    ____________is the average of weather conditions over a long time, usually 30 years.

    Correct Answer
    Climate
    Explanation
    Climate is the average of weather conditions over a long time, usually 30 years. Climate refers to the long-term patterns and trends in temperature, precipitation, wind, and other atmospheric conditions in a specific region. It is different from weather, which refers to the short-term variations in these conditions. Climate provides a broader perspective on the overall atmospheric conditions of a particular area and helps in understanding the typical weather patterns and trends that can be expected over a longer period of time.

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  • 45. 

    A meteorologist is

    • A.

      A scientist of meteors

    • B.

      A scientist of weather

    • C.

      A scientist of clouds

    Correct Answer
    B. A scientist of weather
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a scientist of weather" because meteorologists study and analyze atmospheric conditions to forecast and understand weather patterns. They use various tools and techniques to collect data on temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind patterns, and precipitation. By studying weather patterns, meteorologists can provide valuable information for predicting and preparing for severe weather events, as well as for understanding long-term climate trends.

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  • 46. 

    Which statement about the polar zone is false?

    • A.

      Near the north and south poles

    • B.

      Cold temperatures

    • C.

      Example is a tundra

    • D.

      Example is an ice cap

    • E.

      Example is a convection current

    Correct Answer
    E. Example is a convection current
  • 47. 

    Tropical zone is very hot all year long

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The tropical zone is characterized by its high temperatures throughout the year. This is due to its location near the equator, where the sun's rays are more direct and intense. The region receives abundant sunlight and has a consistent climate, resulting in hot temperatures year-round. Therefore, it is accurate to say that the tropical zone is very hot all year long.

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  • 48. 

    Why does the earth have 4 seasons? because of the earths   _____

    Correct Answer
    tilt
    Explanation
    The Earth has four seasons because of its tilt. The Earth is tilted on its axis by about 23.5 degrees relative to its orbit around the sun. This tilt causes different parts of the Earth to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year, leading to the changing seasons. When one hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, it experiences summer, while the other hemisphere is tilted away and experiences winter. As the Earth orbits the sun, the tilt causes the seasons to change.

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  • 49. 

    The earth rotates on an

    Correct Answer
    axis
  • 50. 

    A layer of gas that surrounds a planet

    Correct Answer
    atmosphere
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "atmosphere." The explanation for this answer is that the atmosphere refers to a layer of gas that surrounds a planet. It is composed of various gases and plays a crucial role in protecting the planet and regulating its climate. The atmosphere also enables life to exist on Earth by providing oxygen for respiration and filtering harmful radiation from the sun. Therefore, the term "atmosphere" accurately describes the layer of gas surrounding a planet.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Feb 09, 2011
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