Science Facts About Weather! Trivia Questions Quiz

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Science Facts About Weather! Trivia Questions Quiz - Quiz

Hey, how's the weather? The first question everyone asks you when you are stepping outside the home or any place. People are more concerned about the deteriorating effects of bad weather which halts the daily life and schedule. This quiz has been developed to increase and test your knowledge by providing interesting scientific facts. Enjoy and learn how to predict the weather. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The amount of the sun's energy that reaches the earth.

    • A.

      Global Wind

    • B.

      Air Pressure

    • C.

      Front

    • D.

      Insolation

    • E.

      Climate

    Correct Answer
    D. Insolation
    Explanation
    Insolation refers to the amount of solar radiation or energy that reaches the Earth's surface. It is an important factor in determining climate and weather patterns. The sun's energy is essential for heating the Earth's surface, driving weather systems, and supporting life on Earth. Therefore, understanding and measuring insolation is crucial for studying and predicting climate changes.

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  • 2. 

    What the lower atmosphere is like any given time and place.

    • A.

      Storm Surge

    • B.

      Air Mass

    • C.

      Weather

    • D.

      Humidity

    • E.

      Climate

    Correct Answer
    C. Weather
    Explanation
    The lower atmosphere refers to the part of the atmosphere closest to the Earth's surface. It is constantly changing and is influenced by various factors such as temperature, humidity, wind, and air pressure. Weather refers to the current state of the atmosphere at any given time and place, including factors such as temperature, precipitation, cloud cover, and wind patterns. Therefore, the answer "Weather" accurately describes what the lower atmosphere is like at any given time and place.

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  • 3. 

    The force put on any given area by the weight of the air over it.

    • A.

      Air Pressure

    • B.

      Blizzard

    • C.

      Climate

    • D.

      Current

    • E.

      Barometer

    Correct Answer
    A. Air Pressure
    Explanation
    Air pressure is the force exerted by the weight of the air on a particular area. It is the result of the Earth's atmosphere being pulled towards the center of the Earth by gravity. The weight of the air above a specific area creates pressure, which can be measured using instruments like a barometer. Changes in air pressure can affect weather patterns and can be used to predict and understand climate conditions.

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  • 4. 

    The amount of water vapor in the air.

    • A.

      Troposphere

    • B.

      Cyclone

    • C.

      Front

    • D.

      Air Mass

    • E.

      Humidity

    Correct Answer
    E. Humidity
    Explanation
    Humidity refers to the amount of water vapor present in the air. It is a measure of the moisture content in the atmosphere. Humidity levels can vary depending on factors such as temperature, location, and weather conditions. High humidity levels can make the air feel sticky and uncomfortable, while low humidity levels can lead to dry skin and respiratory issues. Monitoring humidity is important for predicting weather patterns and understanding the overall moisture balance in the atmosphere.

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  • 5. 

    A wind that blows steadily in a predictable direction over long distances.

    • A.

      Thunder

    • B.

      Global Wind

    • C.

      Tornado

    • D.

      Front

    • E.

      Air Pressure

    Correct Answer
    B. Global Wind
    Explanation
    Global wind refers to a wind that blows steadily in a predictable direction over long distances. This term is used to describe the pattern of wind circulation on a global scale, which is influenced by factors such as the rotation of the Earth and temperature differences between different regions. Global winds play a significant role in shaping weather patterns and climate around the world.

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  • 6. 

    A device for measuring air pressure.

    • A.

      Weather Vane

    • B.

      Barometer

    • C.

      Cyclone

    • D.

      Meteorologist

    • E.

      Storm Surge

    Correct Answer
    B. Barometer
    Explanation
    A barometer is a device used to measure air pressure. It is commonly used in weather forecasting as changes in air pressure can indicate changes in weather conditions. A barometer typically consists of a glass tube filled with mercury or a liquid, with one end open and the other end sealed. As air pressure changes, it causes the liquid in the tube to rise or fall, allowing for the measurement of atmospheric pressure.

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  • 7. 

    An instrument that shows which way the wind is blowing.

    • A.

      Barometer

    • B.

      Lightening

    • C.

      Weather Vane

    • D.

      Front

    • E.

      Global Wind

    Correct Answer
    C. Weather Vane
    Explanation
    A weather vane is an instrument that is used to determine the direction of the wind. It consists of a rotating arrow or figure that points in the direction from which the wind is coming. By observing the movement of the weather vane, one can easily determine the wind direction. Therefore, a weather vane is the correct answer as it accurately reflects the instrument's purpose of showing which way the wind is blowing.

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  • 8. 

    A large region of the atmosphere in which the air has similar properties.

    • A.

      Troposphere

    • B.

      Fog

    • C.

      Precipitation

    • D.

      Air Mass

    • E.

      Weather

    Correct Answer
    D. Air Mass
    Explanation
    An air mass is a large region of the atmosphere in which the air has similar properties. This means that the temperature, humidity, and stability of the air are relatively uniform throughout the air mass. Air masses can cover vast areas and can be classified based on their source region, such as maritime (oceanic) or continental (land), as well as their temperature characteristics, such as warm or cold. The properties of an air mass can have a significant impact on weather conditions in the areas it affects.

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  • 9. 

    The boundary between the two masses.

    • A.

      Front

    • B.

      Cyclone

    • C.

      Hurricane

    • D.

      Precipitation

    • E.

      Climate

    Correct Answer
    A. Front
    Explanation
    A front is the boundary between two air masses with different characteristics, such as temperature or humidity. It is where two different air masses meet and interact, often resulting in changes in weather conditions. This can lead to the formation of cyclones, hurricanes, or precipitation. Climate refers to the long-term weather patterns in a particular region. In this context, the correct answer is "Front" because it specifically refers to the boundary between the two masses mentioned in the question.

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  • 10. 

    Any form of water that falls from the atmosphere and reaches the ground.

    • A.

      Fog

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Humidity

    • D.

      Air Pressure

    • E.

      Storm Surge

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipitation
    Explanation
    Precipitation refers to any form of water that falls from the atmosphere and reaches the ground. This can include rain, snow, sleet, or hail. It is a vital part of the Earth's water cycle and plays a crucial role in replenishing water sources such as rivers, lakes, and groundwater. Precipitation is formed when water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into liquid or solid form and becomes too heavy to remain suspended in the air. It then falls to the ground due to gravity.

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  • 11. 

    A rainstorm with both lightning and thunder.

    • A.

      Tornado

    • B.

      Hurricane

    • C.

      Thunderstorm

    • D.

      Cyclone

    • E.

      Blizzard

    Correct Answer
    C. Thunderstorm
    Explanation
    A thunderstorm is a weather phenomenon that consists of rain, lightning, and thunder. Lightning is caused by the buildup and discharge of electrical energy in the atmosphere, while thunder is the sound produced by the rapid expansion and contraction of air surrounding a lightning bolt. Therefore, a rainstorm with both lightning and thunder is commonly referred to as a thunderstorm. Tornadoes, hurricanes, cyclones, and blizzards are all different types of severe weather events that may or may not be accompanied by lightning and thunder.

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  • 12. 

    A rotating funnel cloud with wind speeds up to 300 miles per hour.

    • A.

      Tornado

    • B.

      Hurricane

    • C.

      Cyclone

    • D.

      Thunderstorm

    • E.

      Blizzard

    Correct Answer
    A. Tornado
    Explanation
    A tornado is a rotating funnel cloud with wind speeds up to 300 miles per hour. It is a violent and destructive weather phenomenon that forms from severe thunderstorms. Tornadoes are characterized by their spinning motion and can cause significant damage to buildings and infrastructure in their path. They are typically short-lived but can be extremely dangerous while active.

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  • 13. 

    A windstorm with 35 miles per hour wind and enough snowfall that you can only see a quarter mile.

    • A.

      Tornado

    • B.

      Hurricane

    • C.

      Cyclone

    • D.

      Thunderstorm

    • E.

      Blizzard

    Correct Answer
    E. Blizzard
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes a windstorm with high winds of 35 miles per hour and heavy snowfall, resulting in visibility limited to only a quarter mile. This is a typical characteristic of a blizzard, which is a severe winter storm. Blizzards are known for their strong winds, heavy snowfall, and reduced visibility, making it difficult to see and navigate. Therefore, the correct answer is Blizzard.

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  • 14. 

    A very large swirling storm with very low pressure at the center.

    • A.

      Tornado

    • B.

      Hurricane

    • C.

      Cyclone

    • D.

      Thunderstorm

    • E.

      Blizzard

    Correct Answer
    B. Hurricane
    Explanation
    A hurricane is a very large swirling storm with very low pressure at the center. It is characterized by strong winds, heavy rainfall, and a distinct eye at its center. Hurricanes typically form over warm ocean waters and can cause significant damage and destruction when they make landfall.

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  • 15. 

    A bulge of water in the ocean caused by hurricane wave and winds.

    • A.

      Tornado

    • B.

      Cyclone

    • C.

      Storm Surge

    • D.

      Hurricane

    • E.

      Thunderstorm

    Correct Answer
    C. Storm Surge
    Explanation
    A storm surge is a correct answer because it refers to a bulge of water in the ocean caused by hurricane waves and winds. During a hurricane, strong winds push the water towards the shore, causing it to pile up and create a surge. This surge of water can result in flooding and significant damage to coastal areas.

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  • 16. 

    Any storm with low pressure and with a circular pattern of winds.

    • A.

      Tornado

    • B.

      Cyclone

    • C.

      Hurricane

    • D.

      Thunderstorm

    • E.

      Storm Surge

    Correct Answer
    B. Cyclone
    Explanation
    A cyclone is a storm with low pressure and a circular pattern of winds. It is characterized by strong winds that rotate around a center of low pressure. Cyclones can occur over land or water and can cause significant damage due to their strong winds and heavy rainfall. They are often accompanied by thunderstorms and can lead to flooding and destruction of property.

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  • 17. 

    A spark caused when electricity built up in a thunderhead discharge.

    • A.

      Current

    • B.

      Insolation

    • C.

      Thunder

    • D.

      Climate

    • E.

      Lightening

    Correct Answer
    E. Lightening
    Explanation
    Lightning is a natural electrical discharge that occurs during a thunderstorm. It is caused by the buildup of electricity within a thundercloud, which creates a spark that travels through the air. This discharge of electricity is commonly seen as a bright flash of light and is often accompanied by thunder. Therefore, the given correct answer, "Lightning," accurately explains the phenomenon of a spark caused by the buildup of electricity in a thunderhead discharge.

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  • 18. 

    The sound of rapidly expanding air.

    • A.

      Thunder

    • B.

      Storm Surge

    • C.

      Air Mass

    • D.

      Air Pressure

    • E.

      Weather

    Correct Answer
    A. Thunder
    Explanation
    Thunder is the sound of rapidly expanding air. During a thunderstorm, lightning heats the air around it to extremely high temperatures, causing it to rapidly expand. This expansion creates a shock wave that travels through the air, resulting in the loud booming sound we hear as thunder.

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  • 19. 

    A Scientist who studies the atmosphere and weather.

    • A.

      Doctor

    • B.

      Bus Driver

    • C.

      Meteorologist

    • D.

      News person

    • E.

      Professional bull rider

    Correct Answer
    C. Meteorologist
    Explanation
    A meteorologist is a scientist who studies the atmosphere and weather. They analyze and interpret weather patterns, climate changes, and atmospheric conditions to make predictions and forecasts. They use various tools and technology to collect data, such as satellites, radars, and weather stations. By studying the atmosphere, meteorologists can provide valuable information about upcoming weather events, help in disaster preparedness, and contribute to understanding climate change. Their expertise is crucial in providing accurate weather forecasts and warnings to the public, which is essential for safety and planning.

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  • 20. 

    The average weather pattern of a region.

    • A.

      Weather

    • B.

      Air Pressure

    • C.

      Troposphere

    • D.

      Climate

    • E.

      Fog

    Correct Answer
    D. Climate
    Explanation
    Climate refers to the average weather pattern of a region over a long period of time, typically 30 years or more. It encompasses various factors such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind patterns, and atmospheric conditions. Unlike weather, which can change on a daily or even hourly basis, climate represents the long-term average conditions of a particular area. It helps us understand the overall weather patterns and trends of a region, making it an appropriate answer to the given question.

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  • 21. 

    A cloud that forms near the ground.

    • A.

      Air Pressure

    • B.

      Climate

    • C.

      Fog

    • D.

      Air Mass

    • E.

      Front

    Correct Answer
    C. Fog
    Explanation
    Fog is a cloud that forms near the ground. It is created when warm, moist air comes into contact with cooler air or when the temperature drops to the dew point. This causes water vapor in the air to condense into tiny water droplets, forming a thick layer of fog. Fog reduces visibility and can occur in various climates and weather conditions. It is different from other options like air pressure, climate, air mass, and front, which are not specifically related to the formation of fog near the ground.

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  • 22. 

    When the air temperature is warm, water vapors form liquid precipitation or raindrops.

    • A.

      Rain

    • B.

      Sleet

    • C.

      Hail

    • D.

      Snow

    Correct Answer
    A. Rain
    Explanation
    When the air temperature is warm, water vapors in the atmosphere condense and form liquid precipitation, which falls as rain. This occurs when the temperature is above freezing point, allowing the water droplets to remain in liquid form as they reach the ground. Rain is a common form of precipitation and is characterized by the falling of water droplets from the clouds to the Earth's surface.

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  • 23. 

    Raindrops fall through a layer of very cold air near the ground they freeze.

    • A.

      Rain

    • B.

      Sleet

    • C.

      Hail

    • D.

      Snow

    Correct Answer
    B. Sleet
    Explanation
    When raindrops fall through a layer of very cold air near the ground, they freeze and become ice pellets. These ice pellets are known as sleet. Sleet is different from snow because it starts as rain and then freezes, whereas snow forms directly from ice crystals in the atmosphere. Sleet often occurs during winter storms when there is a warm layer of air above the ground, causing rain to freeze as it falls through the cold layer near the surface.

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  • 24. 

    Forms are severe thunderstorm cloud when raindrops in the clouds collide with bits of ice.

    • A.

      Rain

    • B.

      Sleet

    • C.

      Hail

    • D.

      Snow

    Correct Answer
    C. Hail
    Explanation
    Hail is formed when raindrops in the clouds are carried upward by strong updrafts and collide with supercooled water droplets. These collisions cause the raindrops to freeze into ice pellets. As the ice pellets are carried back up by the updrafts, they can collect more layers of ice, growing larger and heavier. Eventually, the hailstones become too heavy for the updrafts to support, and they fall to the ground as hail.

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  • 25. 

    Forms when the air temperature is close to or below freezing.

    • A.

      Rain

    • B.

      Sleet

    • C.

      Hail

    • D.

      Snow

    Correct Answer
    D. Snow
    Explanation
    Snow forms when the air temperature is close to or below freezing. At these temperatures, water vapor in the air condenses directly into ice crystals, bypassing the liquid state. These ice crystals then combine to form snowflakes, which fall to the ground. Unlike rain, which is liquid water, snow is composed of ice crystals. Sleet, on the other hand, is a mix of rain and snow, where snowflakes partially melt and refreeze before reaching the ground. Hail is formed in thunderstorm clouds when there are strong updrafts that carry raindrops upward into extremely cold areas of the cloud, causing them to freeze and accumulate layers of ice.

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  • 26. 

    Rain, sleet, hail and snow all have ________________ ?

    • A.

      Minerals

    • B.

      Feet

    • C.

      Cold

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Hot

    Correct Answer
    D. Water
    Explanation
    Rain, sleet, hail, and snow are all forms of precipitation, which means they are all made up of water. While they may have different physical properties and occur in different conditions, they all originate from water vapor in the atmosphere and eventually fall to the ground as water.

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  • 27. 

    What are the differences between a cold front and a warm front?

    • A.

      A cold front brings in a cold air mass.

    • B.

      A warm front brings in warm air.

    • C.

      A & B

    • D.

      They both cause a blizzard

    • E.

      They both cause bad thunderstorms.

    Correct Answer
    C. A & B
    Explanation
    A cold front and a warm front differ in the type of air mass they bring in. A cold front brings in a cold air mass, while a warm front brings in warm air. The answer A & B is correct because it acknowledges that both cold and warm fronts have distinct characteristics. However, the statement that they both cause a blizzard or bad thunderstorms is incorrect as these weather phenomena are typically associated with specific types of fronts, such as cold fronts for thunderstorms and warm fronts for blizzards.

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  • 28. 

    What happens when a cold front and a warm front collide?

    • A.

      When a warm and cold front collide the hot air pushes the cold air up. Usually a blizzard happens.

    • B.

      There is a horrible accident with many injuries and lawsuits filed.

    • C.

      They cause cyclones across the country.

    • D.

      Nothing happens.

    • E.

      When a warm and cold front collide the dense heavy cold air pushes the lighter warm air up. As the warm air rises the moisture condenses, clouds and storms follow.

    Correct Answer
    E. When a warm and cold front collide the dense heavy cold air pushes the lighter warm air up. As the warm air rises the moisture condenses, clouds and storms follow.
    Explanation
    When a warm and cold front collide, the dense heavy cold air pushes the lighter warm air up. As the warm air rises, it cools and condenses, leading to the formation of clouds and storms. This is because warm air is less dense than cold air, so it is forced to rise above the cold air mass. As the warm air rises, it cools and its moisture condenses, resulting in the formation of clouds and precipitation. This process often leads to the development of storms and severe weather conditions such as thunderstorms, heavy rain, or even blizzards in colder regions.

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  • 29. 

    How are hurricanes and tornados alike?

    • A.

      They are both cyclones.

    • B.

      They both only happen in Japan.

    • C.

      They only occur in the month of May.

    • D.

      They were both named by the same people.

    Correct Answer
    A. They are both cyclones.
    Explanation
    Hurricanes and tornadoes are both cyclones, which means they are both characterized by rotating winds around a low-pressure center. Although they have different names and occur in different parts of the world, they share the common characteristic of being cyclonic weather phenomena. This explanation highlights the similarity between hurricanes and tornadoes based on their shared characteristic, without explicitly stating that it is the correct answer.

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  • 30. 

    When the wind speed of a tropical storm reaches more than 74 miles per hour. It looks like a spiral of clouds with a hole in the middle.

    • A.

      Cyclone

    • B.

      Blizzard

    • C.

      Hurricane

    • D.

      Tornado

    Correct Answer
    C. Hurricane
    Explanation
    A hurricane is a tropical storm characterized by wind speeds exceeding 74 miles per hour. It is often associated with a spiral of clouds and a calm center, known as the eye. Unlike blizzards, which are severe snowstorms, and tornadoes, which are violent rotating columns of air, hurricanes primarily form over warm ocean waters and are accompanied by heavy rainfall and storm surges. Therefore, the correct answer is hurricane.

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  • 31. 

    A rotating funnel shaped cloud with wind speeds up to 300 miles per hour.

    • A.

      Cyclone

    • B.

      Blizzard

    • C.

      Hurricane

    • D.

      Tornado

    Correct Answer
    D. Tornado
    Explanation
    A tornado is a rotating funnel-shaped cloud that is characterized by extremely high wind speeds, reaching up to 300 miles per hour. Unlike cyclones, blizzards, and hurricanes, tornadoes are formed from severe thunderstorms and are typically smaller in size and duration. Tornadoes are known for their destructive power, causing damage to buildings, vehicles, and the surrounding landscape.

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  • 32. 

    How does altitude affect air pressure?

    • A.

      It makes it swirl

    • B.

      There is lower air pressure at the top of a mountain and higher air pressure at sea level.

    • C.

      It does not affcct it at all.

    • D.

      Altitude and air pressure do not get along at all .. they fight all the time.

    • E.

      There is lower air pressure at the bottom of a mountain and higher air pressure above sea level.

    Correct Answer
    B. There is lower air pressure at the top of a mountain and higher air pressure at sea level.
    Explanation
    As altitude increases, the air pressure decreases. This is because the higher you go, the less air there is above you, resulting in lower air density and pressure. At the top of a mountain, there is less air above, leading to lower air pressure. On the other hand, at sea level, there is more air above, causing higher air pressure.

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  • 33. 

    What is the process of the water cycle?

    • A.

      Precipitation

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The water cycle is the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the Earth's surface. It involves various processes, including precipitation, condensation, and evaporation. Precipitation refers to the water falling from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, sleet, or hail. Condensation is the process by which water vapor in the air cools and changes into liquid water, forming clouds. Evaporation is the transformation of liquid water into water vapor, which occurs when heat energy is applied. Therefore, all of the given options (precipitation, condensation, and evaporation) are part of the water cycle.

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  • 34. 

    What causes rain and/or snow?

    • A.

      Precipitation

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Precipitation
    Explanation
    Precipitation refers to any form of water that falls from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface. It includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail. Therefore, precipitation is the correct answer to the question "What causes rain and/or snow?" as it encompasses both rain and snowfall. Condensation and evaporation are part of the water cycle but do not directly cause rain or snow.

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  • 35. 

    What forms clouds?

    • A.

      Precipitation

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Condensation
    Explanation
    Condensation is the process by which water vapor in the air cools and changes into liquid water droplets. Clouds are formed when warm air rises and cools, causing the water vapor in the air to condense into visible water droplets or ice crystals. Therefore, condensation is the correct answer as it accurately describes the process that forms clouds.

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  • 36. 

    When a liquid turns into a gas...

    • A.

      Precipitation

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Evaporation
    Explanation
    Evaporation is the process in which a liquid turns into a gas. This occurs when the molecules of the liquid gain enough energy to overcome the attractive forces between them and escape into the air as vapor. During evaporation, heat is absorbed from the surroundings, causing the liquid to cool down. This process is commonly observed when water evaporates from a puddle or when clothes dry after being washed. Precipitation refers to the process of water falling from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, sleet, or hail. Condensation is the opposite of evaporation, where a gas turns into a liquid.

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