Can You Pass This Weather Test?

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Can You Pass This Weather Test? - Quiz

This quiz has been created for students to ascertain the essential weather which can be determined in terms of temperature, humidity, cloudiness, visibility, brightness, wind, and atmospheric pressure, as well as climate changes. Just go through the questions and choose the correct answers. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Rain that freezes when it hits a cold surface is called...

    • A.

      Freezing rain.

    • B.

      Sleet.

    • C.

      Snow.

    • D.

      Hail.

    Correct Answer
    A. Freezing rain.
    Explanation
    Freezing rain occurs when raindrops fall through a layer of freezing air near the surface and freeze upon contact with cold surfaces, such as roads or trees. This phenomenon creates a coating of ice on the surfaces, making them slippery and hazardous. Sleet refers to ice pellets that form when raindrops freeze before reaching the ground. Snow consists of ice crystals that fall from clouds and accumulate on the ground. Hail is formed when strong updrafts in thunderstorms carry raindrops upward into extremely cold areas of the atmosphere, causing them to freeze and form ice pellets.

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  • 2. 

    The most common type of precipitation is...

    • A.

      Rain.

    • B.

      Sleet.

    • C.

      Snow.

    • D.

      Hail.

    Correct Answer
    A. Rain.
    Explanation
    Rain is the most common type of precipitation because it occurs when water droplets in the atmosphere condense and become heavy enough to fall to the ground. This process is facilitated by the presence of moisture in the air and certain atmospheric conditions. Rain is more prevalent than sleet, snow, or hail, which require specific temperature conditions or other factors to form.

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  • 3. 

    What types of electromagnetic energy come from the sun?

    • A.

      Ultraviolet

    • B.

      Visible

    • C.

      Infrared

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The sun emits various types of electromagnetic energy, including ultraviolet, visible, and infrared radiation. Ultraviolet radiation is responsible for causing sunburn and can also be harmful to the skin and eyes. Visible light is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye and allows us to see. Infrared radiation is felt as heat and is responsible for warming the Earth's surface. Therefore, all of the above options are correct as they represent different types of electromagnetic energy emitted by the sun.

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  • 4. 

    The method of heat transfer that heats the troposphere is...

    • A.

      Conduction.

    • B.

      Convection.

    • C.

      Radiation.

    Correct Answer
    B. Convection.
    Explanation
    Convection is the correct answer because it is the method of heat transfer that occurs in fluids, such as air. In the troposphere, which is the lowest layer of the Earth's atmosphere, heat is transferred through convection as warm air rises and cooler air sinks. This process creates vertical air currents that distribute heat throughout the troposphere. Conduction, on the other hand, is the transfer of heat through direct contact between objects, while radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves. However, in the context of heating the troposphere, convection is the most relevant method of heat transfer.

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  • 5. 

    A measure of the amount of water vapor in the air is called...

    • A.

      Relative humidity.

    • B.

      Humidity.

    • C.

      Heat.

    • D.

      Temperature.

    Correct Answer
    B. Humidity.
    Explanation
    Humidity is the correct answer because it refers to the amount of water vapor present in the air. It is a measure of the moisture content in the atmosphere, indicating how saturated the air is with water vapor. Relative humidity, on the other hand, is the ratio of the actual amount of water vapor present in the air to the maximum amount it can hold at a given temperature. Heat and temperature are not directly related to the amount of water vapor in the air.

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  • 6. 

    When you hang clothes out to dry, what are you hoping for?

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Condensation

    Correct Answer
    A. Evaporation
    Explanation
    When you hang clothes out to dry, you are hoping for evaporation. Evaporation is the process by which water molecules in wet clothes gain enough energy to escape into the air as vapor. By exposing the clothes to air and sunlight, the heat energy helps to speed up the evaporation process, allowing the water in the clothes to turn into vapor and leave the fabric. This helps in drying the clothes faster.

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  • 7. 

    The total energy of motion in the molecules of a substance is...

    • A.

      Temperature.

    • B.

      Electromagnetic radiation.

    • C.

      Thermal energy.

    • D.

      The sun.

    Correct Answer
    C. Thermal energy.
    Explanation
    The total energy of motion in the molecules of a substance is referred to as thermal energy. Thermal energy is a form of kinetic energy that arises from the random motion of particles. It is directly related to the temperature of the substance, as an increase in temperature leads to an increase in the average kinetic energy of the molecules. Therefore, thermal energy is the appropriate choice as it accurately represents the energy associated with the motion of molecules in a substance.

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  • 8. 

    The energy transferred from a hotter object to a cooler one is called...

    • A.

      Conduction.

    • B.

      Radiation.

    • C.

      Heat.

    • D.

      Temperature.

    Correct Answer
    C. Heat.
    Explanation
    When a hotter object comes into contact with a cooler object, the energy is transferred from the hotter object to the cooler one. This energy transfer is known as heat. Conduction refers to the transfer of heat through direct contact, while radiation refers to the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves. Temperature, on the other hand, is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. In this context, heat is the most appropriate term to describe the energy transfer between a hotter and cooler object.

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  • 9. 

    A form of energy that can travel through space...

    • A.

      Thermal energy.

    • B.

      Heat.

    • C.

      Electromagnetic radiation.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Electromagnetic radiation.
    Explanation
    Electromagnetic radiation is the correct answer because it is a form of energy that can travel through space. Unlike thermal energy and heat, which require a medium to transfer, electromagnetic radiation can propagate through a vacuum. Additionally, electromagnetic radiation includes a wide range of wavelengths, such as radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays. Therefore, it encompasses a broader spectrum of energy transmission compared to the other options.

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  • 10. 

    An instrument that measures relative humidity is called a ...

    • A.

      Anemometer.

    • B.

      Psychrometer.

    • C.

      Thermometer.

    • D.

      Barometer.

    Correct Answer
    B. Psychrometer.
    Explanation
    A psychrometer is an instrument used to measure relative humidity. It consists of two thermometers, one of which is kept dry and the other is kept wet with a wick dipped in water. As the water evaporates from the wet thermometer, it causes a cooling effect, and the difference in temperature readings between the dry and wet thermometers can be used to calculate the relative humidity. An anemometer measures wind speed, a thermometer measures temperature, and a barometer measures atmospheric pressure. None of these instruments are specifically designed to measure relative humidity.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 06, 2007
    Quiz Created by
    Scvicela
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